NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION 
 

              CHANGES FROM FY 1995 BUDGET ESTIMATE TO FY 1995 CURRENT ESTIMATE 
                                      (Dollars in Millions) 
 

 
HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT 
 

										   FY 1995                                  
					            FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT
					             ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE
											     
Space station...................................    1939.2           1889.6             --         1889.6
 
  Development...................................    1918.2           1641.8           90.4         1732.2
  Construction of facilities....................        --             20.2                          20.2
  Utilization support...........................      21.0             96.6          -68.3           28.3
  Operations....................................        --            131.0          -22.1          108.9


CHANGE FROM FY 1995 BUDGET ESTIMATE 


Funding for the Space Station remains at the requested level of $1889.6 million.  Within this funding level, funding for Development 
has been increased $90.4 million, offset by reductions of $68.2 million in Utilization Support and $22.1 million in Operations.  Total 
funding for the program is consistent with the cap of $17.4 billion through assembly complete. 


This Operating Plan reflects the results of work accomplished over the past several months that resulted in a revised assembly 
sequence, rescoping non-prime hardware and support activities, and the cost convergence activity conducted this past summer with 
the prime contractor, the Boeing Company.  Our current planning is for a contract to be signed with Boeing by the end of 1994.  The 
funding increase in Development reflects the decision to purchase the FGB energy core ($20.0 million) from Russia, increased 
requirements to accommodate the Canadian Mobile Servicing System ($13.0 million), and increased prime contractor and flight 
hardware integration activities ($63.1 million).  As an offset to these increases, non-prime activities have been reassessed and 
funding is reduced $29.7 million.  Funding for reserves was increased $24.0 million to better balance risk across the program.  
Funding for the construction of the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory (NBL) ($20.2 million) is included in Development.  The budget plan 
envisioned the NBL being built at the Johnson Space Center.  The NBL is required to support training for EVA and integration 
necessary for assembly of the station.  NASA is actively evaluating a potential alternative option to lease, and ultimately acquire, real 
estate and facilities at the Clear Lake Development Facility, Clear Lake, Texas, currently owned by McDonnell Douglas, for purposes 
of modifying an existing facility as an NBL and other purposes.  NASA has recently briefed Committee staff on this option, and will 
notify the Committee in the near term of our proposed plan in this regard. 


In Utilization Support, funding is reduced $68.3 million.  An agreement was reached with the Office of Life and Microgravity 
Sciences and Applications to accommodate within their portion of the $2.1 billion annual total for Space Station and related 
activities, selected laboratory support equipment (LSE), express rack development and payload analytic integration (PAI) 
responsibilities, which reduced funding requirements $9.9 million.  The remaining LSE and PAI activities were rescoped and aligned 
to meet the revised assembly sequence, resulting in a funding reduction of $27.2 million.  Ground facilities supporting payload 
integration and operations were similarly reassessed, resulting in a funding reduction of $25.2 million.  Program reserves were 
reduced $6.0 million. 


Funding for Operations is reduced $22.1 million.  This reduction reflects the realignment of the activities consistent with the new 
assembly sequence (-$15.1 million) and a reduction in the level of reserves (-$7.0 million).   

			
 
                                                                                   FY 1995
                                                    FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
					             ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE
 

U.S./Russian cooperation .......................      170.8           150.1             --          150.1
 

CHANGE FROM FY 1995 BUDGET ESTIMATE 
 

There is no change from the budget request of $150.1 million.  Consideration is being given to flying four missions to the Russian 
space Station Mir using a Spacehab module in place of three Spacelab module missions.  Several options are being evaluated; the 
results of this evaluation will be forwarded to the Committees when the analysis is complete. 
 

										   FY 1995                                  
						    FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
						     ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE 
 

Space shuttle                                       3,558.7          3324.0         -168.9         3155.1 
 

  Shuttle operations ...........................    2,549.0          2420.1           -4.8         2415.3 
    Orbiter & integration.......................      586.9           483.3           44.9          528.2 
    Propulsion..................................      996.0          1042.0          -35.0         1007.0 
    Mission and launch operations...............      966.1           894.8          -14.7          880.1 
  Safety and performance upgrades...............    1,009.7           903.9         -164.1          739.8
    Orbiter improvements........................      204.3           191.8            3.0          194.8 
    Propulsion upgrades.........................      579.5           512.8          -84.6          428.2 
    Flight operations & launch site equipment...      191.6           187.0          -82.5          104.5 
    Construction of facilities..................       34.3            12.3             --           12.3 
 

CHANGE FROM FY 1995 BUDGET ESTIMATE 
 

This reduction reflects reductions directed by Congress in House Report 103-715:  a general reduction of $140.0 million ($94.0 
million for Space Shuttle; $46 million of the total $59 million reduction to the Human Space Flight appropriation directed for 
procurement savings); $30 million for the cancellation of the Checkout and Control Monitoring System (CCMS-II); and, $17 million 
for the termination of the fiber optic cabling system for the Orbiter.  These savings are offset by an increase of $21.9 million, as a 
result of a reallocation of funding from Payload and Utilization Operations, and a decrease of $3.8 million which reflects other 
program changes.   
 

The general reduction directed by Congress is accommodated in part, through the application of reimbursements received for the 
Japanese Space Flyer Unit ($30.5 million) and a $30 million reduction in Advanced Solid Rocket Motor (ASRM) funding 
requirements.  Final negotiations on the Advanced Solid Rocket Motor program have reduced the FY 1994 estimate by $30 million, 
which allows a reduction to the FY 1995 requirement.  This change will be addressed in a FY 1994 Operating Plan update which will 
be forwarded in the near future.  The remaining $79.5 million is accommodated through general reduction across the program. 
 

Safety and Performance Upgrades (-$164.1 million) 
 

Total funding for Safety and Performance Upgrades is reduced a net of $164.1 million.  This reflects an net increase of $3.0 million 
for Orbiter Improvements, offset by a reduction of $84.6 million for Propulsion Upgrades and a reduction of $82.5 million for Flight 
Operations/Launch Site Equipment Upgrades.   
 

Funding for Orbiter Upgrades is increased a net of $3.0 million.  This reflects a reduction of $32.6 million as part of the reduction 
directed by Congress offset by a net increase of $35.6 million due to program changes.  The reduction reflects termination of funding 
for implementation of fiber optics in the Orbiter payload bay (-$17.0) and the application of $15.6 million of the total $30 million 
savings from reduced FY 1994 ASRM requirements. 
 

Funding for new program requirements is $37.3 million.  Consistent with NASA's decision in March 1994, $27 million is included to 
support an Orbital Maintenance Down Period (OMDP) for Columbia (OV-102) at the Rockwell facility in Palmdale, California, rather 
than the Kennedy Space Center as was originally planned.  Future OMDPs are planned for Palmdale as well.  Rockwell International 
will consolidate its Downey and Palmdale Orbiter activities in Palmdale to achieve overall orbiter program savings.  $8.3 million is 
included to proceed with production of the Simplified Aid for Extravehicular Rescue (SAFER), which was successfully demonstrated 
on STS-64.  The total estimate for SAFER is $18.2 million; this project is being done in-house at the Johnson Space Center.  
Funding is increased $2.0 million to initiate development of a receiver to utilize the Global Positioning system for Shuttle missions.  
This is required because the Department of Defense has decided to phase out the current landing system utilized for Shuttle 
launches and landings by the year 2000.   
 

Offsetting these increases, funding for the Multi-Function Electronic Display System (MEDS) has been reduced $18.1 million, and 
funding for the RCS Direct Acting Valve has been reduced $6.7 million.  These reductions are achieved through rephasing program 
requirements.  Funding for other orbiter improvements is increased $21.7 million, which will provide for performance enhancements 
to support Space Station assembly ($10.1 million) and other program requirements. 
 

Funding for Propulsion Upgrades is reduced $84.6 million.  This reflects a reduction of $53.1 million as part of the general reduction 
directed by Congress and an additional reduction of $31.5 million due to program changes.  The Congressional reduction is 
accommodated through application of the remaining $14.5 million of the $30 million anticipated savings from reduced ASRM 
requirements and an additional reduction of $38.6 million in the Super Lightweight Tank (SLWT).  The total change in SLWT 
funding reflects the the contractor's current estimate of funding requirements for the initial FY 1997 launch program, as well as the 
deletion of the additional baseline External Tank (-$27.0 million) which had been carried as schedule insurance.   
 

Funding for the Advanced Turbopump implementation has been reduced $9.6 million based on reestimated program requirements.  
The total cost of this program is consistent with the total program cost of $1,056.0, as directed by Congress.  Other funding 
reductions include deferral of the implementation of the RSRM non-asbestos program (-$17.3 million), reduction in NASA's funding 
requirement at the SRM Nozzle Refurbishment facility at Iuka, MS (-$22.4 million), consistent with the agency's commitment to this 
facility, and deferral of planned main engine health monitoring activities (-$10.8 million).  These reductions have been offset by the 
inclusion of $11.1 million begin development of a lighter-weight Solid Rocket Booster recovery parachute system, which is expected 
to result in significant Shuttle performance improvement, and the addition of SRB program reserves ($9.3 million).   
 

Funding for Flight Operations/Launch Upgrades is reduced $82.5 million.  This reflects a reduction of $33.6 million for termination 
of the CCMS-II activities as directed by Congress, and an additional reduction of $48.9 million due to program changes.  The further 
reduction of $48.9 million reflects a reduction in funding for Flight Operations Upgrades of $47.0 million and a reduction in funding 
for Launch Support Equipment of $1.9 million.  The reduction in Flight Operations reflects reduced funding requirements for the 
Shuttle Mission Simulator rehost activation (-$14.0 million), aircraft maintenance and operations  
(-$14 million) and other equipment purchases (-$19.0 million).  In Launch Site Equipment Upgrades, funding for Hardware Interface 
Module (HIM) cards is reduced $5.8 million reflecting reduced unit costs.  This reduction is offset by increased funding of $3.9 
million for other Launch Support Equipment upgrades. 
 

Space Shuttle Operations (-$4.8 million) 
 

Funding for Shuttle Operations reflects a net reduction of $4.8 million.  This reflects a reduction of $74.5 million as part of the 
general reduction directed by Congress, offset the the reallocation of $21.9 million for Multi-use Mission Payload Support Equipment 
(MMPSE) and Payload Support Operations to Shuttle Operations from the Payload and Utilization Operations budget line item, and 
an increase of $47.8 million for other program changes.  To accommodate the reduction directed by Congress, funding for System 
Integration is reduced $44.0 million, and funding for the Redesigned Solid Rocket Motor (RSRM) is reduced $30.5 million.  The 
reduction in Systems Integration is achieved through reduced manpower requirements; the reduction in the RSRM reflects 
application of reimbursement funding received for the Japanese Space Flyer Unit mission.  The reallocation of $21.9 million from 
Payload Support Operations is intended to ease management of the program by separating the KSC payload ground operations from 
the JSC payload-unique services from Payload and Utilization Operations.  The increase of $47.8 millon to meet other program 
changes is addressed below. 
 

In Orbiter, funding is increased $67.0 million to support a higher level of engineering support manpower than planned.  Funding for 
the External Tank is reduced a net of $50.0 million.  This reflects a reduction of $58.3 million for lower than planned subcontract 
and materials funding offset by an increase of $8.3 million for unplanned environmental compliance requirements.  Funding for the 
Space Shuttle Main Engine is increased a net of $4.8 million, reflecting an additional $14.9 million to higher manpower levels than 
planned, offset by a reduction of $10.1 million due to revised hardware requirements.  Funding for the Solid Rocket Booster is 
increased $17.3 million due to revised hardware requirements.  Funding for the RSRM is increased $23.4 million.  This reflects an 
increase of $21.9 million to meet unforeseen environmental compliance requirements and an increase of $15.9 million to continue a 
second source of ammonium perchlorate, offset by a reduction of $14.4 million for other program requirements.  Funding for 
Launch and Landing Operations is increased $30.0 million to support higher launch processing manpower levels than planned.  
Funding for Mission Operations is reduced $44.7 million based on reduced program requirements. 
 

										   FY 1995
						    FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
						     ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE
 

Payload and utilization operations..............      405.6           356.2          -36.1          320.1 
 

  Spacelab......................................      125.5            92.3            6.3           98.6 
  Tethered reflight.............................        7.4             9.7           -2.3            7.4 
  Payload operations............................       85.1            62.6          -26.3           36.3 
  Advanced projects.............................        7.2            15.2           -3.0           12.2 
  Engineering and technical base................      180.4           176.4          -10.8          165.6
 

CHANGE FROM FY 1995 BUDGET ESTIMATE 
 

This reflects a general reduction of $21.2 million consistent with Congressional direction (which includes the remaining $13.0 
million reduction for procurement reform), offset by an increase of $10.0 million for an additional Spacelab flight, the reallocation of 
$21.9 million for the Multimission and Payload Support Operations to Shuttle Operations, and an additional reduction of $3.0 
million reflecting program changes.   
 

Funding for Spacelab is increased $6.3 million.  This reflects Congressional direction to add an additional Life and Microgravity 
Sciences mission (+$10 million), a transfer of $300 thousand from the Tether Reflight program to Spacelab for increased support, 
and a reduction of $4.0 million due to operational efficiencies  The Tether Reflight program is reduced an additional $2.0 million due 
to reduced program funding requirements.  Funding for Payload Operations is reduced $26.3 million, reflecting the previously 
mentioned realignment of funding for the MMPSE and Payload Support Operations activities to Shuttle Operations ($21.9 million).  
Funding is reduced an additional $4.2 million as part of the general reduction directed by Congress and is accommodated through 
savings from program consolidations and reduced workforce levels.  Funding for Advanced Programs is reduced $3.0 million, and 
will be accommodated through deferral of planned new activities.  In Engineering and Technical Base, funding is reduced $10.8 
million as part of the general reduction directed by Congress.  This reduction will be achieved by decreasing lower priority safety, 
maintainability and quality assurance activities (-$8.5 million), by consolidating existing contracts in Automated Data Processing 
activities (-$1.9 million), and by reducing procurements for science and engineering laboratory support equipment (-$1.0 million).  
These reductions are offset by increased support for minority university research activities (+$0.6 million) 



SCIENCE, AERONAUTICS AND TECHNOLOGY 
 

								                   FY 1995
						    FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
						     ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE
 

Space science...................................     1715.7          1766.0           16.0         1782.0 
	 

Physics and astronomy...........................     1064.4          1058.7           41.0         1099.7 
	
 
  Advanced x-ray astrophysics facility..........      239.3           234.3             --          234.3 
  Global geospace science.......................       27.6              --           40.0           40.0 
  Relativity mission development................       42.4            50.0             --           50.0 
  Payload and instrument development............       59.5            47.9            6.0           53.9 
  Explorer development..........................      123.3           120.4             --          120.4 
  Mission operations and data analysis..........      405.2           441.7           -9.3          432.4 
  Research and analysis.........................       71.1            71.1            4.3           75.4 
  Suborbital program............................       69.5            67.2             --           67.2 
  Information systems...........................       26.5            26.1             --           26.1
 

CHANGE FROM FY 1995 BUDGET ESTIMATE 
 

 The increase in funding reflects an increase of $40.0 million for the Global Geospace Science (GGS) mission, an increase of $6.0 
million in Payload and Instrument Development, and an increase of $4.3 million in MO&DA.  These increases are offset by a net 
reduction of $5.0 million in Mission Operations and Data Analysis (MO&DA).  These changes reflect Congressional direction. 
 

The funding increase for GGS is required to support launch delays of the Wind and Polar missions from mid-1994 to November 1994 
and November 1995, respectively.  Technical progress in recent months has been very positive.  The Wind spacecraft was launched 
successfully on November 1, 1994.  Final integration and test activities on the Polar spacecraft were resumed in December upon 
final verification of the successful launch and operations of Wind. 
 

The reduction of $9.3 million in funding for MO&DA reflects a reduction of $15 million in GGS Operations, an increase of $10 
million for Hubble Space Telescope (HST) operations, and a reallocation of $4.3 million for Astrophysics research to Research and 
Analysis.  The reduction in GGS operations is enabled by the launch delay of the Wind and Polar spacecraft.  The increase in HST 
will be applied consistent with Congressional direction, as follows:  $2.0 million for the Advanced Camera; $3.0 million for the Space 
Telescope Science Institute; and $5.0 million will be held in reserve until the FY 1996 budget is submitted in January 1995.  As 
directed in House Report 103-715, an Announcement of Opportunity for the Advanced Camera was released in early September and 
final selection is targeted for early 1995.  The total estimated cost of the Advanced Camera is $25-$40 million.  The current program 
planning includes the installation of the Near Infrared Camera/Multi-Object Spectrometer and Space Telescope Imaging 
Spectrometer as part of the second servicing mission in 1997 and the Advanced Camera in 1999.  $4.3 million is reallocated from 
Mission Operations to Research and Analysis to provide consistency in activities funded in the Research and Analysis budget. 
 

Funding for Instrument and Payload Development is increased $6.0 million to provide greater flexibility to manage payloads 
developed under this program. 
 

										   FY 1995                                  
						    FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
						     ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE
 

Planetary exploration...........................      651.3           707.3          -19.0          688.3 
 

  Cassini.......................................      266.6           255.0             --          255.0 
  Mars instruments..............................        4.4             1.4            0.7            2.1 
  Mars surveyor program.........................       14.6            78.4          -19.0           59.4 
  Discovery.....................................      127.4           129.7             --          129.7 
  Mission operations and data analysis..........      130.7           127.7          -10.5          117.2 
  Research and analysis.........................      107.6           115.1            3.8          118.9
 

CHANGE FROM FY 1995 BUDGET ESTIMATE 
 

This funding level reflects a reduction of $19 million for the Mars Surveyor program directed by Congress.  The reduction will be 
offset by award  fee returned by the Martin Marietta Corp. due to the failure of the Mars Observer spacecraft.  In addition, a net 
increase of $3.8 million in Research and Analysis and an increase of $0.7 million in Mars '94 instruments is offset by a reduction of 
$10.5 million in Mission Operations and Data Analysis. 
 

The increase in Research and Analysis reflects the reallocation of $10.3 million to increase the focused technology development for 
advanced spacecraft.  This will support the infusion of new technologies into future missions, resulting in enhanced performance 
capabilities of spacecraft hardware with reduced mass, volume, power and cost requirements.  This funding is offset by a reduction 
in funding in the Planetary flight support activity, enabled through successful efforts to reduce the operating cost for science 
missions at JPL.  An increase of $0.7 million is included in the Mars '94 instrument program, due to a two year launch delay in the 
Russian program.  This increase will continue support for project management and instrument teams in support of a launch in 
November/December 1996.  This increase is offset by reductions within Planetary Research and Analysis, which will be 
accommodated by deferral of planned new activities. 



										   FY 1995
						    FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
					             ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE
 

Life and microgravity sciences and  
  applications..................................      507.5           470.9           12.2          483.1
	
							     
Life sciences...................................      186.8           145.6           -4.9          140.7 
    Research and analysis.......................       55.1            51.9           -1.2           50.7 
    Flight experiments..........................      131.7            93.7           -3.7           90.0 
 

  Microgravity research.........................      175.0           128.9            3.0          131.9 
    Research and analysis.......................       18.4            21.7            8.7           30.4 
    Flight experiments..........................      156.6           107.2           -5.7          101.5
 

  Aerospace medicine............................      (2.7)             7.0             --            7.0 
 

  Shuttle/spacelab payload mission   
    management and integration..................      108.7           112.4            0.6          113.0 
 

  Space station payload facilities..............       37.0            84.0            6.5           90.5 
 

CHANGE FROM FY 1995 BUDGET ESTIMATE 
 

This net increase reflects the addition of $5.0 million for the NASA-NIH protocol and the addition of $7.2 million for an additional 
Life and Microgravity Sciences Spacelab mission, planned for 1996.  These increases are consistent with Congressional direction.   
 

The augmentation of $5 million for the NASA/NIH collaboration will continue the research activities associated with the NASA/NIH 
Biotechnology NASA Research Announcement initiated in FY 1994.  The additional funding will support development of advanced 
tissue culturing technology as well as the development of advanced protein crystallizaation technologies to advance structural 
biology.  Total funding for the NASA/NIH program is $15.0 million in FY 1995, which includes $10.0 million within the Life Sciences 
base program for cooperative NIH investigations.  Also within Microgravity Research, $3.7 million is transferred from Flight 
Experiments to Research and Analysis (R&A) to expand the microgravity community and ensure readiness for long-term research 
using the Space Station. 
 

Funding for STS/Spacelab Payload Mission Management and Integration is augmented $7.2 million to fund a new Life and 
Microgravity Spacelab (LMS) mission, to be launched in mid-1996.  The objective of this mission is to conduct peer-reviewed, 
scientific investigations in the fields of materials science, fluids physics, protein crystal growth, biotechnology, gravitational biology 
and space physiology.  Mission costs will be minimized by utilizing experiment hardware already developed for other flights.  
Additional FY 1995 funding requirements for the mission are estimated at $8.7 million, and will be allocated from unobligated 
balances within the Life and Microgravity program, consistent with Congressional direction.   
 

Funding for Space Station Facilities is increased by a net of $6.5 million.  Responsibility for laboratory support equipment has been 
transferred from the Space Station program, with $15.6 million reallocated to Space Station Facilities in FY 1995.  This increase is 
offset by a reduction of $9.1 million consistent with the revised Space Station assembly schedule.  This reallocation does not impact 
the content of activities included within the $2.1 billion annual budget for Space Station and related activities. 
 

The establishment of the Aerospace Medicine and Occupational Health program reflects the consolidation of activities governing all 
medical operations within NASA and the development of requirements for operational medicine and operational medical research to 
support human spaceflight.  Funding is reallocated from Life Sciences Flight Experiments (-$1.7 million), Life Sciences R&A (-$1.2 
million), Microgravity Flight Experiments (-$2.0 million), and STS/Spacelab Payload Mission Mangement and Integration (-$2.1 
million) for this activity.  This program will include the clinical medicine activities previously budgeted under Life Sciences R&A.  A 
high priority for this consolidated action will be to develop and support applications of space-age technology to U.S. and global 
health, and to promote innovations which utilize technology to improve health care education.  It will also encompass the 
telemedicine activities previously included in the base program. 
 

									           FY 1995
					            FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
						     ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE
 

Mission to planet earth.........................    1,041.5          1238.1           53.3         1291.4
 

  Earth observing system........................      318.8           455.1          136.0          591.1 
  Earth observing system data information  
    System......................................      188.2           284.9          -54.3          230.6 
  Earth probes..................................       96.4            82.0           -0.4           81.6
  Landsat.......................................       74.1            62.4          -62.4         (87.4)
  ACTS..........................................        3.0             3.0           -0.7            2.3 
  GLOBE.........................................      (0.3)           (5.0)            5.0            5.0 
  Space station attached payloads...............       25.9             9.8           -9.8             -- 
  Payload and instrument development............         --            19.5             --           19.5 
  Construction of facilities....................       18.0            17.0             --           17.0 
  Applied research and data analysis............      317.2           305.1           39.2          344.3
 

CHANGE FROM FY 1995 BUDGET ESTIMATE 
 

This net increase reflects an increase of $136.0 million for the Earth Observing System (EOS) offset by the reduction of $9.8 million 
for the SAGE instrument.  These changes reflect Congressional direction.  The current estimate for EOS includes funding for 
Landsat-7 development, which has been increased to reflect the transfer of $25.0 million from the Department of Defense, as 
directed in the FY 1995 Department of Defense Appropriations Act (P.L. 103-335) 
 

The Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) program is an international science and education 
partnership to create a network of students in kindergarten through high school througout the world to make environomental 
observations, resulting in a global environmental view that can be shared with the science community.  Consistent with NASA's FY 
1995 budget submission, $5.0 million is included in the Mission to Planet Earth budget to support NASA's activities.   
 

Total funding for the EOS and the EOS Data Information System (EOSDIS) is increased $56.7 million.  This includes the 
augmentation of $35.1 million directed by Congress in House Report 103-715, and an increase of $62.4 million for Landsat, offset 
by a net reduction of $40.8 million reflecting other program changes.   
 

The Operating Plan for EOS reflects the results of the EOS Rebaselining activity which was accomplished during the summer.  This 
activity, which adjusted the program to be consistent with the reduced total funding plan established in the FY 1995 budget, has 
produced a program with more, smaller spacecraft.  The results of the EOS Rebaselining transferred $34.8 million from EOSDIS to 
the EOS program.  Funding for EOS is increased an additional $25 million, consistent with Congressional direction.  This 
augmentation will support the development of EOS secondary payloads, specifically the SAGE-III payload for inclusion on an EOS 
flight of opportunity.  A further increase of $19.8 million, reflecting the reallocation of funding for the Science and Investigator 
Computational Facilities to EOS from the EOSDIS budget, is offset by the reallocation of $27.7 million for the EOS Interdisciplinary 
Science and related activities to the MTPE Science program.  Funding for the Landsat-7 program ($87.4 million) is included in the 
EOS program, and includes the transfer of $25 million from DoD consistent with Congressional direction.  $1.1 million is reallocated 
to EOSDIS for the purchase of Landsat 4/5 data .  $2.2 million is reallocated to support the GLOBE program. 
 

Funding for the EOSDIS program is reduced a net of $54.3 million.  Consistent with Congressional direction, funding for 
visualization techniques is increased $1.5 million and EOSDIS program reserves are increased $8.6 million.  Offsetting this 
increase, funding is reduced $64.4 million, primarily reflecting the results of the EOS Rebaselining activity.  This activity resulted in 
rephasing the EOSDIS program, and $34.8 million was transferred from the EOSDIS program to the EOS program.  Funding for the 
Science and Interdisciplinary Computing facilities (-$29.7 million) was reallocated to the EOS program (+$19.8 million) and to the 
Applied Data and Research Analysis program (+$9.9 million) to reflect the management of the activities.  $1.1 million is reallocated 
from the EOS program to the EOSDIS program to support purchase of Landsat 4/5 data.  $1.0 million is reallocated to support the 
GLOBE program. 
 
Total Funding for Earth Probes is reduced $0.4 million, to support the GLOBE program.  In addition, funding for the Total Ozone 
Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) is reduced $1.2 million, and reallocated to support the Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission 
(TRMM).  The realignment of funds is required to restore funding which was reallocated from the TRMM program in FY 1994 and to 
maintain required TRMM program funding.  This reduction will be accommodated within program reserves. 
 

Funding for Space Station Attached Payloads is reduced $9.8 million, reflecting Congressional direction to delete funding for the 
SAGE-III Space Station payload.  A SAGE-III payload is being developed for inclusion on an EOS Flight of Opportunity mission, and 
funding for that effort is included in the EOS budget. 
 

Funding for Applied Research and Data Analysis and Related Activities is increased $36.2 million, reflecting the reallocation of $27.7 
million for EOS Science activities from the EOS program and the reallocation of $9.9 million from the EOSDIS budget for the EOS 
Interdisciplinary Computing Facilities .  This funding adjustment is intended to reflect the management of the science activities, and 
is a result of the EOS Rebaselining activity.  $1.4 million is reallocated to support the GLOBE program.  Consistent with 
Congressional direction, $3.0 is included in Information Systems for a regional ecosystem computer-based modelling project at the 
Ohio Supercomputer Center. 
 

										   FY 1995
						    FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
						     ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE 
 

Space access and technology.....................      512.8           608.4           -3.0          605.4
 

  Advanced space transportation.................      109.1           103.1           59.0          162.1 
  Industry technology program...................       19.7            18.9         (18.9)         (18.9) 
  Spacecraft and remote sensing.................      183.3           143.3            1.0          144.3 
  Advanced smallsat technology..................       12.5            47.9           14.0           61.9 
  Space communications..........................     (29.0)            23.7           -4.9           18.8 
  Space processing..............................       19.5            19.2           -0.9           18.3 
  Flight programs...............................      140.9            91.6          -42.5           49.1 
  Technology transfer...........................       27.8            36.8            9.0           45.8 
  Small business and innovative research program    (110.9)           123.9             --          123.9


CHANGE FROM FY 1995 BUDGET ESTIMATE 
 

Total funding is reduced a net of $3.0 million.  This reflects the reduction of $40 million in Flight Programs offset by an increase of 
$2.0 million in Spacecraft and Remote Sensing and an increase of $35.0 million transferred to NASA from the Department of 
Defense (DoD) for the Advanced Transportation program.  These changes are consistent with Congressional direction.  In addition, 
several funding reallocations have been made to support program priorities.  This new organization combines funding previously 
included in the Advanced Concepts and Technology budget line item. 
 

Funding for Advanced Space Transportation is increased a net of $59.0 million.  Total funding to support the Reusable Launch 
Vehicle (RLV) activity is $128.5 million, an increase of $64.0 million.  Of the $59.0 million increase, $18.9 million is due to the 
inclusion of the Advanced Industry Technology Program (AITP) within the Advanced Space Transportation budget.  The FY 1995 
AITP solicitation will be dedicated to technology developments by industry to further the advanced technologies required for next 
generation launch vehicles.  Future solicitations in cooperation with U.S. industry will be focused on other high priority NASA R&D 
areas which show significant relevance to the U.S economy.  The funds transferred to NASA from the DoD will be applied consistent 
with Congressional direction, contained in the FY 1995 Department of Defense Appropriations Act (P.L. 103-335).  The President's 
National Space Transportation Policy, dated August 5, 1994, directed NASA to formulate a plan by November 5, 1994 for review by 
the Administration.  NASA's role is to push the technology required for the development and demonstration of a next generation 
reusable launch system, in support of a decision to be made no later than December 1996 on whether to proceed with a sub-scale 
flight test to prove the concept.  The FY 1995 funds will be used to:  (1) upgrade the DC-X flight demonstrator to the DC-XA 
configuration, allowing a flight test in FY 1996; (2) initiate development of the Small Booster Technology Demonstrator; (3) evaluate 
alternative propulsion systems that may be used for the Advanced Technology Demonstrator; and, (4) begin preliminary design and 
systems trade studies for the Advanced Technology Demonstrator.  The increase is offset by a reduction of $2.0 million, which is 
reallocated to the Technology Transfer program to support implementation of the "Commercial Technology Agenda for Change" 
strategy, and a reduction of $3.0 million in the ELV Technology program.  This reduction will be accommodated by deferring tasks 
planned for FY 1995.   
 

Direction was included in House Report 103-715 that funding in FY 1995 for the Solid Propulsion Integrity Program (SPIP) equal the 
amount included in FY 1994 for that activity.  During FY 1994, a total of $9.8 million was obligated on the SPIP program, including 
$1.6 million of FY 1993 funds.  This Operating Plan currently includes $7.6 million for the SPIP program.  However, in accordance 
with direction received in the letter of December 15, 1994 from the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations, NASA is 
examining alternative funding sources to allow FY 1995 funding for SPIP to be increased to the FY 1994 level of  
$12.9 million directed by the Committees. 
 

Funding for Spacecraft and Remote Sensing is increased a net of $1.0 million.  The Space Communications program, which was 
previously a separate budget line, is now included in the Spacecraft and Remote Sensing program, an increase of $18.8 million. 
Consistent with Congressional direction, funding is increased $2.0 million to continue the software reuse and artificial intelligence 
program, which was initiated in FY 1994.  Of the total reduction of $19.8 million, $14.0 million is reallocated to the Advanced 
Smallsat program, $3.5 million is reallocated to Advanced Space Transportation to support the Reusable Launch Vehicle activity, 
and $2.3 million is reallocated to the Technology Transfer program to support initiation of the "Commercial Technology Agenda for 
Change" initiative.  This reallocation is accommodated by reducing planned funding increases for Commercial Remote Sensing 
activities, Earth Orbiting Spacecraft Technology activities, and commercial Applications and Sensors and Instruments.  In addition, 
$5.0 million is included to support NASA's participation in the Next Generation Vehicle project ("Clean Car") initiative. 
 

Funding for the Advanced Smallsat program is increased $14.0 million.  The original plan called for selection of one 3-year mission 
and one 2-year mission.  As a result of the Smallsat competition, two 2-year missions were selected, resulting in a larger funding 
requirement in FY 1995 than planned.  Funding is reallocated from the Spacecraft and Remote Sensing program to meet this 
requirement.  
 

Funding in Space Communications is reduced $4.9 million, and reallocated to the Advanced Space Transportation program (-$4.5 
million) and Technology Transfer (-0.4 million) to implement the "Commercial Technology Agenda for Change" initiative.  The 
remaining $18.8 million has been combined with the Spacecraft and Remote Sensing budget. 
Funding for Space Processing is reduced $0.9 million, and is reallocated to Technology Transfer to support the "Commercial 
Technology Agenda for Change" initiative. 
 

Funding in Flight programs is reduced $40.0 million consistent with Congressional direction, as a result of funding appropriated for 
the Commercial Middeck Augmentation Module in P.L. 103-211.  An additional reduction of $2.5 million is included, and funding is 
reallocated to Technology Transfer to support implementation of the "Commercial Technology Agenda for Change" initiative.  This 
reduction will be accommodated by reducing the number of flight experiments studies. 
 

Funding for Technology Transfer is increased $9.0 million to implement the "Commercial Technology Agenda for Change" initiative.  
In response to the commercial technology focus outlined in the National Performance Review (NPR), the Administrator introduced 
the Agenda for Change in July 1994, in order to raise the importance of NASA's technology transfer mission to the level of the 
Agency's aeronautics and space R&D work.  The Agenda for Change is introducing a new way of doing business at the NASA field 
centers.  The Centers are now actively seeking opportunities to move their technology into the market place, analyzing technology at 
all stages of development and utilizing a new mix of business practices to establish collaborations with industry.  Key to the success 
of this mission is for the Field Centers to have sufficient resources for implementation of the Agenda for Change.  This involves the 
acquisition of experts and services for the Field Centers in the areas of dissemination and marketing, electronic networks, business 
practices, and metrics and evaluation.  The $9.0 million increase will be used to augment each Field Center's capability to carry out 
the Agenda for Change.  Funding for existing activities, such as the National Technology Transfer Center, are at the requested level. 
 

										   FY 1995
						    FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
						     ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE
 

Aeronautical research and technology............    1,067.2           898.5          -16.5          882.0 
	
							       
  Research and technology base..................      394.3           342.8           23.5          366.3 
		
							    
  Systems technology programs...................      423.9           555.7           -8.0          547.7 
  High performance computing & communications...       63.6            76.1             --           76.1 
  Materials and structures systems technology...       25.7            24.3             --           24.3 
  Numerical aerodynamic simulation..............       48.1            46.2             --           46.2 
  High-speed research...........................      197.2           221.3             --          221.3 
  Advanced subsonic technology..................       89.3           125.8             --          125.8 
  Hypersonics technology program................       26.0            40.0           -8.0         (32.0) 
  Construction of facilities....................                       22.0             --           22.0
 
 

CHANGE FROM FY 1995 BUDGET ESTIMATE 
 

This reduction reflects a net increase in funding for the Research and Technology (R&T) Base of $23.5 million, comprised of a 
reduction of $10.0 million for rotorcraft activities offset by an increase of $1.5 million for hypersonic wind tunnels studies, and a 
decrease in funding for Hypersonics of $8.0 million.  These reductions reflect Congressional direction.  In addition, funding for the 
Hypersonics Technology program is included in the R&T Base. 
 

The reduction of $10 million in the R&T Base eliminates all previously planned activity for the Rotorcraft Institutes.  This reduction 
is offset by an increase of $1.5 million for hypersonic wind tunnels studies, as directed by Congress.  NASA is currently working 
with the Department of the Army on possible joint activities which could result in a reallocation of funds to support activities in 
rotorcraft technology 
 

The reduction of $8.0 million in the Hypersonics Technology Program will be accommodated by reducing research in selected areas.  
Research will be concentrated on ramjet/scramjet flowpath optimization and test. 
 

									           FY 1995
						    FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
						     ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE
 

Launch services.................................      303.5           340.9           -7.0          333.9
 

CHANGE FROM FY 1995 BUDGET ESTIMATE 
 

This reduction reflects direction from Congress to reduce funding for the Cassini launch vehicle by $7.0 million.  This reduction can 
be accommodated as a result of recent negotiations between NASA and Martin-Marietta on total funding requirements for the 
integration of the Cassini spacecraft with the Titan IV/Centaur launch vehicle.  In support of NASA's emphasis on reducing the size 
of scientific missions, NASA intends to procure a Medium-Light performance class of launch services from the commercial ELV 
sector.  To support the preliminary design schedule of the Mars Surveyor series of spacecraft, which will be the first user of the 
med-light vehicle, $2.5 million is included for initial procurement activities.  These preliminary design activities are required to 
support the 1998 planetary launch window for these missions.   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
										   FY 1995
						    FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
						     ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE 
 

Mission communication services..................      581.0           481.2             --          481.2 
 

  Ground network................................      309.3           273.4             --          273.4 
  Mission control and data systems..............      206.5           175.8             --          175.8 
  Space network customer services...............       30.0            32.0             --           32.0 
  Advanced systems..............................       19.6              --             --             -- 
  Construction of facilities....................       15.6              --             --             --
 

CHANGE FROM FY 1995 BUDGET ESTIMATE 
 

There is no change to the budget request, however reallocations have been made within the program to meet program requirements.   
 

Within Ground Network, funding increases are included for Deep Space Network (DSN) Systems Implementation and the Spaceflight 
Tracking and Data Network (STDN).  Offsetting reductions are included for Deep Space Network Operations, the Aeronautics, 
Balloons, and Sounding Rocket (ABSR) program, and STDN Operations.   
 

The increase in DSN System Implementation reflects several programmatic and accounting changes.  $18.0 million is reallocated 
from DSN Operations to reflect a decision to consolidate funding for systems management, engineering and sustaining investment. 
Funding is increased $9.0 million for advanced systems technology activities, $1.8 million for an additional system capability in 
Australia in support of the Galileo mission, and $3.6 million for the continued outfitting of a 34 meter antenna transferred to NASA 
from the Department of the Army.  As an offset to these increases, funding is reduced $15.4 million, principally accommodated by 
deferral of Cassini X-band emergency services at the Goldstone 70 meter antenna (-$3.7 million), by descoping several DSN 
automation projects (-$2.5 million), and by deferral of upgrades for the Very Long Baseline Interferometry and radio science 
programs (-$2.8 million).  The remainder of the reduction will be accommodated through deferral of planned activities. 
 

Funding for DSN Operations is reduced $17.9 million, which represents the aforementioned reallocation of funding for systems 
management to DSN Systems Implementation.  The increase of $7.3 million in STDN Systems is required to support automation of 
the Bermuda and Merritt Island, Florida tracking facilities.  To offset this requirement, funding for the AB&SR Systems is reduced 
$3.2 million, which will be accommodated by deferral of radar refurbishment activities at the Wallops Flight Facility and deferral of 
equipment purchases for the Western Aeronautical Test Range.  Funding for STDN Operations is reduced $3.2 million, and will be 
accommodated through operational efficiencies.   
 

 
 
										   FY 1995
						    FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
						     ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE 
 

Academic programs...............................       85.5            97.2            5.0          102.2
 

CHANGE FROM FY 1995 BUDGET ESTIMATE 
 

This increase is consistent with Congressional direction, and will be divided equally between the Historically Black Colleges and 
Universities (HBCU) and Other Minority Universities (OMU) programs.  As directed in House Report 103-715, this augmentation will 
be used to support Institutional Research awards and Minority University-Space Interdisciplinary Network Awards (MU-SPIN), and 
to support Math and Science initiatives at HBCUs, Hispanic-serving institutions, and Institutions serving students with disabilities.  
These programs use the competition and peer review process for selection. 



MISSION SUPPORT 
 

										   FY 1995
						    FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
						     ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE
 

Safety, reliability & quality assurance.........       34.3            38.7             --           38.7
 
Although there is no change in total fundi
ng for Safety, Reliability, Maintainability and Quality Assurance (SRM&QA) activities, 
funding has been reallocated to support program changes.  
 

Within the total SRM&QA funding, program responsibility for several ongoing engineering projects has been assigned to the Office of 
the Chief Engineer and a new program element has been established.  Funding for these programs totals $5.9 million; however, the 
funds will continue to be reported within SRM&QA.  Of the total, $3.6 million will be used for NASA engineering policy and 
standards activities, and $2.3 million supports projects focused on demonstration of critical technologies needed for future NASA 
flight programs.   
 

Within the Policy, Oversight and Standards program, $2.2 million is reallocated to support independent assessment activities for the 
International Space Station in FY 1995.  This reallocation is accommodated from available program reserves and realignment of 
program activities.  The total NASA level of funding planned for the Independent Validation and Verification (IV&V) facility remains 
at $17.5 million, distributed among the SRM&QA, EOS and Space Station budgets. 
 
 

										   FY 1995
						    FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
						     ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE
 

Space communications services...................      248.2           268.9          -60.0          208.9 
 

  Space network.................................      117.7           154.0          -60.0           94.0 
  Telecommunications............................      130.5           114.9             --          114.9
 

CHANGE FROM FY 1995 BUDGET ESTIMATE 
 

This funding level reflects Congressional direction to reduce funding for the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) Replenishment 
by $60 million.  Contract award is still planned for the second quarter of FY 1995.  House Report 103-715 indicates that NASA may 
reallocate up to $25 million of reimbursement funding and underruns to augment funding for the TDRS Replenishment as long as 
this does not result in any involuntary reductions-in-force in 1995 in the Space or Mission Communications Services programs.  
This Operating Plan is premised on complying with Conference Report direction to use FY 1994 carryover funds from reimbursable 
activities and underruns to prevent involuntary layoffs in the ongoing mission communications and space communications services 
programs.  This plan does not extend to contractor employment actions pursuant to normal contract transitions, e.g., from 
competion of development to operations of the Second TDRS Ground Terminal.  After we are confident that this direction has been 
observed, it is our plan to submit an Operating Plan update to reallocate additional funds to the TDRS Replenishment program.   
 

Within Space Network, $7.2 million is transferred from the TDRS System to the Space Network Services program, to consolidate 
funding for the operation and support of the White Sands Ground Terminal (WSGT) with funding for the Space Network Services 
program.  As the Second TDRS Ground Terminal becomes operational, and the WSGT is taken off line for refurbishment and 
upgrade, funding for the support of these two operations will be provided in this consolidated program element.  The operations of 
the two ground terminals will be combined under a single contract beginning in FY 1996.  Within the STGT program, increased 
funding to support the six month slip reported in the July 1994 PSR is accommodated within program reserves. 
 

Funding for the Telecommunications program is unchanged , and reflects the combined funding for the NASA Communications 
Network (NASCOM) and the Program Support Communications Network (PSCN). 
This net reduction of $154.5 million reflects Congressional reductions of $217.4 million, partially offset by the addition of $62.9 
million to accommodate new requirements. 
 
					
						                                   FY 1995
						    FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
					             ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE
 
Construction of facilities......................      209.3           135.0             --          135.0
 
 
 
 


 
				                                                   FY 1995
	                                            FY 1994         BUDGET          CHANGE       CURRENT 
	                                             ACTUAL        ESTIMATE                      ESTIMATE
 
Research and program management.................    2,175.6         2,220.0          -31.0        2,190.0 
 
 
  Personnel and related cost....................    1,634.0         1,684.5          -30.0         1654.5 
  Travel........................................       38.9            48.7             --           48.7 
  Research operations support...................      502.7           486.8           -1.0          485.8 
 

CHANGE FROM FY 1995 BUDGET ESTIMATE 
 

This reduction is consistent with Congressional direction.  The total funding for Research and Program Management (R&PM) is 
$2,190.0 million, which includes the $18 million rescinded from P.L. 103-715 and reappropriated in P.L. 103-327.  Within R&PM, 
$1,654.5 is included for Personnel and Related Costs, $48.7 million is included for Travel, and $485.8 million is included for 
Research Operations Support (ROS).  The reduction of $1.0 million in ROS reflects the proposed rescission by the Administration to 
reduce funding for administrative aircraft operations. 
 
 
 
 


 
        								           FY 1995
						    FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
						     ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE
 
Inspector general...............................       14.7            16.0             --           16.0
 
 
 
 
  
										   FY 1995
						    FY 1994         BUDGET                       CURRENT 
					             ACTUAL        ESTIMATE         CHANGE       ESTIMATE
 
National aeronautical facility....................       --              --          400.0          400.0
	



CHG 1