National Partnership for Reinventing
National Aeronautics and Space
Four-Year Reinvention Plan
Updated August 18, 2000
NASA is an investment in Americas future. As explorers, pioneers, and innovators, we boldly expand frontiers in air and space to inspire and serve America and to benefit the quality of life on Earth.
- To advance and communicate scientific knowledge and understanding of the
Earth, the solar system, and the universe and use the environment of space
- To explore, use, and enable the development of space for human enterprise;
- To research, develop, verify, and transfer advanced aeronautics, space,
and related technologies.
NASAs REINVENTION GOALS
Goal #1: NASAs Earth Science (formerly Mission to Planet Earth)
Enterprise will expand and disseminate information about the Earth system to
enable productive use of Earth science and technology in public and private
- The Earth Science Enterprise is fulfilling its commitment to make its Earth
observation data widely available for research and education.
- Almost 1,300,000 distinct users obtained 5.2 million data products during
- The Enterprise achieved its goal of increasing the EOSDIS archived data
volume by ten percent.
- The Enterprise achieved its goal of increasing the number of distinct customers
by 20% compared to 1997.
- The Enterprise achieved its goal of increasing products delivered from the
Distributed Active Archive Centers by 10%.
- The Enterprise exceeded its goal of conducting 300 workshops by sponsoring
350 workshops to train more than 11,000 teachers in the use of Earth science
concepts and teaching tools.
- The Enterprise increased the number of schools participating in GLOBE by
29% (against a goal of 35%). The Enterprise increased the number of participating
countries from 70 in 1998 to 84 in 1999, far exceeding its goal of increasing
- The Enterprise awarded 50 new graduate student/education research grants
and 20 early career post-doctoral fellowships in Earth Science to maintain
annual support for 150 graduate students at U.S. universities
- The dissemination of Earth science information through EOSDIS has been improved
and new methods have been developed to place data in the hands of Enterprise
customers in a timely manner. The Enterprise met its goal of putting data
into the hands of users within five days of receipt or production of the requested
data. EOSDIS is now poised and ready to support Terra, Aqua, and other Earth
Goal #2: NASAs Aerospace Technology Enterprise will develop
technology advances to achieve safer, cleaner, quieter, more affordable air travel
by creating long-term partnerships with industry and the Federal Aviation Administration
and by demonstrating new technologies.
- The Earth Science Enterprise is making sure its data and associated information
and knowledge lead to practical solutions for business and local government.
For example, the Enterprise established 29 partnerships of various types to
develop applications of Earth remote-sensing data for agriculture, natural
resources management, urban and regional planning, and disaster mitigation.
- In FY 1999, the Enterprise set 17 performance targets to address eight specific
objectives. The Enterprise fully met or achieved 12 of these by the end of
FY 1999 and 14 by the end of CY 1999. The remaining three will be fully achieved
in FY 2000.
- The Enterprise established Aeronautics Education Laboratory sites in eight
new cities (against a goal of three).
- The Enterprise transferred 12 new technologies (against a goal of 10) to
industry and other government agencies.
- The Enterprise completed its Triennial Customer Satisfaction Survey, measuring
a range of customers that include the aviation and related industries, the
academic community, non-aviation industries, and other government agencies,
such as DOD and FAA. The survey uses a 10-point scale, and the Enterprise
met its goal of increasing the number of responses rated "8" and
above from 30 to 35%. Ninety percent of the respondents rated the Enterprise
at "5" or above on all measures.
- With its partners, the Enterprise made significant advances in air transportation
systems safety and environmental concerns. The goals for FY 1999 focused primarily
on safety and air quality, but progress also was made in the areas of community
noise reduction, airport capacity improvements, and technology to reduce the
weight and cost of future aircraft.
Goal #3: NASAs Space Science Enterprise will contribute to
achieving the science, math, and technology education goals of our nation by
enhancing the publics understanding of science by the end of FY 2000.
The Enterprises space science missions and research missions continued
to make unique contributions to education and the public understanding of science
by providing a steady return of discoveries and new knowledge to scientists
and the public.
- The most recent Science News statistics available show that five
percent of the top 150 science stories in FY 1999 were based on space science
(against an Enterprise goal of four percent).
- The Enterprise published a 24-page supplement to the college textbook.
- Each mission initiated in FY 1999 had a funded education and outreach program,
and the Enterprise outreach network is now in place. A representative activity
of the program was the electronic field trip, "Live from the Sun,"
which reached up to two million teachers and students.
Goal #4: NASAs Human Exploration and Development of Space Enterprise,
in cooperation with other NASA Enterprises, will expand the commercial development
of space by facilitating access to space for commercial researchers and by sharing
knowledge, capabilities, and assets that will benefit all.
- The U.S. and our international partners made significant progress in FY
1999 in deploying and operationalizing the International Space Station (ISS)
for research, engineering, and exploration activities. Targets achieved included:
- Deploying and activating the Russian-built Functional Cargo Block as the
early propulsion and control module.
- Deploying and activating the first U.S.-built element, Unity (Node 1), to
provide docking locations and attach ports.
- Initiating full-scale Multi-Element Integration Testing (MEIT) for elements
in the first four launch packages.
- Non-NASA investments ion space research increased from $35 million in FY
1996 to $51.2 million in FY 1999, a 40% increase.
- The Enterprise established the Food Technology Commercial Space Center,
awarded to Iowa State University. Commercial partners include Kraft Foods,
Maytag, and Pioneer.
- The Enterprise sponsored a variety of initiatives in support of NASAs
Education Plan to improve math and science literacy. These included:
- EarthKam and the Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment: programs to involve students
in Shuttle flights;
- Space Team Online: a project that focuses on the people behind the scenes
who make the Shuttle fly; and
- Window on the Universe: a national network of 15 under-served communities
committed to sustainable community-wide science, math, and technology education.
- The Enterprise sponsored two demonstrations of the Telemedicine Instrumentation
Pack, one in Montana and one in Corpus Christi, Texas. The performance was
optimal in both cases.
- The Enterprise sponsored two talks, and published two papers demonstrating
the application of laser light scattering technology for the early detection
of eye-tissue damage from diabetes.
Goal #5: NASAs Aerospace Technology Enterprise will complete
R&D to enable U.S. industry to reduce the cost of launches to low Earth
- Although testing of the first development of the Aerospike Engine for the X-33 began in FY 1999, the second and third engines the flight engines for X-33 were not tested on schedule due to a problem with the liquid hydrogen tank.
- Progress toward the first flight of the X-34 continued, although slowed by hardware delivery problems and the resolution of environmental concerns at the White Sands Test Facility.