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The Economic Impact of Federal Research and Development Facilities

Economic impact analysis (EIA) measures the commercial and financial benefits a project or facility produces for the local, state and national economies that might otherwise not exist. EIA does not evaluate spinoffs, spillovers or technology transfers. Instead, EIA studies the direct, indirect, and induced effects that a facility has on the economy of its neighborhood, its state, and the country. For instance, on a local level, a facility might open in an underdeveloped part of the country which does not have stores or restaurants, but because the employees work there and live there, builders, restaurants, furniture stores, car lots, theaters, and other businesses will open up nearby to provide the facility, its employees, and the other businesses and their employees with goods and services. The power company will earn more revenue from the facility's needs and those of the new businesses and homes, and while the county and the state will have to lay new roads, open new schools, and install other public works, the expense of those projects will be offset by the taxes the new businesses and the new employees will pay, and by the growing health of the local economy.

This webpage examines the economic impact of federal research and development facilities. You may find related materials at our webpages on Measuring Return on Investment for Government Programs and Agencies or Measuring Organizational Effectiveness in Research and Development Organizations.

The following is a select bibliography of pertinent materials accessible to the patrons of the NASA HQ Library. All items are available at the Headquarters Library, except as noted. NASA Headquarters employees and contractors: Call x0168 or email Library@hq.nasa.gov for information on borrowing or in-library use of any of these items. Members of the public: Contact your local library for the availability of these items. NASA Headquarters employees can request additional materials or research on this topic. The Library welcomes your comments or suggestions about this webpage.

Contents: Books E-books Articles and Reports Internet Resources


Ames Research Center. Economic Benefits Study-NASA Ames Research Center and NASA Research Park in Silicon Valley. Moffett Field, CA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2010.
TL521.312 .E266 N373 2010 BOOKSTACKS
Austrian, Ziona, and Adina Wolf. The NASA Glenn Research Center: An Economic Impact Study. Cleveland, OH: Urban Center, Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs, Cleveland State University, 2000-2008.
TL521.312 .G1 E266 2000-2008 BOOKSTACKS
Dick, Steven J., and Roger D. Launius. Societal Impact of Spaceflight. Washington, DC: NASA, 2007.
CB440 .S63 2007 BOOKSTACKS
Available through the website of the NASA History Office in two parts, part 1 and part 2.
Goddard Space Flight Center. Economic Impact: National, Maryland, Prince George's County. Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1999-2004.
HC107.M3 G633 1999-2004 BOOKSTACKS
These economic impact statements can be found online.
John F. Kennedy Space Center. Economic Impact of NASA in Florida. Kennedy Space Center, FL: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, John F. Kennedy Space Center, 2004-2008.
TL521.312 .K1 E366 2004-2008 BOOKSTACKS
Langley Research Center. Economic Impact. Hampton, VA: The Center, 1996.
TL787 .L36 E3 1996 BOOKSTACKS
Additional economic impact statements from Langley can be found here.
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. Office of Chief Financial Officer. Annual Economic Impact Report. Houston, TX: The Office, 1996.
TL521.312 .L96 1996 BOOKSTACKS
Pavlakovich-Kochi, Vera, Alberta H. Charney, and Lora Mwaniki-Lyman. Astronomy, Planetary, and Space Sciences Research in Arizona: An Economic and Tax Revenue Impact Study. Tucson, AZ: Eller College of Management, University of Arizona, 2007.
QB61 .A759 A887 2007 BOOKSTACKS


The e-book listed below is available to the general public through the National Academies Press.
Olson, Steve, and Stephen Merrill. Measuring the Impacts of Federal Investments in Research: A Workshop Summary. 2011

Articles and Reports

Chang, Y.I. "Argonne's Contribution to Regional Development: Successful Examples", ANL/OTD-ER/CP-103364, in: 2nd Tsuruga International Energy Forum 2000, Tsuruga, Fukui, Japan, Nov. 9-10, 2000.
(768616: (Feb. 2008) Dept. of Energy Information Bridge)
Fowler, Richard A., and Michael J. Scott. Hanford and the Tri-Cities Economy: Historical Trends 1970–2008. PNNL-18896. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA, Oct. 1, 2009.
(1015913: (July 2011) Dept. of Energy Information Bridge)
Hartline, B. Economic and Education Impact of Building the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA, Jan. 1, 1996.
(757607: (Dec. 2009) Dept. of Energy Information Bridge)
Kniel, Chris (ed.). Economic Impact. Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, June 1, 2001.
(813372: (Feb. 2008) Dept. of Energy Information Bridge)
Lansford, Robert R., et al. The Economic Impact of the Department of Energy on the State of New Mexico Fiscal Year 1998. Aug. 5, 1999.
(769580: (March 2012) Dept. of Energy Information Bridge)
Peerenboom, J.P., M.E. Hanson, J.R. Huddleston, et al. Economic Impacts on the United States of Siting Decisions for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor. ANL/DIS--2. Argonne National Lab., Argonne, IL, Aug. 1, 1996.
(399678: (Nov. 2009) Dept. of Energy Information Bridge)

Internet Resources

Dept. of Energy. National Energy Technology Laboratory. National, State, and Regional Economic and Environmental Impacts of NETL. June 2007 [May 15, 2012].
Economic Development Research Group. 2011 [May 15, 2012].
National Institute of Standards and Technology. Performance Evaluation (Impact Studies). May 8, 2012 [May 15, 2012].
University of Tennessee-Knoxville. College of Business Administration. Center for Business and Economic Research. CBER Publications List. Sept. 2011 [May 15, 2012].
Includes studies of the economic impact of the Dept. of Energy and Battelle on Tennessee from 1999 through 2008.

Last Updated: May 2012