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Hubble and Webb Space Telescopes

Revised: March 2011

For centuries, astronomers were resigned to the fact that the very air that gave them life was a major obstacle to their work. Earth's atmosphere blocks all but a fraction of the frequencies of light from reaching the Earth's surface, and air turbulence, pollution, and humidity blur the rest. This attitude of acceptance changed in the Roaring Twenties, when early space advocates pointed out that a telescope mounted on a space station would be untrammeled by the air. Their dreams and plans came to fruition as the Hubble Space Telescope, which began operations in the spring of 1990. This webpage covers the story of the Hubble Space Telescope. It also covers the progress of NASA's next major space telescope, the James Webb Space Telescope, once called the Next Generation Space Telescope. It is slated to be launched a few years from now into a special orbit around the Sun that will keep it in a stable location relative to the Earth. You may also find interesting materials in our webpage on Non-Optical Astronomy, as both the Webb and the Hubble telescopes can detect frequencies that our eyes cannot. If you are a NASA HQ employee, please consider subscribing to our news alerts on the Hubble and Webb telescopes to get the latest news.

All items are available at the Headquarters Library, except as noted. NASA Headquarters employees and contractors: Call x0168 or email Library@hq.nasa.gov for information on borrowing or in-library use of any of these items. Members of the public: Contact your local library for the availability of these items. NASA Headquarters employees can request additional materials or research on this topic. The Library welcomes your comments or suggestions about this webpage.

Contents: Books Multimedia Internet Resources


Garvin, James B. Using HST to Observe the Moon for Exploration: Presentation to Science Mission Assoc. Administrator A.V. Diaz. Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2005.
QB500.268 .G37 M66 2005 BOOKSTACKS
Grice, Noreen. Touch the Universe: A NASA Braille Book of Astronomy. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press, 2002.
HST-JWST Transition Plan Review Panel. Report of the HST-JWST Transition Panel: Executive Summary. Washington, DC: The Panel, 2003.
QB500.268 .R47 2003 BOOKSTACKS
James Webb Space Telescope Independent Comprehensive Review Panel. James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) Independent Comprehensive Review Panel (ICRP): Final Report. Pasadena, CA: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 2010.
QB500.267 .J363 J364 2010 BOOKSTACKS
Also available to the general public at http://www.nasa.gov/pdf/499224main_JWST-ICRP_Report-FINAL.pdf.
Kanipe, Jeff. Chasing Hubble's Shadows: The Search for Galaxies at the Edge of Time. New York, NY: Hill and Wang, 2006.
QB857 .K36 2006 BOOKSTACKS
Lenehan, Anne E. Story: The Way of Water. Hornsby Westfield NSW, Australia: Communications Agency, 2004.
TL789.85 .M87 L36 2004 BOOKSTACKS
National Research Council. Committee on the Assessment of Options for Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope. Assessment of Options for Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope: Final Report. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2005.
QB500.268 .C66 2005 BOOKSTACKS
Also available to the general public through the National Academies Press.
__________. Committee on NASA Astronomy Science Centers. Portals to the Universe: The NASA Astronomy Science Centers. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2007.
QB500.262 .P67 2007 BOOKSTACKS
Also available to the general public through the National Academies Press.
Pellerin, Charles J. How NASA Builds Teams: Mission Critical Soft Skills for Scientists, Engineers, and Project Teams. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons 2009.
HD66 .P455 2009 PPM-STACKS
Thronson, Harley A., M. Stiavelli, and A.G.G.M. Tielens (eds.). Astrophysics in the Next Decade: The James Webb Space Telescope and Concurrent Facilities. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: London, UK: Springer, 2009.
QB500 .269 .A88 2009 BOOKSTACKS
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Options for Hubble Science: Hearing Before the Committee on Science, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session, February 2, 2005. Washington, DC: U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 2005.
KF27 .S32 H83 2005 BOOKSTACKS
United States. Government Accountability Office. NASA's James Webb Space Telescope: Knowledge-based Acquisition Approach Key to Addressing Program Challenges. Washington, D.C. : U.S. Government Accountability Office, 2006.
TL521.3 .W43 2006 PPM-STACKS
Villegas, Daniela, and Markus Kissler-Patig. JWST and the ELTS: An Ideal Combination: Proceedings of the Workshop Held on 13-16 April 2010 in Garching, Germany. Garching bei Muenchen, Germany: European Southern Observatory, 2010.
QB88 .J878 E48 2010 BOOKSTACKS
Weiler, Edward John. Hubble: A Journey Through Space and Time. New York, NY: Abrams, 2010.
QB500.268 .W45 2010 BOOKSTACKS
Whitfield, Steve. Hubble Space Telescope. Burlington, Ont.: Apogee Books, 2006.
QB500.268 .W45 2006 BOOKSTACKS
Zimmerman, Robert. The Universe in a Mirror: The Saga of the Hubble Space Telescope and the Visionaries Who Built It. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008.
QB500.268 .Z566 2008 BOOKSTACKS


Ferguson, Graeme. Destiny in Space. Burbank, CA: Warner Home Video, 2001.
TL789.8 .U6 D47 2001 DVD
Fosbury, R. A. E. Hubble: 15 Years of Discovery. Garching bei Muenchen, Germany: Hubble European Space Agency Information Centre, 2005.
QB500.268 .H824 2005 DVD
Note: This DVD is in the PAL format, which is a European TV format. It may not work with your DVD player, but it could work with your computer.
United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 4: Educational Materials. Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2008.
QB500.268 S478 2008 CD-ROM

Internet Resources

Canright, Shelley. The Hubble Space Telescope Inspires Wonder. April 14, 2009 [March 8, 2011].
European Space Agency. The European Homepage For The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. Feb. 28, 2011 [March 8, 2011].
Garber, Steven. A Brief History of the Hubble Space Telescope. April 18, 2008 [March 8, 2011].
Garner, Robert. Hubble Space Telescope. Feb. 17, 2011 [March 8, 2011].
Masetti, Maggie. James Webb Space Telescope. March 8, 2011 [March 8, 2011].
Space Telescope Science Institute. March 8, 2011 [March 8, 2011].
__________. Hubble Heritage Project Information Center. March 2011 [March 8, 2011].
__________. Office of Public Outreach. HubbleSite. Feb. 17, 2011 [March 8, 2011].
Tyahla, Lori. Hubble Program. May 12, 2010 [March 8, 2011].
This website primarily covers the technical details of the telescope itself and of the servicing missions, which ended in 2009.

Last Updated: March 2011