full screen background image
+ NASA Home
+ Contact NASA

Minorities in Science

Revised: Oct. 2010

Ziggurats, pyramids, megaliths, and mounds all attest to the enduring interest in science across the globe. Unfortunately, people from minority groups in.America have often been kept from full participation in the undending quest to understand the workings of the cosmos. This webpage offers a selection of.materials about minority scientists and engineers, especially at NASA, and encouraging young people from minority groups to enter those careers.

You may also find items of interest in our webpages on Astronaut.Biographies, Women In Science and Technology and Science Education. If you are a NASA HQ employee, please consider subscribing to our news alert on federal workforce issues.

All items are available at the Headquarters Library, except as noted. NASA Headquarters employees and contractors: Call x0168 or email Library@hq.nasa.gov for information on borrowing or in-library use of any of these items. Members of the public:.Contact your local library for the availability of these items. NASA Headquarters employees can request additional materials or research on this topic. The Library welcomes your comments or suggestions about this webpage.

Contents: Policies Books E-books Articles and Reports Internet Resources

NASA Policies

The following policies and procedural requirements can be accessed by anyone through the NASA Online Directives Information System:
NASA Policy Directive 2081.1A: Nondiscrimination in Federally Assisted and Conducted Programs of NASA
NASA Procedural Requirements 2081.1A: Nondiscrimination in Federally Assisted and Conducted Programs
NASA Policy Directive 3300.E: Recruitment, Hiring, Placement, Advancement, and Retention of Individuals with Disabilities and Disabled
NASA Procedural Requirements 3713.1A: Reasonable Accommodations Procedures
NASA Policy Directive 3713.2I: Federal Equal Opportunity Programs of NASA
NASA Procedural Requirements 3713.2: Alternative Dispute Resolution for Discrimination Complaints
NASA Policy Directive 3713.8B: Provision of Reasonable Accommodation for Individuals with Disabilities
NASA Policy Directive 5000.2C: Uniform Methodology for Determination of Small Business Subcontracting Goals


Burns, Khephra, and William Miles. Black Stars in Orbit: NASA's African-American Astronauts. San Diego, CA: Harcourt, Brace, and Co., 1995.
TL789.85.A1 B87 1995 BOOKSTACKS
Cajete, Gregory. Igniting the Sparkle: An Indigenous Science Education Model. Skyand, NC: Kivaki Press, 1999.
Q183.3 .A1 C33 1999 BOOKSTACKS
Jemison, Mae. Find Where the Wind Goes: Moments from my Life. New York, NY: Scholastic Press, 2001.
TL789.85 .J4 J45 2001 BOOKSTACKS
Loving, Neal V. Loving's Love: A Black American's Experience in Aviation. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994.
TL540.L68 A3 1994 BOOKSTACKS
Model Institutions for Excellence Program. Model Institutions for Excellence Program Master Database and References, 1995-2007. Norwood, MA: Systemic Research, Inc., 2007.
LC3727 .M533 2007 VIDEO-COLL
Phelps, J. Alfred. They had a Dream: The Story of African-American Astronauts. Novato, CA: Presidio, 1994.
TL789.85.A1 P43 1994 BOOKSTACKS
Powell, William J. Black Aviator: The Story of William J. Powell. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994.
Tyson, Neil De Grasse. The Sky is not the Limit: Adventures of an Urban Astrophysicist. New York, NY: Doubleday, 2000.
QB460 .T97 2000 BOOKSTACKS
United States. Congress. Commission on the Advancement of Women and Minorities in Science, Engineering, and Technology Development. Land of Plenty: Diversity as America's Competitive Edge in Science, Engineering, and Technology. Arlington, VA: Congressional Commission on the Advancement of Women and Minorities in Science, Engineering, and Technology Development, 2000.
Q149.5 .U5 C66 2000 BOOKSTACKS
United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization. The Role of Small Business in NASA's Return to Flight Initiative. Washington, DC: Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization, 2005.
TL795.5 .R65 2005 BOOKSTACKS
__________. Office of Space Flight. A Tribute to National Aeronautics and Space Administration Minority Astronauts: Past and Present. Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1999.
TL789.85 .A1 T74 1999 BOOKSTACKS
Walton, Darwin McBeth. Overcoming Challenges: The Life of Charles F. Bolden, Jr.. Austin, TX: Steck-Vaughn Co., 2000.
TL789.85 .B65 W35 2000 BOOKSTACKS
Webster, Raymond B. African American Firsts in Science and Technology. Detroit, MI: Gale Group, 1999.
Q141 .W43 1999 READY-REF


All e-books listed here are available to the general public through the National Academies Press.
Chemical Sciences Roundtable. Minorities in the Chemical Workforce: Diversity Models that Work-A Workshop Report to the Chemical Science Roundtable, 2003.
Committee on Diversity in the Engineering Workforce. Diversity in Engineering: Managing the Workforce of the Future, 2002.
Committee on Public Understanding of Engineering Messages. Changing the Conversation: Messages for Improving the Public Understanding of Engineering, 2008.
Committee on Underrepresented Groups and the Expansion of the Science and Engineering Workforce Pipeline. Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation: America's Science and Technology Talent at the Crossroads, 2010.
Fox, Marye Anne (ed.). Pan-Organizational Summit on the U.S. Science and Engineering Workforce: Meeting Summary, 2003.
Olson, Steve, and Adam P. Fagen (eds.). Understanding Interventions That Encourage Minorities to Pursue Research Careers: Summary of a Workshop, 2007.
Panel to Assess the Benefits of the American Community Survey for the NSF Division of Science Resources Statistics. Using the American Community Survey for the National Science Foundation's Science and Engineering Workforce Statistics Programs, 2008.

Articles and Reports

Aggarwal, M.D., Ravi Lal, and Benjamin G. Penn. "Research Infrastructure Challenges for Graduate Programs in STEM Disciplines at Minority Institutions", in: 2007 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference and Exposition: Riding the Wave to Excellence in Engineering Education, Honolulu, HI, June 24-27, 2007.
(20030060675: (Aug. 2005) NTRS)
Gasbarra, Paul, and Jean Johnson. "Out before the Game Begins: Hispanic Leaders Talk about What's Needed to Bring More Hispanic Youngsters into Science, Technology and Math Professions", in: America's Competitiveness: Hispanic Participation in Technology Careers Summit, Palisades, NY, May 5-6, 2008.
(ED501564: (2008) ERIC)
Hammond, Lorie. "Buiding a Mien American House: An Inter-Cultural Dialogue", in: Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA, April 24-28, 2000.
(ED441673: (2000) ERIC)
Kankam, M. David. Glenn's Strategic Partnerships With HBCUs and OMUs. NASA/TM-2003-212003. Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, May 2003.
(20030060675: (Aug. 2005) NTRS)
Monroe, Joseph. Ronald E. McNair Graduate Student Researchers Program". Ames Research Center, Moffat Field, CA, Sept. 2002.
(20020080611: (June 2008) NTRS)
Newsome, Moses, Jr., and Hannah S. Paik. The Science and Math for Everyone Project . Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, 1999.
(19990104343: (June 2010) NTRS)
Olsen, Robert, et al. Upward Bound Math-Science: Program Description and Interim Impact Estimates. U.S. Department of Education, Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development, Jessup, MD, April 2007.
(ED497631: (2007) ERIC)
Olszewski-Kubilius, Paula. "Addressing the Achievement Gap between Minority and Nonminority Children: Increasing Access and Achievement through Project EXCITE", Gifted Child Today, vol. XXIX, no. 2 (Spring 2006), p. 28-37.
(EJ746299: (2006) ERIC)

Internet Resources

American Astronomical Society. Committee on the Status of Minorities. May 13, 2010 [Oct. 28, 2010]
American Physical Society. Minorities in Physics. 2010 [Oct. 28, 2010]
Brunner, Christopher. NASA Office of Diversity and Equal Opportunity. June 17, 2010 [Oct. 28, 2010].
Building Engineering and Science Talent. Feb. 20, 2009 [Oct. 28, 2010]
Carns, Jeffrey S. NASA Office of Small Business Programs. Aug. 26, 2010 [Oct. 28, 2010].
Center for the Advancement of Hispanics in Science And Engineering Education. Jan. 7, 2009 [Oct. 28, 2010].
Note: CAHSEE is a NASA-funded center for academic and professional excellence.
International Black Aerospace Council. 2008 [Oct. 28, 2010]
Minority Access. March 5, 2010 [Oct. 28, 2010]
National Coalition of Underrepresented Racial and Ethnic Groups in Engineering and Science. 2008. [Oct. 28, 2010]
This is an umbrella group coordinating the efforts of several minority STEM (scientific, technical, engineering, and mathematical) organizations.
National Science Foundation. Division of Science Resources Statistics. Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering. Oct. 27, 2010 [Oct. 28, 2010]
New Opportunities Through Minority Initiatives in Space Science. 2007 [Oct. 28, 2010]
Note: NOMISS is a NASA OSS/OEOP Minority University Education and Research Partnership in Space Science with the University of Hawaii/Hilo

Last Updated: Oct. 2010