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Missions to the Moon

"And, as we leave the Moon at Taurus-Littrow, we leave as we came and, God willing, as we shall return, with peace and hope for all mankind." - Eugene Cernan, at the end of Apollo XVII's stay there.

The Apollo missions were among the greatest accomplishments of Humanity. Nevertheless, there are still unanswered questions about the Moon's origin and history, and the plans for using the mineral resources of the Moon to supplement and ultimately supplant those of the Earth have never been put to the test. Several of the spacefaring nations, including China, India, Japan, and America, are looking towards the Moon today as intently as they were in the early days of space travel. In fact, according to the Vision for Space Exploration, NASA's overarching plan is to return to the Moon in 2020, build a base there, and use the lessons learned from living on the Moon to visit Mars. For more information on the spacecraft that NASA will use to send people back to the Moon, please see our Constellation Program resource list. For more information on lunar colonies, please see our Space Colonization resource list.

This pathfinder is a gathering of NASA reports and other resources on missions to the Moon. All items are available at the Headquarters Library, except as noted. NASA Headquarters employees and contractors: call (358-0172) or email Library@hq.nasa.gov for information on borrowing or in-library use of any of these items. Members of the public, contact your Local Library for the availibilty of these items. NASA Headquarters employees can request additional materials or research on this topic. The Library welcomes your comments or suggestions about this webpage.

Contents: Books Articles and Reports Internet Resources


Bowker, David E., and J. Kenrick Hughes. Lunar Orbiter Photographic Atlas of the Moon. Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1971.
QB595 .B68 1971 BOOKSTACKS
Note: Also available online through NTRS as document no. 19730005152.
Heiken, Grant, David T. Vaniman, and Bevan M. French (eds.). The Lunar Sourcebook: A User's Guide to the Moon. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
QB581 .L766 1991
Schmitt, Harrison H. Return to the Moon: Exploration, Enterprise, and Energy in the Human Settlement of Space. New York, NY: Copernicus Books, 2006.
TL799 .M6 S34 2006
Spudis, Paul D. The Once and Future Moon. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1996.
QB581 .S686 1996
Tumlinson, Rick N., and Erin R. Medlicott (eds.). Return to the Moon. Burlington, Ont.: Apogee, 2005.
TL799 .M6 R48 2005
Wingo, Dennis. Moonrush: Improving Life on Earth with the Moon's Resources. Burlington, Ont.: Apogee, 2004.
QB582.5 .W56 2004

Articles and Reports

Arnold, Larissa S., Susan E. Torney, et al. "Lunar Surface Mission Operations Scenario and Considerations", Space Ops 2006 Conference, Rome, Italy, 19-23 June 2006.
(20060013538: (2006) NTRS)
Fincannon, James. Characterization of Lunar Polar Illumination From a Power System Perspective. NASA/TM-2008-215186. Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, May 2008.
(20080018474: (2008) NTRS)
__________. Lunar South Pole Illumination: Review, Reassessment, and Power System Implications. NASA-TM-2007-215025. Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, Nov. 2007.
(20070034951: (2007) NTRS)
Getchius, Joel, Daniel Kukitschek, and Timothy Crain. "Orion Navigation Sensitivities to Ground Station Infrastructure for Lunar Missions", 31st Annual Guidance and Control Conference, Breckenridge, CO, 1-6 Feb. 2008.
(20080009585: (2008) NASD)
Jones, Thomas D. "Homesteading the Moon", Aerospace America, vol. XLV, no. 4, p. 12-15.
Kennedy, Kriss, Larry Toups, and David Smitherman. "Lunar Habitation Strategies", Space 2007 Conference and Exposition, Long Beach, CA, 18-20 Sept. 2007.
(20070031610: (2007) NASD)
Minow, Joseph I., Richard L. Altstatt, and William C. Blackwell. "Plasma Environments and Spacecraft Charging for Lunar Programs", Space Technology Applications International Forum 2007, Biarritz, France, 12-15 Feb. 2007.
(20070014897: (2007) NASD)
Minow, Joseph I., Richard L. Altstatt, et al. "Radiation Environments for Lunar Programs", Space Technology Applications International Forum 2007, Biarritz, France, 12-15 Feb. 2007.
(200700133886: (2007) NASD)
Minow, Joseph I., William C. Blackwell, et al."Environment Challenges for Exploration of the Moon", 2007 American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, Barrow, AK, 23-29 Jan. 2008.
(20080013552: (2008) NASD)
Rando, Cynthia M., and Susan V. Schuh. "Lunar and Mars Exploration: The Autonomy Factor", 38th International Conference on Environmental Systems, San Francisco, CA, 29 June-2 July 2008
(20080013256: (2008) NASD)
Saucillo, Rudolph J., David M. Reeves, et al. "Dual Mission Scenarios for the Human Lunar Campaign - Performance, Cost and Risk Benefits", 2008 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, MT, 1-8 March 2008.
(20080014320: (2008) NASD)
Wagner, Sandra. The Apollo Experience Lessons Learned for Constellation Lunar Dust Management. NASA-TP-2006-213726. Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, Sept. 2006.
(20060050035: (2006) NTRS)
Wu, K. Chauncey, Jeffrey Antol, et al. "Lunar Lander Structural Design Studies at NASA Langley", AIAA Space 2007 Conference and Exposition, Long Beach, CA, 18-20 Sept. 2007.
(20070031872: (2007) NTRS)

Internet Resources

Andrews, Daniel. Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite. March 2008 [8 May 2008.]
Chinese Lunar Exploration Program. 2007. [8 May 2008.]\en-news
Dunbar, Brian. Exploration. 3 April 2008. [8 May 2008.]
__________. Exploration Systems Mission Directorate. 8 May 2008. [8 May 2008.]
__________. Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. 2 May 2008. [8 May 2008.]
__________. Missions to the Moon and Mars. 8 May 2008. [8 May 2008.]
European Space Agency. SMART-1. 11 March 2008. [8 May 2008.]
Indian Space Research Organisation. Chandrayaan-1. 2007. [8 May 2008.]
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. Kaguya. 7 May 2008. [8 May 2008.]
Kellog, Larry. Lunar Prospector. 31 Aug. 2001. [8 May 2008.]
Lunar and Planetary Institute. Gateway to the Moon. 2008. [8 May 2008.]
Naval Research Laboratory. Clementine. 11 Feb. 2008. [8 May 2008.]
Owens, Charles. In Situ Resource Utilization. 17 April 2008 [28 April 2008].
Williams, David R. NSSDC: The Moon. 17 March 2008 [8 May 2008.]
Note: This page provides links to summaries of different lunar missions and to other resources about the Moon.
Zak, Anatoly. Russian Space Web. Russia's unmanned missions toward the Moon. 3 Dec. 2007. [8 May 2008.]

Last Updated: May 2008