Chapter 10

1 Interview, 13 Mar 1967.

2 Encl (1) to ltr, Dir/NRL to GLM, 15 Sept 1956, sub: Organization at AFMTC Vanguard Project directive, 14 Sept 1956, sub: Organization & Mode of Operation at AFMTC; ltr 4100-226, Dir/NRL to Maj. Gen. Donald N. Yates, AFMTC, 18 Sept 1956; ltr, U.S. Naval Unit Hq., AFMTC, to Chief/Naval Operations, 1 Jun 1956, sub: Proposed U.S. Naval Facility at AFMTC, Status of; ltr 1914, GLM to Dir/ NRL, 10 Aug 1956, sub: Assignment of Personnel to Vanguard Field Crew; ltr 4100-16t, Ser: 8815, Dir/NRL to Yates, 9 Aug 1957; memo 4100-28, Code 4100 (Hagen) to Records, 3 Feb 1958, sub: Relations Among Project Vanguard Personnel at AFMTC; ltr, Schlechter to authors, 21 Apr 1967; interview, Gray, 23 May 1967.

3 Schlechter interview and ltr; Stehling, Project Vanguard, p. 78.

4 Interview, John R. Zeman, 22 and 23 Mar 1967.

5 Zeman interview; ltr, code 4160 (Mazur) to Code 1000, 1 July 1957, sub: Prolonged Temporary Duty, Per Diem, Justification for; memo, Hagen to Code 1000, 24 Apr 1957, sub: Change in Effective Date of Reduced Per Diem, 4100-104.

6 Zeman interview; Stehling, Project Vanguard, pp. 173f; memo, Chief/Naval Research to Chief/Naval Operations, 29 Jan 1958, sub: Project Vanguard Weekly Status Rpt No. 97.

7 Stehling, Project Vanguard, p. 194.

8 Zeman and Mazur interviews.

9 Klawans and Burghardt, "The Vanguard Launching Vehicle: An Engineering Summary," Martin Engineering Report No. 11022, April 1960, p. 98; conf rpt 4120-85, 29 Jan 1957, Purpose: To establish acceptance procedural policy for Vanguard vehicle acceptance and delivery; interviews: Felt, 13 Mar 1967, and Bridger, 3 Aug 1967.

10 Interview, 3 Aug 1967; ltr 4100-19, Dir/NRL to GLM, 1 Nov 1955, sub: Project Vanguard organization; memo 4100-55, Code 4100 to Distribution List, 5 Dec 1955, sub: Organization of Technical Director's Staff. See also Rosen, The Viking Rocket Story, chapter 10.

11 Klawans, and Burghardt, op. cit., pp. 10-06; see also encl (4), ltr, Dir/NRL to Chief/Naval Research, 19 June 1958, sub: Contract Nonr 1817 (00), Project Vanguard, Proposed SCN Nos. 1, 2, and 3 to NRL Specification No. 4100-1, Submittal of.

12 But see chapter 12, p. 218, for change in countdown procedure from TV-4 on.

13 Klawans and Burghardt, op. cit., pp. 109f; [Vanguard directive] 4130-200, "Installation Procedure for Minimal Satellite;" encl (1) to ltr 4104-33, Planning Coordinator to VOG Field Manager, sub: Draft of OR-702 for TV-3; interviews, Bridger and Gray. See on scientific considerations vis d vis launch times, encl (1) to NRL ltr 4100-74, 1 Aug 1956, memo for file, sub: Feasibility Study for a Five-Week Launching Cycle for Vanguard Vehicles.

14 Klawans and Burghardt, op. cit., p. 112.

15 Interview with Schlechter; NRL Rpt 5183, p. 14; NRL Rpt 5185, p. 6; memo, Ser: 01722, Chief/Naval Research to Chief/Naval Operations, 18 Dec 1956, sub: Project Vanguard Weekly Status Rpt 44; encl (1) OSD memo, 15 Oct 1957, sub: Rough draft of Project Vanguard Rpt for Submission to Senate Armed Services Committee; Klawans and Burghardt, op. cit., p. 112; encl (1) Case History, Project Vanguard, December 1956, sub: Post-Launch Briefing on Vanguard Tcst Vehicle TV-0.

16 Encl (1), Case History, Project Vanguard, Dec 1956, sub: Postlaunch briefing of Vanguard Test Vehicle TV-0; Burghardt Ms. Diary, passim; Klawans and Burghardt, op. cit., p. 112; ltr 1851, GLM to Dir/NRL, 23 July 1957, sub: Master Planning Chart, Submittal of.

17 See chapter 8, pp. 142-143.

18 Memo, Chief/Naval Research to Chief/Naval Operations, 26 Dec 1956, sub: Project Vanguard Weekly Status Rpt No. 45; ltr 0661, GLM to Chief/Naval Research, 7 Mar 1957, sub: Project Vanguard Changes Requested for Incorporation at AFMTC; memo, Chief/NRL to Chief/Naval Operations, 16 Jan 1957, sub: Progress Weekly Status Rpt No. 42; ltr, GLM to Dir/NRL, 25 Jan 1957, sub: Delivery of Test Vehicle No. 1; encl (1) to ltr, Dir/NRL to Chief/Naval Operations, 15 Feb 1957, sub: Vanguard Requirements for AFMTC, 4106-6, Ser: 9238; memo, Rosen to Hagen, 19 Feb 1957, sub: Case Histories of Problem Areas, 4110-12; memo, Chief/Naval Research to Chief/Naval Operations, 15 Mar 1957, sub: Project Vanguard Weekly Status Rpt No. 59; encl (1) to ltr 4100-89, Dir/NRL to Chief/Naval Research, 5 Apr 1957, sub: Project Vanguard Weekly Status Rpt No. 62; Project Vanguard Master Planning Coordinator, Monthly Progress Report of Significant Items, 4104-18, 1 May 1957; memo, Chief/Naval Research to Chief/Naval Operations, 7 May 1957, sub: Project Vanguard Weekly Status Rpt No. 64; Klawans and Burghardt, op. cit., p. 112; Schlechter interview.

19 Mazur interview.

20 Klawans and Burghardt, op. cit., p. 112.

21 Interviews, Bridger and Donald J. Markarian on 12 Oct 1967; see also Klawans and Burghardt, op. cit., p. 40.

22 Ltr 4100-132, Ser: 0878, Dir/NRL to GLM, 10 June 1957, sub: Provisional Acceptance of TV-2; and conf rpt 4110-28, 13 June 1957, purpose: Provisional Acceptance of TV-2, Discussion of.

23 Ltr 1875, GLM to Chief/Naval Research, 30 July 57, sub: Modifications of Vehicles and Equipment After Delivery, Provisions for.

24 Encl (1) to ltr 01077, Dir/NRL to Chief/Naval Research, 12 July 1957, sub: Project Vanguard Weekly Status Rpt No. 76.

25 Project Vanguard master planning coordinator, Monthly Progress Report, 1 June 1957, 4104-23; Klawans and Burghardt, op. cit., p. 102; GLM inter-department communications of 19 June, 8 July, and 10 July, 1958, Martin-Marietta Corp., archives; interview, Sears Williams, 13 Mar 1967.

26 GLM Monthly Progress Letter 17, p. 8; Weekly Progress Report 4104-44, 26 Aug 1957, Vanguard Planning Office to Vanguard Project Director.

27 Mazur and Schlechter interviews.

28 Hagen and Rosen interviews.

29 Ltr 4103-23 Ser:11206, Dir/NRL to GLM, 21 Oct 1957, sub: Static Firing of TV-2, Requirement for.

30 Private information; and see Stehling, Project Vanguard, p. 85, and R. C. Hall, "Vanguard and Orbiter," The Airpower Historian, vol. 9, no. 4 (October 1964), pp. 109f.

31 GLM Monthly Progress Letter 17, p. 9; encl (1) to ltr 4100-191 Ser:91322, Chief/Naval Research to Chief/Naval Operations, 30 Aug 1957, sub: Project Vanguard Weekly Status Rpt No. 83; Burghardt Ms. Diary, 8-28-57; Weekly Progress Report 4014-47, Vanguard Planning Office to Vanguard Project Director, 3 Sept 1957; encl to memo for James O. Spriggs, Office Asst Sec/Defense, 17 Sept 1957, sub: Draft of Proposed Rpt to the President, Submittal of; memo, Chief/Naval Research to Chief/Naval Operations, 12 Sept 1957, sub: Project Vanguard Weekly Status Rpt No. 82; ltr GE to Dir/NRL, 17 Sept 1957, sub: Return of X-405 Engine No. SN-9.

32 GLM Monthly Progress Letter 17, p. 9; encl (1) to ltr 4100-107 Ser: 0142, Dir/NRL to Chief/Naval Research, sub: Project Vanguard Weekly Status Rpt No. 85; GLM Monthly Progress Letter 17, pp. 9, 10; ibid., 18, p. 14; ltr 2303, GLM to Dir/NRL, 12 Sept 1957, sub: Project Vanguard Static Firing of TV-2, Requirement for: conf rpt 4110-42, 20 Sept 1957, purpose: To Discuss Plan of Operation of TV-2; ltr 2503, encl (1) to ltr 4100-213 Ser: 01446, Dir/NRL to Chief/Naval Research, 23 Sept 1957, sub: Project Vanguard Weekly Status Rpt. No. 86; encl (1) to ltr 4100-214 Ser: 01491, Dir/NRL to Chief/Naval Research, 30 Sept 1957, sub: Project Vanguard Weekly Status Rpt No. 87; Weekly Progress Report 4104-60, Vanguard Planning Office to Vanguard Project Director, 8 Oct 1957; encl (1) to ltr 4100-299 Ser: 01562, Dir/NRL to Chief/ Naval Research, 14 Oct 1957, sub: Project Vanguard Weekly Status Rpt. No 88; encl (1) to ltr 4100-271 Ser: 01651, Dir/NRL to Chief/Naval Operations, 22 Oct 1957, sub: Project Vanguard Weekly Status Rpt. No. 89; Klawans, and Burghardt, op. cit., p. 112.

33 Stehling, Project Vanguard, p. 122.