Appendix A

Glossary

AAS
American Astronautical Society
ABMA
Army Ballistic Missile Agency
AEDC
Arnold Engineering Development Center (Air Force test organization and facilities)
AEIP
Augmented Engine Improvement Program
AF
Air Force
AFB
Air Force Base
AFSC
Air Force Systems Command (formerly ARDC)
AGE
Aerospace ground equipment
AIAA
American Institute of Astronautics and Aeronautics
AMR
Atlantic Missile Range
AMRL
Aerospace Medical Research Laboratories
AMU
Astronaut maneuvering unit
A-OK
Everything in good working order
AOMC
Army Ordnance Missile Command
ARDC
Air Research and Development Command
ARPA
Advanced Research Projects Agency
AS
Apollo-Saturn (used until mid-1967 as Apollo mission designations; e.g., AS-201)
ASPO
Apollo Spacecraft Program Office (NASA-MSC, Houston)
ATC
Air Training Command
ATDA
Augmented target docking adapter
ATV
Agena target vehicle
BAC
Bell Aerosystems Company
Ballute
Balloon parachute
BSD
Ballistic Systems Division, Air Force
C&C
Command and communications (Agena system)
Capcom
Capsule communicator
CCP
Contract change proposal
c.g.
Center of gravity
CR
Contractor report
CRB
Capsule Review Board
CSAT
Combined systems acceptance test
CSM
Command and service modules (Apollo)
CSQ
Coastal Sentry Quebec tracking ship
D-
Department of Defense experiments prefix
DCR
Design certification review
DEI
Design (development) engineering inspection
DOD
Department of Defense E and D Engineering and Development
ECS
Environmental control system
EEG
Electroencephalogram
ELSS
Extravehicular life support system
EP
Educational Publication (NASA)
EPO
Experiments Program Office (also EXPO)
ER
Engineering Report
ESP
Extravehicular support package
ETR
Eastern Test Range (Air Force)
EVA
Extravehicular activity
EXPO
Experiments Project Office (also EPO)
FACI
First article configuration inspection
FO
Flight Operations
FOD
Flight Operations Division; Flight Operations Directorate
FOP
Financial operating plan
FSD
Flight Systems Division
FSRB
Flight Safety Review Board
g
Gravity
G and N, G&N
Guidance and navigation
GAO
General Accounting Office
GATV
Gemini Agena target vehicle
GDC
General Dynamics Convair (usually GD/C)
GE
General Electric
GEMSIP
Gemini Stability Improvement Program
g.e.t.
Ground elapsed time
G4C
Gemini pressure suit, 4th model, David Clark Company (Grissom and Young wore G3C suits, which were not capable of supporting extra-vehicular activity; Borman and Lovell wore G5C soft suits)
GIE
Ground interface equipment
GLV
Gemini launch vehicle
GOSS
Ground operational support system
GPO
Gemini Project/Program Office
GPPB
Gemini Program Planning Board
GSFC
Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA)
GT
Gemini-Titan
GTA
Gemini-Titan-Agena
HHMU
Handheld maneuvering unit
HHN
Headquarters Historical Note (NASA)
HSTV
Half-scale test vehicle
IBM
International Business Machines
ICBM
Intercontinental ballistic missile
IESD
Instrumentation and Electronic Systems Division, MSC
IPST
Israel Program for Scientific Information
IVAR
Insertion velocity adjust routine (spacecraft maneuver)
JPL
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
K
Kelvin (measurement of temperature - metric system)
KSC
John F. Kennedy Space Center
laser
Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
LEM
Lunar excursion module (later changed to LM - lunar module - Apollo)
LEO
Large Earth Orbit
LeRC
Lewis Research Center (NASA)
LLVPG
Large Launch Vehicle Planning Group
LMSC
Lockheed Missiles & Space Company
LORS
Lunar optical rendezvous system
LRC
Langley Research Center (NASA)
L/V
Launch vehicle
LVS
Launch vehicle systems
LVSO
Launch Vehicle Systems Office
M-
Medical experiments prefix
M=1, =2, etc.
Revolution in which rendezvous is to take place
MA
Mercury-Atlas
MAC
McDonnell Aircraft Corporation
MALLIR
Manned Lunar Landing Involving Rendezvous
MCC
Mission Control Center
MDS
Malfunction detection system
MFS
Mission flight schedule
MHR
Marshall Historical Report
MIT
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MK, Mk
Mark
MOCR
Mission Operations Control Room
MODS
Manned orbital development system
MOL
Manned Orbiting Laboratory
MORAD
Manned Orbital Rendezvous and Docking
MR
Mercury-Redstone
MSC
Manned Spacecraft Center; also prefix for technological experiments
MSF
Manned space flight
MSFC
George C. Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA)
MSFEB
Manned Space Flight Experiments Board
NACA
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
NASA
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
n.d.
No date
NORAD
North American Air Defense
NTIS
National Technical Information Service, Department of Commerce
OAMS
Orbit attitude and maneuvering system
OMSF
Office of Manned Space Flight, NASA
POISE
Panel on In-Flight Scientific Experiments
PSAC
Presidents Science Advisory Committee
rad
Unit of absorbed dose of radiation equal to an energy of 100 ergs per gram of irradiated material
REP
Rendezvous evaluation pod
RFP
Request for proposal
RKV
Rose KnotVictor tracking ship
ROM
Rough order of magnitude
RR
Rendezvous radar
S-
Science experiments prefix
Saint
Satellite interceptor
SAR
Spacecraft acceptance review
S/c
Spacecraft
SCD
Specification control drawing
SEDR
Spacecraft Engineering Design (Development) Report
Sep
Separation
SEPC
Space Exploration Program Council
SID
Space & Information Systems Division, North American Aviation, Inc.
SLV
Standard (Atlas) launch vehicle
SNORT
Supersonic Naval Ordnance Research Track
Sope
Simulated off-the-pad ejection
SP
Special Publication (NASA)
SPS
Secondary propulsion system (Agena)
SSD
Space Systems Division, Air Force
STG
Space Task Group
STL
Space Technology Laboratories
T-
Aircraft designation (T-38 - trainer-38); also technical experiments prefix
TCA
Thrust chamber assembly
TDA
Target docking adapter
TETS
Thursday Evening Tanking Society
TM
Technical memorandum
TN
Technical note
TPI
Terminal phase initiation
TRW
Thompson Ramo Wooldridge Inc.
TT
Technical translation
TWX
Teletype message
UV
Ultraviolet
VAT
Vehicle acceptance team
VHF
Very high frequency
WETS
Wednesday Evening Tanking Society
WRE
Weapons Research Establishment, Department of Supply, Commonwealth of Australia
WSMR
White Sands Missile Range


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