SP-4209 The Partnership: A History of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project
 
Index
 
 
 
Academy of Sciences, U.S.S.R.
declines to participate in Viking mission, 5
requests discussion of common docking mech anisms, 11-12
relation to government, 11 n
in International Geophysical Year, 16
to launch satellite, 17
to participate in tracking of and experiments with Echo II, 56
comment on Apollo 8, 95
site of Midterm Review, Oct. 1972, 229
Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel, 270-74
Agena launch vehicle, 84, 86
Airlock docking adapter, 133-34, 170
Aldrich, Arnold D., 296, 351
Allen, H. Julian, 67-68
Altitude, orbital, 207
America's Next Decades in Space, a NASA report, 6
Anders, William A., 94
Anderson, Oscar E., Jr., 103
Animals in space, 64
Apollo-Salyut joint mission
suggested, 143,145, 154-58
planned, 162-64
changed to Apollo-Soyuz, 185
Apollo-Soyuz Test Project
agreement to conduct, 186-88
named, 195 n
Apollo spacecraft
A.11 splashdown, 1
A.11, international effects of, 6
204 fire, 90
designed, 91-92
couch suspension, 92 illus
internal construction of command module, 93
illus
A.8, 94-95
A.13, 98 n
A.14, 152
A.15, 151-52, 153 illus
use of surplus A. hardware, 153-54
capability of, compared to Soyuz, 207
A.17, 217
communication links, 219 illus
A.13 accident report sent to U.S.S.R., 221
configured for ASTP, 226 illus
attitude control thrusters, effect on Soyuz, 274-78, 328
nitrogen tetroxide fumes in, 347-49
Applications Technology Satellite, 218-19, 304-05, 321
Armstrong, Neil Alden, 8, 86
Atlas launch vehicle, 75
Attitude control during docked phase, 201, 293
 
Balloons, 43, 56, 64
Bay of Pigs, 31
Baykonur, 280, 281 illus, 287 illus
Beam, Jacob D., 137, 184
Bean, Alan L., 247, 260
Belov, Ye. A., 11
Belyayev, Pavel Ivanovich, 81
Beregovoy, Georgiy Timofeyevich, 107,108 illus
Berglund, Rene
on feasibility of docking current U.S. and U.S.S.R. spacecraft, 122, 135,146 illus
outlines hardware for joint flight, 154-56
studies rendezvous and docking mission, 156-57
Berkner, Lloyd V., 15-16
Blagonravov, Anatoliy Arkadyevich
declines invitation to Apollo 11 launch, 3
meets NASA administrator, 7-8
first meeting with Dryden, 42-44
second meeting with Dryden, 45-47
third meeting with Dryden, 47
hails flight of Soyuz 11, 147-48
Bobko, Karol J., 247-48, 319
Bobkov, Valentin Nikolayevich, 142
Bobrov, Yevgeniy Gennadiyevich, 182
Bolshakov, Dmitri, 286
Borman, Frank, 84, 94
Brand, Vance D. Command Module Pilot for ASTP, 247-48
training with ECS, 260
leaky suit, 314
on ASTP flight, 319-49
to develop Shuttle flight techniques, 352
Brezhnev, Leonid llyich, 328-29
Budget, 176, 178
Bulganin, Nikolai, 23-24
Bundy, McGeorge, 51
Burke, Walter F., 84
Bushuyev, Konstantin Davydovich, 254 illus
project director, 145
meets NASA delegation, Nov. 1971, 165
at Preliminary Systems Review, 209
generally lacked authority to make decisions, 220
highly regarded by Americans, 230
explains failure of Soyuz 11, 230-32
at Rockwell International plant, Downey 253-54
describes Soyuz 16 to Lunney, 269-70
answers Aerospace Safety Advisory Pan 273-74
biography, 288
explains Soyuz launch failure, 302
Bykovskiy, Valeriy Fedorovich, 74, 261
 
Carpenter, M. Scott, 76
Central Intelligence Agency, 282, 307
Centrifuge, 233
Cernan, Eugene A., 86, 217, 256 n, 303, 305
Cerrato, Raymond J., 100
Chaffee, Roger B., 90
Chamberlin, James A., 77-78
Chauvin, Clarence. 319
Cheatham, Donald C., 135, 189-90, 204 illus
Circularization maneuver, 325-26
"Cold line," 59 n
Cold War, 16-18, 20, 23, 26-27, 29, 34
Comite speciale de l'annee geophysique international (CSAGI). See International Geophysical Year
Command module, Apollo, 91, 93 illus
Communications, mechanics of NASA-Soviet, 137, 166-67, 179-81, 185, 188-89
Communications satellite. See also Echo
cooperation with U.S.S.R. proposed, 40
deleted from Summit announcement, 191
ASTP relay through ATS-F, 218-19, 304-05
Communist Party, Twenty-second Congress, 1961, 37
Compatibility of equipment, 164, 169. See also Electromagnetic compatibility
Competition in space. See Space race
Conduct of NASA-Soviet meetings, 47, 165-66, 184, 207
Conrad, Charles, Jr., 84
Cooper, L. Gordon, 76, 84
Cooperation in space
predominant theme underlying ASTP, 15
and creation of NASA, 20-21
limits to, in IGY, 22
first attempts by NASA, 23-25
U.N. as forum for, 25, 38
in Wiesner Report and Kennedy's inaugural, 29
urged by Kennedy, 38-41
Soviet public reaction to U.S. initiative, 44
Dryden on Soviet motivation for, 47-48
U.S. public response to Dryden-Blagonravov Memorandum of Understanding, 48
relation to competition, 52, 127
made more likely by A polio 8, 96
Nixon assigns NASA responsibility for dis cussing, 97
extent achieved by midpoint of ASTP, 216
Low on importance of, 356
Coordinate systems, 144
Cosmonautics Day, 44 n
COSPAR. See International Committee on Space Research
Countdown Demonstration Test. 314
Covington, Clarke
studies feasibility of docking current U.S. and U.S.S.R. spacecraft, 122
sketches of joint flight, Jan. 1971, 130 illus
briefs MSC managers on hardware needed for joint missions, 132
assigned project engineering of docking adap ter, 155, 157
learns that Soviets will prepare two Soyuz craft, 199-200
Creasy, William K., 135, 155, 171-72, 182
Crew assignments, 247-49
Crew training. See also Language study
amount of time needed for, 188
documents related to, 201
astronauts involved in planning, 208
"Crew and Ground Personnel Training Plan," 252
in Houston, July 1973, 256
with environmental control system, 259-60
in 1974, 263 illus
Flight Crew Training Facility, 264
final activities, 278-81
summarized, 313 illus
Crew transfers, 328-39
Crippen, Robert L., 247-48, 318
Cuban crisis, 1962, 26, 46 n
Culbertson, Philip E., 97, 99
 
Davis. Leighton 1., 38 illus
Demin, L. V., 266
Denisenko, Vladimir Aleksandrovich, 303
Department of Defense, 17, 105, 189, 247, 312
Department of State. 7, 41-42, 45, 104-05, 122, 125, 191-92
Design review, 212
Dietz, R. H., 200, 204 illus, 212, 285, 298
Disarmament a prerequisite for cooperation in space, 24, 33, 41-42, 44
Dobrovolskiy, Georgi Timofeyevich, 148-49
Dobrynin, Anatoliy Fedorovich. 11, 125, 331
Docking gear
development of common U.S.-U.S.S.R sug gested, 7
Paine invites Soviets to discuss, 12
proposed Soviet on Skylab, 12
initial study of common, 98-101
Soviets and NASA exchange briefings on, 110-18
evolution of ring and cone, 115 illus
sketches of Soyuz, 117 illus, 136 illus
evolution of universal, 143, 145, 155 illus, 170-74
studies for docking module, 156-60
Rockwell International design, 159 illus
four-guide androgynous, 171 illus
sketch of Soviet proposed. 172 illus
model of Soviet ASTP, 210 illus
Dynamic Docking System Simulator, 257 -58
mounted on simulator, 259 illus
training with docking module, 262
U.S. ASTP, 292 illus, 295 illus
docking module extracted, 320-21
docking module jettisoned, 346
Docking in space
by Gemini Vlll, 86
automated Soviet, 94
of Apollo and Soyuz 19, 327-28, 334 illus, 340-41
Docking targets, 169, 292, 320, 340
Documentation, 196, 230, 288. See also Translation of technical terms
Dolgopolov, Yuri Serafimovich, 201, 202 illus, 203
Donlan, Charles J., 74 illus
Donnelly, John P., 234-35, 238-44, 303-06
Dryden, Hugh L. deputy administrator, 21
urges cooperation in space to Soviets, 25
technical negotiator with U.S.S.R., 41
first meeting with Blagonravov. 42-44
second meeting with Blagonravov, 45-47
third meeting with Blagonravov, 47
on Soviet motivation for cooperation. 47-48
describes limitations on Soviet cooperation, 57-59
death of, 59
Duke, Michael B., 127 illus
Durant, Frederick C.,III, 61
Dynamic Docking System Simulator, 257-58, 293
Dzanibekov, V. A., 326
 
Earth resources, 428 illus
Echo, passive communication satellites E.I, 28
Soviet cooperation with E.II, 47, 56-58
E. II launch,56 n
E.II, 57 illus
Eggers, Alfred J., Jr., 68-69
Eisenhower, Dwight David, 23-24, 28-29
Ejection seat, 78, 80
Electromagnetic compatibility, 287, 298-99
Emergencies, in-flight, 290-91, 301
Engineering drawings, Soviet-American, 182
Evaluation, 352-57
Evans, Ronald E., 217, 247, 260, 262-64
Exchange of technology, 147, 162, 190, 203, 354-55
Experiments, app.E
locations for, 160, 520 illus
scope reduced by lack of instrument bay, 178
congressional interest in, 217-18, 221-22
five joint e. agreed upon, 244-45
affected by changes in flight plan, 289
independent U.S., 326, 343-46
earth observations, 338
solar corona, 340
ultraviolet absorption, 340-42
zone-forming fungi, 343
Extraction maneuver, 320-21, 323
Extravehicular activity, 81, 83, 86, 101, 152, 211
 
Faget, Maxime A., 74 illus, 69-70, 318
Feoktistov, Konstantin Petrovich
congratulates U.S. on lunar landing, 3-4
describes Vostok, 67 n, 73
on Voskhod I flight, 81
meets U.S. delegation in M oscow, 106, 108 illus
discusses common interests with Gilruth, 118
helps draft agreement, 119
discusses joint flight, 129
describes Soyuz 10 difficulties, 139
briefs NASA delegation on Soyuz control systems, 166
shows Low Salyut mockup, 233
Filipchenko, Anatoliy Vasilyevich, 249, 270
Fireworks, 262-64
Flamm, Eli, 241
Fletcher, James C., 336 illus
4th administrator of NASA, 152-53
reports to President Ford on flight readiness, 301
defends Public Information Plan before U.S. journalists, 306-07
tells Proxmire ASTP should not be postponed, 309
"Flight Crew Health Stabilization Plan," 313
Flight Readiness Review
Moscow, May 1975, 288-301
Kennedy Space Center, June 1975, 310-12
Ford, Gerald, 301, 329-31
Frank, M. P., 202 illus, 207
Friendship 7, 37-39
Frutkin, Arnold W., 287 illus
at Paine-Blagonravov meeting, 8
travels to Moscow, 14
heads NASA's international programs, 21-22
talks to Blagonravov about cooperative ex periments with Echo 1, 28
reports on first Dryden-Blagonravov meet ing, 43-44
reports on second Dryden-Blagonravov meet ing, 46
member of NASA delegation to Moscow, Oct.1970, 104-20
evaluates Oct. meeting, 126
in Moscow, Apr. 1972, 183-88
at Mid-Term Review, Moscow, Oct. 1972, 229
position on public information for ASTP, 238
Fuqua, Don, 217
Future joint activities, 352, 355-56
 
g forces, effects on astronauts, 63-64, 302, 319
Gagarin, Yuri Alekseyevich, 30, 44, 73, 89 illus, 110
Gemini spacecraft, app B
purposes of project, 77
design of, 78, 79 illus
unmanned flights, 79, 81
manned flights, 82-87
G. VII/VIA rendezvous, 85 illus
Gilruth, Robert R., 74 illus
travels to Moscow, 14
on technical problems of joint flight, 51 n, 52-53
biography, 69 n
heads delegation to Moscow, Oct. 1970, 103, 105 -20
suggests talking to Soviets about specific mis sions, 126, 127 illus
sends proposal for joint mission to Petrov, 135
invites Soviets to Houston, 135
welcomes Soviet delegation, 140, 141 illus
in Moscow, Nov.-Dec. 1971, 165-74
becomes director of Key Personnel Develop ment, 178-79
"Give away" issue. See Exchange of technology
Glenn, John, 37-39, 76
Grissom, Virgil 1., 75, 82, 90
Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corp., 91
Gulick, Jesse R., 312, 315
Guy, Walter W., 134, 202, 203, 260, 299-300
Gvishiani, Dzhermen Mikhaylovich, 10-11
 
Haber, Heinz, 61-62, 64
Hagerty, James C., 18
Haise, Fred W., Jr., 140
Hall, Eldon W., 97
Handler, Philip, 9-12
Hardy, George B., 14, 108 illus, 104-20
Harrington, Charles D., 271-72
Hatch, spacecraft, 142, 158, 173
Heberlig, Jack C., 100
Henry, James P., 64
Houbolt, John C., 77
Hutchinson, Neil B., 324, 332, 336 illus
Hypergolic fuel, 78 n
 
IGY. See International Geophysical Year
Institute of Automatics and Telemechanics, 165
Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chem istry, 232
Institute of Space Research, 232
Interim manned program, 154, 353
International Astronautical Federation, 33, 61, 104-05
International Committee on Space Research (COSPAR)
13th annual meeting, Leningrad, May 1970, 8-9
victim of Cold War, 23
unsuitable for negotiating with Soviets. 25
meeting in Florence, May 1964, 58
meeting in Washington, May 1962, 251
International Conference on Science and World Affairs, Seventh, Smugglers Notch, Vermont, 1961, 34-35
International Council of Scientific Unions, 8, 16
International Geophysical Year (IGY), 15-18, 20, 22-23, 61
International Satellite Workshop, Washington, 1961, 35
Irwin, James B., 152, 153 illus
 
Jaax, James R., 157, 202 illus, 203
James, Bennett W., 303
Jeffs, George, 207
Jodrell Bank radio observatory, 49, 57
Johnson, Alexis, 125
Johnson, Caldwell C. member of NASA delegation to Moscow, 14, 103, 105-20
early Apollo concept, 92
illus docking gear proposals, 113
illus on need to avoid abstract in discussions with Soviets, 120-22
outlines rendezvous and docking needs, 140-42, 146 illus
expedites docking adapter, 155
thoughts on universal docking system, 170-73
Johnson, Lyndon B., 45, 90
Johnson Space Center, 234, 252 n, 317, 351. See also Manned Spacecraft Center
Joint Crew Activities Plan, 219, 253, 256
Jones, James C., 156
 
Kaiser, Robert, 184
Kaliningrad, 233-34, 280, 308
Kapryan, Walter J., 285, 287 illus
Keldysh, Mstislav Vsevolodovich
congratulates U.S. on lunar landing, 4
declines briefing on Viking mission to Mars, 4-5
accepts America's Next Decades in Space, 6-7
discusses space cooperation with Handler, 10-11
suggests discussing compatible rendezvous and docking equipment, 13
favors cooperation with U.S., 44
formalizes Dryden-Blagonravov agreement. Oct. 1962, 46
gives reasons for delaying manned lunar flight, 49-50
repudiates Lovell letter, 53 n
proposes talks on compatible docking systems, 102-03
meets NASA delegation, 119
invites Low to Moscow, 122
discussions with Low, Jan. 1971. 127-31
agrees to Mid-Term Review, 228
retirement of, 285
Kennedy, John Fitzgerald
inaugural, 29
announces lunar landing program, 30-32
confrontation with Khrushchev, 34
with John Glenn, 38 illus
urges space cooperation with Soviets, 38-41
on need to dominate space, 50-51
suggests joint lunar mission, 51-52
discusses relation of cooperation to competition, 52
Kennedy Space Center, 278, 281 illus
Khabarin, Nikolai Vasilyevich, 239
Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeyevich, 26-27, 31, 34, 38, 44
King, Jack, 238-39, 303, 306
Kirillin, V. A., 232
Kissinger, Henry, 126-27, 183, 190-91
Komarov, Vladimir Mikhailovich, 80, 89-90
Korolev, Sergei Pavlovich. 66, 79-80, 87
Kosygin, Alexsey Nikolayevich, 3, 8, 192
Kotelnikov, Vladimir Alexandrovich. 184-85, 285
Kozorev, Valentin Ivanovich, 242-43
Kraft, Christopher C., 178
Kubasov, Valeriy Nikolayevich, 254 illus
describes space suit, 233
named to Soviet ASTP crew, 249
on ASTP flight, 318-45
Kuznetsov, Andrei G., 107, 108 illus, 110
 
Language problem. See Language study; Translation of technical terms
Language study
by Paine, 1
by Slayton, 248
by crews, 255-56. 260, 261, 279, 313 table
Leonov's evaluation of, 262
in Flight Crew Training Facility, 264
Larson, Ray F., 296
Launch of ASTP spacecraft
sequence, 199-200
Soviet, 317-18
American, 318-20
Launch vehicles, app F
American, 61, 69, 75-78, 91, 195, 286, 310-11, 318
Soviet. 73, 80, 87, 282, 286-87, 302, 314, 317
Lavroff, Ross. 199, 317
Lavrov, Ilya Vladimirovich, 119, 200, 210-11, 231
Lazarev. Vasily Grigoryevich, 231
Leakage rate, 80, 202-03, 211, 218, 259, 331-32
Lee, Chester M.
heads Apollo Program Office, 217
testifies to House Manned Space Flight Subcommittee, 217-21
at Mid-Term Review, Moscow, Oct. 1972, 228
position on public information and ASTP, 238
asks Lunney to appoint one person for TV, 305
at Flight Readiness Review, KSC, 312
Legostayev, Viktor Pavlovich, 204 illus
Chairman, Working Group 2, 142, 189, 208
head of Soviet delegation to Houston, Nov. 1972, 212-15
and RCS impingement issue, 278
reports to Flight Readiness Review, 292-93
Leonov, Alexei Arkhipovich, 281 illus
copilot on Voskhod II, 81
briefs NASA delegation on changes to Soyuz, 233
chosen commander of Soviet ASTP crew, 249
flight of Soyuz 19, 318-45
Ley, Willy, 61-62
Life support systems
U.S.-Soviet differences, 64-66, 101
shirt-sleeve environment in Voskhod, 80-81
compatible atmospheres for joint flight, 112, 133-34
documentation required for, 144
Americans' difficulty understanding Soyuz systems, 201-03
at Preliminary Systems Review, 210-11
for docking module, 219
at Mid-Term Review, 219
of Soyuz I I, 230-32
tested in Life Systems Laboratory, 259
testing of modified Soyuz, 260-61
at Flight Readiness Review, 299-300
Life Systems Laboratory, 259
Lightning, 311-12
Lippmann, Walter, 52 n
Littleton, Frank, 336 illus, 351
Lola, flameproof cloth, 300
Lotus Club, New York City, 7
Lousma, Jack R., 247, 260
Lovell, Bernard, 49-50, 53 n
Lovell, James A., Jr., 84, 94
Low, George M., 287 illus
meets Keldysh, 9
as acting administrator continues Paine's ef forts toward cooperation, 13-14
conducts Soviets on tour of Langley Research Center, 25
accepts Keldysh's invitation for Moscow talks on docking, 103
accepts report of NASA delegation to Moscow, 122
accepts Keldysh's invitation to Moscow, 122
heads delegation to Moscow, Jan. 1971, 125 -31
presents plaque for Gagarin museum, 131 n
heads delegation to Moscow, Apr. 1972, 183 -88
revises Soviet draft document for summit, 191-92
discusses contingencies if Soviets did not fly, 222-23
at Mid-Term Review, Moscow, Oct. 1973, 228-32, 240
at Flight Readiness Review, Moscow, May 1975, 285-301
concern for in-flight emergencies, 290-91, 301
evaluates ASTP, 356
Luna, lunar probes, 26, 165
Lunar landing, national goal set by Kennedy, 31-32, 45, 50-51, 53, 77, 91
Lunar surface materials, 129, 232
Lunney, Glynn S., 287 illus
travels to Moscow, 14, 103, 105-20, 165-74, 183-88
favors concrete versus abstract project for cooperating with Soviets, 121
chairman of Working Group 1, 135
chief of flight operations, Apollo 15, 138
project director, 145, 146 illus
distinguishes between hatch sizes for joint mission and for future systems, 158
clarifies responsibilities at MSC, 174
proposes questions for first teleconference,179
states three managerial preconditions for joint mission, 183
biography, 196
at Preliminary Systems Review, 209
urges more time for working group meetings, 214
manager of Apollo Spacecraft Program Office, 217
at Mid-Term Review, 225-31
introduces American ASTP astronauts, 248
at Rockwell International plant, Downey, 253
cautions against public criticism of Soviet hardware. 265
putting ASTP questions to Bushuyev, 273-74
manages RCS impingement question, 276-78
at Flight Readiness Review, Moscow, May 1975,285-301
calls for modifications to alignment pins and sockets, 294-98
press conference after ASTP docking, 331
assigned to manage Space Shuttle cargoes 351
Lunokhod moon rover, 127, 165
 
McDivitt, James A., 83
McDonnell Aircraft Corp., 70-71, 84, 101
McGhee, George C., 45
Magnetic fields studied by U.S. and U.S.S.R, 40, 46, 47, 59
Man in Space, motion picture, 61-62
Man in Space Soonest (MISS), 70 n
Management reviews, 176 n
Manned Orbiting Laboratory, 247
Manned space flight, U.S. U.S.S.R. attitudes contrasted, 66 n
Manned Spacecraft Center. See also Johnson Space Center
Paine invites Soviet engineers to, 12
Gemini Project Office at, 79
tasks to be performed at, 122
feasibility study conducted at, 126
"USSR/US Docking Studies" prepared at, 131
compatible systems studied at, 135
Working Groups first meet at, 140-41
organization of ASTP work at. 154, 197
position on loaning hardware, 164
or Marshall Space Flight Center to manage docking module, 176-78
pace of activities at, 205-06
Marooned, motion picture, 9-10
Marshall Space Flight Center, 104, 176-77
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 91
Materials processing in space, 337
Mathews, Charles W., 70, 102
Mattingly, Thomas K., 140
Mauldin, Bill, cartoon, 53 illus
May, Ellery B., 310
Meetings, app C, app D. See also Conduct of NASA Soviet meetings
Blagonravov and Dryden, 1962-1964, 42-47, 58
astronauts and cosmonauts, 1962 1971, 251-52
Blagonravov and Paine, Apr. 1970, 7-8
Keldysh and Low, May 1970, 9
joint working session, Oct. 1970, 13-14, 103-14, 116-21, 126
Keldysh and Low, Jan. 1971, 121-23, 125-31
Working Groups 1 3, May June 1971, 135, 137-47, 161
Working Groups 1 3, Nov. Dec. 1971, 162, 165-74
Working Group 3, Mar. Apr. 1972, 180, 182
Kotelnikov and Low, Apr. 1972, 183-88
summit, May 1972, 182-83, 190-93, 195
Working Group 2, May 1972, 188-90
Working Groups 1 5, July 1972, 196-205
Working Groups 1 3,5, Oct. 1972, 207-11
Working Groups 2, 4, Nov. Dec. 1972, 212-15
Working Group 3, Dec. 1972, 215-16
Working Groups 1, 2, crews, July 1973, 253-55
Mid Term Review, Oct. 1973, 221, 225, 228-36, 239-45
crews, Nov. 1973, 256-57
Working Group 3, Dec. 1973, 257-58
Working Groups 1 2,4, Jan. 1974, 258-59
Working Group 5, Mar. 1974, 260-61
Working Groups 1 5, Apr. May 1974, 261-62
crews, June July 1974, 262-64
Working Groups 1 5, Aug. Sept. 1974, 266-67
crews, Sept. 1974, 263-64
Working Group 3, Oct. Dec. 1974, 294-96, 298
Working Groups 1 5, Jan. Feb. 1975, 272-74, 276-78
crews, Feb. 1975, 278-79
crews, Apr. 1975, 280-82
Flight Readiness Review, May 1975, 283, 285-94, 298-302
Menu, 279, 332, 337
Mercury Mark II. See Gemini spacecraft
Mercury spacecraft, app B
Faget explains significance of, 63
design, 66, 70-71
mission profile, 72 illus
Mercury Redstone 1A after recovery, 74 illus
simulator, 75 illus
flights, 75-76
Meyer, Andre J., Jr., 83
Mid Term Review
proposed to administrator, 221
Moscow, Oct. 1973, 225-32
Miller, George P., 44
Mills, Gerald P., 157
Mission Control Center, Soviet, 233-34, 283, 308, 317
Mission profile, 200-01, 289
Mitchell, Edgar D., 152
Morris, Owen G., 195
Motion picture of ASTP proposed, 240
Mueller, George E., 52
Myers, Dale D., 97, 153, 175-78, 304
 
Nason, Howard K., 272-73
National Academy of Sciences, 8-12, 22-23
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, 19-21, 69-70, 174, 196
National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, 20-21, 71
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Office of International Programs, 21-22
National Air and Space Museum, 353 illus
National Exhibition of Economic Achievements, 108 illus
Navigation, 265
Neice, Stanford E., 68
Newell, Homer E., 16, 23
Nikitin, Boris Viktorovich, 200, 213, 285, 298
Nikolayev, Andriyan Grigoryevich, 73, 85, 208
Nitrogen tetroxide fumes in Apollo, 347-49
Nixon, Richard M.
confirms interest in space cooperation, 97
expresses condolences on deaths of Soyuz 11 cosmonauts, 149-50
signs agreement on science and technology cooperation, 192
North American Rockwell Corp. See also Rockwell International
North American Aviation wins Apollo contract, 91
merger of North American Aviation, Inc., and Rockwell Standard Corp., 94 n
studying future docking mechanisms, 101, 156-60
decline of Apollo labor force, 176, 205
to build docking module, 178, 197-98
first Preliminary Design Review, 203
design reviews, 212
Ogorodnikov, Kyril Feodorovich, 19 illus, 61-62
Organizing NASA side of ASTP, 195-97, app A
Origins of joint flight mission, 129-35
Overmyer, Robert F., 247, 252, 261
Oxygen, storage of, in spacecraft, 65-66
 
Paine, Thomas O.
support for international cooperation, 1-9, 11
tells Keldysh of resignation, 12
perceives period following Apollo 8 as favoring cooperation with Soviets, 96
proposes Soyuz rendezvous with Skylab, 100
Paris Air Show, 30th, 1973, 249-50
Patsayev, Viktor Ivanovich, 148-49
Peaceful use of outer space, 23-24
Petrone, Rocco A., 195, 217
Petrov, Boris Nikolaevich
on Soviet plans for lunar exploration, 95-96
meets NASA delegation, Oct.1970,106,108 illus
postpones Working Group meetings, May 1971, 138
suggests testing universal docking mechanism, 142-43
shops in Houston, 143-44
predicts valuable returns from manned orbital stations, 150
based at Institute of Automatics and Tele mechanics, 165
opposes teleconferences, 167
interviewed in N.Y. Times, 183
discussions with NASA delegation, Apr. 1972, 183-84
Soviet chairman for Mid Term Review, 229-32
at Flight Readiness Review, 299
Piland, Robert O., 90
Popovich, Pavel Romanovich, 73, 85
Post Apollo planning, 1, 5-6, 151-54, 164, 351-54
Preliminary Design Review, 203
Preliminary Systems Review, 209-10, 215
Press
news release by Petrov and Gilruth, 145
NASA policy toward, 146
Low's trip to Moscow, Apr. 1972, not publicized, 183-84, 191
public information plan, 188, 234-44, 303-07
equal treatment for U.S. and U.S.S.R., 238
limitations on number of correspondents, 240-43
NASA declines advance notice on Soyuz 16, 267-68
news conference in space, 337
Probe assembly, problem removing, 324-26
Proxmire, William, 265-66, 282, 301-02, 307-09
Public information plans, 234-44, 303-07
 
Radio communications
responsibility of Working Group 2, 145, 169
frequencies, 189, 214-15, 219 illus
loan of equipment, 190, 203
U.S. specialists to assist in checkout of Soviet ground equipment, 229, 244, 285
air to ground net described, 291
at Flight Readiness Review, 298-99
Soviet criticized by CIA, 309
Range tone transfer assembly, 190, 203, 327
Reaction control system of Apollo, impinging on Soyuz, 275-78, 309
Redstone launch vehicle, 75
Reentry
U.S. and U.S.S.R. configurations contrasted, 66-70
trajectory for Apollo proposed, 68 illus
by Soyuz 19, 344-45
air and exhaust flow during Apollo's, 348 illus
Rendezvous in orbit
to expedite lunar landing, 77
practiced by Gemini IV, 83
practiced by Gemini V, 84
Gemini VII/VIA mission, 84-86
U.S. and U.S.S.R. experiences contrasted, 85-86, 101, 110-11
lunar orbit rendezvous, 91 n
automated Soviet, 94
NASA system explained to Soviets, 134
of Apollo and Soyuz 19, 326-27
Riley, Jack, 242-44
Roberts, James Leroy, 97-102, 143
Rock, William H., 311
Rockefeller, Nelson A., 17-18
Rockwell International. See also North American Rockwell Corp.
completes first docking module, 218
produces video tapes in Russian, 253
acceptance testing of docking module at, 294
Roosa, Stuart A., 152
Ross, Thomas O., 135
Rukavishnikov, Nikolay Nikolayevich, 249, 270
Rumyantsev, Igor Pavlovich, 239-41, 303
 
Safety, 270-74, 300
Sagdeyev, R. S., 232
Sakharov, Andrei Dmitriyevich, 245
Salyut space station, app B
S.1, 138-39, 147-48, 150
dimensions needed for NASA planning, 161
S.2, 228, 232
Low inspects S. mockup, 233
S.3, 265
S.4, 307-09, 325
Sanborn, Samuel, 305
Sarafanov, G. V., 266
Satellites, 10, 15-20, 35, 39-41, 47, 61, 152. See also Applications Technology Satellite; Echo; Sputnik; Tiros
Saturn IB launch vehicle, 310-11, app F
Scale models, 203, 209, 215-16
Schedule
practicality of flight in 1975, 167
preliminary ASTP, 168 illus
ASTP 6 month, 175 illus
detailed 3 year, 196
MSC, July Oct. 1972, 206 illus
Schirra, Walter M., Jr., 76, 84-86
Schmitt, Harrison H., 217
Schneider, William C., 100, 176-77
Science demonstrations filmed in zero", 333
Scientists not immune to nationalism, 48
Scott, David R., 152
Seamans, Robert C., Jr., 52
Seattle World's Fair, 45
Sedov, Leonid Ivanovich, 18, 19 illus, 61-62
Service module, Apollo, 91-92
Shafer, Robert J., 234, 239, 303-06
Shatalov, Vladimir Aleksandrovich, 281 illus
gives NASA delegation tour of Zvezdny Gorodok, 107-09
commander of Soyuz 10, 139
describes Soyuz 11 accident, 231
co author of "Crew and Ground Personnel Training Plan," 252
in Houston, July 1973, 253
discusses Soyuz 15 at press conference, 266-67
Shepard, Alan Bartlett, Jr., 75 illus, 152
Simon, David G., 64
Simulators
Shepard in Mercury, 75 illus
Americans briefed on Soviet, 107-09
Soviets briefed on NASA, 140
Soviets use test flights more than, 232
at Zvezdny Gorodok, 233
Skylab, app B
possibility of Soviet craft docking with, 12-13, 99-100, 102, 104-05, 121-22, 132, 143, 161
C. Johnson's work on docking gear for, 114
Hardy briefs Soviets on, 118
use of leftover Apollo hardware for, 152-54, 176, 195
demand on MSC personnel, 177, 179
Office of Manned Space Flight reorganized for, 217
use of ATS F with, 218
possible revisit to S., in lieu of ASTP, 222
giving information concerning S. to Soviets, 228
movie shown to Soviets, 275
use of S. video recorders, 304
backup S. flight impact on budget, 354
Slayton, Donald K.
docking module pilot for ASTP, 247-49
training with ECS, 260
on ASTP flight, 319-49
to direct Shuttle approach and landing tests, 352
Smith, H. E., 204 illus, 207-08, 212-13, 276
Smith, Margaret Chase, 44
Smylie, R. E., 200, 202
Soyuz spacecraft, app B
design started, 79
unmanned tests, 87, 94
development, 88-89
S.1, 89-90
S.2 and 3, 94
Paine suggests rendezvous with Skylab, 100
S.4 and 5 extravehicular transfer, 103 illus
arrangement of equipment, 107-09
docking gear, 116
S.10 and 11, 139, 147-51
S.11 crew, 148 illus
to be used in ASTP in lieu of Salyut, 185
difficulty of getting details from Soviets con cerning S.11, 220-21
S.11 failure explained, 225-32
configured for ASTP, 227 illus
S.12, 231-33
flightworthiness questioned, 264-67
S.12 15, 265-66
S.16, 267-70
S.16 life support system, 268 illus
S.18, 307-09
S.19 launch, 322 illus
Space law, U.S. U.S.S.R. cooperation proposed, 41
Space medicine
cooperation with Soviets proposed, 58
problems of, described, 61
U.S. U.S.S.R. agreement to cooperate in, 129
Space race. See also Cold War
acknowledged by Space Task Group, 6
origins, 18-19
complicates IGY, 22
in presidential campaign, 27-28
Soviets exploit Gagarin flight, 30, 33
reaffirmed by Kennedy, 31-32
Soviet manned lunar flights delayed, 49
Bill Mauldin cartoon, 53 illus
congressional restrictions on joint lunar mission, 56
expense and stimulus of, 62-63
effect of Apollo 8 on, 95
relation to cooperation, 127
Space rescue
international capability suggested, 7,41
in motion picture Marooned, 9-10
practical limitations on, 98-99
press briefed on NASA Soviet talks concerning, 104-05
Space Shuttle, 98-99, 152, 154, 164, 177, 351-54
Space suits, 232, 233, 300, 314, 318
Space Task Group report to president, The Post Apollo Space Program, 5-6
Spacecraft atmosphere, 65, 101, 133, 210-11, 299, 326, 329, 339
Sputnik, 19, 64, 285
"Friendly S." (Echo II), 57
Stafford, Thomas P., 254 illus
flight on Gemini Vl, 84
flight on Gemini IXA, 86
represents Nixon at funeral of cosmonauts, 150
discusses crew training, 202 illus, 208
commander of U.S. ASTP crew, 247
training with ECS, 260
on Proxmire's concern for aerospace safety, 309
on ASTP flight, 319-49
resumes Air Force career, 352
evaluates ASTP, 354
Star City. See Zvezdny Gorodok
Stevenson, Adlai E., 56
Strategic Arms Limitations Talks (SALT), 193, 353-54
"Summary of Results," joint report on NASA delegation's discussions with Soviets, 120, 122
Suslennikov, V. V., 118
Symbolic activities, 307, 330-31, 338
Syromyatnikov, Vladimir Sergeyevich, 204 illus
describes docking gear on Soyuz, 116-17
chairman, Working Group 3, 141 illus, 142
thoughts on universal docking system, 170-73
leads U.S.S.R. delegation to Houston, Mar. Apr. 1972, 180-82
at Preliminary Systems Review, 209
accepts changes in drawings, 215
and questions of modifying docking pins and sockets, 296
 
Taub, Willard M.
sketch of Soyuz interior, 88 illus
Apollo designs of, 90-91
compares U.S. and U.S.S.R. spacecraft, 101 -02
sketch of Soviet extravehicular transfer, 103 illus
Teague, Olin, 217, 244-45
Tech, Jack, 184, 229
Television coverage negotiated, 303-06
Soviet black and white camera fails, 324-25
Soviets transmit color, 326
travelogue by Kubasov, 333
travelogue by Brand, 338
complexities of, 338-39
Tereshkova, Valentina Vladimorovna, 74
Testing, 263 illus, 229, 257-59, 287, 293, 298
Timacheff, Nicholas, 255, 260
Timchenko, Vladimir A., 207, 268, 275, 289-92
Tiros, weather satellite, 27
Titov, Gherman Stepanovich
disparages U.S. suborbital flights, 37
favors cooperation with U.S., 44
flight in Vostok II, 73
Tours, by astronauts, 349, 351
Tracking services, 40, 214
Trajectory, 201, 208, 214, 268, 289, 318, 321, 343
Translation of technical terms
need for agreement on, 136
problems of, in Working Group 2, 142, 213
mechanics of, related to joint documents, 144, 166, 186
lack of Russian speaking employees at NASA, 146
use of sketches in lieu of, 170
related to docking, 173
time consumed in, 198, 248
"Glossary of Conversational Expressions . . ", 253
Transposition maneuver, 320, 323
Travis, A. Don, 204 illus, 212
Truly, Richard H., 247, 319-20
 
United Nations, 23-25, 28-29, 37-38, 41, 45-46, 51-52, 56
U.S.N.S. Vanguard, 321
U.S.S. New Orleans, 303, 347
U-2 incident, 27
 
Vereschchetin, V. S., 229, 303, 305-06
Vinogradov, V. P., 127
Volkov, Vladislav Nikolayevich, 148-49
Volynov, B. V., 74 illus
Von Braun, Wernher, 61-62, 134 n
Voskhod spacecraft cutaway view, 79 illus
design of, 80
flights, 80-82
V.II being readied, 82 illus
Voskresensky, Leonid Aleksandrovich, 79, 87
Vostok spacecraft, 74 illus
V.I, 33
Faget explains significance of, 63
design, 67
cutaway drawing. 71 illus
mission profile, 72 illus
V. I VI, 73-74
replica, 108 illus
 
Wade, Donald C., 135, 141 illus, 209, 215
Waterman, Alan T., 17
Weather satellite, cooperation with Soviets, 40, 46, 47, 56, 128-29
Webb, James E.
nominated administrator of NASA, 30
formalizes Dryden Blagonravov agreement, Oct. 1962, 46
discusses relation of competition to coopera tion, 51-52, 58
Weightlessness, 63-64
West Ford, Project, 43 n
White, Edward H.,II, 83, 90
White, Robert D., 204 illus, 293-98, 351
Wiesner, Jerome, 39 n
Wordon, Alfred M., 152
Working Groups, apps C, D
One, 142, 144-45, 165, 169, 199-202, 207-08, 253, 275, 289-92
Two, 142, 145, 166, 169, 174, 188-90, 203-04, 208, 212-14, 275, 292-93
Three, 142, 145, 166, 169-74, 180, 182, 203-05, 209-10, 215-16, 257-58, 293-96
Four, 200, 203-04, 212-15, 225, 269, 285, 298-99
Five, 200-03, 210-11, 260-61, 299-300
"Working the problem," 97 n
Wydler, John W., 222-23
 
Yardley, John F., 66, 84, 285
Yegorov, Boris Borisovich, 80-81
Yeliseyev, A. S., 208, 233, 254 illus, 278
Young, John W., 82, 140, 141 illus
 
Zimenki Observatory, 57
Zvezdny Gorodok (Star City)
visited by NASA delegation, 107-19, 166, 232-33
visited by American aerospace writers, 252
spacecraft familiarization at, 256-57
 


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