Beyond the Atmosphere: Early Years of Space Science


[477] Chapter 16 Source Notes


1. Jane Van Nimmen and Leonard C. Bruno with Robert L. Rosholt, NASA Historical Data Book, 1959-1968, vol. 1, NASA Resources, NASA SP-4012 (Washington, 1976). p. 540; Robert L. Rosholt, An Administrative History of NASA, 1958-1963, NASA SP-4101 (Washington, 1966), pp. 124-27, 342-44.

2. Richard S. Johnston, Lawrence F. Dietlein, and Charles A. Berry, Biomedical Results of Apollo, NASA SP-368 (Washington, 1975); J. W. Dyer, tech. ed., Biosatellite Project: Historical Summary Report (Moffett Field, Calif.: Ames Research Center, Dec. 1969), chap. 9; Richard S. Young, "Biological Experiments in Space," Space Science Reviews, 8 (1968): 665-89; Joseph F. Saunders, The Experiments of Biosatellite 11, NASA SP-204 (Washington, 1971).

3. Clayton S. White and Otis O. Benson, Jr., eds., Physics and Medicine of the Upper Atmosphere: A Study of the Aeropause (Albuquerque: Univ. of New Mexico Press, 1952).

4. NASA, "Historical Pocket Statistics" (Washington, Jan. 1976), pp. A-52, A-88, 12, 52, 56, 66; Dyer, Biosatellite Project; Young, "Biological Experiments in Space"; T.O. Paine to Homer Newell, 16 Oct. 1978, comments on Newell draft MS.. p. 18-22, NF40; Dyer, Biosatellite Project, chap. 9.

5. Colin S. Pittendrigh, Wolf Vishniac, and J. P. T. Pearman, Biology and the Exploration of Mars, National Academy of Sciences Publication 1296 (Washington, 1966); Cyril Ponnamperuma, ed., Chemical Evolution of the Giant Planets (New York: Academic Press, 1976); idem, Exobiology (Amsterdam & London: North-Holland Publishing Pa, 1972).

6. Gerald A. Soffen et al., in Scientific Results of the Viking Project, reprinted from Journal of Geophysical Research 82, no. 28 (30 Sept. 1977).

7. NASA, "Historical Pocket Statistics," Jan. 1976, pp. A-37, A64, 73; William H. Pickering, "Mariner 4's Flight to Mars," Astronautics and Aeronautics, Oct. 1965, p. 21; Walter Sullivan. "Mariner 4's Final Photos Depict a Moonlike Mars," New York Times, 30 July 1965. pp. 1. 9; Earl C. Gottschalk, "Chemist Denies Impossibility of Life on Mars," St. Louis Post Dispatch, 17 Nov. 1965; William K. Hartmann and Odell Raper, The New Mars. The Discoveries of Mariner 9, NASA SP-337 (Washington. 1974), p. 166.

8. Author's notebook, 31 July 1962, NF28.

9. President's Science Advisory Committee, Space Science and Technology Panel, "The Biomedical Foundations of Manned Space Flight" (Washington, Nov. 1969.).

10. Space Science Board, Space Biology (Washington: National Academy of Sciences, 1970); Space Science Board minutes, 13 Jan. 1970; also author's notebook, 13 Jan. 1970, NF28.

11. Author's notebook, 13 Nov. 1969. NF28.

12. Homer E. Newell to Phillip Handier, 12 Aug. 1969, NF24.

13. H. Bentley Glass, ed., Life Sciences in Space (Washington: National Academy of Sciences, 1970), especially pp. 4-6.

14. Newell to George M. Low, 9 Nov. 1970, NF25.

15. Telephone conversation, Newell with Bentley Glass, 13 Nov. 1970, NF29.