Beyond the Atmosphere: Early Years of Space Science

 

[478-480] Chapter 18 Source Notes

 

1 . Eugene M. Emme. Aeronautics and Astronautics. An American Chronology of Science and Technology in the Exploration of Space, 1915-1960 (Washington: NASA, 1961), p. 104.

2. Arnold W. Frutkin, International Cooperation in Space (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. 1965), pp. 142-45.

3. Ibid.

4. United Nations, General Assembly Res. 1721 (XVI: 20 Dec. 1961).

5. Frutkin, International Cooperation, pp. 1,14-15.

6. Author's notes, 28 May-9 June 1962, NF28; also micellaneous papers on meeting of scientific and Technical Subcommittee of UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, 28 May-9 June 1962, NF.1(80).

7. Frutkin. International Cooperation, pp. 1-15-46.

8. Author's notes. 14 Aug. 1968 ff., NF28.

9. Frutkin, International Cooperation, pp. K5-86. 37.

10. Homer E. Newell Jr., "Report on the Second Meeting of the Committee on Space Research Held at The Hague. 12-14 March 1959," (1 Mar. 1959, NF8 (127).

11. Ibid- end. 9.

12. See, for example, Hilde Kallmann Bijl, ed-Space Research: Proceedings of the First International Space Science Symposium. Nice. January 11-16, 1960 (Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Co., 1960).

13. International Council of Scientific Unions, Res. 10 (1961). NFN98).

14. COSPAR Res. 1 (1962), NF6(98).

15. Author's notes, 20 May 1963, NF28; also papers on meeting of Scientific and Technical Subcommittee of CPITOS, Geneva. 14-31 May 1963, NF4 (78 &79).

16. Author's notes. 21 May 1963. NF28. See also ibid.

17. Morton Werber, Objectives and Models of the Planetary Quarantine Program, NASA SP-3-14 (Washington, 1975), pp. 1-5, 101; Charles R. Phillips, The Planetary Quarantine Program, Origins and Achievements, 1956-1977, NASA SP-4902 (Washington, 1971); both NF4O.

18. NASA, International Programs, booklet issued periodically by Office of International Programs (later International Affairs), 1962 ed.

19. NASA. International Program, Jan. 1973 ed.

20. NASA, International Programs, 1962 ed., first page, and Jan. 1973, p. ii.

21. Ibid., pp. 23-46.

22. Ibid., p. 8.

23. Ibid., pp. 14-16.

24. Ibid., p. 2.

25. G. Breit and M. A. Tuve, "A Test of the Existence of the Conducting Layer." Physical Review 28 (.Sept. 1926):554-75.

26. Hideo Itokawa, "Japanese Sounding Rockets-Kappa and Sigma." in Homer E. Newell. Jr., Sounding Rockets (New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1959). chap. 16. idem. "Developments of Project Kappa in 1959-60," Proceedings of the Second International Sympositon on Rockets and Astronautics, Tokyo, 1960 (Tokyo, 1961). pp. 146-157.

27. Homer E. Newell. "Report of Conferences with Japanese Scientists and Government Officials during Week of 22 May 1960," pp. 3-8 and 20-26, NF.1(76).

28. Ibid.. pp. 11-13.

29. NASA, International Programs, Jan. 1973 ed., p. 37.

30. NASA Historical Office. Astronautics and Aeronautics, 1970: Chronology on Science, Technology, and Policy, NASA SP-4015 (Washington, 1972). pp. 48-49.

31. NASA, International Programs, Jan. 1973 ed.. p. 67.

32. Ibid pp. 6-7.

33. Ibid., p. 66.

34. Ibid., pp. 47-55.

35. Ibid., p. 58.

36. See, for example, A. A. Levinson, ed., Proceedings of the Apollo 11 Lunar Science Conference, Houston, Texas, January 5-8, 1970, 3 vols. (New York: Persimmon Prom, 1970). Similar proceedings were published for succeeding annual lunar science conferences.

37. Frutkin, International Cooperation, pp. 89-91.

38. President John F. Kennedy to Chairman Nikila S. Khrushchev, 22 Feb. 1962; Frutkin, International Cooperation, p. 92.

39. Kennedy to Khrushchev, 7 Mar. 1962; Frutkin, International Cooperation, p. 121. n. 11; Khrushchev to Kennedy, 20 Mar. 1962; Frutkin, International Cooperation, p. 123, n. 12.

40. Hugh Dryden and Anatoly Blagonravov, "Summary of Understandings," typescript, 8 June 1962. NF6(97) and NFI(80); Department of State Bulletin, 24 Dec. 1962. pp. 962 ff. Frutkin. International Cooperation, p. 96.

41. Frutkin, International Cooperation, pp. 96-97.

42. Ibid., P. 104.

43. Ibid., pp. 100-01.

44. Aniold Frutkin, "Notes on Soviet Deficiencies in COSPAR, Warsaw, Poland, June 3-11, 1963," typescript, [21 June 19631], NF9(139).

45. Frutkin, International Cooperation, pp. 119-20, 174-77.

46. Senate Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences. NASA Authorization for Fiscal Year 1968, hearings, 90th Cong., 1st sess., pt. 1. 18-20 Apr. 1967. p. 57.

47. Author's notes. 14 Feb. 1966 ff., NF28.

48. Frutkin, International Cooperation, pp. 133-4 1.

49. NASA. "Historical Pocket Statistics," Jan. 1975, p. A-82.

50. NASA Historical Office. Astronautics and Aeronautics, 1973, NASA SP-018 (Washington, 1975), pp. 76, 268.

51. Idem, Astronautics and Aeronautics, 1967, NASA SP-4008 (1968), pp. 257.333; 1968, NASA SP-4010 (1969), p. 10.

52. ThomasO. Paine to M. V. Keldysh, 31 July 1970; NASA, Office of International Affairs, "US/USSR Cooperation in Space Research," 1 July 1970, rev. 1 1970, NF40.

53. Edward C. Ezell and Linda N. Ezell, The Partnership: A History of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, NASA SP-4209 (Washington, 1978); NASA, Astronautics and Aeronautics, 1970, pp. 334-35, 347, 351, 413; idem, 1971, NASA SP-4016 (1972). pp. 171. 177,243.

54. NASA, Astronautics and Aeronautics,1971, p. 10.


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