Beyond the Atmosphere: Early Years of Space Science


[466-468] Chapter 9 Source Notes


1. Robert L. Rosholt, An Administrative History of NASA, 1958-1963, NASA SP-4101 (Washington, 1966), pp. 71-179.

2. H. F. Newell, conference report on NASA-DoD meeting, 4 May 1959, J. B. Macauley to Newell, 26 Jan. 1959; Hugh Dryden to W. M. Holaday, 28 July 1959. A description of the NASA-DoD Space Science Committee is given in the NASA memorandum Newell to Alfred Hodgson. 20 Oct. 1959. NF12(173).

3. Rosholt, Administrative History of NASA, pp. 172-73.

4. Unmanned Spacecraft Panel, "Joint NASA-DoD Space Sciences Program Document." Oct. 1960. NF6 (106).

5. Herbert F. York and G. Allen Greb, "Strategic Reconnaissance." Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. (Apr. 1977), pp. 33-42.

6. Conference between Weather Bureau in (NASA representatives, 12 Feb. 1960, author's notebooks. NF28.

7. "Ecological Surveys from Space," NASA SP-230 (Washington, 1970).

8. Eugene M. Emme, Aeronautics and Astronautics: An American Chronology of Science and Technology in the Exploration of Space, 1915-1960 (Washington: NASA, 1961). p. 130.

9. Ibid. Satellite Geodesy, 1958-1964, NASA SP-94 (Washington, 1966), pp. 125-28.

10. Hugh L. Dryden to Hugh Odishaw, 23 Nov. 1960; Odishaw to Dryden, 22 Dec. 1960. NF6(101).

11. House Committee on Science and Astronautics, 1964 NASA Authorization, hearings before Subcommittee on Space Sciences and Advanced Research and Technology, 88th Cong., 1st sess., 6 Mar.-8 1963. See also Jerome D. Rosenberg, "National Geodetic Satellite Program." 29 Oct. 1964, and NASA Congressional Study Questionnaire concerning the Geodetic Satellite Policy Board, Feb. 1963, NFI0.

12. Author's notebook, 25 Jan. 1960, NF28.

13. Newell to Ira H. Abbott, 1 Mar. 1960, NF12(174).

14. Dryden to Alan Waterman, 20 Oct. 1959, NF6(109).

15. Dryden to Douglas Cornell, 20 Oct. 1959. NF6(109).

16. Newell, conference report on NAS meeting at Boulder, Colo., 9 Dec. 1959, NF4(67).

17. Newell to Harry Goett, 10 Dec. 1963, and succeeding correspondence relative to creation of the Space Science Data Center in Office of Space Science and Applications files, NASA. In particular, see undated typescript paper, "NASA Space Science Data Center," which states the center was officially established in Apr. 1964, OSSA Space Science Data Center files for 1963-1965.

18. NASA Management Issuance 37-1-1, "Establishment and Conduct of Space Science Program-Selection of Scientific Experiments," typescript NASA document, 15 Apr. 1960, NASA History Office files.

19. NMI 37-1-2, "Membership of Space Sciences Steering Committee and Subcommittees," 27 May 1960, NASA History Office files, shows only NASA membership; the outside consultants were added later.

20. By way of illustration see Newell, report on meeting of Space Science Panel of the President's Science Advisory Committee, at Inst. of Radio Engineers, New York, 18 Dec. 1959; also Newell, "Briefing for Space Science Panel of the PSAC," Washington, 2 Apr. 1962, NF12(173), (180); T. Keith Glennan to Monte Wright. 15 July 1978, comments on draft Newell MS., NF40; Newell to Dryden, 18 Feb. 1960, NF12(174).

21. Newell, Briefing for Space Science Panel, 2 Apr. 1962, NF12(180).

22. NASA Management Issuance 7100.1, "Conduct of Space Science Program-Selection and Support of Scientific Investigations and Investigators," 29 Apr. 1964, p. 8.

23. Lloyd Berkner to George Kistiakowsky, 13 Nov. 1959, NF7(112).

24. John F. Clark, memorandum to files, 2 Mar. 1960, NF6(105).

25. Berkner to Kistiakowsky, 13 Nov. 1959, NF7(112).

26. Glennan to Kistiakowsky, 3 Dec. 1959, NF7(112).

27. T. L. K. Smull, "The Nature and Scope of the NASA University Program," NASA SP-731 (Wash ington, 1965), pp. 11-12. Also, W. A. Greene, "Step Funded Research Grants," Bioscience 18 (Dec. 1968):1133-36.

28. NASA Management Issuance 7100.1, "Conduct of Space Science Program-Selection and Support of Scientific Investigations and Investigators, 29 Apr. 1964, p. 8.

29. Newell to Abe Silverstein, 16 Aug. 1960, NF12(176).

30 Homer E. Newell, Jr., High Altitude Rocket Research, (New York: Academic Press. 1953), pp 221-29.

31. Alex Roland, Research by Committee: A History of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, NASA SP-4103, commented. (Washington, 1979).

32. Naval Research Laboratory Upper Atmosphere Research Reports, and Rocket Research Reports. For examples see: H. E. Newell, Jr. and J. W. Siry, eds., "Upper Atmosphere Research Report No. II," NRL rpt. R-3030 (Washington: Naval Research Laboratory, 30 Dec. 1946); K. Watanabe, J. D. Purcell, and R. Tousey, "Upper Atmosphere Research Report XII: Direct Measurements of Solar Extreme Ultraviolet and X-rays from rockets by Means of a CaSO4: Mn Phosphor," NRL rpt. 3733 (18 Sept. 1950); Milton W. Rosen and James M. Bridger, "Rocket Research Report No. I: The Viking No. 1 Firings," NRL rpt. 3583 (19 Dec. 1949); Milton W. Rosen and James M. Bridger, "Rocket Research Report No. XIX: The Viking 10 Firings," NRL rpt. 4513 (5 May 1955).

33. As an illustration, see R. L. Heacock et al., "Ranger VII," pt. 2, "Experimenters' Analyses and Interpretations," Tech. Rpt. 32-700 (Pasadena: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 10 Feb. 1965).

34. As an illustration, see Communications of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, Vol. 10, pt. 1 (Tucson: Univ. of Arizona, 1973), which shows the series as it was well along in its history.

35. Author's notebook, 11 May 1960, NF38.

36. H. E. Newell, report of telephone conversation with Lloyd Berkner, 19 May 1960, NF12(175).

37. "International Programs," a summary prepared by the Office of International Programs, NASA, 1962: see first page dated 31 Jan. 1962. Alternatively, see any of the international program summaries issued semiannually by NASA.

38. See Publications of the Goddard Space Flight Center 1959-1962, vol. 1, Space Sciences, and succeeding issues.

39. Author's notebook, 1 Sept. 1959, NF38.

40. Roland, Research by Committee.

41. Rosholt, Administrative History of NASA, pp. 128-29, 222.

42. Robert Jastrow, ed., The Exploration of Space (New York: The Macmillan Co., 1960).

43. Robert Jastrow and Gordon MacDonald to Lloyd Berkner, 10 Dec. 1959, NF4(66).

44. H. E. Newell, "A Home for Planetary Science," Transactions, American Geophysical Union 41 (Sept. 1960): 407-09; Bruno Rossi, "Scientific Results of Experiments in Space," ibid., pp. 410-29; Robert Jastrow and Gordon J. F. MacDonald, "Highlights of the Planetary Sciences Program," ibid., pp. 430-34.

45. Arnold W. Frutkin, International Cooperation in Space (Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice Hall. 1965).

46. Newell, "Report on the Second Meeting of the Committee on Space Research Held at the Hague, 12-14 March 1959," NASA lithoprint typescript [Mar. 1959], encl. 7, NF8(127).

47. Ibid., encl. 9.