WIND TUNNELS OF NASA

 

Chapter 2 - A Heritage Lost and Regained

The Wind Tunnel Comes of Age

 

[9] The Europeans designed and built their aerial fleets with the help of at least a dozen major wind tunnels. In contrast, wind tunnel facilities in the United States prior to World War I were almost nonexistent, as shown in the table. As might be expected, it was in Europe that many of the technical foundations for modern wind tunnels were laid.

 

Post- Wright Brothers Wind Tunnels

Date

Size

Individual

Location

1901

16 x 16 in.

Wright Bros.

Dayton, Ohio

1901

6 x 6 ft

Zahm

Catholic University, USA

1903

2 ft diameter

Stanton

National Physical Laboratory, England

1903

1 x 1 m

Crocco

Rome, Italy

1904

1.2 m diameter

Riabouchinsky

Koutchino, Moscow, Russia

1908

2 x 2 m

Prandtl

Gottingen, Germany

1909

1.5 m diameter

Eiffel

Champ de Mars, France

1910

4 x 4 ft

n/a

National Physical Laboratory, England

1912

7 x 7 ft

n/a

National Physical Laboratory, England

1912

2 m diameter

Eiffel

Auteuil, France

1912

Junkers

Aachen, Germany

n/a

1913

8 x 8 ft

Zahm

Washington Navy Yard, USA

1914

4 x 4 ft

Hunsaker

MIT, USA

1916

2.2 x 2.2 m

Prandtl

Gottingen, Germany

1917

5.5 ft diameter

Durand

Stanford University, USA

1917

7 ft diameter

Curtiss

Hempstead, New York, USA

1918

7 x 14 ft

n/a

National Physical Laboratory, England

1918

4.5 ft octagon

n/a

Bureau of Standards, USA

1919

4 x 4 ft

Ober

MIT, USA

1919

7.5 ft diameter

Durand

Stanford University, USA


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