RESULTS OF THE SECOND U.S. MANNED ORBITAL SPACE FLIGHT, MAY 24, 1962

APPENDIX [77-107]

MA-7 AIR-GROUND VOICE COMMUNICATIONS [2/6]

 

KANO (FIRST PASS)

 

Time Speaker Dialogue

00 23 49

CC

Aurora Seven. This is Kano on UHF/HF. Do you read? Over.

00 23 56

P

Roger, Kano Cap Com. Aurora Seven reads you loud and clear. How me?

00 24 02.5

CC

Roger, Aurora Seven. Kano Cap Com reads you loud and clear. Welcome back, Scott.

00 24 08

P

Roger.

00 24 09

CC

Blood-pressure check, please. Hold your button for 4 seconds and then go through the short report.

00 24 16

P

Roger. Blood-pressure start, now. My status is good. The capsule status is good. Fuel is 99-98 [percent]. Oxygen, 89-100 [percent]. Cabin is holding good. All d-c power is good. All a-c power is good, 22 amps. Everything is green and you should be reading blood pressure. Over.

00 24 41.5

CC

Roger. We are reading blood pressure. Do you want to check your UHF low? Over.

00 24 47

P

Roger. Going to UHF low now, stand by 15.

00 25 10.5

P

Hello, Kano. Hello, Kano Cap Com. Aurora Seven UHF low. How do you read?

00 25 17

CC

Aurora Seven. Kano Cap Com reads you loud and clear. Over.

00 25 20.5

P

Roger. Reading you the same. Going back to UHF high.

00 26 22

CC

Aurora Seven, Kano Cap Com. How do you read? Over.

00 26 28

P

Loud and clear, Kano. Send your message.

00 26 32

CC

Roger, Aurora Seven. Are you going to be doing your caging, uncaging procedure now? Over.

00 26 37.5

P

Roger. I-am a little behind in the flight plan at this moment. I have been unable at this time to install the MIT film. I finally have it. I'll go through the gyro uncaging procedure very shortly.

00 27 01

CC

Roger.

00 27 34

P

Okay, the MIT film is now in.

00 28 00

P

ASCS is operating okay.

00 28 12.5

CC

What mode are you on now?

00 28 14.5

P

Roger. My mode is auto, gyro normal, maneuver off.

00 28 21.5

CC

Aurora Seven, Kano Cap Com. Be sure you're on fly-by-wire before going through the procedures for uncaging.

00 28 27

Y

Roger, Roger. Understand.

00 28 54.5

P

I'm going to be unable to complete the MIT pictures on this pass, I believe. Negative, negative, I can fix the problem. Too much film was out of the canister, that was the problem. Film is now in tight. The small back going on now.

00 29 43.5

P

At 00 29 43, the first time I was able to get horizon pictures with MIT film. Set at F8 and 125th. A picture to the south into the sun, directly down my flight path is number two. Number three, 15 degrees north at capsule elapse 00 30 17.

00 30 29.5

P

Stowing the camera at this time.. Going to the gyro uncaging procedure at this time. Fly-by-wire, now. Gyros going to cage. Maneuver at this point is on.

00 31 02.5

P

Pitching down, yawing left.

 

INDIAN OCEAN SHIP (FIRST PASS)

 

Time Speaker Dialogue

00 31 36

CT

Aurora Seven, Aurora Seven, Aurora Seven. This is I.O.S. Com Tech on HF and UHF flow do you read? Over.

00 31 49

P

Roger, Indian Com Tech. Aurora Seven reading you weak but readable. Go ahead.

00 32 10

CT

Aurora Seven, Aurora Seven. This is I.O.S. Com Tech on HF and UHF. How do you read? Over.

00 32 19

P

Hello, Indian Ship Cap Com. Aurora Seven. Loud and clear. How me?

00 33 59

P

Hello, Indian Cap Com, Indian Cap Com, Aurora Seven. How do you read?

00 34 17

P

Hello, Indian Cap Com, Indian Cap Com, Aurora Seven. How do you read?

00 34 26.5

P

At 00 34 28, I'm increasing the cabin water valve and the suit valve to 6 [degrees]. Steam vent temperature now reads 65 and 75 [degrees].

00 34 47

P

Mark African coastal passage, about 20 seconds ago.

00 35 02.5

P

I'm using the airglow. filter at this time. Visor is coming open for a better look at that. Hello, Indian Cap Com, Aurora Seven. Do you read?

00 35 39

P

Maneuver [switch] is going off at this time, and I'm going to aline manually to retroattitude.

00 38 04

P

Station calling Aurora Seven. Say again.

00 39 28

P

Okay. That took me some time to aline my attitudes properly. Three more pictures with MIT film: 2, 3, directly into the sun at an elapsed time of 00 39 42.

00 40 12.5

P

Okay, going through ....

00 42 30.5

P

The big back is going on the camera at this time. There was a period there when nothing was recorded because I was in VOX power off, instead of record. The big ....

00 43 02.5

P

At 00 43 02, I think my gyros are properly alined.

00 43 15.5

P

What in the world happened to the periscope?

00 43 25

P

Oh, its' dark, that's w hat happened. It's facing a dark earth. Sunset F16 to F, okay; we'll start with F16. Up north, coming south. Try some at 250.

00 44 12.5

P

It's getting darker. Let me see. Muchea contact, sometime. Oh, look at that sun.

00 44 31

P

F11.

00 44 45.5

P

F5.6 That was those last four, were F3.8. It's quite dark. I didn't begin to get time to dark-adapt.

00 45 15 P

P

Photo lights are off. Cabin lights are going to red at this time. Oh, man, A wide, a beautiful, beautiful red like in John's pictures. Going to fly-by-wire.

00 46 01

P

It is a reflection. It is a reflection in the window. That's too bad.

00 46 10

P

I see at this point; I'm not sure I am recording on VOX record. I will go to transmit. I have Venus, now approaching the horizon.

00 46 37

P

It's about 30 degrees up. It's just coming into view. Bright and unblinking. T cannot- I can see some other stars down below Venus. Going back to ASCS than at this time.

00 47 05

P

Bright, bright blue horizon band as the sun gets lower and lower-the horizon band still glows. It looks like five times the width of the the diameter of the sun. I'm at-- now at 00 47 34 elapsed.

00 47 46.5

P

It's now nearly dark, and I can't believe I'm where I am.

00 48 08

P

Oh, dear, I've used too much fuel.

00 48 22

P

Well, I'm going yo have to increase. Let's see, going to ASCS at this time.

00 48 38

P

My fuel reads 75-100 [percent] at this time. The window-is Venus occlude. No, that-that is not correct. Venus did not occlude. I'm getting out the equipment to measure Venus occlusion.

00 49 15

P

There is too much red light in the cockpit from the time correlation. Venus at above the- horizon.

 

MUCHEA (FIRST PASS)

 

Time Speaker Dialogue

00 49 28.5

CC

Aurora Seven. This is Muchea Cap Com. How do you read?

00 49 34

P

Hello, Muchea Cap Com, Aurora Seven. Loud and clear. How me, Deke?

00 49 39

CC

Rog. Coming in very good, dad. Sound very good. How's things going?

00 49 45.5

P

Roger. Things are going very well. My status is very good. The capsule status is very good. The control mode is normal. Automatic gyros normal and maneuver off. Fuel is 72-100 [percent]. Oxygen 88-100 [percent]. Everything is normal with the exception of-the fact that I am a tad behind in the flight plan. Over.

00 50 11 5

CC

Roger. Understand.

00 50 13

P

Blood pressure is starting now.

00 50 17

CC

Okay. Blood pressure starting. We suggest that you do not exercise during the blood pressure since your temp is up.

00 50 23.5

P

Roger. This is the story on the suit temp. I have increased two 10-degree marks since lift-off. And now about-well, 15 degrees above launch mark. My steam vent temperatures read 69 and 80 [degrees]. I'll take one more stab at increasing or decreasing temperature by increasing flow rate. If this doesn't work, I'll turn them off and start lower Over.

00 50 59

CC

Rog. Understand. I'll give you some retrotimes while you're sending blood pressure. End of orbit is 01 28 18. End of mission is 04 32 28.

00 51 15.5

P

Roger. Understand. End of orbit 01 28 18 and 04 32 28 for end of orbit. Over. End of mission.

00 51 26

CC

That's affirmative. We indicate your clock is I second slow and this is compensated for.

00 51 31

P

Roger. Thank you.

00 51 34

CC

G.m.t. time hack at this time-we're coming up on 13 36 57. Mark.

00 51 41

P

Roger. My G.m.t.-my backup G.m.t. are right in synch with G.m.t. Over.

00 51 49

CC

That's very good.

00 51 51.5

CC

Okay, if you're ready, I'll give you the emergency voice cheek. We will turn off UHF and HF transmitters for this so that you will not have to change volume.

00 51 59

P

Roger, standing by.

00 52 04.5

CC

Aurora Seven. Muchea Cap Com. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 command voice. How do you read?

00 52 12

P

Roger, Deke. Read you loud and clear, loud and clear emergency voice.

00 52 16.5

CC

Very good, Very good. Switching back to UHF.

00 52 20

P

Roger.

00 52 25.5

CC

Aurora Seven, Muchea Cap Com on l OF. How do you read?

00 52 28

P

Roger. Muchea Cap Com. Loud and clear. Tell Jerry and Gus and Lewis and-everybody else there, that I worked with "hello." John Whittler, if you see him, tell him to saddle Butch up. Break, break. 15 your cloud cover such that I can expect [to] see light-or flares at Woomera? Over.

00 52 52.5

CC

Roger. The cloud coverage here is 3,000 [nautical miles] overcast stratus, and we think you'll probably see them through the clouds. Woomera is clear.

00 53 03.5

P

Roger.

00 53 18.5

CC

Seven from Muchea. Would you send us one more blood pressure?

00 53 21.5

P

Roger. Starting now.

00 53 28.5

CC

We're going to send you a Z cal at this time.

00 53 31

P

Roger. And-go ahead and send it. I'll-you'll be interested to know that I have no moon, now. The horizon is clearly visible from my present position; that's at 00 54 44 elapsed. I believe the horizon on the dark side with no moon is very good for pitch and roll. The stars are adequate for yaw in, maybe 2 minutes of tracking. Over.

00 54 01.5

CC

Roger, Understand. Sounds very good. Z cal off; R cal coming on. Mark.

00 54 12

CC

Suggest that you back the fuel control back to your first black mark.

00 54 18

P

Roger. I'll try that. Going all the way off and back up a little bit lower than where I was.

00 54 28.5

CC

Roger. Your suit temperature is down a bit at this point.

00 54 31.5

P

Say again, Deke.

00 54 33

CC

Your suit temperature is down, which is good.

00 54 36.5

P

Well, that's a result of an increase in flow lately. I would think that-I'll try increasing rather than decreasing.

00 54 55.5

P

Hello, Woomera Cap Com, Aurora Seven. Do you read?

00 55 00

CC

Roger. This is Woomera. This is Woomera Cap Com. Reading you loud and clear. How me?

00 55 --

CC

This is Muchea Cap Com. They will not be contacting you for another 3 minutes

00 55 08

P

Roger. Go ahead, Deke. Just trying to get the word on the flare.

00 55 12

CC

Roger. Understand. I'll give you the settings, correction, the attitudes for the first flare at this time. It would be plus 80 [degrees] yaw, minus 80 [degrees] in pitch.

00 55 28.5

P

Roger. Understand, Deke. Plus 80 [degrees] yaw, minus 80 [degrees] pitch.

00 55 37

CC

Roger. Okay. The Cape now advises to keep the suit setting where it was since it's coming down.

00 55 44.5

P

Roger. I-for your information, I have increased it just slightly. My readings now are 7 [psia] and 7 [psia] on suit and cabin. What are my inverter temperatures and thruster line temperatures, Deke? Are they okay?

00 56 04.5

CC

Rog. We are losing you. We are losing you on air-ground. Would you care to contact Woomera at this time?

00 56 11.5

P

Roger.

 

WOOMERA (FIRST PASS)

 

Time Speaker Dialogue

00 56 14.5

CC

Aurora Seven, Aurora Seven, this is Woomera. Read you loud and clear. How me?

00 56 18.5

P

Roger, Woomera. Reading you loud and clear, also. I'd like readout on my inverter temperatures-and mark on your flare. Over.

00 56 29

CC

Roger. We're going to have the flare in approximately 2 minutes. We'll give you a read out on your temperatures.

00 56 37

P

Roger. And for your information, Rate Command is also working in all axes. Over.

00 56 47.5

CC

Roger. Rate-rate Command in all axes.

00 56 52

P

That-that signifies that all control systems are operating satisfactorily. Over.

00 57 00

CC

Roger. Understand. All systems okay. We have your temperatures. Your 150 inverter, 152 [degrees]. Your 250 inverter, 167 [degrees]. Do you copy? Over.

00 57 13

P

Roger. Copied, thank you. Standing by.

00 57 16.5

CC

We're going to have the flares. All four of them go at approximately 00 [plus] 58 plus 30. We do have an eight by eight coverage.

00 57 24

P

Roger. I am at-plus 80 [degrees] yaw, minus 80 [degrees] pitch now.

00 57 35

CC

Roger. We'll give you a time hack when we come up to flare test.

00 57 41

P

Roger.

00 57 47

CC

This is Woomera Cap Com, Seven. Surgeon reports all systems look good down here. And Systems reports everything okay on his panel.

00 57 57

P

Roger. Thank you. It looks good to me, also.

00 58 00

CC

Roger. You are loud and clear. Coming up on the flare test-in approximately 25 seconds.

00 58 05.5

P

Roger.

00 58 09.5

CC

Good air-to-ground.

00 58 12

P

Roger. Going to fly-by-wire. It doesn't cost so much.

00 58 17.5

CC

Roger. Fly-by-wire, Manual on. Is that affirmative?

00 58 21.5

P

Manual is-no, I'm, my control mode is pure fly-by-wire now.

00 58 26

CC

Roger. Flare test coming up. Stand by. Mark 00 [plus] 58 plus 30. All four flares away.

00 58 52

CC

Aurora Seven, Aurora Seven, this is Woomera. How do you read? Over.

00 58 55

P

Roger. Reading you loud and clear. Searching for your flares. Stand by.

00 59 02

CC

Roger. We still have approximately 60 seconds left.

00 5911

CC

You're up to minus 50 {degrees] on roll.

00 59 15

P

Roger. Backing off. Thank you, thank you. Backing off.

00 59 27.5

P

I do not have your flares. I'm sorry, Woomera.

00 59 31

CC

Say again, Seven

00 59 33.5

P

No joy on your flares. I do not have your flares visible.

00 59 37.5

CC

Have copied. Evidently the cloud coverage is too tight.

00 59 43

P

At this time I have extensive cloud coverage wait.

00 59 49.5

CC

Did you try Aux Damp when you're in fly-by-wire to see if you are holding attitudes?

00 59 54

P

Negative. I have verified that Aux Damp is operating satisfactorily. Over.

01 00 00

CC

Roger. Understand.

01 00 02

P

I have some lights on the ground underneath me. Stand by, I'll try to identify them.

01 00 12

CC

Roger. Wilco.

01 00 42

CC

Aurora Seven, Aurora Seven, this is Woomera Cap Com. Do you read? Over.

01 00 46

P

Loud and clear, Woomera. Go ahead.

01 00 49

CC

Roger. Could you give us a short report at this time?

01 00 52.5

P

Roger. My control mode is fly-by-wire, gyros are free, and the maneuver switch is off. Fuel reads 75-85 [percent], oxygen 88 and 100 [percent]. Wait till I pick a washer out of the air. And everything is very good. Over.

01 01 23

CC

Roger. You're intermittent. What is your suit temperature? Over.

01 01 29

P

Roger. Suit temperature is now 70 [degrees]. Suit temperature is 70 [degrees]. Steam exhaust is 70 [degrees]. The cabin exhaust is 80 [degrees].

01 01 43

CC

Roger. Do you confirm-do you have your-back down to the black scribe mark?

01 01 51

P

That is negative. I have then both set on seven at this time and-an increase in setting resulted in a decrease- in suit temperature. I think I'd like to try-try them at this setting a little while longer. Over.

01 02 11

CC

Roger. Understand. I believe at this time you're supposed to have your midnight snack.

01 02 18

P

Roger. I'll get to that shortly.

01 02 21.5

CC

Roger. You're starting to drift or fade slightly.

01 02 26.5

P

Roger.

01 02 31.5

CC

Are you prepared to go into drifting flight before too long?

01 02 34.5

P

Roger. I can do that at this time. At night yawed- -

01 02 40

CC

. . . is that affirmative?

01 02 41.5

P

I am going to drifting flight at this time. Over.

01 02 46.5

CC

Roger.

01 02 53.5

P

Gyros are caged. I have about a 2-degree-per-second yaw rate. All gyros are zero. I have Corvus directly above me I'm yawing over the top. I feel that my attitude is- the line of sight is nearly--nearly vertical.

01 03 55

P

I am in VOX record only now. The time is 01 04 00 elapsed. I'm searching the star charts.

01 04 19

P

The finish on the star chart is so shiny that-it's impossible to read because of reflection.

01 04 44.5

P

I've got to turn white lights on, that's all.

01 05 03

P

At 01 05 00.

01 05 14.5

P

Attitudes are of no concern to me whatsoever. I know I'm drifting freely. The moon crossed the window not too long ago.

01 05 51.5

P

Let's see, now what can-I am at this moment rocking my arms back and forth and I can make this show up in the roll, yaw, and pitch needle. By moving my torso, I can make the pitch rate needle move up to I degree per second. Roll is, needle, rate needle is very sensitive to this. Yaw is also. Let's see, am going to open the visor at this time. Have a few crumbs of food floating around in the capsule.

01 06 58.5

P

At 01 06 106-at I minute, I hour and 7 minutes elapsed, I'm going above the scale to approximately 8 on cabin and suit.

 

CANTON (FIRST PASS)

 

Time Speaker Dialogue

01 07 16

P

Hello, hello, Canton Com Tech, Canton Com Tech, Aurora Seven. Weak but readable. Go ahead.

01 07 40.5

CT

Aurora Seven, Aurora Seven. This is Canton Com Tech, Canton Com Tech. Do you read? Over.

01 07 46.5

P

Hello, Canton Com Tech, Aurora Seven. Loud and clear. How me?

01 08 23.5

P

The food-hello, Canton Com Tech, Aurora Seven. How do you read?

01 08 33

P

Hello, Canton Com Tech, Aurora Seven. How do you read?

01 08 41

P

This food has crumbled badly.

01 08 50.5

P

First meal at 01 08 52.

01 09 21

P

Hello, Canton Com Tech, Canton Com Tech, Aurora Seven on HF. How do you read?

01 09 39.5

CT

Seven, this is Canton Com Tech. Do you read?

01 09 45

P

Canton Com Tech, Aurora Seven. Loud and clear. How do you read Aurora Seven on HF? Over.

01 10 07

CT

Aurora Seven, Aurora Seven. This is Canton Com Tech. Do you read? Over.

01 10 13

P

Roger, Canton Com Tech. Loud and clear. How me?

01 10 33.5

CT

Aurora Seven, Aurora Seven. This is Canton Com Tech. Do you read?

01 10 57

P

Hello, Canton Com Tech, Canton Com Tech, Aurora Seven. Loud and clear. How me?

01 11 04

CC

This is Canton Loud and clear, Aurora Seven. Can you begin with the short report?

01 11 10

P

Roger. I've been reading you for some time. I've tried to contact you on HF with no success. My status is good; the capsule status is good; control mode is fly-by-wire; gyros caged; maneuver is off. The fuel reads 74-85 [percent). Oxygen is 87-100 [percent]. The cabin temperature is a bit high at 104 [degrees]. The suit-steam vent temperature is 70 [degrees], and cabin is 80 [degrees], but I believe they're coming down. Over.

01 11 49

CC

Roger. Did you wish to check your attitude readings with our telemetry? Over.

01 11 56.5

P

Roger. My-my gyros are caged at this time. Stand by one.

01 12 05

CC

Standing by.

01 12 17

P

I am beginning to pick up what I believe is a-yeah, it's very definitely a cloud pattern equally low.

01 12 31.5

CC

Roger.

01 12 42

P

I am-let's see, Canton, do you have the exact sunrise time for the first orbit? Over.

01 12 55

CC

Say again, Aurora Seven.

01 12 67

P

Sunrise time for first orbit. Over.

01 13 03

CC

I have a sunrise time of 1 plus 21 plus 00.

01 13 10

P

1 plus 21 00. Roger. Thank you.

01 13 13.5

CC

Did you-could you comment on whether you are comfortable or not-would you . . . a 102 [degrees] on body temperature.

01 13 21

P

No, I don't believe that's correct. My visor was open; it is now closed. I can't imagine I'm that hot. I'm quite comfortable, but sweating some.

01 13 38

CC

Roger. Can you confirm then that the faceplate is closed, and will be closed for the pass over Guaymas.

01 13 44

P

That is correct, George. I'll leave the faceplate closed. I have had one piece of the inflight food. It's crumbling badly and I hate to get it all over, and I have had about four swallows of water at that time.

01 14 04.5

CC

Roger, four swallows of water.

01 14 11

CC

You wish to start your comment now on the haze layer-there was the . . . pitch, and at the same time confirm that the flight plan is on schedule.

01 14 16.5

P

Roger. I cannot confirm that the flight plan is completely on schedule. At sunset I was unable to see a separate haze layer-the same height above the horizon that John reported I'll watch closely at sunrise and see if I can pick it up. Over.

01 14 48

CC

Roger.

01 14 53.5

CC

All readings appear to be normal down here. The capsule looks good from down here.

01 15 01.5

P

Roger, the

01 15 02.5

CC

. . . queries, you can continue on with your observations. Over.

01 15 05.5

P

Roger. Thanks, George, see you next time around.

01 15 10

CC

Okay, Scott. Good luck.


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