Personal: Born March 25, 1928, Cleveland, Ohio.
Education: B.S., U.S. Naval Academy, 1952.
Spaceflights: Pilot, Gemini 7 (1965). Command pilot, Gemini 12 (1966). Command module pilot, Apollo 8 (1968). Commander, Apollo 13 (1970).
Chosen with the second group of astronauts in 1962. Was backup pilot for Gemini 4, pilot of Gemini 7, backup command pilot for Gemini 9, command pilot for Gemini 12, command module pilot of Apollo 8, backup commander for Apollo 11, and commander of Apollo 13. Became Deputy Director of Science and Applications at the Johnson Space Center in May 1971. Left NASA and the Navy in March 1973 to become President and Chief Executive Officer of the Bay-Houston Towing Company, but resigned that position on January 1,1977, to become President of Fisk Telephone Systems in Houston. On January 1, 1981, he became Group Vice President of Centel Corporation, and was later promoted to Executive Vice President. Later, he became President of Lovell Communications, Lake Forest, Illinois.
Personal: Born on 30 August 1931 in Denver. Single
Education: Colorado. B.S. (mechanical engineering), 1953, University of Colorado; M.S. (aerospace science), 1965, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, M.S. (business administration), 1967, University of Hartford.
Spaceflights: Command Module Pilot, Apollo 13 (1970).
Chosen with the fifth group of astronauts in 1966. Originally assigned as backup command module pilot on Apollo 13; took over the prime crew position 72 hours before launch when Thomas Mattingly was found to have been exposed to rubella. In 1982 he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives but died from complications due to cancer the week before he was to have been sworn in.
Personal: Born November 14, 1933, Biloxi, Mississippi.
Married, four children (by a previous marriage).
Education: B.S. in aeronautical engineering, University of Oklahoma, 1959.
Spaceflights: Lunar module pilot, Apollo 13 (1970).
Served as an aviator in both the U.S Marine Corps and the U.S. Air Force, and was chosen in the fifth group of astronauts in 1966. Was backup lunar module pilot for Apollo 8 and Apollo 11, lunar module pilot for Apollo 13, and backup commander for Apollo 16. Served as Landing and EVA-2 CapCom for Apollo 14. Commanded one of the two crews that flew shuttle approach and landing tests. Had been selected as commander of one of the four shuttle orbital flight tests, but resigned from NASA on June 29, 1979 and became President of the Technical Services Division, Grumman Corp., Titusville, Florida and of Northrop Worldwide Aircraft Services, Lawton Oklahoma.
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