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Omega Speedmaster Professional Chronographs

Copyright © 2004 by Lee Bailham and Eric M. Jones,
with addition information provided by
Ulrich Lotzmann, Ricciardo Canova, and Gino Balbi.
All rights reserved.
Omega Speedmaster

NASA supplied each of the Apollo astronauts with a standard issue Omega Speedmaster Professional manual-wind wristwatch (pictured above) together with Velcro strap. Unlike almost all other Apollo equipment, the watch was not manufactured for use specifically by NASA or in space but had been on sale in retail outlets in Houston and all of the United States from 1957-c1966 as the "Speedmaster" and as the "Speedmaster Professional" thereafter. Beginning in about 1962, NASA purchased examples of a number of commercially available watches for evaluation.

Aside from its primary and obvious function, the Omega Speedmaster Professional also incorporated a chronograph (stopwatch) via the large third hand on the watch dial. The three interior dials on the face provided respectively a) a second-hand, ancillary to the conventional time function b) a minute elapsed counter for the chronograph and c) an hour elapsed counter, again related to the chronograph function. The outside of the dial included a fixed bezel incremented to act as a Tachymeter (to measure miles per hour) in conjunction with the stopwatch function, hence the title "Speedmaster".

The timepiece was intended to be worn for intra and extra vehicular activties including the moonwalks on all the missions. Inside a pressurised environment the watch was worn conventionally but during EVA (extra vehicular activity) the astronauts wore the watch on the outside of their pressure suits, the long Velcro strap was designed to accommodate this change in 'wrist' dimension.

The Speedmaster had initially been worn on many of the pre-Apollo NASA manned space missions after satisfactorily passing exhaustive tests aimed at determining performance reliability in the conditions likely to be experienced during EVA. The first American to walk in space Edward H. White wore a Speedmaster during his Gemini 4 spacewalk and there are some unconfirmed reports that suggest the manufacturer only discovered its use by NASA after that event.

This model is still worn by many present day astronauts on Shuttle missions.

Full records are not available on the present whereabouts of all the Speedmasters worn on the moon but the list set out below is believed to be the best record available.

Of special note, it is understood that Buzz Aldrin's watch was lost in transit in or about 1971 whilst en route to the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum whilst Buzz was attempting to loan the item for display. Its current whereabouts are not therefore known. It may well be the first watch worn on the moon. Buzz recounted in his autobiography that, during the EVA, Neil Armstrong left his own Speedmaster in the Lunar Module as a replacement for the in-cabin timer which had malfunctioned.


The following table combines information from Robert Pearlman's CollectSpace website with additional information provided by Ulrich Lotzmann.
 

Flown Omega Speedmaster Professional Chronographs currently on public display
Serial
Number
Mission Crewman Last Known Location
(2004)
044 Apollo 8 Bill Anders U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis
060 Apollo 8 Jim Lovell Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago
027 Apollo 10 Tom Stafford National Air and Space Museum, Washington DC
046 Apollo 11 Neil Armstrong National Air and Space Museum, Washington DC
073 Apollo 11 Mike Collins National Air and Space Museum, Washington DC
057 Apollo 12 Dick Gordon The Omega Museum, Bienne, Switzerland
068 Apollo 13 Fred Haise Penn-Harris-Madison Planetarium, Mishawaka, Indiana
075 Apollo 14 Alan Shepard Kansas Cosmosphere, Hutchinson
077 Apollo 14 Ed Mitchell US Astronaut Hall of Fame, Titusville
045 Apollo 15 Al Worden on loan from Worden to the Smithsonian
047 Apollo 15 Jim Irwin Penn-Harris-Madison Planetarium, Mishawaka, Indiana
061 Apollo 17 Ron Evans Kansas Cosmosphere, Hutchinson


Ed Mitchell's Flown Speedmaster

Ed Mitchell's Flown Speedmaster

Displayed at the Astronaut Hall of Fame, Titusville, Florida.
Photo by Ulli Lotzmann.


The following table includes information  from Omega, from Amanda Young at the National Air and Space Museum, and from other sources.  It is used with permission from its authors.


Copyright © 2006 by Ricciardo Canova and Gino Balbi
www.speedmaster.it
All rights reserved.
“Knowledge is of two kinds. We know a subject ourselves, or we know where we can find information upon it.” -Samuel Johnson-  
NASA flown Speedmasters      
Watch (NASA S/N) NASM Cat. No. picture availability Astronaut Mission(s) Case Ref.no. movement Serial no. Mission Date Location production date Delivery Omega (N.M.C.) SEB no.
??     Grissom Gemini 3     3/23/1965        
??     Young Gemini 3     3/23/1965        
??     Mc Divitt Gemini 4     6/3/1965        
??   Y White Gemini 4, Apollo 1 105,003   6/3/1965 presented by NASA to family      
??     Armstrong Gemini 8     3/16/1966        
??     Young Gemini 10     7/18/1966        
??     Collins Gemini 10     7/18/1966        
??     Conrad Gemini 11     9/12/1966        
??     Grissom Apollo 1     1/27/1967        
??     Chaffee Apollo 1     1/27/1967        
                       
2 1977-1137-000 Y Lovell Gemini 7 105,003 20.525.xxx 12/4/1965 National Air and Space Museum - Washington unknown 6/26/1964 SEB12100039-001
3 1977-1138-000 Y Young Gemini 10 105,003 20.525.xxx 7/18/1965 National Air and Space Museum - Washington unknown 6/26/1964 SEB12100039-001
4 1977-1139-000 Y Borman Gemini 7 105,003 20.525.xxx 12/4/1965 National Air and Space Museum - Washington ??/??/1964 6/26/1964 SEB12100039-001
8     Scott (?) Gemini 8     3/16/1966        
9 (CF55033) 1977-1140-000 Y Cooper Gemini 5 105,003 22.082.xxx 8/21/1965 National Air and Space Museum - Washington ??/04/1965 4/23/1965 SEB12100039-001
10 1977-1141-000   Conrad Gemini 5 105,003 22.082.xxx 8/21/1965 National Air and Space Museum - Washington 4/12/1965 4/23/1965 SEB12100039-001
15 1977-1142-000   Lovell Gemini 12 UNABLE TO OPEN 11/11/1966 National Air and Space Museum - Washington     SEB12100039-001
19 1977-1143-000   Schirra Gemini 6 105,003 29.115.xxx(?!) 12/15/1965 National Air and Space Museum - Washington     SEB12100039-001
20 1977-1144-000   Stafford Gemini 6 105,003 22.082.xxx 12/15/1965 National Air and Space Museum - Washington   4/23/1965 SEB12100039-001
23 1977-1145-000   Aldrin Gemini 12     11/15/1966 National Air and Space Museum - Washington     SEB12100039-001
24 1977-1146-000   TRAINING //////// 105,012 22.089.xxx   National Air and Space Museum - Washington   12/6/1965 SEB12100039-001
27 (CF55033) 1977-1147-000 Y Stafford Gemini 6 & 9, Apollo 10 145022 (!?) 105.003-64 27.324.xxx(!?) 15/12/1965 03/06/1966 18/05/1969 on loan to Omega Museum - Bienne   12/20/1965 SEB12100039-001
28 (CF55033) 1977-1148-000 Y Cernan Gemini 9 105,003 22.089.xxx 6/3/1966 on loan to Omega Museum - Bienne 12/6/1965 12/20/1965 SEB12100039-001
32 1977-1149-000   Schirra Apollo 7     10/11/1968 National Air and Space Museum - Washington      
34 1977-1150-000   Eisele Apollo 7     10/11/1968 National Air and Space Museum - Washington      
35 1977-1151-000 Y Cunningham Apollo 7 105,012   10/11/1968 National Air and Space Museum - Washington      
36 1977-1152-000 Y Conrad Apollo 12 105,012 24.003.xxx 11/14/1969 National Air and Space Museum - Washington   8/12/1966 SEB12100039-002
37 1977-1153-000 Y Carr Skylab SL4 105,012 24.003.xxx 11/16/1973 National Air and Space Museum - Washington
8/12/1966 SEB12100039-002
39 1977-1154-000   Brand Apollo-Soyuz     7/15/1975 National Air and Space Museum - Washington   8/12/1966  
40 1977-1155-000 Y Young Apollo 10 105,012 24.003.xxx 5/18/1969 National Air and Space Museum - Washington   8/12/1966 SEB12100039-002
41 1977-1156-000 Y Cernan Apollo 10 105,012 24.002.xxx 5/18/1969 National Air and Space Museum - Washington   8/12/1966 SEB12100039-002
42 1977-1157-000   Scott Apollo 15     7/26/1971 National Air and Space Museum - Washington      
43     Aldrin Apollo 11 145012 (?)   11/16/1969 unknown      
44     Anders Apollo 8 105.012 (?)   12/21/1968 on loan to him from the Smithsonian      
45 1977-1158-000   Worden Apollo 15     7/26/1971 on loan to him from the Smithsonian (?)      
46 1973-1247-000 Y Armstrong Apollo 11 105,012 24.002.xxx 7/16/1969 National Air and Space Museum - Washington ??/07/1966 8/12/1966 SEB12100039-002
47 1977-1159-000   Irwin Apollo 15     7/26/1971 National Air and Space Museum - Washington      
48 1977-1160-000 Y Brand Apollo-Soyuz 105,012 24.002.xxx 7/15/1975 National Air and Space Museum - Washington   8/12/1966 SEB12100039-002
49 1977-1161-000 Y Young Apollo 16 105,012   4/16/1972 National Air and Space Museum - Washington      
50 1977-1162-000   Mattingly Apollo 16 105,012 24.003.xxx 4/16/1972 National Air and Space Museum - Washington   8/12/1966 SEB12100039-002
51 1977-1163-000   Bean Skylab SL3 105,012 24.002.xxx 7/28/1973 National Air and Space Museum - Washington   8/12/1966 SEB12100039-002
52 1977-1164-000   Garriott Skylab SL3     7/28/1973 National Air and Space Museum - Washington     SEB12100039-002
53 1977-1165-000   Lousma Skylab SL3     7/28/1973 National Air and Space Museum - Washington     SEB12100039-002
54 1977-1166-000   Duke Apollo 16     4/16/1972 National Air and Space Museum - Washington     SEB12100039-002
55 1977-1167-000   Schweickart Apollo 9 105,012 24.957.xxx 3/3/1969 National Air and Space Museum - Washington   11/7/1967 SEB12100039-002
56 1977-1168-000   Slayton Apollo-Soyuz 105,012 24.957.xxx 7/15/1975 National Air and Space Museum - Washington   11/7/1967 SEB12100039-002
57 1977-1169-000 Y Gordon Apollo 12 105,012 24.957.xxx 11/14/1969 on loan to Omega Museum - Bienne 9/14/1967 11/7/1967 SEB12100039-002
58 1977-1170-000   Slayton Apollo-Soyuz 105,012 24.957.xxx 7/15/1975 National Air and Space Museum - Washington   11/7/1967 SEB12100039-002
59 1977-1171-000   Gibson Skylab SL4 105,012 24.957.xxx 11/16/1973 National Air and Space Museum - Washington   11/7/1967 SEB12100039-002
60 1977-1172-000 Y Lovell Apollo 8     12/21/1968 Museum of Science & Industry - Chicago     SEB12100039-002
61 1977-1173-000 Y Evans Apollo 17 145.012 (?)   12/7/1972 National Air and Space Museum - Washington     SEB12100039-002
62 1977-1174-000   Bean Apollo 12 105,012 24.957.xxx 11/14/1969 National Air and Space Museum - Washington 9/15/1967 11/7/1967 SEB12100039-002
63 1977-1175-000 Y Borman Apollo 8 105,012 24.957.xxx 12/21/1968 National Air and Space Museum - Washington 9/15/1967 11/7/1967 SEB12100039-002
64 1977-1176-000   Scott Apollo 9     3/3/1969 National Air and Space Museum - Washington     SEB12100039-002
65 1977-1177-000   Schmitt Apollo 17     12/7/1972 National Air and Space Museum - Washington     SEB12100039-002
66 1977-1178-000   McDivitt Apollo 9     3/3/1969 National Air and Space Museum - Washington     SEB12100039-002
67 1977-1179-000   Cernan Apollo 17     12/7/1972 National Air and Space Museum - Washington     SEB12100039-002
68 1977-1180-000   Haise Apollo 13 145.012 (?)   4/11/1970 National Air and Space Museum - Washington     SEB12100039-002
69 1977-1181-000   Swigert Apollo 13 145.012 (?)   4/11/1970 National Air and Space Museum - Washington      
70 1977-1182-000   Lovell Apollo 13 145.012 (?)   4/11/1970 National Air and Space Museum - Washington     SEB12100039-002
71 1977-1183-000   Roosa Apollo 14     1/31/1971 National Air and Space Museum - Washington     SEB12100039-002
72 1977-1184-000   Pougue Skylab SL4 145,012 20.552.xxx(!?) 11/16/1973 National Air and Space Museum - Washington   3/19/1964 SEB12100039-002
73 1990-0272-000   Collins Apollo 11 145,012 26.552.xxx 7/16/1969 National Air & Space Museum - Washington ??/12/1968 12/6/1968 SEB12100039-002
75 1977-1185-000 Y Shepard Apollo 14 145,012   1/31/1971 Kansas Cosmosphere & Space Center - Hutchinson     SEB12100039-002
76 1977-1186-000   Stafford Apollo-Soyuz 145,012 20.552.xxx(!?) 7/15/1975 National Air & Space Museum - Washington   3/19/1964 SEB12100039-002
77 1977-1187-000 Y Mitchell Apollo 14 145,012   1/31/1971 U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame - Titusville     SEB12100039-002
79 1977-1188-000   Stafford Apollo-Soyuz 145,012 20.552.xxx(!?) 7/15/1975 National Air and Space Museum - Washington   3/19/1964 SEB12100039-002
80 1977-1189-000   Weitz Skylab SL2     5/25/1973 National Air and Space Museum - Washington      
81 1977-1190-000   Conrad Skylab SL2 145,012 20.552.xxx(!?) 5/25/1973 National Air and Space Museum - Washington   3/19/1964 SEB12100039-002
82 1977-1191-000   Kerwin Skylab SL2 145,012 20.552.xxx(!?) 5/25/1973 National Air and Space Museum - Washington   3/19/1964 SEB12100039-002
                       
none   Y Schirra Mercury (Sigma 7) CK2998   10/3/1962 Omega Museum - Bienne 11/15/1961   none
???     Stafford ??????????? 145,022 27.324.xxx 5/15/1969 National Air & Space Museum - Washington      
Notes:        
  (*) in BLUE: N.A.S.M. source     (**) in RED: Omega source              
  (***) in BLACK: other sources         All rights reserved. This chart may not be used or reproduced without permission of the authors. wwww.speedmaster.it          

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