Computers in Spaceflight: The NASA Experience

Source Notes: Chapter Three
 
 
 
1. Bill Chubb interview, Marshall Space Center, Huntsville, AL, June 22, 1983.
 
2. Steve Bales interview, Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, May 31, 1983.
 
3. IBM, Skylab Reactivation Mission, IBM Federal Systems Division, Huntsville, AL, September 12, 1979, p. 1.2.
 
4. See Charles D. Benson and W. David Compton, Living and Working in Space: A History of Skylab, NASA SP-4208, Washington, D.C., 1983.
 
5. IBM, Design and Operation Assessment of Skylab ATMDC/WCIU Flight Hardware and Software, IBM Federal Systems Division Electronics System Center, Huntsville, AL, May 9, 1974, p. 1.1.3.
 
6. IBM, Skylab Reactivation Mission, p. 1.1.
 
7. IBM, Design and Operation Assessment, p. 1.1.1.
 
8. James McMillion interview, Marshall Space Center, Huntsville, AL, June 22, 1983.
 
9. Charles Swearingen interview, Huntsville, AL, June 21, 1983.
 
10. IBM, Design and Operation Assessment, p. 1.1.14.
 
11. Martin Marietta Corporation, Skylab Data Handbook, Marshall Space Center, Huntsville, AL, n.d,, p. 4.13.
 
12. IBM, Design and Operation Assessment, p. 1.1.3.
 
13. John Copeland interview, IBM at Marshall Space Center, June 23, 1983.
 
14. IBM, Design and Operation Assessment, p. 1.1.22.
 
15. Ibid.,p. 1.1.1.
 
16. Copeland interview.
 
17. IBM, Design and Operation Assessment, p. 1.1.12.
 
18. Ibid., p. 1.1.1.
 
19. Ibid., p. 1.1.28.
 
20. Ibid., p. 1.1.11.
 
2l. Ibid., p. 1.1.5.
 
22. Ibid., pp. 1.1.7,1.1.15,1.1.18.
 
23. Ibid., p. 1.1.12.
 
24. Ibid., p. 1.1.11.
 
25. For a complete discussion of these problems, see Ibid., pp. 1.1.18-1.1.22.
 
26. IBM, Design and Operation Assessment, p. 1.1.24.
 
27. Ibid., p. 1.1.3.
 
28. For the complete story, see Frederick P. Brooks, The Mythical Man-Month, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1975, Harlan D. Mills, Software Productivity, Little, Brown, and Co., Boston, MA, 1983.
 
29. Madeline S. Johnson, MIT's Role in Project Apollo: The Software Effort, Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Cambridge, MA, 1971, vol., 5, p. 18.
 
30. Copeland interview.
 
31. IBM, Design and Operation Assessment, p. 1.2.8.
 
32. Ibid., p. 1.2.9.
 
33. Ibid., pp. 1.2.33-1.2.34.
 
34. Ibid., p. 1.2.28.
 
35. Ibid.
 
36. Ibid., pp. 1.2.28-1.2.29.
 
37. Ibid., p. 1.2.29.
 
38. Ibid., p. 1.2.54.
 
39. Ibid., p. 1.2.29.
 
40. Ibid., p. 1.2.30.
 
41. Ibid., pp. l.2.36-1.2.37.
 
42. Ibid., p. 1.2.36.
 
43. Ibid., p. 1.2.47.
 
44. Ibid., p. 1.2.3-l.2.37.
 
45. IBM, NASA Skylab A: Apollo Telescope Mount Digital Computer Program Definition Document, Electronic Systems Center, 1972, p. I.5.1.
 
46. IBM, Design and Operation Assessment, p. 1.2.48.
 
47. Ibid., p. 1.2.31.
 
48. Ibid., p. 1.2.64.
 
49. Ibid., p. 1.2.16.
 
50. IBM, NASA Skylab A, p. I.7.8.
 
51. Ibid., p. I.1.11.
 
52. Ibid., p. I.1.10.
 
53. Copeland interview.
 
54. IBM, Design and Operation Assessment, p. 1.1.6.
 
55. IBM, NASA Skylab A, p. I.7.3.
 
56. IBM, Skylab Reactivation Mission, p. 3.16.
 
57. Ibid., pp. 3.17-3.18.
 
58. IBM, Design and Operation Assessment, pp. 1.2.38-1.2.39, 1.2.51-1.2.52.
 
59. Ibid., pp. 1.2.1-1.2.3,1.2.6.
 
60. Ibid., p. 1.2.67; IBM, Skylab Reactivation Mission, p. 3.25.
 
61. Copeland Interview.
 
62. Jack Lousma, telephone interview from Houston, July 5, 1983.
 
63. Copeland interview.
 
64. IBM, NASA Skylab A, p. 1.5.3.
 
65. Ibid., p. 1.7.2.
 
66. IBM, Skylab Reactivation Mission, pp. 1.3,2.1-2.2,2.4.
 
67. Ibid., pp. 1.2,5.3.
 
68. Ibid., pp. 3.l9-3.20.
 
69. Ibid., pp. 3.3-3.4,3,9.
 
70. Ibid., pp. 3.10-ll, 3.20, 3.22.
 
71. Ibid., pp. 3.30, 3.33.
 

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