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NASA HISTORY
NEWS AND NOTES

Vol. 15, No. 3 Summer 1998


IN THIS ISSUE

NEW NASA HISTORY PUBLICATIONS AVAILABLE

NASA has recently released Exploring the Unknown: Selected Documents in the History of the U.S. Civil Space Program, Volume III: Using Space, edited by John M. Logsdon, with Roger D. Launius, David H. Onkst, and Stephen J. Garber.

Exploring the Unknown is an essential reference series for anyone interested in the history of the U.S. civil space program and its development over time. "Using Space" is the third book in the projected six volume series that contains a selection of key documents, many of which are available for the first time, and provides insight into the U.S. civil space program. The three major sections of this book-"History of Satellite Communications," "Observing the Earth from Space," and "Space as an Investment in Economic Growth"-include essays and critical documents. Further, each document is introduced by a headnote to provide context, bibliographic details, and background information to enlighten the reader as necessary. This third volume comes on the heels of much praise for the first two volumes.

Those volumes are: "Organizing for Exploration" and "External Relationships." The three future volumes will trace the evolution of space transportation, human space flight, and space science.

How to order: For sale for $41.00 (domestic postpaid) from the Superintendent of Documents. By Mail: Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954. By FAX (202) 512-2250. By Phone (202) 512-1800. Order stock number 033-000-01195-4.

This book, and others in the series, may also be purchased from the NASA Information Center, Code CMI-1, NASA Headquarters, 300 E Street SW, Room 1H23, Washington, DC 20546-0001, or call 202-358-0000. An order form for all of the books in the NASA History Series available from the Government Printing Office is also available on-line at: http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/gpo/order.html.

In July the NASA History Division published for NASA's fortieth anniversary a work entitled Legislative Origins of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958: Proceedings of an Oral History Workshop (Monographs in Aerospace History, No. 8), with John M. Logsdon of the George Washington University serving as moderator for the 3 April 1992 workshop. It includes individual discussions with seven principal figures in the writing of NASA's enabling legislation, as well as a roundtable discussion and three appendices. This monograph is available free of charge from NASA History, Code ZH, Washington, DC 20546, with a self-addressed 9x12" envelope stamped for 15 ounces ($3). We have also placed this monograph on-line under our NASA 40th anniversary Web site at http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/40thann/pubs.htm.

We have just issued a 5-page fact sheet entitled A Brief History of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It is available free of charge from the NASA History Office. We have also placed this monograph under our NASA 40th anniversary Web site at http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/40thann/pubs.htm.

Since the last newsletter, Roger D. Launius' book, Frontiers of Space Exploration (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998), also appeared. This book is part of the "Critical Events in the Twentieth Century" series. It consists of introductory essays on specific themes in space exploration, a collection of key documents, biographical sketches of influential people, a detailed chronology of space exploration, and an annotated bibliography that includes both books and electronic media. It is intended as a general reference for upper level high schoolers and college undergraduates. This book is available for $39.95 from Greenwood Publishing Group, 88 Post Road West, Box 5007, Wesport, CT 06881, or by calling 203-226-3571.

FORTHCOMING NASA HISTORY PUBLICATIONS

Pamela E. Mack is the editor of a collected work on the 19 NACA/NASA research projects that have received the prestigious Collier Trophy. This award was first received by the agency in 1929 for advances by NACA in engine cowling design, and most recently in 1993 for the Hubble Servicing Mission. From Engineering Science to Big Science: The NACA/NASA Collier Trophy Research Project Winners (NASA SP­4219) is set to be delivered by the Government Printing Office before the end of August 1998.

NASA Human Space Flight: A Record of Achievement, 1961-1998 (Monographs in Aerospace History, No. 9), is due the first week of September. It updates an earlier publication that lists each of the human space flight missions flown by NASA since Alan Shepard's first flight in 1961. This monograph is available free of charge from NASA History, Code ZH, Washington, DC 20546, with a self-addressed 9x12" envelope stamped for 15 ounces ($3).

NASA's Origins and the Dawn of the Space Age (Monographs in Aerospace History, No. 10), by David S.F. Portree, will also appear in September 1998. This monograph contains a short narrative about the launch of Sputniks 1 and 2, the American reaction, and the decisionmaking process that led up to the establishment of NASA on 1 October 1958. The monograph will also reprint facsimile documents in the early history of the agency.

The Aeronautics and Space Report of the President, Fiscal Year 1997 Activities, is due out in mid-September. This annual report includes brief summaries of all government aerospace activities, as well as very useful budget and human spaceflight appendices. You may also view this report on-line (see the section on NASA History Now On-Line).

We will also be publishing in time for the first element launch of the International Space Station the monograph, Together in Orbit: The Origins of International Cooperation in the Space Station Program, written by John M. Logsdon. This is an analysis of the process whereby NASA negotiated the agreements to build the international space station with various partners.

Finally, we are working toward publication of The Space Shuttle Decision: First Steps Toward Routine Access to Space (NASA SP-4221, 1999), by T.A. Heppenheimer. This study focuses on the early development of the Space Shuttle, emphasizing both the technological process and political debate that went into it during the period between the mid­1960s and the 1972 presidential decision to construct the vehicle.

FORTHCOMING NASA HISTORY BOOKS PUBLISHED BY OTHER PRESSES

NASA & the Exploration of Space, by Roger D. Launius and Bertram Ulrich, is due out in September 1998. This book covers NASA's 40 years of exploration with beautiful reproductions of works from the NASA Art Collection accompanied by informative narrative text. NASA & the Exploration of Space also includes a foreword by Senator John Glenn and sidebar narratives from a number of well-known astronauts. This book is being published by Stewart, Tabori & Chang in New York City.

Ronald A. Schorn's Planetary Astronomy: From Ancient Times to the Third Millenium is due out in September 1998. Published by Texas A&M University Press, this book discusses the history of ground- and space-based astronomy, with a focus on the twentieth century.

Joan L. Bromberg's NASA/Industry Relations in the U.S. Space Program, 1958-1990 will be the latest volume in the Johns Hopkins University Press New Series in NASA History. Projected to be available Spring 1999, this book analyzes the relationship between NASA and its contractors from NASA's founding through the release of the seminal Augustine Commission Report in 1990.

NASA ORIGINS SELF-DIRECTED ORAL HISTORY PROJECT

The NASA History Office has undertaken the "NASA Origins Self-Directed Oral History Project" as a means of capturing the recollections of NACA, NASA, other government, university, and industry people who were "present at the creation" of the Agency in 1958. Each participant is being asked to send to the office a cassette tape with their recollections, a release form allowing use, and a biographical sheet about their careers.

These documents will be incorporated into the NASA Historical Reference Collection for the future use of researchers interested in the formation and early history of NASA. We may also create out of some of the oral histories a monograph on the origins of the Agency. Terese K. Ohnsorg, NASA Chief Archivist, is overseeing this effort, so anyone interested in participating should contact her at the NASA History Office, Code ZH, NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546, terese. ohnsorg@hq.nasa.gov, 202-358-0384.

NEW NASA HISTORICAL INFORMATION NOW ON-LINE

The Aeronautics and Space Report of the President, Fiscal Year 1997 Activities, is now at http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/presrp97/home.htm on the Web. Thanks to Chris Pysz for the attractive Web layout. Previous versions of this annual report are also available by going to http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/presrep.htm on the Web.

The NASA History Office is pleased to announce the posting of the full text of NASA SP-4003, Space Medicine in Project Mercury, originally published in 1965 and long out of print. It is available at URL: http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-4003/cover.htm. This book should be especially timely considering John Glenn's upcoming second space flight and NASA's 40th anniversary. Special thanks to volunteer Scott Frick, who did a great job with the html formatting.

On a similar topic, we have recently posted an Air Force report called History of Research in Space Biology and Biodynamics at the Air Force Missile Development Center, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, 1946-1958. This early report is on-line at http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/afspbio/top.htm on the Web. Special thanks to Chris Gamble for doing a fine job with the html formatting.

We have also posted Beyond the Atmosphere: Early Years of Space Science (NASA SP-4211, 1980) on the World Wide Web. It is located at URL: http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-4211/cover.htm. Written by Homer E. Newell, former NASA associate administrator for space science, Beyond the Atmosphere covers administrative and technical aspects of this subject, as well as such topics as international cooperation. Thanks to Chris Gamble for laying out the complete text, tables, and illustrative diagrams of this key book in an attractive Web format.

The NASA History Office has recently updated the Web page on personnel information to include an extensive set of biographical sketches on key aerospace officials and policymakers. The new information can be found at URL: http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/prsnnl.htm on the Web. Thanks to summer intern Tara Gray for integrating the biographical appendices of a number of our recent books in preparation for this new resource.

We also recently added Destination Moon: A History of the Lunar Orbiter Program (Washington, DC: NASA TM-3487, 1977) to the Internet. It is now available at URL: http://www.hq.nasa.gov/ office/pao/History/TM-3487/top.htm on the World Wide Web. Written by Bruce Byers, this technical memorandum is a book-length scholarly work detailing the history of the robotic Lunar Orbiter program, which provided very useful mission planning data for the Apollo program in the 1960s. Without its mapping of the lunar surface, it would have been extremely difficult, if not impossible, for Apollo planners to decide where to land the spacecraft on the Moon. A special thanks to Chris Gamble for formatting this document's complete text and illustrative diagrams for the Web.

We have some new Web sites related to the history of cosmic Earth impacts (meteors, comets, asteroids, etc.). There is a narrative summary at http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/impact.html and also a bibliography at http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/ceibiblio.html. We have also placed a page of links to related pages at http:// www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/ceilinks.html. Jason Pates, NASA History Office summer intern, did the research and writing of these and Nick Siler, another NASA History Office summer intern, took care of the html formatting. Hope you find this helpful before seeing "Deep Impact" or "Armaggedon!"

Finally, we have placed on-line the NASA Performance Plan for 1998. This plan includes the goals of the Agency by each of the four strategic enterprises-human exploration and development of space, space science, Earth science, and aeronautics and space transporation technology-along with metrics whereby successful performance might be measured. The plan is also available on the internet at URL: http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/codez/pplan 99/home.htm.

NASA 40TH ANNIVERSARY WEB SITE

We have just placed on-line a 40th anniversary Web site-NASA began operation on 1 October 1958-and this page provides information on that early history. The main page is at http://www. hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/40thann/40home.htm on the Web. The site includes relevant on-line publications, key documents, photos, and some cool audio and video clips.

It may take a few moments to load and there are a few minor pages still under construction, but I hope it proves useful and feel free to tell others about it and to build links to it if appropriate. As always, we would welcome comments and especially let us know if you have problems with any of the pages. Finally, my thanks to Nick Siler and Steve Garber for putting this information together.

A SELECTED LIST OF INTERNET SOURCES ON AEROSPACE ENGINEERING AND HISTORY

Below is an annotated list that compiled by Karen Holloway of the AIAA, with the help of several SLA Aerospace Section members. There are many sources of aerospace engineering information on the Internet and this list contains free sites throughout the world. Most of the sites are searchable databases of literature citations, not full text sources. One exception is the NACA Digital Library that has the full text of many reports online. Several meta-sites (organized links to other Web sites) are found at the end of the list.

AIAA Meetings Papers Searchable Citation Database: http://www.aiaa.org/publications/mp-search.html. The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics updates this database quarterly. It contains author, title, paper number, and conference date and location fields for technical papers presented at AIAA meetings from 1992 forward.

Air University Research Database: http://www. au.af.mil/au/database/research.html. This database contains information on all research being conducted at Air University and provides access to completed research products. Each research record contains the title, a brief description, a list of authors and faculty advisors, keywords, and an abstract.

Arnold Engineering Development Center (AEDC) Technical Report Server: http://info.arnold. af.mil/atrs/atrs.html. The AEDC Technical Report Server allows users to search an abstracts database for AEDC technical reports issued since 1986.

ASCE Civil Engineering Database: http:// www.pubs.asce.org/chrhome2.html. The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) has produced this searchable database of over 80,000 bibliographic records from its publications, including journals, conference proceedings, books, standards, manuals, magazines and newsletters retrospective to 1975. Searching is by keyword, author, title, or date. Aerospace engineering is one of the subject areas included.

CPIA Propulsion Database: http://www.jhu. edu/~cpia/. This propulsion database is the Web version of the CPIA unlimited-distribution Propulsion Information Retrieval System (PIRS) and contains over 16,000 citations of unlimited-distribution DoD, military services, NASA, and contractor technical reports and JANNAF conference papers covering 25 years of propulsion technology.

MatWeb; The Online Materials Information Resource: http://www.matweb.com/. Source to identify engineering materials based on property requirements. Comprehensive coverage of thermoplastic and thermoset polymers, aluminum, magnesium, steel, titanium and zinc alloys, plus a growing list of ceramics and other metals.

NACA Digital Library: http://naca.larc.nasa. gov/. The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was the predecessor to NASA. This site provides access to bibliographic citations to all NACA reports from 1921 to 1958, plus full text access to a growing number of items.

NSSDC NASA Master Directory: http:// NSSDC.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmd/nmd.html. The National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) NASA Master Directory provides overview information about available data sets, mainly in the space sciences. Search for Data Set or Supplementary Information using specific categories of information or keyword types such as a spacecraft or experiment name or the parameter measured by the data. Searches can also be made by any word in directory entries.

NASA Spinoff Database: http://www.sti.nasa. gov/tto/spinselect/html. A service of the Technology Transfer Office, this database will help you find products and services that incorporate NASA technology in such areas as environment, public safety, transportation, computer technology and industrial productivity. Citations refer to the date of the publication, page number, the center responsible for the technology, and the original NASA program in which the technology was developed.

NASA Scientific and Technical Information Server: http://www.sti.nasa.gov/RECONselect.html. The NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI) database contains bibliographic citations and abstracts for publicly available documents, journal articles, and conference proceedings in the broad areas of aerospace.

NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS): http:// techreports.larc.nasa.gov/cgi.bin/NTRS. This is a centralized service that provides access to the all the abstract and technical report servers maintained by various NASA centers and programs.

NTIS ORDERNOW: http://chaos.fedworld.gov/ ordernow/. Searchable database of bibliographic citations of items added to the National Technical Information Service (NTIS) database within the most recent 90 days. NTIS sells and distributes government funded research reports. Aerospace is one of the subject areas covered by the database.

RAND Abstracts: http://www.rand.org/ abstracts. RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decision making through research and analysis. It publishes the results of research on issues relating to the national security and public involving most of the major disciplines in the physical, social, and biological sciences.

SAE Technical Papers: http://www.sae.org/ PRODSERV/papers/paprinfo/paperhead.htm. The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) site lists papers published in the last 12 months, searchable by words in the title.

Scientific and Technical Information Network (STINET): http://www.dtic.mil/stinet/. The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) provides access to over ten years of unlimited, unclassified research reports in aerospace and defense. As well as DTIC's own databases, the multiple database searching function provides access to other U.S. federal servers, including NASA and the Dept. of Energy.

SPIE's InCite Database: http://www.spie.org/ incite/. The database contains over 90,000 references to the International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE) papers.

Society of Flight Test Engineers On-Line Symposium Paper Search http://www.sfte.org/ papers/index.html. Searchable index of SFTE papers abstracts.

UIUC Airfoil Data Site: http://opus.aae.uiuc. edu/~selig/ads.html. Produced by the Department of Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, this airfoil coordinates database covers a wide range of applications, from low Reynolds number airfoils for UAVs to jet transports. The total number of airfoils is over 1,000 and more will be added as they become available.

META-SITES:

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA): http://www.aiaa.org/ information/links/index.html

AvWeb: http://www.avweb.com

Cranfield Institute Library: http://www. cranfield.ac.uk/cils/library (click on The Internet section).

Defense Tech. Info. Center: http://www.dtic. mil/aerospace

Embry Riddle Aeronautical University: http:// www.db.erau.edu/www_virtual_lib/aviation.html

AIR AND SPACE LAW WEB SITE

McGill University's Institute of Air and Space Law has a site that may be useful to readers at http://ww2.law.mcgill.ca/index3.htm on the Web. Thanks to Corlyss Drinkard for pointing this site out.

NEWS FROM THE CENTERS

As reported in the last newsletter, NASA Ames has a launched a history project. Plans are to write a book-about 300 pages and full of illustrations-published by the Government Printing Office in time for Ames's 60th anniversary celebrations in December 1999. The archival component of the project involves building databases of documents deposited at the National Archives and Records Center in San Bruno, as well as processing historical materials donated during the history project. Especially important in this process is a Web page on the Ames History Project. It is accessible at URL: http://history.arc.nasa.gov

To work on this Ames history project, the Center has contracted with Glenn E. Bugos. Bugos holds a Ph.D. in the history of technology from the University of Pennsylvania, teaches at the University of California Berkeley, and works as a contract historian for Bay Area businesses. He is assisted by Helen Rutt as project archivist. Her task is to build databases of documents deposited at the National Archives and Federal Record Center in San Bruno, as well as processing historical materials donated during the history project. You may reach Bugos at Historian@mail.arc.nasa.gov, or Rutt at Archivist@ mail.arc.nasa.gov. They are available by regular mail at NASA Ames Research Center MS 19-1, Moffett Field, California 94035-1000, telephone, 650-604-0910, fax 650-604-2992.

The Kennedy Space Center Archives has begun scanning some of its historical documents in pdf format for public viewing on the Web. So far, they have posted a number of interesting documents relating to the Mercury program, NASA press kits, and NASA program directives. This site is accessible on the World Wide Web at http://www-lib.ksc.nasa.gov/lib/Archives/Electronic.html.

NEW AHA FELLOW

Hugh R. Slotten is the new American Historical Association fellow in the NASA History Office. Dr. Slotten earned his doctorate in History of Science from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1991 after graduate degrees in Meteorology and History of Science. He has been a postdoctoral fellow at the National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C. His book Patronage, Practice, and the Culture of American Science (1994) was published by Cambridge University Press. Dr. Slotten's fellowship study will be on communications satellites, broadcasting, and policy decision-making in the U.S. from 1958 to 1988. His research will focus on the introduction of international satellite technology resulting from the Satellite Act of 1962 and decisions on domestic use of satellite technology in support of cable television, especially during the 1970s and 1980s. This research will extend his earlier work in AM, FM, and television broadcasting. Dr. Slotten's book on the subject will be published by the Johns Hopkins University Press.

SPACE POLICY AND POLITICS WORKSHOP HELD AT NASA

On 5 June 1998, the NASA History Office co-sponsored a workshop on "Space Policy and Politics" that brought together several scholars who made presentations on specific subjects related to a book., Space Politics and Policy: Practice, Theories, and Evidence, presently underway under the editorship of Peter L. Hays, James P. Lester, and Eligar Sadeh. It is intended as a textbook that would critique the state of knowledge of space policy processes. To this end, textbook chapters examined space policy theories and evidence, and explored space policy issues relevant for twenty-first century space exploration and development of space. The presentations included:

INTERNSHIP OPPORTUNITIES

The NASA History Office currently has an internship program for undergraduates. We are looking for interns for the fall 1998 semester. The unpaid internship would be approximately 20 hours per week. College sophomores and juniors are preferred. The intern will have the opportunity to take on significant responsibility in editing, doing research, answering information requests, and preparing documents in HTML for the World Wide Web. See http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/interncall.htm on the Web for more information.

BOOK REVIEWERS IN AEROSPACE HISTORY SOUGHT

The Book Review Editor of The Public Historian seeks reviewers competent to review articles, books, museum exhibits, films and other materials in aerospace history. Interested persons are requested to contact the journal's managing editor, Lindsey Reed, at lreed@descartes.ucsb.edu, or write to Lindsey Reed, Managing Editor, The Public Historian, Department of History, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9410. Please include a brief c.v., your mailing address and email address if you have one, and your area(s) of expertise.

CALL FOR PAPERS FOR CONFERENCE ON R&D INVESTMENT IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

A jointly sponsored conference of the All-UC Group in Economic History and the Center for Studies in Higher Education at the University of California, Berkeley, entitled "R&D Investment and Economic Growth in the 20th Century," has issued a call for papers. The conference will take place on 26-28 March 1999 at the Haas Business School, University of California-Berkeley. Paper proposals are due on 30 October 1998.

This conference will provide a scholarly forum to present papers and discuss the past and future role of R&D investment in economic growth. Papers on this subject, broadly defined, are invited. Subject areas may include, but are not limited to:

Proposals by graduate students as well as faculty are welcomed and will be reviewed by a program committee which includes Elliot Brownlee (UC Santa Barbara), Kenneth Sokoloff (UCLA), David Zilberman (UC Berkeley), and John Douglass (UC Berkeley). Funding support for the conference is being provided by the All-UC Group in Economic History, the Center for Studies in Higher Education, the UC University-wide Office of Research and the UC Office of the President.

Conference attendees will be provided with round trip airfare to the Bay Area, or auto mileage for Northern California participants; lodging for those who do not live in the immediate Bay Area; lunch and a dinner banquet on Saturday, and a continental breakfast on Saturday and Sunday mornings.

Proposals should be no more than four pages, doubled-spaced. Graduate students should include a letter of endorsement from your faculty advisor. Please submit your proposal by e-mail, or send four hard-copies on or before October 30, 1998 to John A. Douglass, Center for Studies in Higher Education, South Hall Annex, #4650, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-4650, john.douglass@ucop.edu.

QUEST LIVES! AND ITS WANTS YOUR SCHOLARLY ARTICLES

Stephen B. Johnson has become the new editor of Quest: The History of Spaceflight Quarterly. This had been a magazine, but the University of North Dakota's Department of Space Studies has taken over publication, and is making it more academic, with full peer review for academic articles. The editor is seeking academic articles along with shorter pieces on space history. Since he is just getting started, and is converting it to academic standards for "feature" articles, the time-to-publication is VERY quick right now. He needs academic space history articles for the December 1998 issue, so if you have some article(s) complete or nearly so, and are looking for quick publication with academic credentials, you might want to consider submitting these to Quest.

In the same vein, if anyone would consider being part of the peer review network for space history articles or book reviews, let the editor know. He is well on the way to recruiting the leading space historians to be part of a network of contributors and reviewers. The task should not be onerous, only one article every year or two, and you can do book reviews if you wish. Contributions are always welcome, of course.

Information about Quest can be found at, http://www.space.edu/quest. Subscription information can be found there as well. It is not expensive, only $29.95 in the US, and $45 overseas. Contact, Stephen B. Johnson, Assistant Professor, Department of Space Studies, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202-9008, phone: 701-777-4925, fax 701-777-3711, e-mail: sjohnson@aero.und.edu.

OTHER HISTORY JOURNALS SEEK SUBMISSIONS

A journal with the title, Physics in Perspective, is seeking to publish historical and philosophical studies, articles on the theoretical and experimental foundations of physics; the nature and achievements of physics in academic, governmental, and industrial settings; the role of physics as both a source and a product of innovative tools; the use of history and philosophy in physics teaching; and the humanistic and cultural dimensions of physics. Contact Prof. Roger H. Stuewer, University of Minnesota, Tate Laboratory of Physics, 116 Church St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455; 612-624-7069, fax: 612-624-4578, e-mail: rstuewer@physics. spa.umn.edu.

The General Assembly of the International Astronautic Union has announced the inauguration of the peer-reviewed Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage. Inquiries concerning subscriptions should be directed to John L. Pendrix, Astral Press, P.O. Box 107, Wembley WA 6014, Australia; e-mail astral@psinet. net.au. Inquiries about submissions should be sent to Dr. W. Orchiston at the Carter Observatory, P.O. Box 2909, Wellington, New Zealand; e-mail: Wayne.Orchiston@ vuw.ac.nz.

Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences is a new journal whose first issue will be published in 1998. The journal will be devoted to historical, sociological, philosophical and ethical aspects of life and environmental sciences, of the sciences of mind and behavior, and of the medical and biomedical sciences and technologies. Please send contributions to Marina Frasca-Spada, Associate Editor, Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge, Free School Lane, Cambridge CB2 3RH, UK, e-mail: mfs10@cam.ac.uk.

CALLS FOR PAPERS

The program committee a symposium on "Goethe, Chaos, and Complexity" seeks papers on any topic of the symposium, e.g. Goethe's philosophy of science, his scientific methodology, relationships between scientific and literary works. The symposium will take place on 9-10 April 1999 at Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. Paper proposals are due by 1 September 1998 to Herbert Rowland, Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, e-mail: hrowland@concentric.net.

The organizers of the session, "Long and Short Term Variability in the Sun's History and Global Change," seek proposals for papers. The session will take place at the Assembly of the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA) in Birmingham, England, in July 1999. Paper proposals are due on 15 January 1999 to Dr. Wilfred Schroeder, Hechelstrasse 8, D-28777 Bremen-Roennebeck, Germany.

The Interdivisional History of Physics Group of the European Physical Society, with the Commission on the History of Modern Physics is seeking papers for presentation at the 4th European Physical Society Conference on the History of Physics, "Volta and the History of Electricity," to be held on 11-15 September 1999 at Pavia University, in Italy. Deadline for submission is 1 May 1999. For more information check the Web site at URL: www.cilea.it/volta99 or e-mail: volta99@pv.infn.it.

The International Committee of Historical Sciences will hold its 19th international congress in Oslo, Norway, on 6-13 August 2000. It invites proposals for presentations on all subjects. Contact the 19th International Congress of Historical Sciences, Department of History, P.O. Box 1008, Blindern, N-0315, Oslo, Norway.

CENTENNIAL OF FLIGHT CONFERENCE

"The World Takes Flight" is a major conference on aviation/aerospace history scheduled for 1-3 October 1998, at Wright State University, Dayton, OH. Focusing on the first century of powered flight, the conference will include presentations on three thematic areas: Flight and Society; Flight and Public Policy; and Flight Technology. Conference attendees will also have the opportunity to examine Wright State University's Wright Brothers Archives and visit Dayton's historic aviation sites. For more information, contact Terri Mileo, Conferences and Events, Rm. E180 Student Union, Wright State University, Dayton, OH 45434-0001. The complete agenda and registration materials are also on-line at http://www.wright.edu/ beyond/flight/ on the Web.

HISTORY OF ASTRONAUTICS SYMPOSIUM

In conjunction with the International Astronautical Congress, the 32nd History of Astronautics Symposium will take place on 29 September - 1 October 1998 in Melbourne, Australia. The symposium will feature three sessions consisting of 9-10 papers each. The proceedings will be published by Univelt, Inc. For information, please contact Fred Ordway, 2401 North Taylor St., Arlington, VA 22207, 703-524-4487, fax 703-524-5856, e-mail ordmars@aol.com.


OTHER UPCOMING MEETINGS

On 17-22 September 1998, the 17th Annual Graduate Student Meeting for the History, Philosophy, and Sociology of Science, Technology, and Medicine will take place in Minneapolis. For further information check the Web page at: http://home.att.net/~Olorin/mephistos/meph2.htm.

On 23-26 September 1998 the annual Society of Experimental Test Pilots Symposium will be held in Beverly Hills, CA. Contact the Society of Experimental Test Pilots, 44814 N. Elm Avenue, Lancaster, CA 93534, 805-940-0398, e-mail setp@netport.com.

The National Archives and Records Administration is cosponsoring a conference with the University of Maryland on 25-26 September 1998. The conference, "The Power of Free Inquiry and Cold War International History," will take place in College Park, MD. Contact Tim Wehrkamp by e-mail at timothy.wehrkamp@arch2.nara.gov or by calling 301-713-6655 x 229.

On 15-18 October 1998 the Society for the History of Technology will hold its annual meeting in Baltimore, MD. For information contact Lindy Biggs, Executive Director, Society for the History of Technology, History Department, 310 Thach Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849-5259, 334-844-6645, e-mail: biggslb@mail.auburn.edu.

On 15-18 October 1998 the Journal of Policy History will host a conference in St. Louis, MO. Contact Policy Conference, Journal of Policy History, St. Louis University, 221 N. Grand Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63108.

On 15-18 October 1998 the Oral History Association is meeting in Buffalo, NY. For information contact Debra Bernhardt, Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, 70 Washington Square South, New York, NY 10012, 212-998-2640, fax 212-995-4070, bernhardt@elmer1.bobst.nyu.edu.

The biennial meeting of the History and Philosophy of Science Association will be held on 21-23 October 1998 in Kansas City, MO. Contact Don Howard, Chair, PSA 1998 Program Committee, History and Philosophy of Science Association, 346 O'Shaughnessy, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, e-mail Don.A.Howard@nd.edu.

The United States Air Force Academy's 18th Military History Symposium: "Future War: Coalition Operations in Global Strategy" will be held in Colorado Springs, CO on 21-23 October 1998. For more information, visit http://www.usafa.af.mil/dfh or contact Captain George Stamper at 719-333-3622, e-mail: 18mhsh@usafa.af.mil.

The History of Science Society will hold its annual meeting on 22-25 October 1998 in Kansas, City, MO. Fuirther information about the conference is posted on the society's Web site at http://weber. u.washington.edu/~hssexec/annual/hss_meetings_hss98.html.

On 23-25 October 1998, the American Society for Information Systems, the Chemical Heritage Foundation, and several other organizations are co-sponsoring a conference on the "History of Heritage of Scientific Information Systems" in Pittsburgh, PA. For more information contact Robert V. Williams, University of South Carolina, College of Library and Information Science, Columbia, SC 29208, 803-777-2324, e-mail: bobwill@sc.edu.

On 28 October-1 November 1998 the Society for the Social Studies of Science and the Environmental Studies Association of Canada will host a conference on "Science, Technology and the Rise of Nature," in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Contact Gary Bowden, Chair 4S/ESAC Conference, Department of Sociology, University of New Brunswick, Box 4400, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada E3B 5A3, fax 506-453-4659, e-mail glb@unb.ca.

The national meeting of the American Astronautical Society will be held 16-19 November 1998 in Houston, TX. For more information contact AAS, 6352 Rolling Mill Place, Ste. #102, Springfield VA 22152, 703-866-0020.

The Department of the Interior and the San Diego Natural History Museum are cosponsoring the Second Conference on Partnership Opportunities for Federally-Associated Collections on 18-20 November 1998 in San Diego. Contact Ronald Wilson, Museum Policy Manager, Department of the Interior, Mail Stop 5512, 1849 C Street NW, Washington, DC 20240, 202-208-3438, e-mail rowilson@ios.doi.gov.

On 19-22 November 1998 the Social Science History Association will hold its annual conference in Chicago, IL. Contact Thomas J. Sugrue, Department of History, University of Pennsylvania, 3401 Walnut Street, 352B, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6228, 215-898-0293, fax 215-573-2089, e-mail ssha@history.upenn.edu.

On 7-10 January 1999 the American Historical Association will hold its annual meeting in Washington, DC. For further information contact the American Historical Association, 400 A Street, SE, Washington, DC 20003, 202-544-2422.

On 22-25 April 1999 the Organization of American Historians will meet in Toronto, Ontario Canada. For further information contact: Organization of American Historians, 112 Bryan Street, Bloomington, IN 47408, 812-855-7311, fax: 812-855-0696, e-mail: oah@oah.indiana.edu.

On 29 April-1 May 1999 the National Council on Public History will hold it annual meeting at Lowell, MA. For more information contact, NCPH Executive Offices, 425 University Blvd., Cavanaugh 327, Indianapolis, IN 46202-5140, 317-274-2716, e-mail: ncph@iupui.edu.



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