Aeronautics and Space Report of the President FY 1995 Activities


Appendix A-2

World Record of Space Launches Successful in Attaining Earth Orbit or Beyond

(Enumerates launches rather than spacecraft; some launches orbited multiple spacecraft.)

Calendar
Year
United
States
USSR/
CIS
Francea Italya Japan People's
Republic
of China
Australia United
Kingdom
European
Space
Agency
India Israel
1957
2








1958 5 1








1959 10 3








1960 16 3








1961 29 6








1962 52 20








1963 38 17








1964 57 30








1965 63 48 1







1966 73 44 1







1967 57 66 2 1

1



1968 45 74








1969 40 70








1970 28 81 2 1b 1 1




1971 30 83 1 2b 2 1
1


1972 30 74
1 1





1973 23 86








1974 22 81
2b 1





1975 27 89 3 1 2 3




1976 26 99

1 2




1977 24 98

2





1978 32 88

3 1




1979 16 87

2


1

1980 13 89

2



1
1981 18 98

3 1

2 1
1982 18 101

1 1




1983 22 98

3 1

2 1
1984 22 97

3 3

4

1985 17 98

2 1

3

1986 6 91

2 2

2

1987 8 95

3 2

2

1988 12 90

2 4

7

1989 17 74

2


7
1
1990 27 75

3 5

5
1
1991 20c 62

2 1

9 1
1992 31c 55

2 3

7b 2
1993 24c 45

1 1

7b

1994 26c 49

2 5

6b 2
1995 18c 24

1


9b
1
(through Sept. 30)
TOTAL 1,042 2,491 10 8 49 37 1 1 73 8 3

a Since 1979, all launches for ESA member countries have been joint and are listed under ESA.

b Includes foreign launches of U.S. spacecraft.

c This includes commercial expendable launches and launches of the Space Shuttle, but because this table records launches rather than spacecraft, it does not include separate spacecraft released from the Shuttle.


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Curator: Lillian Gipson
Last Updated: September 5, 1996
For more information contact Steve Garber, NASA History Office,
sgarber@hq.nasa.gov