World Record of Space Launches Successful in Attaining Earth Orbit or Beyond(Enumerates launches rather than spacecraft; some launches orbited multiple spacecraft.)
a Since 1979, all launches for ESA member countries have been joint and are listed under ESA.
b Includes foreign launches of U.S. spacecraft.
c This includes commercial expendable launches and launches of the Space Shuttle, but because this table records launches rather than spacecraft, it does not include separate spacecraft released from the Shuttle.
Curator: Lillian Gipson|
Last Updated: September 5, 1996
For more information contact Steve Garber, NASA History Office,