Aeronautics and Space Report of the President FY 1995 Activities


Appendix A-3

Successful U.S. Launches

October 1, 1994-September 30, 1995

Launch Date (GMT),
Spacecraft Name,
COSPAR Designation,
Launch Vehicle
Mission Objectives Apogee and
Perigee (km),
Period (min),
Inclination to
Equator (°)
Remarks
Oct. 6, 1994
Intelsat 703
64A
Atlas IIAS
Provide television, telephone service for N. Pacific region. 35,803 km
35,775 km
23 hrs 56 minutes
0.035°

Nov. 1, 1994
Wind
71A
Delta II
Measure solar wind plasma and magnetic field. Variable parameters Part of GGS/ISTP program.
Nov. 3, 1994
Space Shuttle
Atlantis (STS-66) 73A
Space Shuttle
Collect temperature and solar energy data for NASA and NOAA. 310 km 296 km
1 hour 31 minutes
57°
Deployed ATLAS-3, SSBUV, and CRISTA-SPAS-1 payloads.
Nov. 29, 1994
Orion
79A
Atlas IIA
Provide television service. 36,022 km
35,621 km
23 hr 58 minutes
30°
German spacecraft.
Dec. 22, 1994
Defense Support
Program satellite
#17 (USA 107)
84A
Titan IV
T SIZE="2">Early warning missile launch detection. Geosynchronous- exact parameters not available.
Dec. 30, 1994
NOAA-14
(NOAA-J
before orbit)
89A
Atlas E
Measure weather data, such as atmospheric temperature and moisture. 858 km
845 km
1 hour 42 minutes
98.9°
Replaced NOAA-11.
Jan. 10, 1995
Intelsat 704
1A
Atlas IIAS
Provide radio and television coverage for MidEast, Africa, and Europe. 35,797 km
35,776 km
23 hrs 56 minutes
0.015°

Jan. 28, 1995
EHF-F4
(UFO-4)
(USA108)
3A
Atlas II
Naval communication. 36,388 km
24,474 km
19 hours 31 minutes
5.4°
DoD payload on commercial ELV. First UHF Follow-On to carry
EHF package.


(continued)

Launch Date (GMT),
Spacecraft Name,
COSPAR Designation,
Launch Vehicle
Mission Objectives Apogee and
Perigee (km),
Period (min),
Inclination to
Equator (°)
Remarks
Feb. 3, 1995
Space Shuttle
Discovery
(STS-63)
4A
Space Shuttle
First close encounter in nearly 20 years between U.S. and Russian spacecraft (Mir); prelude to international Space Station. 342 km
310 km
1 hour 31 minutes
51.6°
Carried SPARTAN 204, SSCE, and AMOS payloads.
Feb. 7, 1995
SPARTAN 204
4B
STS-63
Far-ultraviolet spectrograph saw galactic dust clouds. Similar to STS-63 Shuttle Pointed Autonomous Research Tool for Astronomy.
Feb. 7, 1995
ODERACS 2A-2E
4C-4G
STS-63
Provide calibration for radar echoes. Similar to STS-63 Very small Orbital Debris Radar Calibration Spheres.
March 2, 1995
Space Shuttle
Endeavour
(STS-67)
7A
Space Shuttle
First ultraviolet images of the Moon taken by ASTRO-2 (trio of ultraviolet telescopes). 363 km
349 km
1 hour 31 minutes
28.5°
Also conducted protein crystal growth experiment.
March 22, 1995
Intelsat 705
13A
Atlas IIAS
Telecommunications for Latin America. 35,800 km,
35,776 km,
23 hrs 56 minutes
0.04°

March 24, 1995
Defense
Meteorological
Satellite Program
DMSP/F13
(USA 109)
15A
Atlas E
Replenish DoD meteorological constellation. 854 km
847 km
1 hour 42 minutes
98.8°
Final Atlas E launch.
April 3, 1995
Orbcomm 1&2
17A & 17B
Pegasus
Global paging and data communication. 747 km
734 km
1 hour 40 minutes
69.9°
First of 26 planned satellites.
April 3, 1995
Microlab 1
17C
Pegasus
Microsatellite with global lightning mapper and GPS radio receiver. 747 km
734 km
1 hour 40 minutes
69.9°


(continued)

Launch Date (GMT),
Spacecraft Name,
COSPAR Designation,
Launch Vehicle
Mission Objectives Apogee and
Perigee (km),
Period (min),
Inclination to
Equator (°)
Remarks
April 7, 1995
MSAT
(AMSC-1)
19A
Atlas IIA
Mobile telephone communication. Geosynchronous- exact parameters not available. American Mobile Satellite Corp.
May 14, 1995
DoD classified
payload
(USA 110)
22A
Titan IV
Electronic intelligence. Parameters not available.
May 23, 1995
GOES-9
(GOES-J)
25A
Atlas I
Image cloud cover; measure atmospheric temperature and moisture. 35,806 km
35,775 km
23 hours 56 minutes
0.07°
Replaced GOES-7 over west coast of United States.
May 31, 1995
EHF-F5
(UFO-5)
(USA 111)
27A
Atlas II
Naval communication. Geosynchronous- exact parameters not available. DoD payload on commercial ELV.
June 27, 1995
Space Shuttle
Atlantis
(STS-71)
30A
Space Shuttle
Rendezvous with Mir space station. 385 km
296 km
1 hour 31 minutes
51.6°
Brought up Mir 19 crew; returned Mir 18 crew to Earth.
July 10, 1995
DoD classified
payload
(USA 112)
34A
Titan IV
Signal intelligence. 39,200 km
1300 km
12 hours
64°
(data estimated by Jane's Intelligence Review)

July 13, 1995
Space Shuttle
Discovery
(STS-70)
35A
Space Shuttle
Deploy Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS). 315 km
287 km
1 hour 31 minutes
28.4°
First Shuttle mission to use new Mission Control Center in Houston.


(continued)


Launch Date (GMT),
Spacecraft Name,
COSPAR Designation,
Launch Vehicle
Mission Objectives Apogee and
Perigee (km),
Period (min),
Inclination to
Equator (š)
Remarks
July 13, 1995
TDRS-7
35B
STS-70
Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) for other spacecraft and ground in F and Ku bands. 35,803 km,
35,773 km,
23 hours 56 minutes,
0.43°

July 31, 1995
Defense
Satellite
Communications System
(DSCS-III)
(USA 113)
38A
Atlas IIA
Military communication. Geosynchronous- exact parameters not available.
Aug. 5, 1995
Koreasat
41A
Delta II
Provide South Korean television. 29,798 km
26,777 km
17 hours 42 minutes
0.07°
Failed to reach geostationary orbit initially.
Aug. 28, 1995
JCSat3
43A
Atlas IIA
Carry voice, data, and digital television signals. Geosynchronous- exact parameters not available. Japan's first regional communications spacecraft.
Sep. 7, 1995
Space Shuttle
Endeavour
(STS-69)
48A
Space Shuttle
Deploy SPARTAN and Wake Shield Facility. ~ 370 km
1 hour 31 minutes
28.4°

Sep. 8, 1995
SPARTAN 201
48B
STS-69
X-ray, far-ultraviolet, and visible light instruments to study solar corona and galactic clusters. Parameters similar to STS-69
Sep. 11, 1995
Wake Shield
Facility (WSF-2)
48C
STS-69
Grow special semiconductors. Parameters similar to STS-69 Terminated early because of overheating.


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Curator: Lillian Gipson
Last Updated: September 5, 1996
For more information contact Steve Garber, NASA History Office,
sgarber@hq.nasa.gov