Aeronautics and Space Report of the President FY 1995 Activities


Appendix C

U.S. and Russian Human Spaceflights, 1961-Sep. 30, 1995

Spacecraft Launch Date Crew Flight Time
(days:hrs:min)
Highlights
Vostok 1 Apr. 12, 1961 Yury A. Gagarin 0:1:48 First human flight.
Mercury-Redstone 3 May 5, 1961 Alan B. Shepard, Jr. 0:0:15 First U.S. flight; suborbital.
Mercury-Redstone 4 July 21, 1961 Virgil I. Grissom 0:0:16 Suborbital; capsule sank after landing; astronaut safe.
Vostok 2 Aug. 6, 1961 German S. Titov 1:1:18 First flight exceeding 24 hrs.
Mercury-Atlas 6 Feb. 20, 1962 John H. Glenn, Jr. 0:4:55 First American to orbit.
Mercury-Atlas 7 May 24, 1962 M. Scott Carpenter 0:4:56 Landed 400 km beyond target.
Vostok 3 Aug. 11, 1962 Andriyan G. Nikolayev 3:22:25 First dual mission (with Vostok 4).
Vostok 4 Aug. 12, 1962 Pavel R. Popovich 2:22:59 Came within 6 km of Vostok 3.
Mercury-Atlas 8 Oct. 3, 1962 Walter M. Schirra, Jr. 0:9:13 Landed 8 km from target.
Mercury-Atlas 9 May 15, 1963 L. Gordon Cooper, Jr. 1:10:20 First U.S. flight exceeding 24 hrs.
Vostok 5 June 14, 1963 Valery F. Bykovskiy 4:23:6 Second dual mission (withVostok 6).
Vostok 6 June 16, 1963 Valentina V. Tereshkova 2:22:50 First woman in space; within 5 km of Vostok 5.
Voskhod 1 Oct. 12, 1964 Vladimir M. Komarov
Konstantin P. Feoktistov
Boris G. Yegorov
1:0:17 First three-person crew.
Voskhod 2 Mar. 18, 1965 Pavel I. Belyayev
Aleksey A. Leonov
1:2:2 First extravehicular activity (EVA), by Leonov, 10 min.
Gemini 3 Mar. 23, 1965 Virgil I. Grissom
John W. Young
0:4:53 First U.S. two-person flight; first manual maneuvers in orbit.
Gemini 4 June 3, 1965 James A. McDivitt
Edward H. White, II
4:1:56 21-min. EVA (White).
Gemini 5 Aug. 21, 1965 L. Gordon Cooper, Jr.
Charles Conrad, Jr.
7:22:55 Longest duration human flight to date.
Gemini 7 Dec. 4, 1965 Frank Borman
James A. Lovell, Jr.
13:18:35 Longest human flight to date.
Gemini 6-A Dec. 15, 1965 Walter M. Schirra, Jr.
Thomas P. Stafford
1:1:51 Rendezvous within 30 cm of Gemini 7.
Gemini 8 Mar. 16, 1966 Neil A. Armstrong
David R. Scott
0:10:41 First docking of two orbiting spacecraft (Gemini 8 with Agena target rocket).
Gemini 9-A June 3, 1966 Thomas P. Stafford
Eugene A. Cernan
3:0:21 EVA; rendezvous.
Gemini 10 July 18, 1966 John W. Young
Michael Collins
2:22:47 First dual rendezvous (Gemini 10 with Agena 10, then Agena 8).
Gemini 11 Sep. 12, 1966 Charles Conrad, Jr.
Richard F. Gordon, Jr.
2:23:17 First initial-orbit docking; first tethered flight; highest Earth-orbit altitude (1,372 km.).
Gemini 12 Nov. 11, 1966 James A. Lovell, Jr.
Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr.
3:22:35 Longest EVA to date (Aldrin, 5 hrs.).
Soyuz 1 Apr. 23, 1967 Vladimir M. Komarov 1:2:37 Cosmonaut killed in reentry accident.
Apollo 7 Oct. 11, 1968 Walter M. Schirra, Jr.
Donn F. Eisele
R. Walter Cunningham
10:20:9 First U.S. three-person mission.
Soyuz 3 Oct. 26, 1968 Georgiy T. Beregovoy 3:22:51 Maneuvered near uncrewed Soyuz 2.
Apollo 8 Dec. 21, 1968 Frank Borman
James A. Lovell, Jr.
William A. Anders
6:3:1 First human orbit(s) of Moon; first human departure from Earth's sphere of influence; highest speed attained in human flight to date.
Soyuz 4
Soyuz 5
Jan. 14, 1969
Jan. 15, 1969
Vladimir A. Shatalov
Boris V. Volynov
Aleksey A. Yeliseyev
Yevgeniy V. Khrunov
2:23:23
3:0:56
Soyuz 4 and 5 docked and transferred two cosmonauts from Soyuz 5 to Soyuz 4.
Apollo 9 Mar. 3, 1969 James A. McDivitt
David R. Scott
Russell L. Schweickart
10:1:1 Successfully simulated in Earth orbit operation of lunar module to landing and takeoff from lunar surface and rejoining with command module.


(continued)

Spacecraft Launch Date Crew Flight Time
(days:hrs:min)
Highlights
Apollo 10 May 18, 1969 Thomas P. Stafford
John W. Young
Eugene A. Cernan
8:0:3 Successfully demonstrated complete system, including lunar module to 14,300 m from the lunar surface.
Apollo 11 July 16, 1969 Neil A. Armstrong
Michael Collins
Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr.
8:3:9 First human landing on lunar surface and safe return to Earth. First return of rock and soil samples to Earth and human deployment of experiments on lunar surface.
Soyuz 6
Soyuz 7
Soyuz 8
Oct. 11, 1969
Oct. 12, 1969
Oct. 13, 1969
Georgiy Shonin
Valery N. Kubasovf
A. V. Filipchenko
Viktor N. Gorbatko
Vladislav N. Volkov
Vladimir A. Shatalov
Aleksey S. Yeliseyev
4:22:42
4:22:41
4:22:50
Soyuz 6, 7, and 8 operated as a group flight without actually docking. Each conducted certain experiments, including welding and Earth and celestial observation.
Apollo 12 Nov. 14, 1969 Charles Conrad, Jr.
Richard F. Gordon, Jr.
Alan L. Bean
10:4:36 Second human lunar landing explored surface of Moon and retrieved parts of Surveyor 3 spacecraft, which landed in Ocean of Storms on Apr. 19, 1967.
Apollo 13 Apr. 11, 1970 James A. Lovell, Jr.
Fred W. Haise, Jr.
John L. Swigert, Jr.
5:22:55 Mission aborted; explosion in service module. Ship circled Moon, with crew using LM as "lifeboat" until just before reentry.
Soyuz 9 June 1, 1970 Andriyan G. Nikolayev
Vitaliy I. Sevastyanov
17:16:59 Longest human spaceflight to date.
Apollo 14 Jan. 31, 1971 Alan B. Shepard, Jr.
Stuart A. Roosa
Edgar D. Mitchell
9:0:2 Third human lunar landing. Mission demonstrated pinpoint landing capability and continued human exploration.
Soyuz 10 Apr. 22, 1971 Vladimir A. Shatalov
Aleksey S. Yeliseyev
Nikolay N. Rukavishnikov
1:23:46 Docked with Salyut 1, but crew did not board space station launched Apr. 19. Crew recovered Apr. 24, 1971.
Soyuz 11 June 6, 1971 Georgiy T. Dobrovolskiy
Vladislav N. Volkov
Viktor I. Patsayev
23:18:22 Docked with Salyut 1, and Soyuz 11 crew occupied space station for 22 days. Crew perished in final phase of Soyuz 11 capsule recovery on June 30, 1971.
Apollo 15 July 26, 1971 David R. Scott
Alfred M. Worden
James B. Irwin
12:7:12 Fourth human lunar landing and first Apollo "J" series mission, which carried Lunar Roving Vehicle. Worden's inflight EVA of 38 min., 12 sec. was performed during return trip.
Apollo 16 Apr. 16, 1972 John W. Young
Charles M. Duke, Jr.
Thomas K. Mattingly II
11:1:51 Fifth human lunar landing, with roving vehicle.
Apollo 17 Dec. 7, 1972 Eugene A. Cernan
Harrison H. Schmitt
Ronald E. Evans
12:13:52 Sixth and final Apollo human lunar landing, again with roving vehicle.
Skylab 2 May 25, 1973 Charles Conrad, Jr.
Joseph P. Kerwin
Paul J. Weitz
28:0:50 Docked with Skylab 1 (launched uncrewed May 14) for 28 days. Repaired damaged station.
Skylab 3 July 28, 1973 Alan L. Bean
Jack R. Lousma
Owen K. Garriott
59:11:9 Docked with Skylab 1 for more than 59 days.
Soyuz 12 Sep. 27, 1973 Vasiliy G. Lazarev
Oleg G. Makarov
1:23:16 Checkout of improved Soyuz.
Skylab 4 Nov. 16, 1973 Gerald P. Carr
Edward G. Gibson
William R. Pogue
84:1:16 Docked with Skylab 1 in long-duration mission; last of Skylab program.


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Curator: Lillian Gipson
Last Updated: September 5, 1996
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