Aeronautics and Space Report of the President FY 1995 Activities


Appendix C

U.S. and Russian Human Spaceflights, 1961-Sep. 30, 1995

(continued)

Spacecraft Launch Date Crew Flight Time
(days:hrs:min)
Highlights
Space Shuttle
Challenger (STS-7)
June 18, 1983 Robert L. Crippen
Frederick H. Hauck
John M. Fabian
Sally K. Ride
Norman T. Thagard
6:2:24 Seventh flight of Space Shuttle; launched two commercial satellites (Anik C-2 and Palapa B-1); also launched and retrieved SPAS 01; first flight with five crew members, including first woman U.S. astronaut.
Soyuz T-9 June 28, 1983 Vladimir Lyakhov
Aleksandr Aleksandrov
149:9:46 Docked with Salyut 7 station.
Space Shuttle
Challenger (STS-8)
Aug. 30, 1983 Richard H. Truly
Daniel C. Brandenstein
Dale A. Gardner
Guion S. Bluford, Jr.
William E. Thornton
6:1:9 Eighth flight of Space Shuttle; launched one commercial satellite (Insat 1-B); first flight of U.S. black astronaut.
Space Shuttle
Columbia
(STS-9)
Nov. 28, 1983 John W. Young
Brewster W. Shaw
Owen K. Garriott
Robert A. R. Parker
Byron K. Lichtenberg
Ulf Merbold
10:7:47 Ninth flight of Space Shuttle; first flight of Spacelab 1; first flight of six crew members, one of whom was West German; first non-U.S.astronaut to fly in U.S. space program (Merbold).
Space Shuttle
Challenger
(STS 41-B)
Feb. 3, 1984 Vance D. Brand
Robert L. Gibson
Bruce McCandless
Ronald E. McNair
Roben L. Stewart
7:23:16 Tenth flight of Space Shuttle; two communication satellites failed to achieve orbit; First use of Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU) in space.
Soyuz T-10 Feb. 8, 1984 Leonid Kizim
Vladimir Solovev
Oleg Atkov
62:22:43 Docked with Salyut 7 station. Crew set space duration record of 237 days. Crew returned in Soyuz T-11.
Soyuz T-11 Apr. 3, 1984 Yury Malyshev
Gennady Strekalov
Rakesh Sharma
181:21:48 Docked with Salyut 7 station. Sharma first Indian in space. Crew returned in Soyuz T-10.
Space Shuttle
Challenger
(STS 41-C)
Apr. 6, 1984 Robert L. Crippen
Frances R. Scobee
Terry J. Hart
George D. Nelson
James D. van Hoften
6:23:41 Eleventh flight of Space Shuttle; deployment of Long- Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF-1) for later retrieval; Solar Maximum Satellite retrieved, repaired, and redeployed.
Soyuz T-12 July 17, 1984 Vladimir Dzhanibekov
Svetlana Savistskaya
Igor Volk
11:19:14 Docked with Salyut 7 station. First female EVA.
Space Shuttle
Discovery (STS 41-D)
Aug. 30, 1984< Henry W. Hartsfield
Michael L. Coats
Richard M. Mullane
Steven A. Hawley
Judith A. Resnick
Charles D. Walker
6:0:56 Twelfth flight of Space Shuttle. First flight of U.S. nonastronaut.
Space Shuttle
Challenger (STS 41-G)
Oct. 5, 1984 Robert L. Crippen
Jon A. McBride
Kathryn D. Sullivan
Sally K. Ride
David Leestma
Paul D. Scully-Power
Marc Garneau
8:5:24 Thirteenth flight of Space Shuttle; first with seven crew members, including first flight of two U.S. women and one Canadian (Garneau).


(continued)

Spacecraft Launch Date Crew Flight Time
(days:hrs:min)
Highlights
Space Shuttle
Discovery
(STS 51-A)
Nov. 8, 1984 Frederick H. Hauck
David M. Walker
Joseph P. Allen
Anna L. Fisher
Dale A. Gardner
7:23:45 Fourteenth flight of Space Shuttle; first retrieval and return of two disabled communications satellites (Westar 6, Palapa B2) to Earth.
Space Shuttle
Discovery
(STS 51-C)
Jan. 24, 1985 Thomas K. Mattingly
Loren J. Shriver
Ellison S. Onizuka
James F. Buchli
Gary E. Payton
3:1:33 Fifteenth STS flight. Dedicated DoD mission.
Space Shuttle
Discovery
(STS 51-D)
Apr. 12, 1985 Karol J. Bobko
Donald E. Williams
M. Rhea Seddon
S. David Griggs
Jeffrey A. Hoffman
Charles D. Walker
E. J. Garn
6:23:55 Sixteenth STS flight. Two communications satellites. First U.S. Senator in space (Garn).
Space Shuttle
Challenger
(STS 51-B)
Apr. 29, 1985 Robert F. Overmyer
Frederick D. Gregory
Don L. Lind
Norman E. Thagard
William E. Thornton
Lodewijk van den Berg
Taylor Wang
7:0:9 Seventeenth STS flight. Spacelab-3 in cargo bay of Shuttle.
Soyuz T-13 June 5, 1985 Vladimir Dzhanibekov
Viktor Savinykh
112:3:12 Repair of Salyut-7. Dzhanibekov returned to Earth with Grechko on Soyuz T-13 spacecraft, Sept. 26, 1985.
Space Shuttle
Discovery
(STS 51-G)
June 17, 1985 Daniel C. Brandenstein
John O. Creighton
Shannon W. Lucid
John M. Fabian
Steven R. Nagel
Patrick Baudry
Prince Sultan Salman Al-Saud
7:1:39 Eighteenth STS flight. Three communications satellites. One reusable payload, Spartan-1. First U.S. flight with French and Saudi Arabian crew members.
Space Shuttle
Challenger
(STS 51-F)
July 29, 1985 Charles G. Fullerton
Roy D. Bridges
Karl C. Henize
Anthony W. England
F. Story Musgrave
Loren W. Acton
John-David F. Bartoe
7:22:45 Nineteenth STS flight. Spacelab-2 in cargo bay.
Space Shuttle
Discovery
(STS 51-I)
Aug. 27, 1985 Joe H. Engle
Richard O. Covey
James D. van Hoften
William F. Fisher
John M. Lounge
7:2:18 Twentieth STS flight. Launched three communications satellites. Repaired Syncom IV-3.
Soyuz T-14 Sep. 17, 1985 Vladimir Vasyutin
Georgiy Grechko
Aleksandr Volkov
64:21:52 Docked with Salyut 7 station. Viktor Savinykh, Aleksandr Volkov, and Vladimir Vasyutin returned to Earth Nov. 21, 1985, when Vasyutin became ill.
Space Shuttle
Atlantis
(STS 51-J)
Oct. 3, 1985 Karol J. Bobko
Ronald J. Grabe
Robert A. Stewart
David C. Hilmers
William A. Pailes
4:1:45 Twenty-first STS flight. Dedicated DoD mission.


(continued)

Spacecraft Launch Date Crew Flight Time
(days:hrs:min)
Highlights
Space Shuttle
Challenger
(STS 61-A)
Oct. 30, 1985 Henry W. Hartsfield
Steven R. Nagel
Bonnie J. Dunbar
James F. Buchli
Guion S. Bluford, Jr.
Ernst Messerschmid
Reinhard Furrer (FRG)
Wubbo J. Ockels (ESA)
7:0:45 Twenty-second STS flight. Dedicated German Spacelab D-1 in shuttle cargo bay.
Space Shuttle
Atlantis
(STS 61-B)
Nov. 27, 1985 Brewster H. Shaw
Bryan D. O'Connor
Mary L. Cleve
Sherwood C. Spring
Jerry L. Ross
Rudolfo Neri Vela
Charles D. Walker
6:22:54 Twenty-third STS flight. Launched three communications satellites. First flight of Mexican astronaut (Neri Vela).
Space Shuttle
Columbia
(STS 61-C)
Jan. 12, 1986 Robert L. Gibson
Charles F. Bolden Jr.
Franklin Chang-Diaz
Steve A. Hawley
George D. Nelson
Roger Cenker
Bill Nelson
6:2:4 Twenty-fourth STS flight. Launched one communications satellite. First member of U.S. House of Representatives in space (Bill Nelson).
Soyuz T-15 Mar. 13, 1986 Leonid Kizim
Vladimir Solovyov
125:1:1 Docked with Mir space station on May 5/6 transferred to Salyut 7 complex. On June 25/26 transferred from Salyut 7 back to Mir.
Soyuz TM-2 Feb. 5, 1987 Yury Romanenko
Aleksandr Laveykin
174:3:26 Docked with Mir space station. Romanenko established long-distance stay in space record of 326 days.
Soyuz TM-3 July 22, 1987 Aleksandr Viktorenko
Aleksandr Aleksandrov
Mohammed Faris
160:7:16 Docked with Mir space station. Aleksandr Aleksandrov remained in Mir 160 days, returned with Yury Romanenko. Viktorenko and Faris returned in Soyuz TM-2, July 30, with Aleksandr Laveykin who experienced medical problems. Faris first Syrian in space.
Soyuz TM-4 Dec. 21, 1987 Vladimir Titov
Musa Manarov
Anatoly Levchenko
180:5 Docked with Mir space station. Crew of Yury Romanenko, Aleksandr Aleksandrov, and Anatoly Levchenko returned Dec. 29 in Soyuz TM-3.
Soyuz TM-5 Jun. 7, 1988 Viktor Savinykh
Anatoly Solovyev
Aleksandur Aleksandrov
9:20:13 Docked with Mir space station; Aleksandrov first Bulgarian in space. Crew returned Jun. 17 in Soyuz TM-4.
Soyuz TM-6 Aug. 29, 1988 Vladimir Lyakhov
Valery Polyakov
Abdul Mohmand
8:19:27 Docked with Mir space station; Mohmand first Afghanistani in space. Crew returned Sept. 7, in Soyuz TM-5.
Space Shuttle
Discovery
(STS-26)
Sep. 29, 1988 Frederick H. Hauck
Richard O. Covey
John M. Lounge
David C. Hilmers
George D. Nelson
4:1 Twenty-sixth STS flight. Launched TDRS 3.
Soyuz TM-7 Nov. 26, 1988 Aleksandr Volkov
Sergey Krikalev
Jean-Loup Chrétien
151:11 Docked with Mir space station. Soyuz TM-6 returned with Chrétien, Vladimir Titov, and Musa Manarov. Titov and Manarov completed 366-day mission Dec. 21. Crew of Krikalev, Volkov, and Valery Polyakov returned Apr. 27, 1989, in Soyuz TM-7.


Table of Contents Previous Forward

Curator: Lillian Gipson
Last Updated: September 5, 1996
For more information contact Steve Garber, NASA History Office,
sgarber@hq.nasa.gov