During FY 1997, the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA) supported missile nonproliferation efforts and worked to prevent the acquisition of offensive ballistic missile programs by other countries, particularly in South Asia and the Korean Peninsula. ACDA personnel worked on Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) issues related to the use of excess ballistic missiles.
ACDA worked to strengthen and expand the scope of the 29-nation Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), which is intended to prevent the proliferation of missiles, space launch vehicles, and other remotely piloted (unmanned) aerial vehicles capable of delivering weapons of mass destruction. ACDA participated in discussions on outreach programs for key transshipment countries and the preparation of an international MTCR handbook to detail the items controlled by the MTCR Equipment and Technology Annex. ACDA participated in negotiations involving the international use of GPS and helped craft technical safeguards agreements governing the control of technology involved in launching U.S. satellites abroad. ACDA also supported the vigorous implementation of U.S. sanctions legislation against entities in North Korea, among others.
ACDA worked on the development of U.S. policy related to the use of U.S. ballistic missiles made excess under the START I and START II treaties. The United States intends to retain such missiles for U.S. Government use or eliminate them. The United States has encouraged other governments with excess ballistic missiles to adopt a similar policy. Additionally, the START I parties, since confirming in the fall of 1995 that all space launch vehicles that use the first stage of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) or a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) are accountable as ICBM's or SLBM's of that type under the Treaty, have exchanged policy commitments not to construct silo launchers of ICBM's at space launch facilities located outside of their national territory. This commitment will support nonproliferation efforts.
ACDA continued to be an active member of several interagency committees concerned with missile-related issues. At the policy level, these include various committees chaired by the National Security Council, such as the Interagency Working Group on Nonproliferation and Export Controls and the Interagency Working Group on Arms Control. ACDA participated in the Missile Trade Analysis Group, which reviewed intelligence related to international transfers of missile-related items, and in the Missile Technology Export Control Group, which reviews export license applications subject to missile proliferation controls. ACDA actively supported the efforts of the United Nations Special Commission on Iraq to destroy or remove from Iraq any materials, equipment, and facilities related to missiles with a range greater than 150 kilometers. ACDA also participated in the Weapons and Space Systems Intelligence Committee to ensure that U.S. policy initiatives were based on accurate intelligence assessments.