• In 1990, Dawn Jenkins, of NASA Glenn, became the first woman president of the Cuyahoga Astronomical Association, a 40-year-old organization for amateur astronomers. She is a four-time winner of its Observer of the Year award, and has been recognized by other associations.
  • In 1992, Mary V. Zeller, Ph.D., joined NASA to develop thin film sensors for aircraft and spacecraft. Zeller, a chemist, has produced diamond films, oil-free turbomachinery, satellite lubrication, and helped establish a world-class research facility at NASA Glenn to study chemicals, metals, polymers, ceramics, and semiconductors with cutting-edge technologies such as optical, x-ray, and electron spectroscopy equipment.
  • On March 24,1993, Carolyn S. Shoemaker, along with husband Gene and David Levy, discovered the comet known as Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9, that bombarded Jupiter from July 16 to 22, 1994. She discovered 27 comets and more than 300 asteroids. http://cannon.sfsu.edu/~gmarcy/cswa/history/shoemaker.jpeg
  • In 1996, Karen Weiland, Ph.D., was awarded NASA Glenn's distinguished award for her contributions in fire safety, clean-burning combustion engines, and imaging technology used on sounding rockets, Space Shuttles and the International Space Station. She is recognized by numerous organizations including the National Honor Society of Women Chemists.


  • In 1997, Kathie Thomas-Keprta was part of the team that discovered, from a Martian meteorite, possible evidence of primitive life on Mars more than 3.6 billion years ago.
  • In 1998, Aprille Ericsson-Jackson, Ph.D., received the Women in Science and Engineering award as the best female engineer in the Federal Government. She was the first African-American with a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Howard University and was the first African-American female with a Ph.D. in engineering at NASA Goddard. She has also received numerous other awards from the National Technical Association and the Black Engineers Award. She is an aerospace engineer at NASA Goddard designing innovative guidance, navigation, and control techniques for satellites and space probes.
  • Kathryn Clark, Ph.D., is selected as the chief scientist for the International Space Station in 1998.
  • In 1999, Kari Lewis, chief engineer; Sarah Gavit, project manager; and Suzanne Smrekar, lead scientist; all under the age of 40, held the top three positions on a cutting-edge robotic mission to Mars.

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