PN 97-26


 March 5, 1999


PURPOSE: To apply Earned Value Management (EVM) at NASA by establishing NASA-wide clauses and provisions compatible with those used by DoD.

BACKGROUND: EVM is a commonly used performance (i.e. cost, schedule, and technical) measurement tool for program managers in the aerospace industry. NASA and DoD are major customers in the Government sector of the aerospace industry, and cooperate to align their business practices wherever practicable in order to realize cost and resource efficiencies. Therefore, they have collaborated closely over the last several years to align their approaches to the use of EVM.

REPLACEMENT PAGES: You may use the enclosed pages to replace Structure page 5, Structure page 6, Structure page 7, Structure page 8, Structure page 9 (added), Part 1842, 52:73, 52:74, 52:75, 52:76, 52:77, 52:78, 52:78.1, 52:78.2 (added), 52:78.3 (added), 52:78.4 (added), 52:78.5 (added), 52:97, and 52:98 of the NFS.

REGULATORY COMPLIANCE: This PN was published as a final rule in the Federal Register (64 FR 10573 - 10575, March 5, 1999).

EFFECTIVE DATE: This PN is effective as dated and shall remain in effect until cancelled or superseded.

HEADQUARTERS CONTACT: Kenneth Sateriale, Code HK, (202) 358-0491,


Scott Thompson
Director, Contract Management Division

1825.3 Balance of Payments Program

1825.4 Trade Agreements

1825.6 Customs and Duties

1825.9 Additional Foreign Acquisition Clauses

1825.70 Foreign Contracts




1827.3 Patent Rights Under Government Contracts

1827.4 Rights in Data and Copyrights

1827.6 Foreign License and Technical Assistance Agreements


1828.1 Bonds

1828.2 Sureties

1828.3 Insurance


1829.1 General

1829.2 Federal Excise Taxes


1830.2 CAS Program Requirements

1830.70 Facilities Capital Employed for Facilities in Use or for Facilities Under Construction


1831.2 Contracts with Commercial Organizations


1832.1 Non-Commercial Item Purchase Financing

1832.2 Commercial Item Purchase Financing

1832.4 Advance Payments for Non-Commercial Items

1832.5 Progress Payments Based on Costs

1832.7 Contract Funding

1832.9 Prompt Payment

1832.10 Performance-Based Payments


1833.1 Protests

1833.2 Disputes and Appeals



1834.0 General



1836.2 Special Aspects of Contracting for Construction

1836.5 Contract Clauses

1836.6 Architect-Engineer Services

1836.7 Standard and Optional Forms for Contracting for Construction, Architect-Engineer Services, and Dismantling, Demolition, or Removal of Improvements

1836.70 Partnering


1837.1 Service Contracts--General

1837.2 Advisory and Assistance Services

1837.70 Acquisition of Training



1839.1 General



1841.2 Acquiring Utility Services

1841.3 Requests for Assistance

1841.4 Administration

1841.5 Solicitation Provision and Contract Clauses



1842.1 Interagency Contract Administration and Audit Services

1842.2 Assignment of Contract Administration

1842.3 Contract Administration Office Functions

1842.5 Postaward Orientation

1842.7 Indirect Cost Rates

1842.8 Disallowance of Costs

1842.12 Novation and Change-of-Name Agreements

1842.13 Suspension of Work, Stop-Work Orders, and Government Delay of Work

1842.14 Traffic and Transportation Management

1842.15 Contractor Performance Information

1842.70 Additional NASA Contract Clauses

1842.71 Submission of Vouchers

1842.72 NASA Contractor Financial Management Reporting

1842.73 Audit Tracking and Resolution

1842.74 Earned Value Management


1843.2 Change Orders

1843.70 Undefinitized Contract Actions

1843.71 Shared Savings


1844.2 Consent to Subcontracts

1844.3 Contractors' Purchasing Systems Reviews


1845.1 General

1845.3 Providing Government Property to Contractors

1845.4 Contractor Use and Rental of Government Property

1845.5 Management of Government Property in the Possession of Contractors

1845.6 Reporting, Redistribution, and Disposal of Contractor Inventory

1845.70 Reserved

1845.71 Forms Preparation

1845.72 Contract Property Management


1846.3 Contract Clauses

1846.4 Government Contract Quality Assurance

1846.6 Material Inspection and Receiving Reports

1846.7 Warranties


1847.2 Contracts for Transportation or for Transportation-Related Services

1847.3 Transportation in Supply Contracts

1847.5 Ocean Transportation by U.S.-Flag Vessels

1847.70 Protection of the Florida Manatee


1848.1 Policies and Procedures

1848.2 Contract Clauses


1849.1 General Principles

1849.5 Contract Termination Clauses


1850.2 Delegation of and Limitations on Exercise of Authority

1850.3 Contract Adjustments

1850.4 Residual Powers


1851.1 Contractor Use of Government Supply Sources



1852.1 Instructions for Using Provisions and Clauses

1852.2 Texts of Provisions and Clauses

1852.3 Provision and Clause Matrix


1853.1 General

1853.2 Prescription of Forms

1853.3 Illustrations of Forms




1871.1 General

1871.2 Planning and RequirementsProcess

1871.4 Request for Offer (RFO)

1871.5 Award

1871.6 "Best Value Selection"


1872.1 The Investigation Acquisition System

1872.2 Applicability of the Process

1872.3 The Announcement of Opportunity

1872.4 Evaluation of Proposals

1872.5 The Selection Process

1872.6 Payload Formulation

1872.7 Acquisition and Other Considerations

PART 1842




1842.101 Contract audit responsibilities.

1842.102 Assignment of contract audit services.

1842.102-70 Review of administration and audit services.

1842.170 Assignment of NASA personnel at contractor plants.


1842.202 Assignment of contract administration.

1842.202-70 Retention of contract administration.

1842.270 Contracting officer technical representative (COTR) delegations.

1842.271 NASA clause.


1842.302 Contract administration functions.


1842.503 Postaward conferences.


1842.705 Final indirect cost rates.

1842.705-1 Contracting officer determination procedure.

1842.708 Quick-closeout procedure.

1842.708-70 NASA Quick-closeout procedure.


1842.803 Disallowing costs after incurrence.


1842.1203 Processing agreements.

1842.1203-70 DOD processing of novation and change-of-name agreements on behalf of NASA.


1842.1305 Contract clauses.


1842.1405 Discrepancies incident to shipment of supplies.


1842.1501 General.

1842.1502 Policy.

1842.1503 Procedures.


1842.7001 Observance of legal holidays.

1842.7002 Travel outside of the United States.


1842.7101 Submission of vouchers.


1842.7201 General.

1842.7202 Contract clause.


1842.7301 NASA external audit follow-up system.


1842.7401 Earned Value Management Systems (EVMS).

1842.7402 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.


PART 1842


Subpart 1842.1-- Contract Audit Services

1842.101  Contract audit responsibilities.

(a)(i) The Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA) has been designated as the DOD agency responsible for the performance of audit functions for NASA contracts, except those awarded to educational institutions for which other agencies have audit cognizance under OMB Circular No. A-133, those with Canadian contractors, and those for which NASA will perform audits.

(ii) Cross-servicing arrangements are the responsibility of the Headquarters Office of External Relations (Code ID). Contracting officers should direct questions to the Headquarters Office of Procurement (Code HK).

1842.102  Assignment of contract audit services.

1842.102-70 Review of administration and audit services.

(a) NASA installations shall assess their delegations to DOD semiannually to determine changes in delegation patterns that could (1) result in significant changes in DOD manpower requirements or (2) have other important impacts on DOD contract administration activities. Events such as major program cutbacks or expansions, changes in locations of major programs, and sizable new acquisitions should be considered in the assessment.

(b) A summary, including a negative summary, of the Center's assessment shall be submitted by the procurement officer to the Headquarters Office of Procurement (Code HK) by not later than January 15 and June 15 of the fiscal year. The summary shall include--

(1) A description of the change in work requirements or delegation pattern;

(2) The estimated duration of the impact;

(3) The results of discussions with affected DOD contract administration offices including agreement and disagreements on the predicted impact on DOD in terms of changes in manpower requirements or other costs; and

(4) Any other significant impact on DOD or NASA resources or contract performance risk.

1842.170 Assignment of NASA personnel at contractor plants.

(a)(1) NASA personnel normally shall not be assigned at or near a contractor's facility to perform any contract administration functions listed in FAR 42.302(a). Before such an assignment is made, a written request shall be forwarded to the cognizant program director for approval with the concurrence of the Associate Administrator for Procurement (Code HS). The following supporting information shall be forwarded with the request to make the assignment:

(i) A statement of the special circumstances that necessitate the assignment.

(ii) The contract administration services to be performed.

(iii) A summary of any discussions held with the cognizant contract administration organization.

(iv) A staffing plan covering three years or such shorter period as may be appropriate.

(2) The provisions of this paragraph do not apply to NASA audit personnel assigned to the field installations, to NASA technical personnel covered by 1842.101 and paragraph (b) of this section, unless they are performing any contract administration functions listed in FAR 42.302(a), or to personnel assigned to contractors' plants on NASA or other Federal installations.

(b) NASA may assign technical personnel (such as quality assurance, reliability, or engineering representatives) to contractors' plants or laboratories to provide direct liaison with NASA and technical assistance and guidance to the contractor and DOD. The duties and responsibilities of these technical representatives shall be clearly defined and shall not conflict with, duplicate, or overlap with functions delegated to DOD personnel. NASA shall advise appropriate DOD and contractor organizations of the duties and responsibilities of NASA technical personnel.

(c) When a NASA resident office, including any assigned technical personnel, and a DOD contract administration office are performing contract administration functions for NASA contracts at the same contractor's facility, the two offices shall execute a written agreement clearly establishing the relationship between the two organizations and the contractor. The agreement should eliminate duplication in the performance of contract administration functions and minimize procedural misunderstandings between the two organizations. Such agreements shall be consistent with existing delegations to the contract administration offices concerned and shall specify the relationship of NASA nonprocurement resident personnel to their DOD and contractor counterparts if such personnel will be involved in any aspect of contract administration.

Subpart 1842.2--Contract Administration Services

1842.202 Assignment of contract administration.

(b) Withholding normal functions.

(1) The following functions are normally retained by the contracting office.

(A) Approval of the final voucher (FAR 42.302(a)(7)).

(B) Countersigning NASA Form 456, Notice of Contract Costs Suspended and/or Disapproved (FAR 42.302(a)(8)).

(C) Issuance of decisions under the disputes clause (FAR 42.302(a)(10)).

(D) Contract payment (FAR 42.302(a)(13)).

(E) Execution of supplemental agreements involving spare parts or other items selected through provisioning procedures. However, delegation of the negotiation of supplemental agreements for spare parts and other items and forwarding for approval and signature of the NASA contracting officer is permitted (FAR 42.302(a)(22)).

(F) Execution of supplemental agreements definitizing change orders (see FAR 42.302(b)(1)). (G) Issuing termination notices and executing supplemental agreements for settlement of termination for default or for convenience of the Government. However, delegation of the negotiation of termination settlements and forwarding for approval and signature of the NASA contracting officer is permitted using NASA Form 1432 (FAR 42.302(a)(23)).

(H) Consent to placement of subcontracts under FAR 42.302(a)(51). (See 1844.202-1(a)).

(d) Transmittal and documentation. In addition to the instructions at FAR 42.202(d)(1) through (4), contracting officers shall--

(i) Send delegations to DOD contract administration offices in accordance with the instructions in the DOD Directory of Contract Administration Services Components (DLAH 4105.4).

(ii) At time of contract award, prepare and forward NASA Form 1430, Letter of Contract Administration Delegation, General, to the contract administration office. NASA Form 1430A, Letter of Contract Administration, Special Instructions, will supplement the NASA Form 1430, to modify previously delegated functions and provide additional or particular information considered necessary to ensure clear understanding of all delegated functions.

(iii) Forward NASA Form 1431, Letter of Acceptance of Contract Administration, with each NASA Form 1430 or 1430A. Contracting officers shall use the returned NASA Form 1431 as contract file documentation that the delegation has been accepted, modified or rejected by the contract administration office and as a reference for points of contact for each of the functional areas delegated.

(iv) Use NASA Form 1433, Letter of Audit Delegation, to delegate the audit function and to amend previous delegations. Distribute copies of the contract and NASA Form 1433 as follows:

(A) Audit office: One copy of the contract and three NASA Forms 1433. When the Department of Health and Human Services is designated as the audit office, item 12 on NASA Form 1433 shall be marked "Not applicable."

(B) Contractor: One NASA Form 1433.

(C) Cognizant NASA fiscal or financial management office: One NASA Form 1433.

(v) For contracts with the Canadian Commercial Corporation (CCC), audits are automatically arranged by the Department of Defense Production (Canada) (DDP) in accordance with agreements between NASA and DDP. Audit reports are furnished to DDP. Upon advice from DDP, CCC will certify the invoice and forward it with Standard Form 1034, Public Voucher, to the contracting officer for further processing and transmittal to the fiscal or financial management officer.

(vi) For contracts placed directly with Canadian firms, audits are requested by the contracting officer from the Audit Services Branch, Comptroller of the Treasury, Department of Finance, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Invoices are approved by the auditor on a provisional basis pending completion of the contract and final audit. These invoices, accompanied by SF 1034, are forwarded to the contracting officer for further processing and transmittal to the fiscal or financial management officer. Periodic advisory audit reports are furnished directly to the contracting officer.

1842.202-70 Retention of contract administration.

(a) The assignment of contract administration is optional for the following contracts:

(1) Research and development study contracts not involving deliverable hardware or Government furnished property.

(2) Contracts with delivery schedules of 90 days or less.

(3) Purchase orders without Government source inspection requirements.

(4) Contracts requiring only on-site performance.

(5) Contracts requiring work in the vicinity of the awarding center where DOD contract administration services are not reasonably available.

1842.270 Contracting officer technical representative (COTR) delegations.

(a) Contracting officers may appoint a qualified Government employee to act as their technical representatives in managing the technical aspects of a particular contract. If necessary, the contracting officer may appoint an alternate COTR to act during short absences of the COTR. Technical organizations are responsible for ensuring that the individual they recommend to the contracting officer possesses training, qualifications and experience commensurate with the duties and responsibilities to be delegated and the nature of the contract.

(b) NASA Form 1634, Contracting Officer Technical Representative (COTR) Delegation, shall be used to appoint COTRs. A COTR's duties and responsibilities may not be redelegated by the COTR and the COTR may be held personally liable for unauthorized acts. However, this does not prohibit the COTR from receiving assistance for the purpose of monitoring contractor progress and gathering information. When an individual is appointed as a COTR on more than one contract, separate delegations shall be issued for each contract. A separate NASA Form 1634 will be used to appoint an alternate COTR.

(c) A COTR delegation remains in effect throughout the life of the contract unless canceled in writing by the cognizant contracting officer or at any level above that contracting officer. The contracting officer may modify the delegation only by issuance of a new delegation canceling and superseding the existing delegation.

(d) A COTR shall not be authorized to initiate procurement actions or in any way cause a change to the contract or increase the Government's financial obligations. However, delegations may be made to construction contract COTRs to sign emergency on-site change orders with an estimated value not to exceed the value specified in writing by the contracting officer in the NASA Form 1634 but in no event to exceed $25,000.

(e) Each COTR shall acknowledge receipt and accept the delegation by signing the original delegation letter. The original of the COTR delegation letter shall be filed in the applicable contract file. Copies of the signed COTR delegation letter shall be distributed to the COTR, the contractor, and each cognizant contract administration office. Acknowledgment and distribution for terminations of COTR delegations and COTR delegations which revise authority, duties and responsibilities shall follow the same rules.

(f) Mandatory training for COTRs and their alternates shall include the following core topic areas: contracting authority; procurement integrity; performance-based contracting; contract modifications; surveillance plans; contracting for inherently governmental functions, personal services, and NASA policy on the acquisition of services; the Service Contract Act; the Anti-Deficiency Act; contract financial management; the "Changes" clause; the "Disputes" clause; the "Inspection" clause; Government property and policy procedures; and the "Limitation of Funds" and "Limitation of Cost" clauses. Procurement officers are responsible for assuring that the course(s) utilized by their installation address the mandatory core topics in sufficient detail for the purpose of COTR training.

(g) The contracting officer shall verify that the COTR has received the mandatory training before signing NASA Form 1634. If an urgent need arises for the appointment of a COTR and no trained and otherwise qualified individual is available, then the procurement officer may make a temporary COTR appointment not to exceed six months. Temporary appointments must be so identified and clearly reflect the appointment expiration date.

(h) No technical direction may be issued by a COTR relative to performance-based contract requirements or when serving under a temporary appointment.

1842.271 NASA clause.

Insert the clause at 1852.242-70, Technical Direction, when paragraph 3(m) of the NASA Form 1634 specifically authorizes a COTR to issue technical direction.

Subpart 1842.3--Contract Administration Office Functions

1842.302 Contract administration functions.

(a) In addition to the responsibilities listed in FAR 42.302(a), responsibility for reviewing earned value management system (EVMS) plans and verifying initial and continuing contractor compliance with NASA and DoD EVMS criteria and conformity with ANSI/EIA Standard 748, Industry Guidelines for EVMS, is normally delegated to DCMC.

Subpart 1842.5--Postaward Orientation

1842.503 Postaward conferences.

(1) A postaward conference shall be held with representatives of the contract administration office when --

(i) A contract is expected to exceed $10,000,000;

(ii) Contract performance is required at or near a NASA installation or NASA-controlled launch site;

(iii) The delegation will impose an abnormal demand on the resources of the contract administration office receiving the delegation; or

(iv) Complex contract management problems are expected.

(2) Procurement officer approval is required to waive a post-award planning conference for contracts meeting any of the criteria in paragraph (1) of this section. The request for procurement officer approval to waive a post-award conference shall address action taken and planned to ensure effective communication with the contract administration office during the performance of the contract.

Subpart 1842.7--Indirect Cost Rates

1842.705  Final indirect cost rates.

1842.705-1 Contracting officer determination procedure.

(a) Applicability and responsibility.

(i) Since many NASA contractors are under DOD's final overhead rate determination procedure, NASA's policy is to participate jointly with DOD for those companies where NASA has a major financial interest. The NASA participant shall be a representative from that installation having the predominance of NASA work.

(ii) When NASA has been assigned the final indirect cost rate determination authority, settlement of indirect costs shall be conducted by the cognizant NASA contracting officer (normally from the installation providing the preponderance of NASA funding).

1842.708 Quick-Closeout procedure.

(a)(2)(ii) The 15 percent parameter does not apply to NASA contracts. Instead, perform a risk analysis that takes into consideration the contractor systems identified in FAR 42.708(a)(2)(ii), as well as the concerns of the cognizant contract auditor, and any other pertinent information.

1842.708-70 NASA Quick-closeout procedures.

After a decision is made that the use of quick closeout is appropriate, the contracting officer shall:

(a) Obtain a written agreement from the contractor to participate in the quick-closeout process under FAR 42.708 for the selected contract(s).

(b) Require the contractor to submit a final voucher and a summary of all costs by cost element and fiscal year for the contract(s) in question, as well as a copy of the contractor's final indirect cost rate proposal for each fiscal year quick closeout is involved.

(c) Notify the cognizant audit activity in writing, identify the contract(s), and request: (1) the contractor's indirect cost history covering a sufficient number of fiscal years to see the trend of claimed, audit questioned, and disallowed costs; and (2) any other information that could impact the decision to use quick-closeout procedures. Indirect cost histories should be requested from the contractor only when the cognizant audit activity is unable to provide the information.

(d) Review the contract(s) for indirect cost rate ceilings and any other contract limitations, as well as the rate history information.

(e) Establish final indirect cost rates using one of the following rates:

(1) The contract's ceiling indirect cost rates, if applicable, and if less than paragraphs (e)(2) through (6) of this section.

(2) The contractor's claimed actual rates adjusted based on the contractor's indirect cost history, if less than paragraphs (e)(3) through (6) of this section.

(3) Recommended rates from the cognizant audit agency, the local pricing office, another installation pricing office, or other recognized knowledgeable source.

(4) The contractor's negotiated billing rates, if less than paragraphs (e)(5) or (6) of this section.

(5) The previous year's final rates.

(6) Final rates for another fiscal year closest to the period for which quick-closeout rates are being established.

(f) If an agreement is reached with the contractor, obtain a release of all claims and other applicable closing documents.

(g) For those contracts where the indirect cost rate negotiation function was delegated or falls under the cognizance of another agency, send a copy of the agreement to that office.

Subpart 1842.8--Disallowance of Costs

1842.803 Disallowing costs after incurrence.

(b) Auditor receipt of vouchers.

(1) NASA has designated the contract auditor as the contracting officer's representative for--

(A) Reviewing vouchers received directly from contractors;

(B) Approving vouchers for provisional payment and sending them to the disbursing office;

(C) Reviewing completion/final vouchers and sending them to the designated contracting officer for approval.

(D) Authorizing direct submission of interim vouchers for provisional payment to disbursing offices for contractors with approved billing systems.

(2)(A) When contract costs are questioned, the auditor shall prepare and send to the cognizant contracting officer NASA Form 456, Notice of Contract Costs Suspended and/or Disapproved.

(B) After coordination with other NASA and federal agency contracting officers administering contracts with the same contractor under which a NASA Form 456 or a DCAA Form 1 has been issued for the same items of cost, the NASA contracting officer shall take one of the following actions:

(a) Assign a notice number and sign the NASA Form 456.

(b) Issue a new NASA Form 456 suspending the costs rather than disapproving them pending resolution of the issues.

(c) Return the unsigned NASA Form 456 to the auditor with a detailed explanation of why the suspension or disapproval is not being signed, and process the contractor's claim for payment.

(C) When more than one NASA contract is affected by a notice, the NASA contracting officer with the largest amount of contract dollars affected is responsible for coordination of the NASA Form 456 with the other contracting officers, including those of other federal agencies, listed in the notice.

(D) An original and three copies (which includes two acknowledgment copies, one each for return to the contracting officer and the auditor) of the NASA Form 456 shall be sent to the contractor by certified mail, return receipt requested; one copy shall be attached to the Standard Form 1034 and each copy of the Standard Form 1034A on which the deduction for the suspension/disapproval is made.

(E)(a) If the amount of the deduction is more than the amount of the public voucher, the installment method of deduction shall be applied to the current and subsequent public vouchers until the amount is fully liquidated. The deductions on any voucher may not exceed the voucher amount to avoid processing of a voucher in a credit amount. Public voucher(s) with zero amounts must be forwarded to the fiscal or financial management office for appropriate action.

(b) If deductions are in excess of contractor claims, recovery may be made through a direct refund from the contractor, in the form of a check payable to NASA, or by a set-off deduction from the voucher(s) submitted by the contractor under any other contract, unless those contracts contain a "no set-off" provision. If a set-off is affected, the voucher(s) from which the deduction is made should be annotated to identify the contract and appropriation affected and the applicable NASA Form 456.

Subpart 1842.12--Novation and Change-of-Name Agreements

1842.1203  Processing agreements.

(b) The installation shall immediately notify the Headquarters Office of Procurement (Code HS) of the request to execute a novation (successor-in-interest) or change-of-name agreement.

 (h) The contracting officer shall forward one copy of the agreement to Code HS.

1842.1203-70 DOD processing of novation and change-of-name agreements on behalf of NASA.

(a) Copies of novation and change-of-name agreements executed by DOD on behalf of NASA are maintained by the Headquarters Office of Procurement (Code HS).

(b) Code HS is the Agency point of contact for issues related to proposed novation agreements. With the concurrence of Code HS, an installation may execute a separate agreement with the contractor.

Subpart 1842.13--Suspension of Work, Stop-Work Orders, and Government Delay of Work

1842.1305 Contract clauses.

(b) FAR 52.242-15, Stop-Work Order, shall not be used in solicitations or contracts for research performed by educational or other nonprofit institutions.

Subpart 1842.14--Traffic and Transportation Management

1842.1405 Discrepancies incident to shipment of supplies.

(a) NASA personnel shall also report discrepancies and adjust claims for loss of and damage to Government property in transit in accordance with NHB 6200.1, NASA Transportation and General Traffic Management.

Subpart 1842.15--Contractor Performance Information

1842.1501 General.

Communications with contractors are vital to improved performance and this is NASA's primary objective in evaluating past performance. Other objectives include providing data for both future source selections and for reports under NASA's Contractor Performance Assessment Program (CPAP). While the evaluations must reflect both shortcomings and achievements during performance, they should also elicit from the contractors their views on impediments to improved performance emanating from the Government or other sources.

1842.1502 Policy.

(a) Within 60 days of every anniversary of the award of a contract having a term exceeding one year, contracting officers shall conduct interim evaluations of performance on contracts subject to FAR subpart 42.15 and this subpart. On such contracts, both an interim evaluation covering the last period of performance and a final evaluation summarizing all performance shall be conducted.

1842.1503 Procedures.

(a) The contracting officer shall determine who (e.g., the technical office or end users of the products or services) evaluates appropriate portions of the contractor's performance. The evaluations are subjective in nature. Nonetheless, the contracting officer, who has responsibility for the evaluations, shall ensure that they are reasonable.

(b) NASA Form 1680, entitled, "Evaluation of Performance," shall be used to document evaluations. This provides for a five-tiered rating (using the definitions for award fee evaluation scoring found in 1816.405-275) covering the following attributes: quality, timeliness, price or control of costs (not required for firm-fixed-price contracts or firm-fixed-price contracts with economic price adjustment), and other considerations. Evaluations used in determining award fee payments satisfy the requirements of this subpart and do not require completion of NASA Form 1680. In addition, hybrid contracts containing both award fee and non-award fee portions do not require completion of NASA Form 1680. Contracting Officers shall ensure that the Government discusses all evaluations with contractors and shall record the date and the participants on the evaluation form. Contracting officers shall sign and date the evaluation after considering any comments received from the contractor within 30 days of the contractor's receipt of the evaluation. If a contractor in its timely comments disagrees with an evaluation and requests a review at a level above the contracting officer, it shall be provided within 30 days. While the FAR forbids use of the evaluations for source selections more than three years after contract completion, they shall nevertheless be retained in the contract file as provided in FAR 4.8, Government Contract Files.

Subpart 1842.70--Additional NASA Contract Clauses

1842.7001  Observance of legal holidays.

(a) The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.242-72, Observance of Legal Holidays, in contracts when work will be performed at a NASA installation.

(b) The clause shall be used with its Alternate I in cost-reimbursement contracts when it is desired that contractor employees not have access to the installation during Government holidays. This alternate may be appropriately modified for fixed-price contracts.

(c) The clause may be used with its Alternate II in cost-reimbursement contracts when it is desired that administrative leave be granted contractor personnel in special circumstances, such as inclement weather or potentially hazardous conditions.

1842.7002  Travel outside of the United States.

The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.242-71, Travel Outside of the United States, in cost-reimbursement solicitations and contracts where a contractor may travel outside of the United States and it is appropriate to require Government approval of the travel.

Subpart 1842.71--Submission of Vouchers

1842.7101 Submission of vouchers.

(a) Vouchers shall be submitted in accordance with the clause at 1852.216-87, Submission of Vouchers for Payment.

(b) The auditor shall retain an unpaid copy of the voucher.

(c) When a voucher submitted in accordance with the clause at 1852.216-87 contains one or more individual direct freight charges of $100 or more, an additional copy of Standard Form 1034A and Standard Form 1035A shall be submitted and marked for return to the contractor after payment. This copy shall be transmitted quarterly by the contractor with the freight bills to the General Services Administration. When a voucher is identified as the "Completion Voucher," an additional copy shall be submitted for transmittal to the NASA contracting officer.

Subpart 1842.72--NASA Contractor Financial Management Reporting

1842.7201 General.

(a) Contracting officer responsibilities.

(1) Contracting officers must ensure contracts require cost reporting consistent with both policy requirements and project needs. Contracting Officers shall monitor contractor cost reports on a regular basis to ensure cost data reported is accurate and timely. Adverse trends or discrepancies discovered in cost reports should be pursued through discussions with financial and project team members.

(2) Whenever cost performance threatens contract performance, contracting officers shall require corrective action plans from the contractors.

(b) Reporting requirements.

(1) Use of the NASA Contractor Financial Management Reports, the NASA Form 533 series, is required on cost-type, price redetermination, and fixed-price incentive contracts when the following dollar, period of performance, and scope criteria are met:

Contract value/scope

Period of Performance



$500K to $999K

1 year or more



$1,000,000 and over

Less than 1 year



$1,000,000 and over

1 year or more




(2) When it is probable that a contract will ultimately meet the criteria in paragraph (b)(1) of this section through change orders, supplemental agreements, etc., the reporting requirement must be implemented in the contract based on the estimated final contract value at the time of award.

(3) NF 533Q reporting may be waived by the contracting officer, with the concurrence of the center chief financial officer and cognizant project manager, for support service or task order contracts, when NF 533M reports and other data are sufficient to ensure accurate monthly cost accruals, evaluation of the contractor's cost performance, and forecasting of resource requirements.

(4) Where a specific contractual requirement differs from the standard system set forth in NPG 9501.2, NASA Contractor Financial Management Reporting, but is determined to be in the best interests of the Government and does not eliminate any of the data elements required by the standard NF 533 formats, it may be approved by the contracting officer with the concurrence of the center chief financial officer and the project manager. Such approval shall be documented and retained, with the supporting rationale, in the contract file.

(5) The contractor's internal automated printout reports may be substituted for the 533 reporting formats only if the substitute reports contain all the data elements that would be provided by the corresponding 533's. The contracting officer shall coordinate any proposed substitute with the installation financial management office.

(c) Contract requirements.

(1) Reporting requirements, including a description of reporting categories, shall be detailed in the procurement request, and reports shall be required by inclusion of the clause prescribed in 1842.7202. The contract schedule shall include report addressees and numbers of copies. Reporting categories shall be coordinated with the center financial management office to ensure that data required for agency cost accounting will be provided by the reports. Reporting dates shall be in accordance with NPG 9501.2, except that earlier submission is encouraged whenever feasible. No due date shall be permitted which is later than the date by which the center financial management office needs the data to enter an accurate monthly cost accrual in the accounting system.

(2) The contractor shall be required to submit an initial report in the NF 533Q format, time phased for the expected life of the contract, within 30 days after authorization to proceed has been granted. NF 533M reporting will begin no later than 30 days after incurrence of cost. NF 533Q reporting begins with the initial report.

1842.7202 Contract clause.

The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.242-73, NASA Contractor Financial Management Reporting, in solicitations and contracts when any of the NASA Form 533 series of reports is required from the contractor.

Subpart 1842.73--Audit Tracking and Resolution

1842.7301 NASA external audit follow-up system.

(a) This section implements OMB Circular No. A-50, NASA Policy Directive (NPD) 1200.1, and NASA Procedures and Guidelines (NPG) 1200.1, "Management Accountability and Control, Audit Liaison, and Audit Follow-up", which provide more detailed guidance. Recommendations for external audits (OMB Circular No. A-133, Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Institutions) shall be resolved by formal review and approval procedures analogous to those at 1815.406-171.

(b) The external audit followup system tracks all contract and OMB Circular No. A-133 audits where NASA has resolution and disposition authority. The objective of the tracking system is to ensure that audit recommendations are resolved as expeditiously as possible, but at a maximum, within 6 months of the date of the audit report.

(c)(1) The identification and tracking of contract audit reports under NASA cognizance are accomplished in cooperation with the DCAA.

(2) Identification and tracking of OMB Circular No. A-133 audit reports are accomplished in cooperation with the NASA Office of the Inspector General (OIG) by means of a transmittal memorandum. A transmittal memorandum is sent by the OIG to the procurement officer of each NASA Center having an award (contract, grant, or other agreement) covered by the audit report. The transmittal memorandum will identify any significant audit findings.

(d)(1) All reportable contract audit reports as defined by Part 15, Section 6, of the DCAA Contract Audit Manual (CAM) shall be reported quarterly to the Headquarters Office of Procurement (Code HC); and

(2) Only OMB Circular No. A-133 audit reports involving the following shall be reported quarterly to Code HC:

(i) A significant management control issue; or

(ii) Questioned costs of $10,000 or more due to an audit finding (see Subpart E-Auditor, paragraph 510 of OMB Circular No. A-133).

(3) NASA contracting officers will maintain a dialogue with DOD Administrative Contracting Officers (ACO) who have been delegated activities on NASA contracts. A review will be conducted no less frequently than semiannually, and the status and disposition of significant audit findings will be documented in the contract file.

(e)(1) The terms "resolution" and "disposition" are defined in Appendix A of NPG 1200.1.

(2) The resolution and disposition of OMB Circular No. A-133 audits are handled as follows:

(i) Audit findings pertaining to an individual NASA award are the responsibility of the procurement officer administering that award.

(ii) Audit findings having a Governmentwide impact are the responsibility of the cognizant Federal agency responsible for oversight. For organizations subject to OMB Circular No. A-133, there is either a cognizant agency or an oversight agency. The cognizant agency is the Federal agency that provides the predominant amount of direct funding to the recipient organization unless OMB makes a specific cognizant agency for audit assignment. To provide for the continuity of cognizance, the determination of the predominant amount of direct funding will be based on the direct Federal awards expended in the recipient's fiscal years ending in 1995, 2000, 2005, and every fifth year thereafter. When there is no direct funding, the Federal agency with the predominant indirect funding is to assume the oversight responsibilities. In cases where NASA is the cognizant or oversight Federal agency, audit resolution and disposition is the responsibility of the procurement officer for the Center having the largest amount of direct funding, or, if there is no direct funding, the largest amount of indirect funding for the audited period. A copy of the memorandum dispositioning the findings shall be provided by each Center having resolution responsibility for the particular report to the Headquarters OIG office and Code HC.

Subpart 1842.74--Earned Value Management

1842.7401 Earned Value Management Systems (EVMS).

When an offeror or contractor is required to provide an EVMS plan to the Government in accordance with NASA Policy Directive (NPD) 9501.3, Earned Value Management, the contracting officer shall forward a copy of the plan to the cognizant administrative contracting officer (ACO) to obtain the assistance of the ACO in determining the adequacy of the proposed EVMS plan.

1842.7402 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.

(a) When the Government requires Earned Value Management, the contracting officer shall insert:

(1) The provision at 1852.242-74, Notice of Earned Value Management System, in solicitations; and

(2) The clause at 1852.242-75, Earned Value Management System, in solicitations and contracts.

(b) The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.242-76, Modified Cost Performance Report, in solicitations and contracts requiring modified cost performance reporting (see NPD 9501.3, Earned Value Management).

(c) The contracting officer shall insert the provision at 1852.242-77, Modified Cost Performance Report Plans, in solicitations for contracts requiring modified cost performance reporting (see NPD 9501.3).

Contractor's on-site personnel work during a holiday other than those in paragraph (a) above, no form of holiday or other premium compensation shall be reimbursed as either a direct or indirect cost. However, this does not preclude reimbursement for authorized overtime work that would have been overtime regardless of the status of the day as a holiday.

(d) The Contractor shall place identical requirements, including this paragraph, in all subcontracts that require performance of work on-site, unless otherwise instructed by the Contracting Officer.



As prescribed in 1842.7001(c), add the following as paragraphs (e) and (f) if Alternate I is used, or as paragraphs (c) and (d) if Alternate I is not used:

(e) When the NASA installation grants administrative leave to its Government employees (e.g., as a result of inclement weather, potentially hazardous conditions, or other special circumstances), Contractor personnel working on-site should also be dismissed. However, the contractor shall provide sufficient on-site personnel to perform round-the-clock requirements of critical work already in process, unless otherwise instructed by the Contracting Officer or authorized representative.

(f) Whenever administrative leave is granted to Contractor personnel pursuant to paragraph (e) of above, it shall be without loss to the Contractor. The cost of salaries and wages to the Contractor for the period of any such excused absence shall be a reimbursable item of cost under this contract for employees in accordance with the Contractor's established accounting policy.

1852.242-73 NASA Contractor Financial Management Reporting.

As prescribed in 1842.7202, insert the following clause:


(JULY 1997)

(a) The Contractor shall submit NASA Contractor Financial Management Reports on NASA Forms 533 in accordance with the instructions in NASA Policy Guidance (NPG) 9501.2, NASA Contractor Financial Management Reporting, and on the reverse side of the forms, as supplemented in the Schedule of this contract. The detailed reporting categories to be used, which shall correlate with technical and schedule reporting, shall be set forth in the Schedule. Contractor implementation of reporting requirements under this clause shall include NASA approval of the definitions of the content of each reporting category and give due regard to the Contractor's established financial management information system.

(b) Lower level detail used by the Contractor for its own management purposes to validate information provided to NASA shall be compatible with NASA requirements.

(c) Reports shall be submitted in the number of copies, at the time, and in the manner set forth in the Schedule or as designated in writing by the Contracting Officer. Upon completion and acceptance by NASA of all contract line items, the Contracting Officer may direct the Contractor to submit Form 533 reports on a quarterly basis only, report only when changes in actual cost occur, or suspend reporting altogether.

(d) The Contractor shall ensure that its Form 533 reports include accurate subcontractor cost data, in the proper reporting categories, for the reporting period.

(e) If during the performance of this contract NASA requires a change in the information or reporting requirements specified in the Schedule, or as provided for in paragraph (a) or (c) of this clause, the Contracting Officer shall effect that change in accordance with the Changes clause of this contract.

(End of clause)

1852.242-74 Notice of Earned Value Management System.

As prescribed in 1842.7402(a)(1), insert the following provision:


(MARCH 1999)

(a) The offeror shall provide documentation that the cognizant Administrative Contracting Officer (ACO) has recognized that:

(1) The proposed earned value management system (EVMS) complies with the EVMS criteria of NASA Policy Directive (NPD) 9501.3, Earned Value Management, or DoD 5000.2-R, Mandatory Procedures for Major Defense Acquisition Programs and Major Automated Information Systems Acquisition Programs; or

(2) The company EVM system conforms with the full intentions of the guidelines presented in ANSI/EIA Standard 748, Industry Guidelines for Earned Value Management Systems.

(b) If the offeror proposes to use a system that does not meet the requirements of paragraph (a) of this provision, the successful offeror shall submit a plan for compliance with the NASA EVM criteria as described in NPD 9501.3.

(1) The plan shall --

(i) Describe the EVMS the offeror intends to use in performance of the contract;

(ii) Distinguish between the offeror's existing management system and modifications proposed to meet the criteria;

(iii) Describe the management system and its application in terms of the criteria;

(iv) Describe the proposed procedure for administration of the criteria as applied to subcontractors; and

(v) Provide documentation describing the process and results of any third-party or self-evaluation of the system's compliance with EVMS criteria.

(2) The Government will review the offeror's plan for EVMS before contract award. The offeror shall provide information and assistance as required by the Contracting Officer to support review of the plan.

(c) Offerors shall identify in their proposals the major subcontractors, or major subcontracted efforts if major subcontractors have not been selected, planned for application of EVMS. The prime contractor and the Government shall agree to subcontractors selected for application of EVMS.

(End of provision)

1852.242-75 Earned Value Management Systems.

As prescribed at 1842.7402(a)(2), insert the following clause:


(MARCH 1999)

(a) In the performance of this contract, the Contractor shall use:

(1) An earned value management system (EVMS) that has been recognized by the cognizant Administrative Contracting Officer (ACO) as complying with the criteria provided in NASA Policy Directive 9501.3, Earned Value Management, or DoD 5000.2-R, Mandatory Procedures for Major Defense Acquisition Programs and Major Automated Information Systems Acquisition Programs; or

(2) A company EVMS that the ACO has recognized as conforming with the full intentions of the guidelines presented in ANSI/EIA Standard 748, Industry Guidelines for Earned Value Management Systems.

(b) If, at the time of award, the Contractor's EVMS has not been recognized by the cognizant ACO per paragraph (a) of this clause or the Contractor does not have an existing cost schedule control system (C/SCS) that has been accepted by the Government, the Contractor shall apply the Contractor's EVMS to the contract and be prepared to demonstrate to the ACO that its system complies with the EVMS criteria referenced in paragraph (a) of this clause.

(c) The Government may require integrated baseline reviews. Such reviews shall be scheduled as early as practicable and should be conducted within 180 calendar days after contract award, exercise of significant contract options, or incorporation of major contract modifications. The objective of the integrated baseline review is for the Government and the Contractor to jointly assess areas, such as the Contractor's planning, to ensure complete coverage of the statement of work, logical scheduling of the work activities, adequate resourcing, and identification of inherent risks.

(d) Unless a waiver is granted by the ACO, Contractor proposed EVMS changes require approval of the ACO prior to implementation. The ACO shall advise the Contractor of the acceptability of such changes within 30 calendar days after receipt of the notice of proposed changes from the Contractor. If the advance approval requirements are waived by the ACO, the Contractor shall disclose EVMS changes to the ACO and provide an information copy to the NASA Contracting Officer at least 14 calendar days prior to the effective date of implementation.

(e) The Contractor agrees to provide access to all pertinent records and data requested by the ACO or a duly authorized representative. Access is to permit Government surveillance to ensure that the EVMS complies, and continues to comply, with the criteria referenced in paragraph (a) of this clause.

(f) The Contractor shall require the subcontractors specified below to comply with the requirements of this clause: (Insert list of applicable subcontractors)

(End of clause)

1852.242-76 Modified Cost Performance Report.

As prescribed in 1842.7402(b), insert the following clause:


(MARCH 1999)

(a) The Contractor shall use management procedures in the performance of this contract that provide for:

(1) Planning and control of costs;

(2) Measurement of performance (value for completed tasks); and

(3) Generation of timely and reliable information for the Modified Cost Performance Report (M/CPR).

(b) As a minimum, these procedures must provide for:

(1) Establishing the time-phase budgeted cost of work scheduled (including work authorization, budgeting, and scheduling), the budgeted cost for work performed, the actual cost of work performed, the budget at completion, the estimate at completion, and provisions for subcontractor performance measurement and reporting;

(2) Applying all direct and indirect costs and provisions for use and control of management reserve and undistributed budget;

(3) Incorporating changes to the contract budget base for both Government directed changes and internal replanning;

(4) Establishing constraints to preclude subjective adjustment of data to ensure performance measurement remains realistic. The total allocated budget may exceed the contract budget base only after consultation with the Contracting Officer. For cost-reimbursement contracts, the contract budget base shall exclude changes for cost growth increases, other than for authorized changes to the contract scope; and

(5) Establishing the capability to accurately identify and explain significant cost and schedule variances, both on a cumulative basis and a projected-at-completion basis.

(c) The Contractor may use a cost/schedule control system that has been recognized by the cognizant Administrative Contracting Officer (ACO) as:

(1) Complying with the earned value management system criteria provided in NASA Policy Directive 9501.3, Earned Value Management, or DoD 5000.2-R, Mandatory Procedures for Major Defense Acquisition Programs and Major Automated Information Systems Acquisition Programs; or

(2) Conforming with the full intentions of the guidelines presented in ANSI/EIA Standard 748, Industry Guidelines for Earned Value Management Systems.

(d) The Government may require integrated baseline reviews. Such reviews shall be scheduled as early as practicable and should be conducted within 180 calendar days after contract award, exercise of significant contract options, or incorporation of major modifications. The objective of the integrated baseline review is for the Government and the Contractor to jointly assess areas, such as the Contractor's planning, to ensure complete coverage of the statement of work, logical scheduling of the work activities, adequate resourcing, and identification of inherent risks.

(e) The Contractor shall provide access to all pertinent records, company procedures, and data requested by the ACO, or authorized representative, to:

(1) Show proper implementation of the procedures generating the cost and schedule information being used to satisfy the M/CPR contractual data requirements to the Government; and

(2) Ensure continuing application of the accepted company procedures in satisfying the M/CPR data item.

(f) The Contractor shall submit any substantive changes to the procedures and their impact to the ACO for review.

(g) The Contractor shall require a subcontractor to furnish M/CPR in each case where the subcontract is other than firm-fixed-price, time-and-materials, or labor-hour; is 12 months or more in duration; and has critical or significant tasks related to the prime contract. Critical or significant tasks shall be defined by mutual agreement between the Government and Contractor. Each subcontractor's reported cost and schedule information shall be incorporated into the Contractor's M/CPR.

(End of clause)

1852.242-77 Modified Cost Performance Report Plans.

As prescribed in 1842.7402(c), insert the following provision;


(MARCH 1999)

(a) The offeror shall submit in its proposal a written summary of the management procedures it will establish, maintain, and use in the performance of any resultant contract to comply with the requirements of the clause at 1852.242-76, Modified Cost Performance Report.

(b) The offeror may propose to use a cost/schedule control system that has been recognized by the cognizant Administrative Contracting Officer as:

(1) Complying with the earned value management system criteria of NASA Policy Directive 9501.3, Earned Value Management, or DoD 5000.2-R, Mandatory Procedures for Major Defense Acquisition Programs and Major Automated Information Systems Acquisition Programs; or

(2) Conforming with the full intentions of the guidelines presented in ANSI/EIA Standard 748, Industry Guidelines for Earned Value Management Systems.

In such cases, the offeror may submit a copy of the documentation of such recognition instead of the written summary required by paragraph (a) of this provision.

(End of provision)

1852.243-70 Engineering Change Proposals.

As prescribed in 1843.205-70(a)(1), insert the following clause, modified to suit contract type:



(a) Definitions.

"ECP" means an Engineering Change Proposal (ECP) which is a proposed engineering change and the documentation by which the change is described, justified, and submitted to the procuring activity for approval or disapproval.

"MIL-STD-973" means a DOD publication entitled, Military Standard Configuration Control - Engineering Changes, Deviations and Waivers, 15 July 1988.

(b) Either party to the contract may originate ECPs. The originator shall forward proposed ECPs to the Contracting Officer. Unless another process has been approved by the Government or specified by the Contracting Officer, the ECP formats, forms and controls specified in MIL-STD-973 shall be used. Implementation of an approved ECP may occur by either a supplemental agreement or, if appropriate, as a written change order to the contract.

(c) Any ECP submitted to the Contracting Officer shall include a "not-to-exceed"        [price or estimated cost] increase or decrease adjustment amount, if any, and the required [time of delivery or period of performance] adjustment, if any, acceptable to the originator of the ECP. If the change is originated within the Government, the Contracting Officer shall obtain a written agreement with the contractor regarding the "not-to-exceed"       [price or estimated cost] and [delivery or period of performance] adjustments, if any, prior to issuing an order for implementation of the change.

(d) After submission of a contractor initiated n ECP, the contracting officer may require the contractor to submit the following information:

(1) Cost or pricing data in accordance with FAR 15.403-5 if the proposed change meets the criteria for its submission under FAR 15.403-4; or

(2) Information other than cost or pricing data adequate for contracting officer determination of price reasonableness or cost realism. The contracting officer reserves the right to request additional information if that provided by the contractor is considered inadequate for that purpose. If the contractor claims applicability of one of the exceptions to submission of cost or pricing data, it shall cite the exception and provide rationale for its applicability.

(e) If the ECP is initiated by NASA, the contracting officer shall specify the cost information requirements, if any.

(End of clause)


(JULY 1997)

As prescribed in 1843.205-70(a)(2), add the following paragraph (f), modified to suit contract type, to the basic clause:

(f) If the ___ [price or estimated cost] adjustment proposed for any Contractor-originated ECP is ___ [insert a percent or dollar amount of the contract price or estimated cost] or less, the ECP shall be executed with no adjustment to the contract ___ [price or estimated cost].



As prescribed in 1843.205-70(a)(3), add the following sentence at the end of paragraph (c) of the basic clause:

An ECP accepted in accordance with the Changes clause of this contract shall not be considered an authorization to the Contractor to exceed the estimated cost in the contract Schedule, unless the estimated cost is increased by the change order or other contract modification.

1852.243-71 Shared Savings.

As prescribed in 1843.7102, insert the following clause:


(MARCH 1997)

(a) The Contractor is entitled, under the provisions of this clause, to share in cost savings resulting from the implementation of cost reduction projects which are presented to the Government in the form of Cost Reduction Proposals (CRP) and approved by the Contracting Officer. These cost reduction projects may require changes to the terms, conditions or statement of work of this contract. Any cost reduction projects must not change the essential function of any products to be delivered or the essential purpose of services to be provided under the contract.

(b) Definitions:

(1) Cost savings, as contemplated by this clause mean savings that result from instituting changes to the covered contract, as identified in an approved Cost Reduction Proposal.

(2) Cost Reduction Proposal - For the purposes of this clause, a Cost Reduction Proposal means a proposal that recommends alternatives to the established procedures and/or organizational support of a contract or group of contracts. These alternatives must result in a net reduction of contract cost and price to NASA. The proposal will include technical and cost information sufficient to enable the Contracting Officer to evaluate the CRP and approve or disapprove it.

(3) Covered contract - As used in this provision, covered contract means the contract, including unexercised options but excluding future contracts, whether contemplated or not, against which the CRP is submitted.

(4) Contractor implementation costs - As used in this provision, Contractor implementation costs, or "implementation costs", shall mean those costs which the Contractor incurs on covered contracts specifically in developing, preparing, submitting, and negotiating a CRP, as well as those costs the Contractor will incur on covered contracts to make any structural or organizational changes in order to implement an approved CRP.

(5) Government costs - As used in this provision, the term Government costs means internal costs of NASA, or any other Government agency, which result directly from development and implementation of the CRP. These may include, but are not limited to, costs associated with the administration of the contract or with such contractually related functions such as testing, operations, maintenance and logistics support. These costs also include costs associated with other Agency contracts (including changes in contract price or cost and fee) that may be affected as a result of the implementation of a CRP. They do not include the normal administrative costs of reviewing and processing the Cost Reduction Proposal.

(c) General. The Contractor will develop, prepare and submit CRP's with supporting information as detailed in paragraph (e) of this clause, to the Contracting Officer. The CRP will describe the proposed cost reduction activity in sufficient detail to enable the Contracting Officer to evaluate it and to approve or disapprove it. The Contractor shall share in any net cost savings realized from approved and implemented CRPs in accordance with the terms of this clause. The Contractor's actual percentage share of the cost savings shall be a matter for negotiation with the Contracting Officer, but shall not, in any event, exceed 50 percent of the total cost savings recognized by the Contracting Officer. The Contractor may propose changes in other activities that impact performance on its contract, including Government and other Contractor operations, if such changes will optimize cost savings. A Contractor shall not be entitled to share, however, in any cost savings that are internal to the Government, or which result from changes made to any contracts to which it is not a party even if those changes were proposed as a part of its CRP. Early communication between the Contractor and Government is encouraged. The communication may be in the form of a concept paper or preliminary proposal. The Government is not committed to accepting any proposal as a result of these early discussions.

(d) Computation of cost savings. The cost savings to be shared between the Government and the Contractor will be computed by the Contracting Officer by comparing a current estimate to complete (ETC) for the covered contract, as structured before implementation of the proposed CRP, to a revised ETC which takes into account the implementation of that CRP. The cost savings to be shared shall be reduced by any cost overrun, whether experienced or projected, that is identified on the covered contract before implementation of the CRP. Although a CRP may result in cost savings that extend far into the future, the period in which the Contractor may share in those savings will be limited to no more than five years. Implementation costs of the Contractor must be considered and specifically identified in the revised ETC. The Contracting Officer shall offset Contractor cost savings by any increased costs (whether implementing or recurring) to the Government when computing the total cost savings to be shared. The Contractor shall not be entitled, under the provisions of this clause, to share in any cost reductions to the contract that are the result of changes stemming from any action other than an approved CRP. However, this clause does not limit recovery of any such reimbursements that are allowed as a result of other contract provisions.

(e) Supporting Information. As a minimum, the Contractor shall provide the following supporting information with each CRP:

(1) Identification of the current contract requirements or established procedures and/or organizational support which are proposed to be changed.

(2) A description of the difference between the current process or procedure and the proposed change. This description shall address how proposed changes will meet NASA requirements and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the existing practice and the proposed changes.

(3) A list of contract requirements which must be revised, if any, if the CRP is approved, along with proposed revisions. Any changes to NASA or delegated contract management processes should also be addressed.

(4) Detailed cost estimates which reflect the implementation costs of the CRP.

(5) An updated ETC for the covered contract, unchanged, and a revised ETC for the covered contract which reflects changes resulting from implementing the CRP. If the CRP proposes changes to only a limited number of elements of the contract, the ETCs need only address those portions of the contract that have been impacted. Each ETC shall depict the level of costs incurred or to be incurred by year, or to the level of detail required by the Contracting Officer. If other CRPs have been proposed or approved on a contract, the impact of these CRPs must be addressed in the computation of the cost savings to ensure that the cost savings identified are attributable only to the CRP under consideration in the instant case.

(6) Identification of any other previous submissions of the CRP, including the dates submitted, the agencies and contracts involved, and the disposition of those submittals.

(f) Administration.

(1) The Contractor shall submit proposed CRPs to the Contracting Officer who shall be responsible for the review, evaluation and approval. Normally, CRP's should not be entertained for the first year of performance to allow the Contracting Officer to assess performance against the basic requirements. If a cost reduction project impacts more than a single contract, the Contractor may, upon concurrence of the Contracting Officers responsible for the affected contracts, submit a single CRP which addresses fully the cost savings projected on all affected contracts that contain this Shared Savings Clause. In the case of multiple contracts affected, responsibility for the review and approval of the CRP will be a matter to be decided by the affected Contracting Officers.

(2) Within 60 days of receipt, the Contracting Officer shall complete an initial evaluation of any proposed cost reduction plan to determine its feasibility. Failure of the Contracting Officer to provide a response within 60 days shall not be construed as approval of the CRP. The Government shall promptly notify the Contractor of the results of its initial evaluation and indicate what, if any, further action will be taken. If the Government determines that the proposed CRP has merit, it will open discussions with the Contractor to establish the cost savings to be recognized, the Contractor's share of the cost savings, and a payment schedule. The Contractor shall continue to perform in accordance with the terms and conditions of the existing contract until a contract modification is executed by the Contracting Officer. The modification shall constitute approval of the CRP and shall incorporate the changes identified by the CRP, adjust the contract cost and/or price, establish the Contractor's share of cost savings, and incorporate the agreed to payment schedule.

(3) The Contractor will receive payment by submitting invoices to the Contracting Officer for approval. The amount and timing of individual payments will be made in accordance with the schedule to be established with the Contracting Officer. Notwithstanding the overall savings recognized by the Contracting Officer as a result of an approved CRP, payment of any portion of the Contractor's share of savings shall not be made until NASA begins to realize a net cost savings on the contract (i.e., implementation, startup and other increased costs resulting from the change have been offset by cumulative cost savings). Savings associated with unexercised options will not be paid unless and until the contract options are exercised. It shall be the responsibility of the Contractor to provide such justification as the Contracting Officer deems necessary to substantiate that cost savings are being achieved.

(4) Any future activity, including a merger or acquisition undertaken by the Contractor (or to which the Contractor becomes an involved party), which has the effect of reducing or reversing the cost savings realized from an approved CRP for which the Contractor has received payment may be cause for recomputing the net cost savings associated with any approved CRP. The Government reserves the right to make an adjustment to the Contractor's share of cost savings and to receive a refund of moneys paid if necessary. Such adjustment shall not be made without notifying the Contractor in advance of the intended action and affording the Contractor an opportunity for discussion.

(g) Limitations. Contract requirements that are imposed by statute shall not be targeted for cost reduction exercises. The Contractor is precluded from receiving reimbursements under both this clause and other incentive provisions of the contract, if any, for the same cost reductions.

(h) Disapproval of, or failure to approve, any proposed cost reduction proposal shall not be considered a dispute subject to remedies under the Disputes clause.

(i) Cost savings paid to the Contractor in accordance with the provisions of this clause do not constitute profit or fee within the limitations imposed by 10 U.S.C. 2306(d) and 41 U.S.C. 254(b).

(End of clause)

1852.243-72 Equitable Adjustments.

As prescribed in 1843.205-70(b), insert the following clause.


(APRIL 1998)

(a) The provisions of all other clauses contained in this contract which provide for an equitable adjustment, including those clauses incorporated by reference with the exception of the "Suspension of Work" clause (FAR 52.242-14), are supplemented as follows:

Upon written request, the Contractor shall submit a proposal for review by the Government. The proposal shall be submitted to the contracting officer within the time limit indicated in the request or any extension thereto subsequently granted. The proposal shall provide an itemized breakdown of all increases and decreases in the contract for the Contractor and each subcontractor in at least the following detail: material quantities and costs; direct labor hours and rates for each trade; the associated FICA, FUTA, SUTA, and Workmen's Compensation Insurance; and equipment hours and rates.

(b) The overhead percentage cited below shall be considered to include all indirect costs including, but not limited to, field and office supervisors and assistants, incidental job burdens, small tools, and general overhead allocations. "Commission" is defined as profit on work performed by others. The percentages for overhead, profit, and commission are negotiable according to the nature, extent, and complexity of the work involved, but in no case shall they exceed the following ceilings:






To Contractor on work performed by other than its own forces



10 percent

To first tier subcontractor on work performed by its subcontractors



10 percent

To Contractor and/or subcontractors on work performed with their own forces

10 percent

10 percent



(c) Not more than four percentages for overhead, profit, and commission shall be allowed regardless of the number of subcontractor tiers.

(d) The Contractor or subcontractor shall not be allowed overhead or commission on the overhead, profit, and/or commission received by its subcontractors.

(e) Equitable adjustments for deleted work shall include credits, limited to the same percentages for overhead, profit, and commission in paragraph (b) of this clause.

(f) On proposals covering both increases and decreases in the amount of the contract, the application of the overhead, profit, and commission shall be on the net change in direct costs for the Contractor or the subcontractor performing the work.

(g) After receipt of the Contractor's proposal, the contracting officer shall act within a reasonable period, provided that when the necessity to proceed with a change does not permit time to properly check the proposal, or in the event of a failure to reach an agreement on a proposal, the contracting officer may order the Contractor to proceed on the basis of the price being determined at the earliest practicable date. In such a case, the price shall not be more than the increase or less than the decrease proposed.

(End of clause)

1852.244-70 Geographic Participation in the Aerospace Program.

As prescribed in 1844.204-70, insert the following clause:


(APRIL 1985)

(a) It is the policy of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration to advance a broad participation by all geographic regions in filling the scientific, technical, research and development, and other needs of the aerospace program.

(b) The Contractor agrees to use its best efforts to solicit subcontract sources on the broadest feasible geographic basis consistent with efficient contract performance and without impairment of program effectiveness or increase in program cost.

(c) The Contractor further agrees to insert this clause in all subcontracts of $100,000 and over.

(End of clause)