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PN 97-7

Procurement Notice

March 24, 1998

CONTRACT FINANCING

PURPOSE: To update the designated points of responsibility to reflect the transfer of the finance policy function within the Headquarters Office of Procurement; provide clarification to ease the use of the NFS; and reflect the extension of certain Agency class deviations.

BACKGROUND: The Headquarters Office of Procurement has undergone reorganization, resulting in the transfer of the policy responsibility for contract financing from the Analysis Division (HC) to the Contract Management Division (HK). The NFS is being revised to reflect this transfer of responsibility. Also, the coverage at 1832.412 concerning the FAR Advance Payments clause was found to be difficult to follow. The revision of that section and the creation of NASA clause 1852.232-70 are aimed at providing greater clarity as to the modifications that should be made to the FAR clause. That clause also clarifies that Standard Form 272 and 272-A are to be submitted with the other information enumerated in the FAR 52.232-12 clause and its Alternate V, and that those forms are not just the means by which that information is to be submitted. In addition, the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program was extended by Congress through September 30, 2001. This revision reflects the extension of the advance payments and incremental funding class deviations for that program to coincide with the period of Congress' extension.

REGULATION: Parts 1832 and 1852 are amended as set forth in the enclosed replacement pages to the NFS.

REPLACEMENT PAGES: You may use the enclosed pages to replace Part 1832, TOC 52:1, TOC 52:2, 52:55, 52:56, 52:56.1 (Added), 52-91, 52-92, 52-95, 52-96, 52-97, and 52-98 to the NFS.

REGULATORY COMPLIANCE: This PN was published as a final rule in the Federal Register (63 FR 14039-14041, dated March 24, 1998).

EFFECTIVE DATE: This PN is effective as dated and shall remain in effect until canceled or superseded.

HEADQUARTERS CONTACT: Joe LeCren, Code HK, (202) 358-04744, e-mail: joseph.lecren@hq.nasa.gov.

R. Scott Thompson

Director, Contract Management Division

Enclosures


PART 1832

CONTRACT FINANCING

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1832.006-2 Definitions.

SUBPART 1832.1 NON-COMMERICAL ITEM PURCHASE FINANCING

1832.111 Contractor clauses for non-commercial purchases.

1832.111-70 NASA contract clause.

SUBPART 1832.2 COMMERCIAL ITEM PURCHASE FINANCING

1832.202-1 Policy.

1832.206 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.

SUBPART 1832.4 ADVANCE PAYMENTS FOR NON-COMMERCIAL ITEMS

1832.402 General.

1832.406 Letters of credit.

1832.407 Interest.

1832.409 Contracting officer action.

1832.409-1 Recommendation for approval.

1832.409-170 NASA procedure for approval.

1832.410 Findings, determination, and authorization.

1832.412 Contract clause.

1832.412-70 NASA Contract clauses.

SUBPART 1832.5 PROGRESS PAYMENTS BASED ON COSTS

1832.501 General.

1832.501-1 Customary progress payment rates.

1832.501-2 Unusual progress payments.

1832.502 Preaward matters.

1832.502-2 Contract finance office clearance.

1832.502-4 Contract clauses.

1832.502-470 NASA contract clause.

1832.504 Subcontracts.

SUBPART 1832.7 CONTRACT FUNDING

1832.702 Policy.

1832.702-70 NASA policy.

1832.704 Limitation of cost or funds.

1832.704-70 Incrementally funded fixed-price contracts.

1832.705 Contract clauses.

1832.705-2 Clauses for limitation of cost or funds.

1832.705-270 NASA clauses for limitation of cost or funds.

SUBPART 1832.9 PROMPT PAYMENT

1832.906 Contract financing payments.

1832.908 Contract clauses.

1832.970 Payments to Canadian Commercial Corporation.

SUBPART 1832.10 PERFORMANCE-BASED PAYMENTS

1832.1004 Procedure.

1832.1005 Contract clauses.

1832.1006 Agency approvals.

1832.1009 Title.

PART 1832

CONTRACT FINANCING

1832.006-2 Definitions.

The Associate Administrator for Procurement is the Agency remedy coordination official.

Subpart 1832.1--Non-Commercial Item Purchase Financing

1832.111 Contract clauses for non-commercial purchases.

1832.111-70 NASA contract clause.

The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.232-79, Payment for On-Site Preparatory Costs, in solicitations and contracts for construction on a fixed-price basis when progress payments are contemplated and pro rata payment of on-site preparatory costs to the contractor is appropriate.

Subpart 1832.2--Commercial Item Purchase Financing

1832.202-1 Policy.

(b)(6) Advance payment limitations do not apply to expendable launch vehicle (ELV) service contracts. (see 1832.402).

1832.206 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.

(g)(2) The installment payment rate shall be that which is common in the commercial marketplace for the purchased item. If there is no commonly used rate, the contracting officer shall determine the appropriate rate. In no case shall the rate exceed that established in the clause at FAR 52.232-30.

Subpart 1832.4--Advance Payments for Non-Commercial Items

1832.402 General.

(e)(1) The Director of the Headquarters Office of Procurement Contract Management Division (Code HK) is the approval authority for all advance payments except the following:

(A) The procurement officer is the approval authority for non-fee bearing contracts with domestic entities when the cumulative contract value is $25,000,000 or less, and for all increases to such contracts over $25,000,000 previously approved by the Headquarters Office of Procurement as long as the advance payment amount outstanding at any time is not increased.

(B) The contracting officer is the approval authority for the following actions. In these cases, a findings and determination (see FAR 32.410) is not required.

(a) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I contracts. A class deviation has been signed, effective through September 30, 2000 (for SBIRs) and September 30, 2001 (for STTRs), authorizing use of advance payments on these contracts. The contracting officer shall annotate the contract file that the deviation is on file at the NASA Headquarters Office of Procurement (Code HK).

(b) Expendable launch vehicle (ELV) service contracts. 42 U.S.C. 2459c authorizes advance payments for these contracts. The contracting officer shall document the contract file with the rationale for approving the use of advance payments.

(e)(2) All advance payment authorization requests, except those authorized by 1832.402(e)(1)(B), shall be coordinated with the installation Deputy Chief Financial Officer.

1832.406 Letters of credit.

(b)(1) Each installation is considered a contracting agency for the purposes of this requirement.

1832.407 Interest.

(d)(1) Advance payments without interest are authorized.

1832.409 Contracting officer action.

1832.409-1 Recommendation for approval.

1832.409-170 NASA procedure for approval.

In addition to the items listed in FAR 32.409-1, requests for Headquarters approval of advance payments (see 1832.402(e)(1)) shall include the following information:

(a) Name of the cognizant NASA Headquarters program or staff office;

(b) Name and phone number of the contracting officer or negotiator;

(c) A copy of the proposed advance payments clause;

(d) If a profit/fee is contemplated, the factors considered in determining the profit/fee (see Subpart 1815.9);

(e) Information justifying the adequacy of security to cover the maximum advance payment amount at any time outstanding.

1832.410 Findings, determination, and authorization.

(b) Generally, the format in FAR 32.410 should be used, tailored as follows:

(i) In format subparagraph (a)(2), use the phrase "Advance payments (in an amount not to exceed $..... at any time outstanding)" in all determinations and findings. The phrase means the maximum unliquidated dollar amount a contractor would need in advance payments at any point in time for the particular contract. The amount would not usually be the full contract value. The amount inserted should be based on an analysis of the contractor's financing needs (monthly or other appropriate period) for the specific contract involved.

(ii) In the second sentence of format subparagraph (a)(4), delete the reference to a special bank account if no special bank account is required.

(iii) Use format subparagraph (a)(6), not (a)(7) or (a)(8).

(iv) At the end of format paragraph (b), use "is in the public interest."

(v) in format paragraph (c), use the phrase "(the amount at any time outstanding)" in all determinations and findings.

1832.412 Contract clause.

(e) The contracting officer shall use Alternates IV and V when advance payments are

provided on Phase I contracts of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) or Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs.

(f) See 1832.412(e).

1832.412-70 NASA Contract clauses.

When the clause at FAR 52.232-12 or its Alternates II or V are used, insert the clause at 1852.232-70, NASA Modification of FAR 52.232-12.

Subpart 1832.5--Progress Payments Based on Costs

1832.501 General.

1832.501-1 Customary progress payment rates.

(a) The customary progress payment rate for all NASA contracts is 85 percent for large business, 90 percent for small business, 95 percent for small disadvantaged business, and 100 percent for Phase II contracts in the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs. The contracting officer shall insert the applicable percentage in paragraphs (a) and (b) of the clause at FAR 52.232-16.

1832.501-2 Unusual progress payments.

The Director of the Headquarters Office of Procurement Contract Management Division (Code HK) is the approval authority for the use of unusual progress payments.

1832.502 Preaward matters.

1832.502-2 Contract finance office clearance.

The Director of the Headquarters Office of Procurement Contract Management Division (Code HK) is the approval authority for the actions at FAR 32.502-2, except the Associate Administrator for Procurement (Code HK) is the approval authority for any deviations addressed in FAR 32.502-2(b).

1832.502-4 Contract clauses.

1832.502-470 NASA contract clause.

The contracting officer may insert a clause substantially as stated at 1852.232-82, Submission of Requests for Progress Payments, in fixed-price solicitations and contracts that provide for progress payments. The recipient of the requests and number of copies may be changed as required.

1832.504 Subcontracts.

(c) Unusual progress payments to subcontractors shall be approved in accordance with 1832.501-2.

Subpart 1832.7--Contract Funding

1832.702 Policy.

1832.702-70 NASA policy.

(a) Cost-reimbursement contracts may be incrementally funded only if all the following conditions are met (except that, for cost-reimbursement R&D contracts under which no supplies are deliverable, only the condition in subparagraph (a)(3) of this subsection applies):

(1) The total value of the contract (including options as defined in FAR Subpart 17.2) is $1,000,000 or more.

(2) The period of performance under the contract overlaps the succeeding fiscal year.

(3) The funds are not available to fund the total contract value fully at award.

(b) Fixed-price contracts, other than those for research and development, shall not be incrementally funded.

(c)(1) Fixed-price contracts for research and development may be incrementally funded if the conditions in 1832.702-70(a)(1)-(3) are met and the initial funding of the contract is not less than 50 percent of the total fixed price.

(2) Incrementally funded fixed-price contracts shall be fully funded as soon as adequate funding becomes available.

(d) The procurement officer, with the concurrence of the installation Comptroller, may waive any of the conditions set forth in paragraphs 1832.702-70(a)-(c). The procurement officer shall maintain a record of all such approvals during the fiscal year.

(e) A class deviation from the conditions set forth in paragraphs 1832.702-70(a), (b) and (c) exists to permit incremental funding of contracts under Phase II of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program (through September 30, 2000) and Phase II of the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program (through September 30, 2001). This deviation exists with the understanding that the contracts will be fully funded when funds become available.

1832.704 Limitation of cost or funds.

1832.704-70 Incrementally funded fixed-price contracts.

(a) Upon receipt of the contractor's notice under paragraph (c)(1) of the clause at 1852.232-77, Limitation of Funds (Fixed-Price Contract), the contracting officer shall promptly provide written notice to the contractor that the Government is --

(1) Allotting additional funds in a specified amount for continued performance;

(2) Terminating the contract; or

(3) Considering whether to allot additional funds; and

(i) The contractor is entitled to stop work in accordance with paragraph (b) of the clause at 1852.232-77, Limitation of Funds; and

(ii) Any costs expended beyond the amount specified in paragraph (a) of the clause at 1852.232-77, Limitation of Funds, are incurred at the contractor's risk.

(b) Upon determining that the contract will receive no further funds, the contracting officer shall promptly give notice of the Government's decision and terminate for the convenience of the Government.

1832.705 Contract clauses.

1832.705-2 Clauses for limitation of cost or funds.

1832.705-270 NASA clauses for limitation of cost or funds.

(a) The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.232-77, Limitation of Funds (Fixed-Price Contract), in solicitations and contracts for fixed-price incrementally funded research and development.

(b) The contracting officer shall insert a clause substantially as stated at 1852.232-81, Contract Funding, in Section B of solicitations and contracts containing the clause at FAR 52.232-22, Limitation of Funds. Insert the amounts of funds available for payment, the items covered, and the applicable period of performance. The amount obligated for fee in paragraph (b) of the clause should always be sufficient to pay fee anticipated to be earned for the work funded by the amount in paragraph (a) of the clause.

Subpart 1832.9--Prompt Payment

1832.906 Contract financing payments.

(a) Except as authorized in 1832.970, is NASA's policy to make contract financing payments on the 30th day after the designated billing office has received a proper request. However, the due date for making contract financing payments for a specific contract may be earlier than the 30th day, but not earlier than 7 days, after the designated billing office has received a proper request, provided that:

(i) The contractor provides consideration whose value is determined to be greater than the cost to the United States Treasury of interest on funds paid prior to the 30th day, calculated using the Current Value of Funds Rate published annually in the Federal Register (subject to quarterly revision);

(ii) The contracting officer approves the payment date change, with the concurrence of the installation Financial Management Officer; and

(iii) The contract file includes documentation regarding the value of the consideration and the analysis determining that value.

1832.908 Contract clauses.

(c) When the clause at FAR 52.232-25, Prompt Payment, is used in contracting with the CCC subject to the conditions at 1832.970, make the following modifications:

(i) Insert "17th" in lieu of "30th" in paragraphs (a)(1)(i)(A), (a)(1)(i)(B), and (a)(1)(ii); and

(ii) Annotate the clause "as modified by NASA (DATE)".

1832.970 Payments to Canadian Commercial Corporation.

Pursuant to the authority of FAR 32.904(a)(3), invoice and contractor financing payments for contracts (other than Fixed-Price Architect-Engineer Contracts, Construction Contracts, and contracts for meats, perishables and dairy products) with the Canadian Commercial Corporation (CCC) shall be made earlier than the standard contract payment due dates. Accordingly, the phrase "the 17th day" shall be used in lieu of the "the 30th day" at FAR 32.905(a)(1) and 32.906(a).

Subpart 1832.10--Performance-Based Payments

1832.1004 Procedure.

(b)(2) In determining the amount of performance-based payments, contracting officers shall ensure that the payments will not result in an unreasonably low or negative level of contractor investment. To make this assessment, contracting officers shall request the contractor to submit with its proposal a numeric and graphic funding profile showing the cash flow and contractor investment in the contract.

1832.1005 Contract clauses.

(a) If the contract is for launch services, the contracting officer shall delete paragraph (f) of the clause at FAR 52.232-32 in accordance with 1832.1009.

1832.1006 Agency approvals.

Performance-based payments shall be approved in accordance with field installation procedures.

1832.1009 Title.

In accordance with 42 U.S.C. 2465d, NASA shall not take title to launch vehicles under contracts for launch services unless one of the exceptions in the law applies. However, the law does not eliminate NASA's right to take title to other property acquired or produced by the contractor under a contract containing a title provision.


(c) The offeror shall include the rationale for any conformance procedures used or those Service Contract Act employees proposed that do not fall within the scope of any classification listed in the applicable wage determination.

(d) The offeror shall require all service subcontractors (1) with proposed cost reimbursement or non-competitive fixed-price type subcontracts having a total potential value in excess of $500,000 and (2) the cumulative value of all their service subcontracts under the proposed prime contract in excess of 10 percent of the prime contract's total potential value, provide as part of their proposals the information identified in (a) through (c) of this provision.

(End of provision)

1852.232-70 NASA Modification of FAR 52.232-12.

As prescribed at 1832.412-70, make the following modifications:

NASA MODIFICATION OF FAR 52.232-12

(MARCH 1998)

(a) Basic Clause. (1) In paragraph (e), Maximum Payment, in the sentence that begins "When the sum of," change the word "When" to lower case and insert before it: "Unliquidated advance payments shall not exceed $..... at any time outstanding. In addition.…"

(2) In paragraph (m)(1), delete "in the form prescribed by the administering office" and substitute "and Standard Form 272, Federal Cash Transactions Report, and, if appropriate, Standard Form 272-A, Federal Cash Transactions Report Continuation."

(b) Alternate II (if incorporated in the contract). In paragraph (e), Maximum Payment, in the sentence that begins "When the sum of," change the word "When" to lower case and insert before it: "Unliquidated advance payments shall not exceed $..... at any time outstanding. In addition.…"

(c) Alternate V (if incorporated in the contract). (1) Substitute the following for paragraph (b): "(b) Use of funds. The Contractor may use advance payment funds only to pay for properly allocable, allowable, and reasonable costs for direct materials, direct labor, indirect costs, or such other costs approved in writing by the administering contracting office. Payments are subject to any restrictions in other clauses of this contract. Determinations of whether costs are properly allocable, allowable, and reasonable shall be in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, subject to any applicable subparts of Part 31 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation, other applicable regulations referenced in Part 31, or subpart 1831.2."

(2) In paragraph (d), Maximum Payment, in the sentence that begins "When the sum of," change the word "When" to lower case and insert before it: "Unliquidated advance payments shall not exceed $..... at any time outstanding. In addition.…"

(3) In paragraph (j)(1), insert between "statements," and "and" "together with Standard Form 272, Federal Cash Transactions Report, and, if appropriate, Standard Form 272-A, Federal Cash Transactions Report Continuation"

(4) If this is a Phase I contract awarded under the SBIR or STTR programs, delete paragraph (a) and substitute the following: "(a) Requirements for payment. Advance payments will be made under this contract upon receipt of invoices from the Contractor. Invoices should be clearly marked "Small Business Innovation Research Contract" or "Small Business Technology Transfer Contract," as appropriate, to expedite payment processing. One-third of the total contract price will be available to be advanced to the contractor immediately after award, another one-third will be advanced three months after award, and the final one-third will be paid upon acceptance by NASA of the Contractor's final report. By law, full payment must be made no later than 12 months after the date that contract requirements are completed. The Contractor shall flow down the terms of this clause to any subcontractor requiring advance payments."

(End of clause)

1852.232-77 Limitation of Funds (Fixed- Price Contract).

As prescribed in 1832.705-270(a), insert the following clause. Contracting officers are authorized, in appropriate cases, to revise clause paragraphs (a), (b), and (g) to specify the work required under the contract, in lieu of using contract item numbers. The 60-day period may be varied from 30 to 90 days, and the 75 percent from 75 to 85 percent:

LIMITATION OF FUNDS (FIXED-PRICE CONTRACT)

(MARCH 1989)

(a) Of the total price of items through        , the sum of $       is presently available for payment and allotted to this contract. It is anticipated that from time to time additional funds will be allocated to the contract in accordance with the following schedule, until the total price of said items is allotted:

SCHEDULE FOR ALLOTMENT OF FUNDS
Date                   Amounts

(b) The Contractor agrees to perform or have performed work on the items specified in paragraph (a) of this clause up to the point at which, if this contract is terminated pursuant to the Termination for Convenience of the Government clause of this contract, the total amount payable by the Government (including amounts payable for subcontracts and settlement costs) pursuant to paragraphs (f) and (g) of that clause would, in the exercise of reasonable judgment by the Contractor, approximate the total amount at the time allotted to the contract. The Contractor is not obligated to continue performance of the work beyond that point. The Government is not obligated in any event to pay or reimburse the Contractor more than the amount from time to time allotted to the contract, anything to the contrary in the Termination for Convenience of the Government clause notwithstanding.

(c)(1) It is contemplated that funds presently allotted to this contract will cover the work to be performed until        .

(2) If funds allotted are considered by the Contractor to be inadequate to cover the work to be performed until that date, or an agreed date substituted for it, the Contractor shall notify the Contracting Officer in writing when within the next 60 days the work will reach a point at which, if the contract is terminated pursuant to the Termination for Convenience of the Government clause of this contract, the total amount payable by the Government (including amounts payable for subcontracts and settlement costs) pursuant to paragraphs (f) and (g) of that clause will approximate 75 percent of the total amount then allotted to the contract.

(3) (i) The notice shall state the estimate when the point referred to in paragraph (c)(2) of this clause will be reached and the estimated amount of additional funds required to continue performance to the date specified in paragraph (c)(1) of this clause, or an agreed date substituted for it.

(ii)The Contractor shall, 60 days in advance of the date specified in paragraph (c)(1) of this clause, or an agreed date substituted for it, advise the Contracting Officer in writing as to the estimated amount of additional funds required for the timely performance of the contract for a further period as may be specified in the contract or otherwise agreed to by the parties.

(4) If, after the notification referred to in paragraph (c)(3)(ii) of this clause, additional funds are not allotted by the date specified in paragraph (c)(1) of this clause, or an agreed date substituted for it, the Contracting Officer shall, upon the Contractor's written request, terminate this contract on that date or on the date set forth in the request, whichever is later, pursuant to the Termination for Convenience of the Government clause.

(d) When additional funds are allotted from time to time for continued performance of the work under this contract, the parties shall agree on the applicable period of contract performance to be covered by these funds. The provisions of paragraphs (b) and (c) of this clause shall apply to these additional allotted funds and the substituted date pertaining to them, and the contract shall be modified accordingly.

(e) If, solely by reason of the Government's failure to allot additional funds in amounts sufficient for the timely performance of this contract, the Contractor incurs additional costs or is delayed in the performance of the work under this contract, and if additional funds are allotted, an equitable adjustment shall be made in the price or prices (including appropriate target, billing, and ceiling prices where applicable) of the items to be delivered, or in the time of delivery, or both.

(f) The Government may at any time before termination, and, with the consent of the Contractor, after notice of termination, allot additional funds for this contract.

(g) The provisions of this clause with respect to termination shall in no way be deemed to limit the rights of the Government under the default clause of this contract. The provisions of this Limitation of Funds clause are limited to the work on and allotment of funds for the items set forth in paragraph (a) of this clause. This clause shall become inoperative upon the allotment of funds for the total price of said work except for rights and obligations then existing under this clause.

(h) Nothing in this clause shall affect the right of the Government to terminate this contract pursuant to the Termination for Convenience of the Government clause of this contract.

(End of clause)

1852.232-79 Payment for On-Site Preparatory Costs

As prescribed in 1832.111-70, insert the following clause:

PAYMENT FOR ON-SITE PREPARATORY COSTS

(SEPTEMBER 1987)

Costs associated with on-site preparatory work (start-up or set-up costs) will be prorated over all work activities of a Critical Path Method (CPM) network or Progress Chart against which progress payments will be sought. Separate payment for on-site preparatory costs will not be made by the Government

(End of clause)