Sustainable Development Indicator (SDI) Group
SDI Inventory, Organized by Issue
Working Draft, Version 3, October 8, 1996
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Acidification

Definition: Buildup of excess sulfuric and nitric acids into soils, waters, and air

Candidate SDI:

Acid Lakes (358 SDI Group)
Definition: Number of standing lakes, streams, and receivers with high ph level resulting from excess Sulfuric and Nitric acid.
SDI Framework Element: Water systems (1.2.2.8)
Element Characteristic: Number of Water Bodies

Acid Rain (357 SDI Group)
Definition: Area of land with high ph level resulting from excess Sulfuric and Nitric acid.
SDI Framework Element: Ecosystems, Land (1.2.2)
Element Characteristic: Area of Land

SOX and NOX Emissions (328 UN CSD)
Definition: Emissions of Sulfur Oxides (SOX) and and Nitrous Oxides (NOX) (t)
SDI Framework Element: Emissions into Air (3.1.3.2)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Acids

SOX and NOX Emissions (350 UN CSD)
Definition: Reductions in the emissions of Sulfur Oxides (SOX) and and Nitrous Oxides (NOX) (% per year)
SDI Framework Element: Emissions into Air (3.1.3.2)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Acids

Air Quality

Definition: Buildup of pollutants in air

Candidate SDI:

Ambient Toxins In Air (139 CEQ)
Definition: measured concentrations of harmful chemicals at USGS National Trends Network stations
SDI Framework Element: Air Capacity (1.2.1.1)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Pollutants

Ambient Urban Pollutants (330 UN CSD)
Definition: Ambient concentrations of SO2, COx, NOx, 02 and TSP in urban area (ppm)
SDI Framework Element: Urban (1.2.2.7)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Pollutants

Exposure to Air Pollution (240 UN CSD)
Definition: % of people exposed to high concentrations of health damaging air pollution
SDI Framework Element: Urban (1.2.2.7)
Element Characteristic: Number of People

Lead Emissions (376 SDI Group)
Definition: Amount of Lead emissions
SDI Framework Element: Emissions into Air (3.1.3.2)
Element Characteristic: Mass

Ozone Exposed People (137 CEQ)
Definition: number of people living in counties that do not meet the ground level ozone standard
SDI Framework Element: Urban (1.2.2.7)
Element Characteristic: Number of People

Particulate Emissions (375 SDI Group)
Definition: Amount of particulate emissions
SDI Framework Element: Emissions into Air (3.1.3.2)
Element Characteristic: Mass

People in Clean Air Nonattainment Areas (1 PCSD)
Definition: Number of people living in areas that do not meet air quality standards
SDI Framework Element: Dispersal of Air Emissions (2.2.1.1)
Element Characteristic: Number of People

Polluted Forest Land (73 USDA FS)
Definition: Area and percent of forest land subjected to levels of specific air pollutants (e.g. sulfates, nitrate, ozone) or ultra violet B that may cause negative impacts on the forest ecosystem.
SDI Framework Element: Forest Land (1.2.2.3)
Element Characteristic: Area of Land

Tropospheric Ozone (188 NOAA)
Definition: O3 tropospheric
SDI Framework Element: Air Capacity (1.2.1.1)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Ozone

Unclean Air Areas (136 CEQ)
Definition: number of nonattainment areas for the NAAQS pollutants.
SDI Framework Element: Air Capacity (1.2.1.1)
Element Characteristic: Area of Land

Unclean Air Days (138 CEQ)
Definition: number of Pollution Standards Index days greater than 100
SDI Framework Element: Air Capacity (1.2.1.1)
Element Characteristic: Time

Volatile Organic Compound Emissions (374 SDI Group)
Definition: Amount of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) emissions
SDI Framework Element: Emissions into Air (3.1.3.2)
Element Characteristic: Mass

Contamination of Biota

Definition: Buildup of pollutants, toxins, and heavy metals in biota

Candidate SDI:

Contaminants in Biota (432 SDI Group)
Definition: Chemical contaminants in Land, estuarine, & marine biota
SDI Framework Element: Biota Population (1.2.1.2.1)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Pollutants

Contaminants in Shellfish (146 CEQ)
Definition: annual contaminant concentrations in mussels and oysters measured as part of NOAA National Status and Trends Program
SDI Framework Element: Crude Foods and Feeds (2.1.3.3)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Pollutants

Estuarine Biota Impact (178 NOAA)
Definition: Impacts on estuarine & marine biota
SDI Framework Element: Water Capacity (1.2.1.8)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Pollutants

Marine Biota Contaminants (177 NOAA)
Definition: Chemical contaminants in estuarine & marine biota
SDI Framework Element: Water Capacity (1.2.1.8)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Pollutants

Shellfish Harvest Areas (145 CEQ)
Definition: percentage of waters in 23 shellfish growing states approved for harvest at all times by the NOAA National Ocean Service
SDI Framework Element: Ecosystems, Estuarine (1.2.3)
Element Characteristic: Area of Shellfish Fisheries

Shellfish Quality (182 NOAA)
Definition: Quality of shellfish harvesting areas
SDI Framework Element: Productive Capacity (1.2.1.6)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Pollutants

Toxic Exposures (3 PCSD)
Definition: toxic emissions
SDI Framework Element: Waste Production (3.1.3)
Element Characteristic: Mass of Releases

Toxin Diseases (4 PCSD)
Definition: Number of diseases and illnesses due to toxins
SDI Framework Element: Life Support Services (2.2.2)
Element Characteristic: Number of Diseases

Contamination of Soil

Definition: Buildup of pollutants, toxins, and heavy metals in soil

Candidate SDI:

Hazardous Waste Land (340 UN CSD)
Definition: Area of land contaminated by hazardous waste (km2)
SDI Framework Element: Ecosystems, Land (1.2.2)
Element Characteristic: Area of Contaminated Land

Nutrients and Toxics (22 PCSD)
Definition: tons of toxins per year
SDI Framework Element: Waste Production (3.1.3)
Element Characteristic: Mass of Releases

Toxic Forest Land (81 USDA FS)
Definition: Area and percent of forest land experiencing an accumulation of persistent toxic substances.
SDI Framework Element: Forest Land (1.2.2.3)
Element Characteristic: Area of Forest Land

Toxic Land Area (75 SDI Group)
Definition: Area and percent of land experiencing an accumulation of persistent toxic substances, including superfund and brown field sites
SDI Framework Element: Ecosystems, Land (1.2.2)
Element Characteristic: Area of Land

Contamination of Water

Definition: Buildup of pollutants, toxins, and heavy metals in water and sediments

Candidate SDI:

Coastal Water Fish Kills (176 NOAA)
Definition: Fish kills in coastal waters
SDI Framework Element: Productive Capacity (1.2.1.6)
Element Characteristic: Number of Fish kills

Coastal Water Heavy Metals (172 NOAA)
Definition: Heavy metal discharges to coastal waters
SDI Framework Element: Discharges into Water (3.1.3.1)
Element Characteristic: Mass of Releases

Groundwater Contamination (353 SDI Group)
Definition: Area of land with contaminated ground water
SDI Framework Element: Water Capacity (1.2.1.8)
Element Characteristic: Area of Land

Environmental Technology

Definition: Development of environmentally safe or benign technology

Candidate SDI:

Biotechnology Research Personnel (325 UN CSD)
Definition: R&D personnel in the area of biotechnology (no)
SDI Framework Element: Intellectual and Cultural Organizations (1.3.4.10)
Element Characteristic: Number of People

Biotechnology Research Spending (324 UN CSD)
Definition: R & D expenditures in the area of biotechnology (US$)
SDI Framework Element: Expenditures (3.1.5)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Money Spent

Environment Technology Exports (50 PCSD)
Definition: dollars of exported technology that is cost-effective and environmentally sound
SDI Framework Element: Economic Output (2.1)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Money

Environmental Technology Sales (399 SDI Group)
Definition: Total amount of money spent of environmental technology
SDI Framework Element: Expenditures (3.1.5)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Money Spent

Eutrophication

Definition: Buildup of nutrients in water

Candidate SDI:

Algae Index (297 UN CSD)
Definition: Algae index
SDI Framework Element: Ecosystems, Marine (1.2.4)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Algae

Algal Blooms (171 NOAA)
Definition: Algal blooms & ecosystem functioning
SDI Framework Element: Biota Population (1.2.1.2.1)
Element Characteristic: Number of Algae Blooms

Coastal Water Nutrient Releases (294 UN CSD)
Definition: Releases of N and P to coastal waters (t)
SDI Framework Element: Discharges into Water (3.1.3.1)
Element Characteristic: Mass of Releases

Coastal Water Nutrients (170 NOAA)
Definition: Biochemical Oxygen Demand, Nitrogen, & Phosphorus loadings into coastal waters (point & nonpoint sources)
SDI Framework Element: Water Capacity (1.2.1.8)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Nutrients

Deposition of Atmospheric Nitrogen (359 SDI Group)
Definition: Amount of atmospheric nitrogen absorbed into water bodies.
SDI Framework Element: Water Capacity (1.2.1.8)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Nitrogen

Fertilizer Use (309 UN CSD)
Definition: Use of fertilizers (t/km3)
SDI Framework Element: Releases into Soils (3.1.3.3)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Nutrients

Natural Disasters

Definition: Destruction of public and private infrastructure and property by floods, storms, earthquakes, and other natural disasters

Candidate SDI:

Flood Prone Cities (356 SDI Group)
Definition: Number of urban areas located on flood planes or other areas experiencing a major flood at least once per decade
SDI Framework Element: Urban (1.2.2.7)
Element Characteristic: Number of Cities

Natural Disaster Loss (254 UN CSD)
Definition: Human and economic loss due to natural disasters. Floor area per person (m )
SDI Framework Element: Alteration by Natural Events (3.2.1)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Money

Tornado Frequency (208 NOAA)
Definition: Tornado frequency
SDI Framework Element: Extreme Weather Events (3.2.1.2)
Element Characteristic: Number of Storms

Tropical Cyclones (205 NOAA)
Definition: Tropical cyclones (frequency & intensity)
SDI Framework Element: Extreme Weather Events (3.2.1.2)
Element Characteristic: Number of Storms

XtraCyclone (206 NOAA)
Definition: XtraCyclone
SDI Framework Element: Extreme Weather Events (3.2.1.2)
Element Characteristic: Number of Storms

Toxic Chemical Releases

Definition: Release of pollutants, toxins, and heavy metals into water, air, or soil

Candidate SDI:

Coastal Resource Oil Spill (180 NOAA)
Definition: Coastal resources at risk from spilled oil
SDI Framework Element: Ecosystems, Estuarine (1.2.3)
Element Characteristic: Length of Shoreline

Coastal Water Oil Discharge (173 NOAA)
Definition: Oil & grease discharges to coastal waters
SDI Framework Element: Discharges into Water (3.1.3.1)
Element Characteristic: Mass of Releases

Coastal Water Oil Discharges (293 UN CSD)
Definition: Discharges of oil into coastal waters (t)
SDI Framework Element: Discharges into Water (3.1.3.1)
Element Characteristic: Mass of Releases

Coastal Water Oil Spills (175 NOAA)
Definition: Oil spills in coastal waters
SDI Framework Element: Discharges into Water (3.1.3.1)
Element Characteristic: Number of Releases

Oil and Chemical Spills (147 CEQ)
Definition: number of oil and chemical spills annually
SDI Framework Element: Discharges into Water (3.1.3.1)
Element Characteristic: Number of Releases

Total Water Discharges (181 NOAA)
Definition: Pollutant discharges from industrial, municipal, & power generating facilities
SDI Framework Element: Discharges into Water (3.1.3.1)
Element Characteristic: Mass of Releases

Toxic Release Inventory (161 CEQ)
Definition: number of Toxic Releases Inventory (TRI) releases, which include chemicals released into the air and water, on the land, and underground
SDI Framework Element: Waste Production (3.1.3)
Element Characteristic: Number of Releases

Water Quality

Definition: Buildup of pollutants, toxins, and heavy metals in water

Candidate SDI:

Dead Forest Water Bodies (80 USDA FS)
Definition: Percent of water bodies in forest areas (e.g. stream kilometers, lake hectares ) with significant variation from the historic range of variability in pH, dissolved oxygen, levels of chemicals (electrical conductivity), sedimentation or temperature change.
SDI Framework Element: Water Systems (1.2.2.8)
Element Characteristic: Number of Water Bodies

Freshwater Faecal Coliform (288 UN CSD)
Definition: Concentration of faecal coliform in freshwater bodies (no/100 ml)
SDI Framework Element: Water Capacity (1.2.1.8)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Bacteria

Healthy Lakes (18 PCSD)
Definition: Number of water systems classified as safe for fish harvest
SDI Framework Element: Water Systems (1.2.2.8)
Element Characteristic: Number of Water Bodies

Heavy Metals in Water (377 CEQ)
Definition: concentrations of Lead, Cadmium, and Ammoniun
SDI Framework Element: Water Capacity (1.2.1.8)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Pollutants

Lakes Requiring Cleanup (142 CEQ)
Definition: percentage of rivers, lakes, and streams that need pollution control actions, as determined by EPA
SDI Framework Element: Water Systems (1.2.2.8)
Element Characteristic: Number of Water Bodies

Lakes With Lead (143 CEQ)
Definition: number of water systems that exceed the lead action level of 15 ppb suggested by EPA
SDI Framework Element: Water Systems (1.2.2.8)
Element Characteristic: Number of Water Bodies

Lakes With Thermal Pollution (388 SDI Group)
Definition: number of water systems with temperatures that exceed the normal by 5 degrees centigrade
SDI Framework Element: Water Systems (1.2.2.8)
Element Characteristic: Number of Water Bodies

Oxygen in Water (289 UN CSD)
Definition: BOD and COD in water bodies (mg/1)
SDI Framework Element: Water Capacity (1.2.1.8)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Oxygen

People Drinking Water (2 PCSD)
Definition: # of people living in areas that do not meet safe drinking water standards
SDI Framework Element: Water Capacity (1.2.1.8)
Element Characteristic: Number of People

People Without Drinking Water (238 UN CSD)
Definition: % of people without access to sufficient and safe drinking water
SDI Framework Element: Delivery of Nutrition, Shelter and Clothing (1.3.2.1.2)
Element Characteristic: Number of People

Water Constituents (140 CEQ)
Definition: concentrations of selected chemical physical, and sanitary constituents of water at stations
SDI Framework Element: Water Capacity (1.2.1.8)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Pollutants

Water Quality Index (446 SDI Group)
Definition: Index of water quality measuring the appropriate concentrations of selected chemical physical, and sanitary constituents of water at stations
SDI Framework Element: Water Capacity (1.2.1.8)
Element Characteristic: Amount of Constituents