NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION


                          CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES


                          FISCAL YEAR 1996 ESTIMATES


                                   SUMMARY


   
               ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE AND RESTORATION

Summary of Project Amounts by Location:                          Amount


  Ames Research Center.......................................   $4,300,000


  Dryden Flight Research Center..............................    1,100,000


  Goddard Space Flight Center................................      400,000


  Jet Propulsion Laboratory..................................    2,400,000


  Johnson Space Center.......................................      400,000


  Kennedy Space Center.......................................    5,950,000


  Lewis Research Center......................................    2,800,000


  Marshall Space Flight Center...............................    3,900,000


  Michoud Assembly Facility..................................    2,000,000


  Stennis Space Center.......................................    3,150,000


  Wallops Flight Facility....................................    1,000,000


  White Sands Test Facility..................................    1,000,000


  Miscellaneous Projects Not in Excess of $250,000 Each......      970,000


  Remedial Investigations, Feasibility Studies, Assessments,
    Studies, Design, and Related Engineering.................    7,630,000


     Total...................................................  $37,000,000


                          CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES


                          FISCAL YEAR 1996 ESTIMATES



PROJECT TITLE:  Environmental Compliance and Restoration Program


INSTALLATION:   Various Locations


                                          FY 1996 Estimate:   $37,000,000



              FY 1994:  $50,000,000                    FY 1995:  $35,000,000



COGNIZANT INSTALLATIONS/LOCATIONS OF PROJECT:  Various Locations


COGNIZANT HEADQUARTERS OFFICE:  Office of Management Systems and Facilities


SUMMARY PURPOSE AND SCOPE:


These resources will provide for studies, assessments, remedial investigations,
feasibility studies, design, related engineering, and remedial action projects
for environmental compliance and restoration measures at NASA field
installations, Government-owned industrial plants supporting NASA activities,
and other locations where NASA operations have contributed to environmental
problems and NASA is obligated to contribute to cleanup costs.  In addition,
these resources will be used to provide for regulatory agency oversight costs
and to acquire land if necessary to implement environmental compliance and
restoration measures.  The purpose of this program is to enable NASA to comply
with mandatory environmental statutory requirements and standards, cleanup
orders and regulatory agreements.  The resources authorized and appropriated 
pursuant to this program may not be applied to other activities.  The program
includes studies or assessments to determine compliance status and options for
remedial action; conduct of prescribed remedial investigations and feasibility
studies as required by Federal environmental laws; and performance of
environmental restoration, hazardous waste removal and disposal, cleanups,
and closures.
 

PROJECT JUSTIFICATION/DESCRIPTION:


Proposed environmental compliance and restoration projects and activities for
Fiscal Year 1996 total $37 million, which has been distilled from requests of
approximately $73 million.  This program represents only a modest request in
relation to the total requirements for environmental compliance and
restoration that must be implemented within the next several years.  Based on 
relative urgency and potential health hazards, the following listed projects
are the highest priority requirements currently planned for accomplishment in
FY 1996.  Deferral of these necessary remedial measures would preclude NASA
from complying with environmental requirements and jeopardize critical NASA
operations.  The remedial investigations, feasibility studies, assessments,
design, and related engineering costs are estimated to be approximately
$7,630,000.  Projects estimated to cost less than $250,000 have not been
described or identified by specific location.  The estimated cost of these
projects is $970,000.  As studies, assessments, remedial investigations,
feasibility studies, and designs progress and as new discoveries or regulatory 
requirements change, it is expected that priorities may change and revisions
of the activities and projects may be necessary.


The following listing summarizes broad categories of effort to be undertaken
with projects of an estimated cost of over $250,000:



    a.  Hazardous Waste Corrective Actions/Cleanups..........  $22,250,000


    b.  Hazardous Waste and Material Storage and Control.....    1,700,000


    c.  Air Pollution Control................................    2,950,000


    d.  Water Pollution Control..............................    1,500,000


PROJECT COST ESTIMATE:


A.  Ames Research Center (ARC)		$4,300,000


    1.  Remediation of Contaminated Soil and Groundwater,
          National Full-Scale Aerodynamics Complex (NFAC)....    1,200,000
This project provides for the remediation of soil and groundwater contamination
around the NFAC area.  The project provides follow-on actions as required for
the cleanup of petroleum hydrocarbons and solvent contamination found in soil
and/or groundwater from previous and ongoing site investigations.  The proposed
remedial work includes removal, disposal, and/or in situ treatment of
contaminated soil and groundwater based on recommended remedial actions.  It
also includes all associated work necessary for site cleanup including
sampling, analyses, and well installation.  The project is required to comply
with the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), state, and
local regulations.


    2.  Remediation of Groundwater Contamination,
          Middlefield-Ellis-Whisman (MEW) Superfund Site.....      350,000
This project will continue to provide for NASA's contribution to the remediation
of groundwater contamination from the MEW Superfund Site.  Ames has been
designated a potentially responsible party (PRP) by the Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) for the MEW site contamination.  The project provides a portion of
the funds needed to comply with requirements under the Record of Decision (ROD)
for treatment and cleanup of contaminated soil and groundwater, including reuse
of extracted groundwater to the maximum extent possible.  The ROD was issued
under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act
(CERCLA) with the EPA and by state and local regulators.


    3.  Wastewater Pretreatment Facilities...................    1,500,000
This project will construct wastewater pretreatment and associated collection
facilities for the preliminary treatment of industrial wastewater discharged
from certain Ames facilities.  Wastewater generated from Ames discharges into
the Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTWs) systems of the cities of Sunnyvale
and Palo Alto.  The cities are lowering the contaminant levels for discharges
entering into their wastewater treatment systems.  This project will provide
pretreatment facilities necessary to reduce contaminant levels from wastewater
generated at Ames and discharging into the POTWs in order to comply with
existing and proposed local ordinances.


    4.  Retrofit Thermal Protection Laboratory Boiler (N234A) 
          for Air Emissions..................................    1,250,000
This project will provide for the retrofit/replacement of an existing boiler to
meet air emission standards.  Results of required source emissions testing on
the boiler indicated exceedances on the nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions levels
and a wide variation in the carbon monoxide (CO) emission levels from required
regulatory standards.  The boiler will be retrofitted/replaced to meet
regulations of the Bay Area Air Quality Management District (BAAQMD).  Possible
retrofits include new burners and NOx controls.  The BAAQMD is currently a
nonattainment area for carbon monoxide and ozone.  NOx emissions contribute
to ozone depletion.


B.  Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC).....................   $1,100,000


    1.  Soil and Groundwater Contamination Assessment........    1,100,000
This project provides for continuation of site assessments and investigations
required at DFRC.  The Center is a tenant of the Edwards Air Force Base (EAFB)
and is identified as Operable Unit No. 6 under the EAFB Superfund site.  This
project will provide for continuation of the site investigations,
characterization and site assessments that include soil borings, sampling and 
analyses, well installation, and similar activities.  The project may provide
for interim remedial action activities as necessary during investigations to
remove site contamination.  This project is required as part of the CERCLA
process.


C.  Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC).......................     $400,000
  1.  Remediation and Cleanup of Landfills...................      400,000
This project provides for the remediation and clean up of GSFC's closed
landfills identified during the investigation, characterization, and
assessment period.  Preliminary assessment of the area has indicated some
soil and groundwater contamination.  The project includes well installation,
sampling, analyses, soil borings, and disposal.  This project is required to
bring GSFC into compliance with CERCLA/RCRA and state of Maryland regulations.


D.  Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)..........................   $2,400,000


  1.  Cleanup of Arroyo Seco Groundwater Contamination.......    2,000,000
This project ensures continuation of the groundwater cleanup effort of the
Arroyo Seco aquifer contamination.  Sampling and testing of groundwater in the
vicinity of JPL confirmed the presence of contaminants beneath the site and in
nearby production wells, in excess of Federal and State of California standards.
This portion of the project provides for continuation of remedial investigations
and feasibility studies, remedial design, and payment of state oversight costs
as required by the Federal Facilities Agreement (FFA).  The site is listed in
the EPA's National Priorities List and subject to the provisions of CERCLA,
state, and local requirements.


  2.  Environmental Assessment/Cleanup,
        Edwards Test Facility (ETF)..........................      400,000
This project provides for continuation of site assessments and investigations
as required for closure of the ETF.  The facility is a tenant of the Edwards
Air Force Base (EAFB) and is identified as Operable Unit No. 5 under the EAFB
Superfund site.  The project will provide for continuation of the site
investigations, characterization and site assessments to include soil borings,
sampling and analyses, well installation, and other related activities.  The
project may also provide for interim remedial actions as necessary during
investigations to remove site contamination.  This project is required as part
of the CERCLA process. 


E.  Johnson Space Center (JSC)...............................     $400,000


  1.  Install Volatile Organic Compound Controls,
        Ellington Field......................................      400,000
This project provides for the installation of a system to control volatile
organic compounds in the painting operations at Ellington Field.  The work
includes modifications to the existing ventilation system and the installation
of a filtration system to bring the facility into compliance with the Clean Air
Act Amendments (CAAA) and State of Texas requirements.


F.  Kennedy Space Center (KSC)...............................   $5,950,000


  1.  Remediation of Old Bus Maintenance Area................    1,100,000
This project provides for remediation of fuel contaminants to soil, surface
water, and groundwater.  The work follows on previous site investigations
indicating fuel contaminants in the soil and groundwater around the fuel
storage area caused by leaks and/or spills.  Implementation of the remediation
will require soil excavation, sampling and analyses, treatment and/or removal
of contaminated soils, installation of groundwater wells, and treatment systems
capable of removing the contamination.  The project is required to comply with
the federal RCRA, state and local regulatory requirements, and property lease
agreements.


  2.  Remediation of Payload Hazardous
        Servicing Facility Fuel Spill........................    1,150,000
This project provides for remediation of fuel contaminants to soil, surface
water and groundwater.  The work follows on previous site investigations
indicating fuel contaminants caused by a spill around the servicing facility.
Implementation of the remediation will require soil excavation, sampling and
analyses, treatment and/or removal of contaminated soil, installation of
groundwater wells, and treatment systems capable of removing the contamination.
The project is required to comply with the federal RCRA, state, and local
regulatory requirements.


  3.  Close Ransom Road Landfill.............................    1,700,000
This project provides for the closure of the landfill and includes additional
facility assessments and investigations to determine and evaluate contamination
caused by the landfill use.  The work follows on previous site investigations
and recommendations resulting from regulatory review.  Proper closure of the
landfill requires construction of a multilayer cap of soil and an impermeable
synthetic membrane over 10 acres of the landfill, including a gas collection
system and seed and mulch over the cap surface.  The project is required to
comply with the federal RCRA and State of Florida regulatory requirements.


  4.  Remediation of Launch Complex 39 Fuel Spill............      900,000
This project provides for remediation of fuel contaminants to soil, surface
water and groundwater.  The work follows on previous site investigations
indicating fuel contaminants caused by an oil spill at the site. Implementation
of the remediation will require soil excavation, sampling and analyses,
treatment and/or removal of contaminated soil, installation of groundwater
wells, and treatment systems capable of removing the contamination.  The
project is required to comply with the federal RCRA, state, and local
regulatory requirements.


  5.  Remediation of Spaceport U.S.A. Diesel
        Fuel Storage Area....................................    1,100,000
This project provides for remediation of fuel contaminants to soil, surface
water and groundwater.  The work follows on previous site investigations
indicating fuel contaminants around the diesel fuel storage areas of Spaceport
U.S.A.  Implementation of the remediation will require soil excavation, sampling
and analyses, treatment and/or removal of contaminated soil, installation of
groundwater wells, and treatment systems capable of removing the contamination.
The project is required to comply with the federal RCRA, state, and local
regulatory requirements.


G.  Lewis Research Center (LeRC).............................   $2,800,000


  1.  Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS).......    2,000,000
        Group 2 Project Management Units
This project provides for continuation of the effort to investigate and
remediate site contamination at project management units within the Lewis
Research Center.  This portion of the work will continue the Remedial
Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) work to further evaluate and assess
contamination at identified areas.  The work includes sampling and analyses
for site characterization, feasibility studies, treatability studies,
evaluation, and selection of remedial alternatives to further identify and
evaluate treatment options.  The work follows the CERCLA process and
incorporates state requirements.  Findings and orders have been issued to 
Lewis by the State of Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA).


..2...Air Pollution Controls.................................      800,000
This project provides for the installation of air pollution controls at the
Lewis Research Center.  Project requirements follow air emission assessments
and include modification of existing systems and installation of equipment to
control emissions of air contaminants including carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide,
and volatile organic compounds.  The Cleveland area is a nonattainment area for
carbon monoxide and ozone.  This project implements requirements under the CAAA
and state regulations.


H.  Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)......................   $3,900,000


  1.  Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
        Facility Investigation (RFI).........................    2,000,000
This project is a continuation of the work required for assessment,
investigation, and cleanup of sites with potential contamination as identified
in the Preliminary Assessment (PA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
and MSFC.  This project will finalize the investigations and begin the initial
phase of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Corrective Measures
Study for the sites and areas of concern determined to require remediation.


  2.  Cleanup of Groundwater Contamination,
        Santa Susana Field Laboratory (SSFL).................    1,000,000
This project is a continuation of the assessment, characterization, and cleanup
of the groundwater, including assessment of the hydrogeological regime currently
underway at SSFL.  The assessment work will consist of well installations,
sampling, and analyses.  The project also includes removal actions during the
investigative work.  Current results indicate a high level of trichloroethylene
in the groundwater, which has been associated with rocket engine testing 
performed at SSFL by both NASA and the Air Force.  This project is required
for compliance with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and
State of California regulations.


  3.  Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
        Investigation and Cleanup, SSFL......................      900,000
This project will provide for the cleanup of the sites identified in the
investigation, characterization, and assessment period for the RCRA identified
units at SSFL.  The sites were identified by the Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and the State of California.  The sites involved in this
investigation include NASAÕs Area II and sites associated with rocket engine 
testing on Rocketdyne’s Areas I and III.  This project will include the
initiation of the cleanup and involve a wide array of activities including
soil borings, well installations, sampling and analyses, and soil removal.


I.  Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF)..........................   $2,000,000


  1.  Remediation Activities, MAF............................    2,000,000
This project is a continuation of the investigation and remediation activities
associated with the Solid Waste Management Units (SWMUs) identified during the
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) facility investigation.  The work
may include removal actions, interim corrective measures, soil disposal, well
drilling, soil borings, sampling, and bench scale testing of remedial
alternatives.  The work follows on activities identified in the Corrective
Measures Study.  This project is required by MAF’s RCRA permit.


J.  Stennis Space Center (SSC)...............................   $3,150,000


  1.  Install Emission Scrubbing Systems.....................      500,000
This project provides for the construction and installation of emission
scrubbing and monitoring systems at SSC.  The work includes modifications
to the existing ventilation systems and installation of scrubbing, control,
and monitoring devices to bring the facility into compliance with CAAA and
State of Mississippi requirements.


  2.  Cleanup of the Herbicides/Pesticides Handling Area.....    2,000,000
This project provides for continuation of the remediation of contaminated soil
and groundwater associated with SSC herbicide/pesticide handling facility
(SWMUs 7 and 10).  The work includes well installation, groundwater treatment,
contaminated material removal and disposal, and backfill of any excavated areas.
The project is required to be in compliance with Federal and State of
Mississippi regulations.


  3.  Remedial Investigations/Feasibility Studies (RI/FS),
        Various Sites........................................      650,000
This project provides for the investigation and assessment of the remaining
sites identified by the EPA in SSC’s expanded site investigation.  The work
includes well installation, sampling, analyses, soil borings, soil removal, and
disposal of contaminated or hazardous wastes.  This project is required by
CERCLA/RCRA and the State of Mississippi regulations.


K.  Wallops Flight Facility (WFF)............................   $1,000,000


  1.  Restoration and Remediation of Contaminated Sites......    1,000,000
This project provides for the investigation and remediation of various sites
identified during the investigation, characterization, and assessment period.
Preliminary assessment of the areas have indicated some soil and groundwater
contamination.  The project includes well installation, sampling, analyses,
soil borings, and disposal.  This project is required to bring WFF into 
compliance with CERCLA/RCRA and State of Virginia regulations.


L.  White Sands Test Facility (WSTF).........................   $1,000,000


  1.  Groundwater Contamination Assessment and Remediation...    1,000,000
This project is the continuation of the ongoing groundwater assessment at WSTF.
The project provides for report preparation, additional investigation and
assessment, and technical support in defense of the long term solution WSTF
will propose as a result of the assessment.  The reports, investigations, and
the final proposed solution are required by WSTF’s RCRA 3008(h) consent order.


M.  Miscellaneous Projects Not in Excess of $250,000 Each....$    970,000


N.  Remedial Investigations, Feasibility Studies, Assessments,
      Studies, Design, and Related Engineering...............$   7,630,000


    Total....................................................  $37,000,000


FUTURE ESTIMATED CONSTRUCTION FUNDING REQUIRED:


Approximately $45-$55 million per year for the next few years is the current
estimate for meeting Environmental Compliance and Restoration requirements.
This figure will become better defined as studies are completed and remediation
projects are reviewed by Federal, state and local regulators.




CF-3.6