MISSION SUPPORT 

 
                                                 FY 1996 ESTIMATES 

 
                                         RESEARCH AND PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 
 

PROGRAM GOALS 
 

To acquire and maintain a civil service workforce which reflects the cultural diversity of the Nation and is sized and skilled 
consistent with accomplishing NASA's research, development, and operational missions with innovation, excellence, and efficiency. 
 

STRATEGY FOR ACHIEVING GOALS 
 

The Research and Program Management (R&PM) program provides the salaries, other personnel and related costs, travel and the 
necessary support for all of NASA's administrative functions and other basic services in support of research and development 
activities at NASA Installations.  This civil service workforce is the underpinning for the successful accomplishment of the Nation's 
civil aeronautics and space programs.  These are the people who plan the programs; conduct and oversee the research; select and 
monitor the contractors; manage the various research, development, and test activities; and oversee all of NASA's operations.  The 
salaries and benefits of this workforce comprise approximately 76% of the requested funding.  Administrative and other support is 
22% of the request.  The remaining 2% of the request is required to fund travel necessary to manage NASA and its programs and 
provide the training and other supporting costs for NASA personnel.   
 

ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND PLANS 
 

The Deficit Reduction Executive Order of 1993 required Federal agencies to reduce their workforce by 4% by the end of  
FY 1995.  Additionally, 10% of the reduction was to be taken in the GS-14 and above pay grades.  The FY 1994 VA-HUD 
Independent Agencies Appropriation Act (P.L. 103-124) required that the Agency's employment at the end of FY 1994 be 22,900 full-
time equivalencies (FTE's), with at least a 30% reduction in the Space Station program.  NASA exceeded all goals established by the 
President and the Congress with a total personnel complement of 22,892. 
 

Through the implementation of hiring constraints and the overwhelmingly successful implementation of the Voluntary Separation 
Incentive Program (buyout), NASA reached the goals established for FY 1995 by the end of 1994.  We have reduced employment by 
approximately 8%.  Of that reduction, at least 10% were in pay grades GS-14 and above.  In concert with the redesign and 
restructuring of the Space Station we have reduced the FTE level for this program by approximately 45% from the  
FY 1994 appropriation request. 
 

The focus of FY 1995 and FY 1996 activities are to assure the effective and efficient distribution/redistribution of a diverse and 
sufficiently trained post buyout workforce to meet the highly specialized demands of NASA's research, development, and operational 
programs and activities in concert with National Performance Review (NPR) streamlining guidance and direction.  


During 1995, each NASA Installation is undergoing a workforce review including both civil servants and contractor support.  It is 
anticipated that the preliminary conclusions from this review will be reached by mid-1995; revised estimates for FTE distribution 
by installation and by program will be provided as soon as possible after the review is completed. 
 

The FY 1996 budget estimate of $2,202.8 million represents an increase of $13.8 million over the FY 1995 budget plan of $2,189.0 
million.  Of the increase:  $10.3 million is for the full year costs of the FY 1995 pay raises and $27.9 million represents the costs of 
pay raises anticipated for January 1996.  The increases above are offset by savings of $2.6 million associated with the reduction of 
47 FTE, $3.2 million due to reducing requirements for travel and $18.6 million due to further belt tightening in the Research 
Operations Support account.  The FY 1995 budget reflects the rescission of one million dollars for two of eight NASA administrative 
aircraft.  An ongoing study of the use and need of the remaining aircraft will be conducted prior to phasing out additional planes.  
This increase over FY 1995 is less than both inflation and the cost of required pay increases.  This request does not include costs 
associated with pay increases greater than 2.6% in January 1995 and 2.2% for January 1996. 
 

In summary, the FY 1996 budget requirement of $2,202,800,000 is to provide for 23,028 FTE civil service workyears in order to 
support the activities at nine NASA Installations and Headquarters. 

 
The following describes, in detail, the cost elements within this program. 

 
I.  Personnel and Related Costs 

 
    A.  Compensation and Benefits: 
 

        1.  Compensation: 
 

            a.  Permanent Positions:  This part of Personnel and Related Costs covers the salaries of the full-time permanent civil 
                service workforce and is the largest portion of this functional category. 
 

            b.  Other Than Full-Time Permanent Positions:  This category includes the salaries of NASA's non-permanent workforce.  
                Programs such as Presidential Management Interns, students participating in cooperative training, summer employment,  
                youth opportunity, and temporary clerical support are covered in this category. 
 

            c.  Reimbursable Detailees:  In accordance with existing agreements, NASA reimburses the parent Federal organization 
                for the salaries and related costs of persons detailed to NASA. 
 

            d.  Overtime and Other Compensation:  Overtime, holiday, post and night differential, and hazardous duty pay are 
                included in this category.  Also included are incentive awards for outstanding achievement and superior performance. 
 
 

        2.  Benefits:  In addition to compensation, NASA, as authorized and required by law, makes the employer's contribution to 
            personnel benefits.  These benefits include contributions to the Civil Service Retirement Fund, the Federal Employees 
            Retirement System, employees' life and health insurance, payments to the Medicare fund for permanent employees, and 
            social security contributions.  Payments to the civil service retirement fund for re-employed annuitants and severance 
            pay to former employees involuntarily separated through no fault of their own are also included. 
  

    B.  Supporting Costs: 
 

        1.  Transfer of Personnel:  Provided under this category are relocation costs required by law, such as the expenses of selling 
            and buying a home, subsistence expenses, and the movement and storage of household goods. 
 

        2.  Investigative Services:  The Office of Personnel Management is reimbursed for activities such  as security investigations of 
            new hires and revalidation of sensitive position clearances, recruitment advertising, and Federal wage system surveys.   
 

        3.  Personnel Training:  Training is provided within the framework of the Government Employees Training Act of 1958.  Part 
            of the training costs are for courses offered by other Government agencies, and the remainder is for training through 
            nongovernment sources. 
 

II.  Travel 
 

     A.  Program Travel:  The largest part of travel is for direction, coordination, and management of program activities including 
         international programs and activities.  The complexity of the programs and the geographical distribution of NASA 
         Installations and contractors necessitate this category of travel.  As projects reach the flight stage, support is required for 
         prelaunch activities including overseas travel to launch and tracking sites.  The amount of travel required for flight projects 
         is significant as it is directly related to the number of systems and subsystems, the number of design reviews, and the 
         number and complexity of the launches and associated ground operations. 

 
     B.  Scientific and Technical Development Travel:  Travel to scientific and technical meetings and seminars permits employees 
         engaged in research and development to participate in both Government sponsored and nongovernment sponsored activities.  
         This participation allows personnel to benefit  from exposure to technological advances which arise outside NASA, as well as 
         allowing personnel to present both accomplishments and problems to their associates and provides for the dissemination of 
         technical results to the United States community. 
 

     C.  Management and Operations Travel:  Management and operations travel provides for the direction and coordination of 
         general management matters and travel by officials to review the status of programs.  It also includes travel by functional 
         managers in such areas as personnel, financial management, and procurement.  This category also includes the cost of 
         travel of unpaid members of research advisory committees; and initial duty station, permanent change of assignment, and 
         related travel expenses.   


III.  Research Operations Support 
 

      A.  Facilities Services:  Facilities Services provides basic security, fire protection, and other custodial services.  It also provides 
          maintenance of roads and grounds and of all administrative buildings and facilities.  Finally, it provides rental of 
          administrative buildings and all utility costs of administrative buildings. 
 

      B.  Technical Services:  Technical Services provides the Administrative Automatic Data Processing capability that supports 
          Accounting, Payroll, Budgeting, Procurement, and Personnel as well as all the other Administrative functions.  It also funds 
          the Graphics and Photographic support to these functions.  Finally, it funds the Installationwide safety and public 
          information programs. 
 

      C.  Management and Operations:  Management and Operations funds the telephone, mail, and logistics systems, the 
          administrative equipment and supplies, and the transportation system including the general purpose motor pools and the 
          program support aircraft.  It also funds the basic medical and environmental health programs.  Finally, it funds printing and 
          reproduction and all other support, such as small contract and purchases for the Center Directors staff and the 
          Administrative functions. 

 



                                            SUMMARY OF BUDGET PLAN BY FUNCTION 
 

                                                            FY 1994            FY 1995            FY 1996 
                                                                         (Thousand of Dollars) 
 

I.    Personnel and related costs                         1,634,005          1,654,500          1,690,100 
 

II.   Travel                                                 38,903             48,700             45,500 
 

III.  Research operations support                           502,726            486,800            467,200 
 

       Subtotal                                           2,175,634          2,190,000          2,202,800 
 

      Proposed rescissions - research operations support        0.0             -1,000                0.0 
 

       Total                                              2,175,634          2,189,000          2,202,800 



                                            DETAIL OF BUDGET PLAN BY FUNCTION 
 


                                                            FY 1994            FY 1995            FY 1996 


I.    Personnel and related costs                         1,634,005          1,654,500          1,690,100


      A.  Compensation and benefits                       1,583,957          1,604,366          1,654,343


          1.  Compensation                                1,313,676          1,340,712          1,378,288


          2.  Benefits                                      270,281            263,654            276,055


      B.  Supporting costs                                   50,048             50,134             35,757


          1.  Transfer of personnel                          10,157             13,134              6,262


          2.  Investigative services                          2,260              1,876              1,947


          3.  Personnel training                             37,631             35,124             27,548


II.   Travel                                                 38,903             48,700             45,500


      A.  Program travel                                     26,421             34,170             32,050


      B.  Scientific and technical development travel         3,675              4,086              3,763


      C.  Management and operations travel                    8,807             10,444              9,687


III.  Research operations support                           502,726            485,800            467,200


      A.  Facilities services                               163,961            160,634            151,381


      B.  Technical services                                172,249            161,325            155,799


      C.  Management and operations                         166,516            163,841            160,020


Total                                                     2,175,634          2,189,000          2,202,800

 



                                            NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION 
 

                                         RESEARCH AND PROGRAM MANAGEMENT - FY 1996 ESTIMATES 
 

                                       DISTRIBUTION OF BUDGET PLAN BY FUNCTION BY INSTALLATION 
                                                       (Thousands of Dollars) 

 
 

FUNCTION   TOTAL NASA    JSC    SSPO      KSC     MSFC     SSC      ARC    DFRC     LARC     LERC     GSFC      HQ

 

Personnel and related costs 
 

FY 1994    1,634,005  255,257  14,532  164,254  240,268  14,010  131,412  29,215  180,228  178,521  260,135  166,173


FY 1995    1,654,500  251,218  26,557  166,337  233,207  15,682  136,464  33,023  188,138  176,571  271,559  155,744


FY 1996    1,690,100  259,756  27,014  169,512  239,452  15,782  139,688  33,373  191,666  181,083  281,348  151,426


 
Travel 
 

FY 1994       38,903    4,987   1,648    2,617    4,712     399    3,677     655    3,698    3,202    6,469    6,839


FY 1995       48,700    6,278   3,694    3,862    5,437     533    3,998     586    3,770    3,880    7,509    9,153


FY 1996       45,500    5,866   3,452    3,608    5,081     497    3,735     547    3,522    3,626    7,016    8,550

 

Research operations support 
 

FY 1994      502,726   78,400       0   82,700   55,500  17,100   29,098   6,126   30,518   37,684   48,300  117,300


FY 1995      485,800   79,100       0   80,300   53,500  15,800   28,564   5,221   28,445   34,870   50,400  109,600


FY 1996      467,200   75,600       0   77,500   51,800  15,900   26,864   5,108   26,698   33,030   45,300  109,400


 
Total 
 

FY 1994    2,175,634  338,644  16,180  249,571  300,480  31,509  164,187  35,996  214,444  219,407  314,904  290,312


FY 1995    2,189,000  336,596  30,251  250,499  292,144  32,015  169,026  38,830  220,353  215,321  329,468  274,497


FY 1996    2,202,800  341,222  30,466  250,620  296,333  32,179  170,287  39,028  221,886  217,739  333,664  269,376


 


                                            SUMMARY OF BUDGET PLAN BY INSTALLATION 
 

 
                                                                        FY 1994          FY 1995         FY 1996 


Johnson Space Center (JSC)                                              338,644          336,596         341,222 



Space Station Program Office (SSPO)                                      16,180           30,251          30,466 




Kennedy Space Center (KSC)                                              249,571          250,499         250,620 




Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)                                     300,480          292,144         296,333 



Stennis Space Center (SSC)                                               31,509           32,015          32,179 




Ames Research Center (ARC)                                              164,187          169,026         170,287



Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC)                                     35,996           38,830          39,028 



Langley Research Center (LaRC)                                          214,444          220,353         221,886 



Lewis Research Center (LeRC)                                            219,407          215,321         217,739 



Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)                                      314,904          329,468         333,664 



Headquarters (HQ)                                                       290,312          274,497         269,376 
 



    Total                                                             2,175,634        2,189,000       2,202,800

 



                            DISTRIBUTION OF FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT (FTE) WORKYEARS BY INSTALLATION 
 
 
                                                                        FY 1994          FY 1995         FY 1996


Johnson Space Center                                                      3,404            3,214           3,209


Space Station Program Office                                                165              310             310


Kennedy Space Center                                                      2,445            2,367           2,367


Marshall Space Flight Center                                              3,490            3,300           3,300


Stennis Space Center                                                        199              208             208


Ames Research Center                                                      1,708            1,678           1,677


Dryden Flight Research Center                                               431              460             460


Langley Research Center                                                   2,820            2,788           2,784


Lewis Research Center                                                     2,615            2,487           2,487


Goddard Space Flight Center                                               3,839            3,810           3,806


Headquarters                                                              1,776            1,711           1,664


         Subtotal, full-time permanent FTEs                              22,892           22,333          22,272


Other controlled FTEs                                                       777              742             756



         Total, full-time equivalents                                    23,669           23,075          23,028*


 
*  During 1995, each NASA Installation is undergoing a workforce review including both civil servants and contractor support.  It is 
   anticipated that the preliminary conclusions from this review will be reached by mid-1995; revised estimates for FTE distribution 
   by installation and by program will be provided as soon as possible after the review is completed. 



                            DISTRIBUTION OF FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT (FTE) WORKYEARS BY PROGRAM 
 
 

                                                                        FY 1994          FY 1995         FY 1996


Space station                                                             1,283            1,279           1,285


U.S./Russian cooperative program                                             15               38              39


Space shuttle/payload and utlization operations                           5,282            5,077           5,015


Space science                                                             2,112            2,006           1,948


      Physics and astronomy                                               1,830            1,725           1,676


      Planetary exploration                                                 282              281             272


Life and microgravity sciences and applications                           1,512            1,467           1,499


Mission to planet earth                                                   1,553            1,549           1,595


Aeronautical research and technology                                      3,559            3,598           3,633


Space access and technology                                               1,684            1,681           1,615


Academic programs                                                            76               77              77



Safety, reliability and quality assurance                                   130              140             138



Mission/space communication services                                        676              636             644



      Subtotal, direct full-time permanent FTEs                          17,882           17,548          17,488



Center management and operations                                          5,010            4,785           4,784


      Subtotal, full-time permanent FTEs                                 22,892           22,333          22,272



Other controlled FTEs                                                       777              742             756


      Total, full-time equivalents                                       23,669           23,075          23,028*


 
*  During 1995, each NASA Installation is undergoing a workforce review including both civil servants and contractor support. 
   It is anticipated that the preliminary conclusions from this review will be reached by mid-1995; revised estimates for FTE
   distribution by installation and by program will be provided as soon as possible after the review is completed. 



                                            RESEARCH AND PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 
 

                                              FISCAL YEAR 1996 ESTIMATES 
 

                                            LYNDON B. JOHNSON SPACE CENTER 
 

                                                  ROLES AND MISSIONS 
 

SPACE STATION - Institutional personnel provide engineering and testbed support to the program.  This includes test capabilities, 
the provision of Government Furnished Equipment (GFE), and engineering analysis support for the work of the prime contractor, its 
major subcontractors, and NASA system engineering and integration efforts.  The Johnson Space Center (JSC) is the host center for 
the Space Station Program Office.  A detailed narrative describing these activities is included separately. 
 

The JSC shares the responsibility for operations capability and construction with Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and will develop a set 
of facilities and systems to conduct the operations of the Space Station.  The JSC will develop systems for on-orbit operations 
control of the Space Station.    
 

SPACE SHUTTLE/PAYLOAD AND UTILIZATION OPERATIONS - Provide support to Spacelab, the engineering technical base, 
payload operations and support equipment, and advanced programs.  Conduct concept studies and development on flight systems 
and options for human transportation.  Provide for Space Shuttle activities to support a schedule consistent with major program 
milestones.  Provide development, integration, and operations support for the Mission Control Center (MCC), the Shuttle Mission 
Simulator (SMS), and other ground facilities needed for Space Shuttle operations.  Provide for Space Shuttle operational flight 
program management including system integration, crew equipment modification and processing, crew training, flight mission 
planning and operations, and procurement of Orbiter hardware.  
 

SPACE SCIENCE - Support the Agency's planetary science program in the area of geosciences required to support future programs, 
provide curatorial support for lunar materials, assist in information dissemination, and interact with outside scientists.  The 
research focuses on the composition, structures, and evolutionary histories of the solid bodies of the universe. 
 

LIFE AND MICROGRAVITY SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS - Evaluate human physiological changes associated with the space 
flight environment and develop effective countermeasures to assure crew health and optimal performance during all phases of flight. 
Define and develop on-board health care systems and environmental monitoring systems; crew medical training; ground-based 
medical support of missions; develop a longitudinal crew health data base; and develop medical and psychological crew selection 
criteria.  The JSC has established a center for the support of biotechnology applications in microgravity in order to study growth 
factors, medical chemo/immunotherapeutic, and human tissue transplantation.  Integrates life science flight experiments for 
Spacelab; operates integrated payload systems; and trains mission and payload specialists in the science aspect of their missions.  
Provides mission integration and operations functions for experiments flown on the NASA-MIR program, including Space Shuttle 
flights as well as those transported via Russian launch vehicles applications.

 
SPACE ACCESS AND TECHNOLOGY - Provide technology to support the evolution of current launch vehicles, and the development 
of next generation transportation systems.  Promote and develop private sector investment in space-based technologies and promote 
industrial productivity through the transfer to the nation's commercial sector of technologies that derive from NASA's programs and 
activities.  Works to establish innovative partnerships and innovative approaches leading to new commercial enterprises, products, 
and services. 
 

CENTER MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS - Provide administrative and financial services in support of Center management and 
the Space Station Program Office, and provide for the operation and maintenance of the institutional facilities, systems, and 
equipment. 
 



                             DISTRIBUTION OF FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT (FTE) WORKYEARS BY PROGRAM 
                                                  JOHNSON SPACE CENTER 
 
 

                                                                        FY 1994          FY 1995         FY 1996



Space station                                                               538              372             372


U.S./Russian cooperative program                                             10               27              28


Space shuttle/payload and utilization operations                          1,913            1,915           1,906


Space science                                                                30               34              38


    Physics and astronomy                                                     0                0               0


    Planetary exploration                                                    30               34              38


Life and microgravity sciences and applications                             160              167             167


Mission to planet earth                                                       0                0               0


Aeronautical research and technology                                          0                0               0


Space access and technology                                                 158              126             126


Academic programs                                                             7                6               6


Safety, reliability and quality assurance                                     3                4               4


Mission/space communication services                                          0                0               0


    Subtotal, direct full-time permanent FTEs                             2,819            2,651           2,647



Center management and operations                                            585              563             562


    Subtotal, full-time permanent FTEs                                    3,404            3,214           3,209



Other controlled FTEs                                                       127               75              80

    Total, full-time equivalents                                          3,531            3,289           3,289*

 

*  During 1995, each NASA Installation is undergoing a workforce review including both civil servants and contractor support.
   It is anticipated that the preliminary conclusions from this review will be reached by mid-1995; revised estimates for FTE
   distribution by installation and by program will be provided as soon as possible after the review is completed. 



                                            RESEARCH AND PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 
 

                                              FISCAL YEAR 1996 ESTIMATES 
 

                                             SPACE STATION PROGRAM OFFICE 
 

                                                  ROLES AND MISSIONS 
 

SPACE STATION - The new international Space Station design requires the modification/deletion of hardware and includes the 
incorporation of significant Russian participation.  Contract negotiations are underway with the Space Station prime contractor, 
Boeing, and its subcontractors to implement management and design changes.  Negotiations with the international partners and 
Russia are being held to modify existing agreements where necessary. 

 
Space Station elements will be provided by the U.S. and our international partners.  The U.S. elements include two nodes, a 
laboratory module, truss segments, four photovoltaic arrays, a habitation module, three pressurized mating adapters, a cupola, and 
an unpresssurized logistics carrier.  Various systems are also being developed by the U.S., including thermal control, life support, 
navigation and propulsion, command and data handling, power systems, and internal audio/video.  U.S. elements also include the 
FGB Energy Tug, being provided by a Russian firm under the Boeing prime contract, and a pressurized logistics module, similarly 
provided by Italy.   

 
Canada, European nations, Japan, and Russia are also developing hardware for the international Space Station.  Laboratory 
elements will be provided by the Japanese and European Space Agencies.  Canada will provide the remote manipulator system, vital 
for assembly of the station.  The Russian Space Agency, invited to join the partnership, is providing experiment, power and service 
modules; a Soyuz crew transfer vehicle, and three docking modules. 
 

 


                             DISTRIBUTION OF FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT (FTE) WORKYEARS BY PROGRAM 
                                               SPACE STATION PROGRAM OFFICE 
 

 
                                                                        FY 1994          FY 1995         FY 1996


Space station                                                               165              304             304


U.S./Russian cooperative program                                              0                6               6


Space shuttle/payload and utilization operations                              0                0               0


Space science                                                                 0                0               0


   Physics and astronomy                                                      0                0               0


   Planetary exploration                                                      0                0               0 


Life and microgravity sciences and applications                               0                0               0


Mission to planet earth                                                       0                0               0


Aeronautical research and technology                                          0                0               0


Space access and technology                                                   0                0               0


Academic programs                                                             0                0               0


Safety, reliability and quality assurance                                     0                0               0


Mission/space communication services                                          0                0               0


        Subtotal, direct full-time permanent FTEs                           165              310             310



Center management and operations                                              0                0               0


        Subtotal, full-time permanent FTEs                                  165              310             310



Other controlled FTEs                                                         3                3               3


        Total, full-time equivalents                                        168              313             313*

 

*  During 1995, each NASA Installation is undergoing a workforce review including both civil servants and contractor support.
   It is anticipated that the preliminary conclusions from this review will be reached by mid-1995; revised estimates for FTE
   distribution by installation and by program will be provided as soon as possible after the review is completed. 




                                            RESEARCH AND PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 
 

                                              FISCAL YEAR 1996 ESTIMATES 
 

                                             JOHN F. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER 
 

                                                  ROLES AND MISSIONS 
 

SPACE STATION - The Kennedy Space Center (KSC) shares responsibility for operations capability and construction with the 
Johnson Space Center (JSC) to develop a set of facilities, systems, and capabilities to conduct the operations of the Space Station.  
The KSC will develop launch site operations capabilities for conducting prelaunch and post-landing ground operations including 
integrated testing, interface verification, servicing, launch activities, and experiment-to-rack physical integration. 
 

SPACE SHUTTLE/PAYLOAD AND UTILIZATION OPERATIONS - Provide Space Shuttle launch preparation, including Spacelab 
assembly and checkout and payload experiment integration; upper stages processing; orbiter, Spacelab, and Ground Support 
Equipment (GSE) logistics; and operation and maintenance of GSE.  
 

SPACE ACCESS AND TECHNOLOGY - Provide government oversight of all launch vehicle and payload processing and checkout 
activities for all NASA contracted expendable launch vehicle and upper stage launch services both at the KSC and the Vandenberg 
Air Force Base. 

 
CENTER MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS - Provide administrative and financial services in support of Center management and 
provides for the operation and maintenance of the institutional facilities, systems, and equipment. 





                             DISTRIBUTION OF FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT (FTE) WORKYEARS BY PROGRAM 
                                                  KENNEDY SPACE CENTER 
 
 

                                                                        FY 1994          FY 1995         FY 1996

Space station                                                               169              191             191


U.S./Russian cooperative program                                              0                0               0


Space shuttle/payload and utilization operations                          1,591            1,568           1,568


Space science                                                                 0                0               0


   Physics and astronomy                                                      0                0               0


   Planetary exploration                                                      0                0               0


Life and microgravity sciences and applications                             119              112             112


Mission to planet earth                                                       0                0               0


Aeronautical research and technology                                          0                0               0    


Space access and technology                                                  64               66              66


Academic programs                                                             1                1               1


Safety, reliability and quality assurance                                     2               15              15


Mission/space communication services                                          0                0               0


        Subtotal, direct full-time permanent FTEs                         1,946            1,953           1,953


 
Center management and operations                                            499              414             414


        Subtotal, full-time permanent FTEs                                2,445            2,367           2,367



Other controlled FTEs                                                        87               82              82


        Total, full-time equivalents                                      2,532            2,449           2,449*


 
*  During 1995, each NASA Installation is undergoing a workforce review including both civil servants and contractor support.
   It is anticipated that the preliminary conclusions from this review will be reached by mid-1995; revised elements for FTE
   distribution by installation and by program will be provided as soon as possible after the review is completed. 




                                            RESEARCH AND PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 
 

                                              FISCAL YEAR 1996 ESTIMATES 
 

                                         GEORGE C. MARSHALL SPACE FLIGHT CENTER 
 

                                                  ROLES AND MISSIONS 
 

SPACE STATION - Provide engineering and testbed support to the program including engineering analysis in support of the station 
system engineering and integration effort and the work of the prime and major subcontractors.  Responsible for developing payload 
utilization capabilities and managing operations payload.  
 

SPACE SHUTTLE/PAYLOAD AND UTILIZATION OPERATIONS - Design, development, and procurement of propulsion elements of 
the Space Transportation System.  Study and definition of future space programs including space transportation systems, space 
power and energy systems, space structures, space processing, and space science and applications facilities. 
 

Spacecraft mission management including design, development and testing of payload carriers; payload definition; integration of 
science payloads into payload carriers; and operation of the payload integrated carrier systems. 
 

SPACE SCIENCE -Development of the Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF) and the Relativity Mission (Gravity, Probe-B), as 
well as management of the Astro and Tethered Satellite shuttle payloads. 
 

LIFE AND MICROGRAVITY SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS - Provide the fundamental science and technology for processing 
materials under conditions that allow detailed examination of the constraints imposed by gravitational forces.  Perform research in 
the areas of crystal growth, fluid physics, biophysics, solidification mechanics, chemistry and polymeric materials.  Integrates life 
and microgravity flight experiments and science and applications flight experiments for Spacelab; operates integrated payload 
systems; and trains mission and payload specialists in the science aspects of their missions. 

 
SPACE ACCESS AND TECHNOLOGY - Provide propulsion and vehicle technology to reduce schedule and cost risk in the 
development of next generation expendable and reusable space transportation vehicles.  Develops technology in hybrid and liquid 
propulsion systems, advanced manufacturing processes, and vehicle materials and structures.  Conduct, technology efforts under 
cooperative agreements with the U.S. launch vehicle industry to improve the competitiveness of current systems. 

 
MISSION TO PLANET EARTH - Conduct theoretical, field, and laboratory experimental research in the global weather, severe 
storms, and local weather areas in order to improve the understanding of severe storms, local and global scale weather systems. 
 

MISSION/SPACE COMMUNICATION SERVICES - Manage and maintain the Program Support Communications Network (PSCN) 
which provides communications hardware, software, and transmission medium that inter-connects NASA Headquarters, 
Installations, and major contractor locations for the transfer of data, voice, and video. 
 

CENTER MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS - Provide administrative and financial services in support of Center management and 
provides for the operation and maintenance of the institutional facilities, systems, and equipment.  Lead center for the development 
and implementation of the NASA Financial Information System (NAFIS). 



                             DISTRIBUTION OF FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT (FTE) WORKYEARS BY PROGRAM 
                                              MARSHALL SPACE FLIGHT CENTER 
 
 

                                                                        FY 1994          FY 1995         FY 1996


Space station                                                               195              278             286


U.S./Russian cooperative program                                              0                0               0


Space shuttle/payload utilization operations                              1,519            1,326           1,274


Space science                                                               448              404             421


   Physics and astronomy                                                    441              404             421


   Planetary exploration                                                      7                0               0


Life and microgravity sciences and applications                             552              528             555


Mission to planet earth                                                     148              136             133


Aeronautical research and technology                                          2                0               0


Space access and technology                                                 112              127             130


Academic programs                                                             9               11              11


Safety, reliability and quality assurance                                     1                1               1


Mission/space communication services                                         16               18              18



        Subtotal, direct full-time permanent FTEs                         3,002            2,829           2,829



Center management and operations                                            488              471             471


        Subtotal, full-time permanent FTEs                                3,490            3,300           3,300



Other controlled FTEs                                                        86               67              67


        Total, full-time equivalents                                      3,576            3,367           3,367*

 

*  During 1995, each NASA Installation is undergoing a workforce review including both civil servants and contractor support.
   It is anticipated that the preliminary conclusions from this review will be reached by mid-1995; revised estimates for FTE
   distribution by installation and by program will be provided as soon as possible after the review is completed. 




                                            RESEARCH AND PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 
 

                                              FISCAL YEAR 1996 ESTIMATES 
 

                                             JOHN C. STENNIS SPACE CENTER 
 

                                                  ROLES AND MISSIONS 
 

SPACE SHUTTLE/PAYLOAD AND UTILIZATION OPERATIONS - Provide, operate, maintain, and manage a propulsion test center 
and related capabilities for development, certification, and acceptance of rocket propulsion systems and components.  Provides, 
maintains, and manages the facilities and the related capabilities required for the continued development and acceptance testing of 
the Space Shuttle Main Engines.   

 
MISSION TO PLANET EARTH - Conduct technology utilization, applications, and commercialization programs to support the 
Agency goals in environmental systems sciences and observations, remote sensing, and image processing systems and applicable 
products.   
 

SPACE ACCESS AND TECHNOLOGY - Conduct fundamental and applied research, develops advanced airborne sensors and 
data/information systems, and conducts test and evaluation activities of remote sensing technology.  Also conducts research into 
applications for non-remote sensing, primarily in such areas as environmental system development and closed ecosystems 
development.   

 
Commercial program activities emphasize promoting and developing private sector investment in space-based technologies and 
promoting industrial productivity through the transfer of technologies that derive from NASA's research and development programs 
and activities. 
 

AERONAUTICAL RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY - Conduct research and development programs that will advance propulsion test 
technologies for Government and commercial propulsion programs.  Design, construction, and activation of the High Heat Flux 
Facility (HHFF) for high temperature material testing is underway.  Conduct technology development projects, including Hydrogen 
Leak Detection and Plume Diagnostics.   

 
CENTER MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS - Provide operate, maintain, and manage the institutional base and laboratories 
required to accomplish and support assigned programs of NASA and other Federal and State organizations resident at the Stennis 
Space Center. 



                             DISTRIBUTION OF FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT (FTE) WORKYEARS BY PROGRAM 
                                                 STENNIS SPACE CENTER  

 
 
                                                                        FY 1994          FY 1995         FY 1996


Space Station                                                                 0                0               0


U.S./Russian cooperative program                                              0                0               0


Space shuttle/payload and utilization operations                             76               92              91


Space science                                                                 0                0               0


   Physics and astronomy                                                      0                0               0


   Planetary exploration                                                      0                0               0


Life and microgravity sciences and applications                               0                0               0


Mission to planet earth                                                       1                1               1


Aeronautical research and technology                                         20                9               9


Space access and technology                                                  14               19              19


Academic programs                                                             2                2               2


Safety, reliability and quality assurance                                     1                1               1


Mission/space communication services                                          0                0               0


        Subtotal, direct fill-time permanent FTEs                           114              124             123



Center management and operations                                             85               84              85


        Subtotal, full-time permanent FTEs                                  199              208             208



Other controlled FTEs                                                        15               18              18


        Total, full-time equivalents                                        214              226             226*


 
*  During 1995, each NASA Installation is undergoing a workforce review including both civil servants and contractor support.
   It is anticipated that the preliminary conclusions from this review will be reached by mid-1995; revised estimates for FTE
   distribution by installation and by program will be provided as soon as possible after the review is completed. 




                                            RESEARCH AND PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 
 

                                              FISCAL YEAR 1996 ESTIMATES 
 

                                                 AMES RESEARCH CENTER 
 

                                                  ROLES AND MISSIONS 
 

                                                    SPACE SCIENCE 
 

Physics and Astronomy - Provide support for the airborne astronomy program with aircraft operated as flying astronomical 
observatories for research conducted by various NASA/university teams.  The Ames Research Center (ARC) manages and operates a 
variety of these operational aircraft which serve as facilities for research.  Provides infrared technology research program utilizing 
the unique capabilities of infrared astronomy to investigate the nature and evolution of astronomical systems.   
 

Planetary Exploration -  Provide a program of laboratory, computational, and theoretical studies to develop basic atmospheric 
planetary modeling concepts and obtain the necessary physical data to interpret spacecraft observations of planetary atmospheres 
and relate these data to the atmosphere of the Earth.  Advanced studies of instrumentation and systems are carried out for 
potential deployment on future planetary missions.   

 
LIFE AND MICROGRAVITY SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS - Continue research on the effects of gravity on living systems using 
spaceflight experiments, ground simulation, and  hypergravity facilities to understand the effects of gravity on the development of 
living systems, and to develop options for preventing health and psychophysiological problems during and following extended 
spaceflight.  Develop the physical/chemical and regenerative life support technologies and extravehicular activity systems essential 
to exploration and extended presence in space.  Continue biospherics research to enhance the understanding of the biological 
aspects of global conditions and biochemical processes on Earth. 

 
MISSION TO PLANET EARTH - Develop instruments and computer models for the measurement and analysis of atmospheric 
constituents and properties from aircraft platforms.  Perform applied research and development to enhance the use of remote and 
in-situ sensing technology for Earth resources applications. 
 

SPACE ACCESS AND TECHNOLOGY - Conduct research on aerothermodynamics, thermal protection, infrared systems, spaceborne 
processors, sensor technology, robotics and artificial intelligence, technologies for humans in space, and advanced space platforms. 
 

AERONAUTICAL RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY - Conduct fundamental aeronautics research including flight computational 
analysis, wind tunnel research, flight simulation, and flight research.  This research forms a coherent and interdependent program 
to provide a technology base for the development of subsonic and high speed transport aircraft, hypersonic aircraft, advanced 
rotorcraft and powered lift configurations, and the improvement of the performance and efficiency of high performance aircraft.  
Conducts aeronautical flight research and technology projects, including joint and/or cooperative activities with other NASA 
Installations, Government agencies, and industry.   

 
Strengthen basic research and technology development for aerospace systems that transport humans, and instrumentation to and 
from space and within the atmospheres of other bodies within the solar system.  Conducting transatmospheric research activities 
which focus on developing wind tunnel and flight analysis for use in evaluating the performance of hypersonic vehicles.  
 

SAFETY, RELIABILITY AND QUALITY ASSURANCE - Provide institutional safety and health programs and develop and integrate 
Safety, Reliability and Quality Assurance guidelines into program and project development.   
 

CENTER MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS - Provide administrative and financial services in support of Center management and 
provides for the operation and maintenance of the institutional facilities, systems, and equipment.  
 



                             DISTRIBUTION OF FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT (FTE) WORKYEARS BY PROGRAM 
                                                AMES RESEARCH CENTER 
 
 

                                                                        FY 1994          FY 1995         FY 1996


Space station                                                                 0                0               0


U.S./Russian cooperative program                                              0                0               0


Space shuttle/payload and utilization operations                              1                0               0


Space science                                                               146              145             145


   Physics and astronomy                                                    102              101             101


   Planetary exploration                                                     44               44              44


Life and microgravity sciences and applications                             188              185             184


Mission to planet earth                                                      70               71              72


Aeronautical research and technology                                        727              713             717


Space access and technology                                                  95               99              96


Academic programs                                                             3                3               3


Safety, reliability and quality assurance                                    14               14              14


Mission/space communication services                                          7                6               6


        Subtotal, direct full-time permanent FTEs                         1,251            1,236           1,237



Center management and operations                                            457              442             440


        Subtotal, full-time permanent FTEs                                1,708            1,678           1,677



Other controlled FTEs                                                        59               72              73


        Total, full-time equivalents                                      1,767            1,750           1,750*

 

*  During 1995, each NASA Installation is undergoing a workforce review including both civil servants and contractor support.
   It is anticipated that the preliminary conclusions from this review will be reached by mid-1995; revised estimates for FTE
   distribution by installation and by program will be provided as soon as possible after the review is completed. 





                                            RESEARCH AND PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 
 

                                               FISCAL YEAR 1996 ESTIMATES 
 

                                             DRYDEN FLIGHT RESEARCH CENTER 
 

                                               CENTER ROLES AND MISSIONS 
 

SPACE SHUTTLE/PAYLOAD AND UTILIZATION OPERATIONS - Provide operational and technical support for the conduct of 
Space Shuttle missions, including on-orbit tracking and communications, landing support of crew and science requirements.  
Provides flight test support for atmospheric tests of experimental or developmental launch systems. 
 

AERONAUTICAL RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY - Develop, manage, and maintain facilities and testbed aircraft to support safe, 
timely, and cost effective NASA flight research and to support industry, university, and other government agency flight programs. 
 

Conceive, formulate, and conduct piloted and unpiloted flight research programs in disciplinary technology, integrated aeronautical 
systems, and advanced concepts to meet current and future missions throughout subsonic, supersonic, and hypersonic flight 
regimes. 

 
Carryout flight research programs in cooperation with other NASA Installations, other government agencies, the aerospace industry, 
and universities.  Transitions results, techniques, methods, and tools to industry and Government users in a timely manner. 
 

CENTER MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS - Provide administrative and financial services in support of Center management and 
provides for the operation and maintenance of the institutional facilities, systems and equipment. 




                             DISTRIBUTION OF FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT (FTE) WORKYEARS BY PROGRAM 
                                          DRYDEN FLIGHT RESEARCH CENTER 
 

                                                                        FY 1994          FY 1995         FY 1996


Space station                                                                 0                0               0


U.S./Russian cooperative program                                              0                0               0


Space shuttle/payload and utilization operations                             24               21              18


Space science                                                                 0                0               0


   Physics and astronomy                                                      0                0               0


   Planetary exploration                                                      0                0               0


Life and microgravity sciences and applications                               0                0               0


Mission to planet earth                                                       0                0               0


Aeronautical research and technology                                        298              313             317


Space access and technology                                                   0                0               0


Academic programs                                                             3                3               3


Safety, reliability and quality assurance                                     0                0               0


Mission/space communication services                                         18               19              19


        Subtotal, direct full-time permenent FTEs                           343              356             357


 
Center management and operations                                             88              104             103


        Subtotal, full-time permanent FTEs                                  431              460             460


Other controlled FTEs                                                        24               21              21


        Total, full-time equivalents                                        455              481             481*

 

*  During 1995, each NASA Installation is undergoing a workforce review including both civil servants and contractor support.
   It is anticipated that the preliminary conclusions from this review will be reached by mid-1995; revised estimates for FTE
   distribution by installation and by program will be provided as soon as possible after the review is completed. 
 



                                            RESEARCH AND PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 
 

                                               FISCAL YEAR 1996 ESTIMATES 
 

                                                 LANGLEY RESEARCH CENTER 
 

                                                    ROLES AND MISSIONS 
 

LIFE AND MICROGRAVITY SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS - Conduct a space radiation exposure program to support current and 
future manned space efforts in order to more accurately assess astronaut radiation exposures and body shielding factors.  Perform 
system engineering studies and analysis in support of microgravity flight experiments program.  Develops and provides education 
and public communication materials for microgravity science and applications. 

 
MISSION TO PLANET EARTH - Conduct research to understand the environment and to develop atmospheric sensing systems and 
techniques.  The Langley Research Center (LaRC) has been designated a Primary Data and Archival Center for Earth Radiation and 
Atmospheric Chemistry for the Earth Observing System (EOS).  Study of the Earth's atmosphere to assess changes caused by man 
and to determine whether or not there is any associated change in the chemical composition of the stratosphere that would change 
the transmission of solar ultraviolet radiation to the Earth's surface. 
 

SPACE ACCESS AND TECHNOLOGY - Application of multi-discipline research to current and future space technology 
requirements.  Long range studies are directed at defining the technology requirements for future space systems and missions.  
Conduct research on advanced launch system studies which provide the Agency long-range planning for a next generation reusable 
launch vehicle anticipated after the year 2000.  Develop Space Access and Technology base for future space transportation systems 
and spacecraft.  Conduct materials research to determine environmental effects on the mechanical and physical properties of 
materials using specialized facilities and laboratories.  Conduct research in electronic component technology, spacecraft guidance 
and control, large space antenna systems, automation and robotics, sensor technology, and information systems technology.  
Promote and develop private sector investment in space-based technologies and promote industrial productivity through the transfer 
of technologies that derive from NASA's programs and activities. 
 

AERONAUTICAL RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY - Conduct advanced research in fundamental aerodynamics; high-speed, highly 
maneuverable aircraft technology; hypersonic propulsion; guidance and controls; acoustics; and structures and materials.  Develop 
a technology base for improving transport, general aviation, and commuter aircraft.  Conduct an aeronautical research and 
technology program to study current and future technology requirements and to demonstrate technology applications.  Conduct 
theoretical and experimental research in fluid and flight mechanics to determine aerodynamic flows and complex aircraft motions.   
 

Study critical environmental compatibility issues in order to make decisions on future high speed civil transport technology and 
development programs.  Develop technology options for realization of practical hypersonic and transatmospheric flight. 
Conduct control and guidance research programs to advance technology in aircraft guidance and navigation, aircraft control 
systems, cockpit systems integration and interfacing techniques, and performance validation and verification methods.  Conduct 
research in aircraft noise prediction and abatement and wind shear avoidance. 
 
Research activity also includes study of airbreathing propulsion systems; development of large reusable structures for aerospace 
vehicles; and studies to define and understand the integration of advanced technologies into a future class of horizontal takeoff and 
landing vehicles capable of operating to orbit and/or hypersonic cruise within the atmosphere. 
 

SAFETY, RELIABILITY AND QUALITY ASSURANCE - The Safety, Reliability and Quality Assurance program provides independent 
assessment activities which reduce program risk.  
 

CENTER MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS - Provide administrative and financial services in support of Center management and 
provide for the operation and maintenance of the institutional facilities, systems, and equipment. 




                             DISTRIBUTION OF FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT (FTE) WORKYEARS BY PROGRAM 
                                                LANGLEY RESEARCH CENTER 
 
 

                                                                        FY 1994          FY 1995         FY 1996


Space station                                                                 0                0               0


U.S./Russian cooperative program                                              0                0               0


Space shuttle/payload and utilization operations                             10                3               0


Space science                                                                 6                7               6


   Physics and astronomy                                                      6                7               6


   Planetary exploration                                                      0                0               0


Life and microgravity sciences and applications                              43               26              22


Mission to planet earth                                                     221              193             193


Aeronautical research and technology                                      1,430            1,443           1,440


Space access and technology                                                 379              432             430


Academic programs                                                             1                1               1


Safety, reliability and quality assurance                                     6                5               5


Mission/space communication services                                          0                0               0


        Subotal, direct full-time permanent FTEs                          2,096            2,110           2,097

 
Center management and operations                                            724              678             687


        Subtotal, full-time permanent FTEs                                2,820            2,788           2,784


Other controlled FTEs                                                       109              115             119


        Total, full-time equivalents                                      2,929            2,903           2,903*

 

*  During 1995, each NASA Installation is undergoing a workforce review including both civil servants and contractor support.
   It is anticipated that the preliminary conclusions from this review will be reached by mid-1995; revised estimates for FTE
   distribution by installation and by program will be provided as soon as possible after the review is completed. 




                                            RESEARCH AND PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 
 
                                               FISCAL YEAR 1996 ESTIMATES 

                                                 LEWIS RESEARCH CENTER 
 
                                                  ROLES AND MISSIONS 
 

SPACE STATION - The Lewis Research Center (LeRC) provides engineering and testbed support to the program.  This includes test 
capabilities, the provision of Government Furnished Equipment (GFE), and engineering analysis support for the work of the prime 
contractor, its major subcontractors, and NASA system engineering and integration efforts. 
 

LIFE AND MICROGRAVITY SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS - Conduct microgravity science and applications research; design and 
develop space flight experiments; and perform ground and space flight experiments in materials, combustion, fluid physics, and 
instrumentation.  Perform research on advanced design and operation of microgravity experimental flight hardware.  Conduct 
ground-based research and flight experiments in basic science and technology associated with materials, combustion, fluid physics 
phenomena, and power and propulsion technology. 
 

SPACE ACCESS AND TECHNOLOGY -  Conduct research to provide advancements in satellite, platform and planetary power 
systems; to create new propulsion options for high- and low-thrust systems; to enable new capabilities in space communications 
and electronics; and to provide effective means to manage cryogenic fluids in microgravity.  Conduct research in propulsion to 
support the next generation of unmanned launch vehicles, satellites, microsatellites, and space platforms.  Conduct research on 
enhanced micro- and full-size satellite power systems as well as power systems for deep space and planetary exploration. 
 

Perform applied research and technology aimed at development of advanced concepts and technologies for communication systems.  
Emphasis is on developing high data return from NASA missions using less mass and power and developing innovative and cost 
competitive commercial satellite communications services. 
 

Conduct space materials and structures research and technology to develop improved materials, advance structural analysis and 
life prediction, and develop long-life, reliable space mechanisms. 
 

Promote and develop private sector investment in space-based technologies and to promote industrial productivity through the 
transfer of technologies that derive from NASA's programs and activities.  
 

Conduct studies to provide long-range planning for future launch systems and spacecraft.  Provide technology assessments & 
technology definition studies for future space operations in the areas of telecommunications and information management 
networks. 
 

The LeRC is responsible for procurement and management of commercial launch services for the intermediate (Atlas/Centaur and 
Titan III) and large (Titan IV) class expendable launch vehicles in the NASA Mixed Fleet.   
 

AERONAUTICAL RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY - Conduct aerospace propulsion research and technology to enhance the 
technology base for developing advanced aeronautical propulsion systems in order to increase speed and range; improve fuel 
efficiency, operating cost, reliability and durability; and decrease environmental impact. 
 

Conduct vehicle focused research and technology directed at developing the propulsion technology for specific engines and 
propulsion systems.  Applications for these focused propulsion systems research efforts include subsonic transports, commuters, 
supersonic cruise (High Speed Research), hypersonic aircraft, rotorcraft, general aviation, and high performance aircraft. 
 

CENTER MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS - Provides administrative and financial services in support of Center management and 
provides for the operation and maintenance of the institutional facilities, systems, and equipment. 
 




                             DISTRIBUTION OF FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT (FTE) WORKYEARS BY PROGRAM 
                                                 LEWIS RESEARCH CENTER 
 
 

                                                                        FY 1994          FY 1995         FY 1996


Space station                                                               162              100              98


U.S./Russian cooperative program                                              0                0               0


Space shuttle/payload and utilization operations                              0                0               0


Space science                                                                 0                0               0


   Physics and astronomy                                                      0                0               0


   Planetary exploration                                                      0                0               0


Life and microgravity sciences and applications                             372              371             381


Mission to planet earth                                                       4                0               0


Aeronautical research and technology                                        975            1,009           1,039


Space access and technology                                                 607              548             520


Academic programs                                                            14               14              14


Safety, reliability and quality assurance                                     7                4               4


Mission/space communication services                                          0                0               0


        Subtotal, direct full-time permanent FTEs                         2,141            2,046           2,056

 

Center management and operations                                            474              441             431


        Subtotal, full-time permanent FTEs                                2,615            2,487           2,487


Other controlled FTEs                                                        69               81              81


        Total, full-time equivalents                                      2,684            2,568           2,568*

 

*  During 1995, each NASA Installation is undergoing a workforce review including both civil servants and contractor support.
   It is anticipated that the preliminary conclusions from this review will be reached by mid-1995; revised estimates for FTE
   distribution by installation and by program will be provided as soon as possible after the review is completed. 




                                            RESEARCH AND PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 
 

                                              FISCAL YEAR 1996 ESTIMATES 
 

                                              GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER 
 

                                                  ROLES AND MISSIONS 
 

SPACE SHUTTLE/PAYLOAD AND UTILIZATION OPERATIONS - Manage development of the Hitchhiker, a reusable carrier system 
which provides increased flight opportunities with reduced leadtime while maximizing Space Shuttle load factors and minimizing 
spaceflight costs.  Also manage and coordinate the Agency's Get Away Special (GAS) program. 
 

SPACE SCIENCE 
 

Physics and Astronomy - The GSFC manages activities in the following discipline areas:  gamma ray astronomy, X-ray astronomy, 
ultraviolet and optical astronomy, infrared and radio astronomy, particle astrophysics, solar physics, interplanetary physics, 
planetary magnetospheres, and astrochemistry.  The GSFC is also responsible for conducting the mission operations for a variety of 
operating spacecraft.  Other activities include managing NASA's sounding rocket and scientific balloon program. 
 

Planetary Exploration - Conducts research into the physics of interplanetary and planetary space environments.  Participates in 
planetary mission instrument development, operations, and data analysis. 
 

MISSION TO PLANET EARTH -  Development of the Earth Observing System (EOS).  The primary objective of the EOS is to record 
global change and to observe regional-to-global processes .  The EOS will document global change over a fifteen year period to 
provide long-term, consistent data sets for use in modeling and understanding global processes.  This process and modeling 
research effort will provide the basis for establishing predictive global change models for policy makers and scientists. 
 

Manage Earth Probes flight projects and develop and operate weather satellite missions for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration (NOAA) and conduct correlation measurements from balloons, sounding rockets, aircraft, and ground installations.  

 
SPACE ACCESS AND TECHNOLOGY - Develop technologies targeted at improved space borne instruments, and on-board 
spacecraft systems and subsystems.  The GSFC is involved in flight test and demonstration of the integration of new technology on 
the Space Shuttle and Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV) systems.  Promote private sector investment in space-based technologies 
through the transfer of technologies that derive from NASA's programs and activities.  Manages the small and medium class ELV 
such as Pegasus and Delta used to put a wide variety of spacecraft into a broad spectrum of orbits. 
 

AERONAUTICAL RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY -  The Wallops Flight Facility conducts flight studies of new approach and 
landing procedures using the latest in guidance equipment and techniques, pilot information displays, human factors data, and 
terminal area navigation.   
 

MISSION/SPACE COMMUNICATION SERVICES -  Research and technology involves the investigation and development of 
advanced systems and techniques for spacecraft communications and tracking, command and control, and data acquisition and 
processing.  The primary objectives are to apply technology and develop advanced capabilities to meet the tracking and data 
processing requirements of new missions and to improve the cost effectiveness and reliability of flight mission support. 
 

Operates the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS); manages the development of the replenishment TDRS spacecraft; 
provides mission control, data processing, and orbit/attitude computation support; operates the Space Tracking and Data Network 
(STDN), the NASA Communications (NASCOM) Network, and the Aeronautics, Balloons and Sounding Rocket Program. 
 

The NASCOM Network links the stations of the Deep Space Network (DSN), STDN, TDRSS, and other tracking and data acquisition 
elements with control centers and data processing and computation centers.  
 

CENTER MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS - Provides administrative and financial services in support of Center management and 
provides for the operation and maintenance of the institutional facilities, systems, and equipment. 




                             DISTRIBUTION OF FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT (FTE) WORKYEARS BY PROGRAM 
                                            GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER 
 
 

                                                                        FY 1994          FY 1995         FY 1996


Space station                                                                 0                0               0      


U.S./Russian cooperative program                                              0                0               0


Space shuttle/payload and utilization operations                             41               43              49


Space science                                                             1,356            1,298           1,220


   Physics and astronomy                                                  1,216            1,154           1,089


   Planetary exploration                                                    140              144             131


Life and microgravity sciences and applications                               0                0               0


Mission to planet earth                                                   1,019            1,071           1,119


Aeronautical research and technology                                         24               28              28


Space access and technology                                                 110              125             114


Academic programs                                                             5                5               5


Safety, reliability and quality assurance                                    13               13              11


Mission/space communication services                                        564              525             543


        Subtotal, direct full-time permanent FTEs                         3,132            3,108           3,089

 

Center management and operations                                            707              702             717


        Subtotal, full-time permanent FTEs                                3,839            3,810           3,806


Other controlled FTEs                                                        87               93              97


        Total, full-time equivalents                                      3,926            3,903           3,903*

 

*  During 1995, each NASA Installation is undergoing a workforce review including both civil servants and contractor support.
   It is anticipated that the preliminary conclusions from this review will be reached by mid-1995; revised estimates for FTE
   distribution by installation and by program will be provided as soon as possible after the review is completed. 




                                            RESEARCH AND PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 
 

                                               FISCAL YEAR 1996 ESTIMATES 
 

                                                      HEADQUARTERS 
 

                                                   ROLES AND MISSIONS 
 

The mission of Headquarters is to plan and provide executive direction for the implementation of U.S. space and aeronautics 
programs consistent with the objectives stated in the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, as amended.  Responsibilities 
include providing a balanced Agency workforce capable of planning, formulating, and advocating executive direction to national 
programs to implement the above objectives.  The following offices at Headquarters assist in carrying out the technical aspects of the 
mission: 
 

Office of Space Flight (OSF) - Plans, directs, executes, and evaluates the acquisition and operations of space flight programs 
including the Space Shuttle and other space flight related programs.  The Office of Space Flight oversees improvements in safety, 
reliability, and effectiveness of Space Shuttle operational performance; and manages a variety of programs such as Spacelab, 
Payload Operations and Support Equipment.  Manages the design, development, test, and evaluation of the Space Station program. 
 

Office of Space Science (OSS) - Responsible for research and development efforts utilizing a variety of flight system and ground 
based observatories to increase knowledge of the universe.  Office of Space Science research and development activities are carried 
out in Planetary Exploration, Astrophysics, and Space Physics.  The Planetary Exploration program studies our solar system, 
including the planets and their satellites, comets, and asteroids.  The Astrophysics program studies the universe beyond our solar 
system, including galaxies, stars, and exotic objects such as quasars, neutron stars, pulsars, and black holes.  The Space Physics 
program studies naturally occurring plasmas, including the hot plasma of the sun, Earth's and other planets' magnetospheres, the 
relatively cool plasmas in the planetary ionospheres, and galactic cosmic-ray plasmas. 
 

Office of Mission to Planet Earth (OMTPE) - Responsible for research and development efforts utilizing a variety of flight system 
and ground based observatories to increase the scientific understanding of the total Earth system and its vulnerability to both 
human and natural forces of change through studies of interactions among the Earth's oceans, land, ice, atmosphere, and human 
activities.  The Mission to Planet Earth program provides space observations for these studies, extends the national capability to 
predict environmental phenomena, both short and long-term, and explores the potential of remote sensing technologies to provide 
early warning of impacts of environmental variability on regional food, fuel, water resources and biodiversity. 
 

Office of Life and Microgravity Sciences and Applications (OLMSA) - Responsible for research and development efforts utilizing a 
variety of flight system and ground based observatories to increase knowledge in Life and Microgravity Sciences.  The Life Sciences 
research program results are applied to maintaining astronaut health and productivity; understanding the response of biological 
mechanisms to weightlessness; study of basic cellular, development, and physiological processes; development of environmental 
health requirements and support systems for long-term piloted space flight.  The Microgravity Research program is aimed at 
utilizing the low gravity environment to obtain new knowledge and understanding of those physical phenomena made obscure by 
the effects of gravity and to increase understanding of gravity-dependent phenomena.  Responsibilities also include the Space 
Shuttle/Spacelab and attached payload mission management activities. 
 

Office of Aeronautics - Plans, directs, executes, and evaluates the aeronautical research and technology programs.  The goal of the 
aeronautical programs is to conduct research and develop technology to strengthen U.S. leadership in civil and military aviation.  
The program is based on a strong commitment to develop a broad technology base to support the global competitive posture and 
economic strength of the aviation industry, to enhance safety and capacity of the national airspace system, and to assure U.S. 
aviation superiority for national security. 
 

Office of Space Access and Technology (OSAT) - Promotes innovative space technologies and the transfers of those technologies to 
aerospace and non-aerospace applications.  The OSAT is responsible for planning and assessing technology development 
requirements and providing management of these activities across the Agency.  The programs develop partnerships with industry, 
academia, and other Government agencies to advance the research and development of space technologies and applications; further 
space transportation and launch vehicle technology and development; provide for the transport of NASA technology to industry and 
academia; and promote and facilitate commercial space development and applications.  Responsibilities also include the 
procurement of Expendable Launch Vehicle Services for NASA and other civil Government programs. 
 

Office of Space Communications - Provides the vital tracking, telemetry, command, data acquisition, communications, and data 
processing required by all NASA flight projects.  Included in Earth orbital activities are the Space Transportation System (STS), 
Spacelab, and scientific and applications missions.  The various capabilities provided include:  (a) tracking to determine the position 
and trajectory of vehicles in space; (b) acquisition of science and space applications data from on-board experiments and sensors; (c) 
acquisition of engineering data on the performance of spacecraft and launch vehicle systems; (d) reception of television transmissions 
from space vehicles; (e) transmissions of commands from ground facilities to the spacecraft; (f) voice communications with astronauts; 
(g) transfer of information between the various ground facilities and control centers; and (h) processing of data acquired from the 
launch vehicles and spacecraft.  These capabilities are essential for operating and maintaining U.S. space assets to achieve the 
scientific objectives of all flight missions and for executing the critical decisions necessary to the success of these missions. 
 

Office of Safety and Mission Quality (OSMQ) - Assures NASA mission safety through the development, implementation, and 
oversight of uniform safety, reliability, maintainability, technical standards, improving program assurance, and quality assurance 
policies and procedures. 
 
 
 

Center Management and Operations - This category is composed of two major groups of Headquarters employees.  The first group 
includes all the functional and staff offices which provide Agencywide guidance and oversight in areas such as procurement, 
personnel, financial management, supply and logistics, equal opportunity, international relations, and management systems and 
facilities. 
 

The second major group includes the employees whose primary task is to provide direct support to the Headquarters staff by 
providing day-to-day operations in procurement, personnel, financial, and other administrative functions. 




                             DISTRIBUTION OF FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT (FTE) WORKYEARS BY PROGRAM 
                                                         HEADQUARTERS 
 
 
                                                                        FY 1994          FY 1995         FY 1996



Space station                                                                54               34              34


U.S./Russian cooperative program                                              5                5               5


Space shuttle/payload and utilization operations                            107              109             109


Space science                                                               126              118             118


   Physics and astronomy                                                     65               59              59


   Planetary exploration                                                     61               59              59


Life and microgravity sciences and applications                              78               78              78


Mission to planet earth                                                      90               77              77


Aeronautical research and technology                                         83               83              83


Space access and technology                                                 145              139             114


Academic programs                                                            31               31              31


Safety, reliability and quality assurance                                    83               83              83


Mission/space communication services                                         71               68              58


        Subtotal, direct full-time permanent FTEs                           873              825             790

 

Center management and operations                                            903              886             874


        Subtotal, full-time permanent FTEs                                1,776            1,711           1,664


Other controlled FTEs                                                       111              115             115


        Total, full-time equivalents                                      1,887            1,826           1,779*

 

*  During 1995, each NASA Installation is undergoing a workforce review including both civil servants and contractor support.
   It is anticipated that the preliminary conclusions from this review will be reached by mid-1995; revised estimates for FTE
   distribution by installation and by program will be provided as soon as possible after the review is completed. 




                                            DETAIL OF PERMANENT POSITIONS 
 


                                                                        FY 1994          FY 1995         FY 1996


Executive level II                                                            1                1               1


Executive level III                                                           0                0               0


Executive level IV                                                            1                1               1


Executive level V                                                             0                0               0


          Subtotal                                                            2                2               2


ES-6                                                                         54               60              58


ES-5                                                                         98              110             105


ES-4                                                                        239              269             256


ES-3                                                                         39               44              42


ES-2                                                                         32               36              34


ES-1                                                                         37               42              40


          Subtotal                                                          499              561             535


CA                                                                            1                1               1


SL/ST                                                                        61               61              60


GS/GM-15                                                                  2,411            2,393           2,385


GS/GM-14                                                                  3,719            3,691           3,679


GS/GM-13                                                                  6,293            6,246           6,225


GS-12                                                                     3,273            3,249           3,238


GS-11                                                                     1,701            1,688           1,683


GS-10                                                                       314              312             311


GS-09                                                                       719              714             711


GS-08                                                                       310              308             307


GS-07                                                                       884              877             874


GS-06                                                                       658              653             651


GS-05                                                                       669              664             662


GS-04                                                                       117              116             116


GS-03                                                                        12               12              12


GS-02                                                                         6                6               6


GS-01                                                                         0                0               0



          Subtotal                                                       21,148           20,991          20,921

 

Special ungraded positions established by NASA Administrator                 19               19              19


Ungraded positions                                                          564              560             558


          Total permanent positions                                      22,232           22,133          22,035


Unfilled positions, EOY                                                       0                0               0


          Total permanent employment, EOY                                22,232           22,133          22,035




                                                 


                                                 PERSONNEL SUMMARY 
 
 

                                                                        FY 1994          FY 1995         FY 1996


Average GS/GM grade                                                        12.0             12.0            12.0


Average ES salary                                                      $111,594         $115,176        $118,873


Average GS/GM salary                                                    $54,829          $56,589         $58,406


Average salary of special ungraded positions established by  
 NASA Administrator                                                     $96,463          $99,559        $102,755


Average salary of ungraded positions                                    $39,421          $40,686         $41,992

 



                                       CENTER LOCATIONS AND CAPITAL INVESTMENT 
 

JOHNSON SPACE CENTER - The Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center is located 20 miles southeast of Houston, Texas.  NASA owns 
1,618 acres of land at the Houston site and uses another 60,552 at the White Sands Test Facility, Las Cruces, New Mexico.  The 
total capital investment including land, buildings, structures and facilities, equipment, and other fixed assets was $1,339,360,000 
as of September 30, 1994. 
 

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER - The Kennedy Space Center is located 50 miles east of Orlando, Florida.  NASA owns 82,943 acres and 
uses launch facilities at Cape Canaveral Air Station and Vandenberg Air Force Base.  The total capital investment including land, 
buildings, structures and facilities, equipment, and other fixed assets was $2,292,664,000 as of September 30, 1994. 
 

MARSHALL SPACE FLIGHT CENTER - The Marshall Space Flight Center is located within the U.S. Army's Redstone Arsenal at 
Huntsville, Alabama.  The total capital investment including land, buildings, structures and facilities, equipment, and other fixed 
assets was $1,580,919,000 as of September 30, 1994. 

 
STENNIS SPACE CENTER - The Stennis Space Center is located approximately 50 miles northeast of New Orleans, Louisiana.  
NASA owns 20,588 acres and has easements covering an additional 118,284 acres.  The total capital investment including land, 
buildings, structures and facilities, equipment, and other fixed assets was $502,428,000 as of September 30, 1994. 
 

AMES RESEARCH CENTER - The Ames Research Center is located south of San Francisco on Moffett Field, California.  The Dryden 
Flight Research facility is located 65 miles northeast of Los Angeles at Edwards Air Force Base.  The Dryden facility was under the 
operation of Ames until a decision was made in early 1994 that each facility will operate under separate management.  NASA owns 
429.9 acres at the Moffett Field location.  The total capital investment including land, buildings, structures and facilities, 
equipment, and other fixed assets at both locations was $1,093,601,000 as of September 30, 1994. 

 
DRYDEN FLIGHT RESEARCH CENTER - The Dryden Flight Research Center is 65 air miles northeast of Los Angeles.  Dryden is 
located at the north end of Edwards Air Force Base on 838 acres of land under a permit from the Air Force.  The total capital 
investment at Dryden, including fixed assets in progress and contractor-held facilities at various locations, as of September 30, 
1994, was $204,690,000. 
 

LANGLEY RESEARCH CENTER - The Langley Research Center is adjacent to Langley Air Force Base which is located between 
Williamsburg and Norfolk at Hampton, Virginia.  NASA owns 807 acres and has access to 3,276 acres.  The total capital investment 
including land, buildings, structures and facilities, equipment, and other fixed assets was $1,108,014,000 as of September 30, 
1994. 

 
 
 
 
LEWIS RESEARCH CENTER - The Lewis Research Center occupies two sites; the main site is in Cleveland, Ohio, adjacent to 
Cleveland-Hopkins Airport; the second site is the Plum Brook Station located south of Sandusky, Ohio, and 50 miles west of 
Cleveland.  NASA owns 6,820 acres and leases an additional 14 acres at the Cleveland location.  The total capital investment 
including land, buildings, structures and facilities, equipment, and other fixed assets at both locations was $831,796,000 as 
September 30, 1994. 
 

GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER - The Goddard Space Flight Center is located 15 miles northeast of Washington, D.C. at 
Greenbelt, Maryland.  NASA owns 1,106 acres at this location and an additional 6,176 acres at the Wallops Flight Facility in 
Wallops Island, Virginia.  The total capital investment including land, buildings, structures and facilities, equipment, and other fixed 
assets at both locations was $1,168,354,000 as of September 30, 1994. 
 

HEADQUARTERS - Headquarters is located at Two Independence Square, 300 E St. SW, Washington, DC and occupies other 
buildings in the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia.

 

	


MS 3