RESULTS OF THE SECOND U.S. MANNED ORBITAL SPACE FLIGHT, MAY 24, 1962

APPENDIX [77-107]

MA-7 AIR-GROUND VOICE COMMUNICATIONS [5/6]

 

HAWAII (SECOND PASS)

 

Time Speaker Dialogue

02 49 07.5

CC

Aurora Seven, Aurora Seven, Hawaii Com Tech. How do you read me? Over.

02 49 12.5

P

Roger, Hawaii Aurora Seven. Loud and clear. How me?

02 49 17.5

CC

Aurora Seven, this is Cap Com. Can you give me a short report, please.

02 49 22

P

Roger. My control mode is manual; gyros caged; maneuver off. Stand by one. My status is good and the capsule status is good. I want to get some pictures of the sunrise. Over.

02 49 37.5

CC

Roger. Give me the short report first.

02 49 40

P

Roger. Fuel is 45-62 [percent]. Over.

02 49 48

CC

Roger. 45 and 62 [percent].

02 49 50.5

P

Roger.

02 50 31

CC

Aurora Seven. Did you drink over Canton; did you drink any water over Canton?

02 50 36

P

That is negative. I will do, shortly.

02 50 40.5

CC

Roger, Surgeon feels that this is advisable.

02 50 44.5

P

Roger.

02 50 45.5

CC

Do you have an auto-fuel warning light?

02 50 48

P

That is right. I have reported it, and I believe I reported it a long time ago. It is covered with tape at the moment.

02 50 59

CC

Roger.

02 51 24.5

CC

Aurora Seven, Aurora Seven, Cap Com. Cape Flight advises me that we-that they expected the cabin to do such.

02 51 31.5

P

Roger, thank you.

02 51 43

CC

. . . temperature exhaust . . . steam exhaust?

02 51 39

P

Roger. Suit exhaust is 70 [degrees]. Cabin exhaust is 49 [degrees].

02 51 46

CC

Roger.

02 52 20.5

CC

Aurora Seven. This is Cap Com. Would like for you to return to gyros normal and see what kind of indication we have; whether or not your window view agrees with your gyros.

02 52 34

P

Roger. Wait one.

02 52 47

P

I have some more of the white particles in view below the capsule. They appear to be traveling exactly my speed. There is one drifting off. It's going faster than I am as a matter of fact.

02 53 11.5

CC

Roger. Understand.

02 53 15

P

I haven't seen the great numbers of these particles, but I've seen a few of them. Their motion is random; they look exactly like snowflakes to me.

02 53 29

CC

Roger. Have you tried returning ....

02 53 33

P

Negative. Let me get within scanner limits first.

02 53 39

CC

Say again.

02 53 40

P

I must adjust my attitude to within scanner limits first.

02 53 46.5

CC

Roger.

02 54 18.5

P

There were some more of those little particles. They definitely look like snowflakes this time.

02 54 26

CC

Roger. Understand. Your particles look like definite snowflakes.

02 54 32

P

However-

02 54 33.5

CC

Can we get a blood pressure from you, Scott?

02 54 34.5

P

Roger. Blood pressure-start-now. I have the balloon-now-pretty steadily below me, not oscillating. And go to gyros normal. Gyros normal now.

02 55 07.5

CC

Roger. TM indicates your-zero pitch.

02 55 15

CC

LOS, Scott, we've had LOS. Can you read me? Over.

 

CALIFORNIA (SECOND PASS)

 

Time Speaker Dialogue

02 58 16

CT

Aurora Seven, Aurora Seven, this is California Com Tech, California Com Tech. Do you hear me? Over.

02 58 22.5

P

Hello, Cal Com Tech, Aurora Seven. Loud and clear. How me?

02 58 45

CT

Aurora Seven, Aurora Seven, this is California Com Tech, California Com Tech. Do you hear? Over.

02 58 51.5

P

Hello, California Com Tech, Aurora Seven. Loud and clear. How me?

02 58 56

CT

We're reading you loud and clear, also. Stand by for Cap Com.

02 58 59.5

P

Roger.

02 59 06.5

CC

Aurora Seven, California. How do you read?

02 59 09.5

P

Hello, Al, loud and clear. How me?

02 59 12.5

CC

You're loud and clear, Scotty. Short report.

02 59 16.5

P

Roger. Control mode is manual, gyros normal, maneuver off. Fuel is 45-50 [percent]. Balloon is out. Oxygen 81-100 [percent]. And my status is good. The capsule status is good, except I'm unable to get a reasonable suit steam exhaust temperature. Still reading 70 [degrees]. Over.

02 59 42

CC

Roger, seems to me as long as suit inlet is going down that you could continue to increase flow until you feel comfortable.

02 59 52.5

P

Roger.

02 59 55

CC

Understand you're GO for orbit three.

02 59 58

P

I am-Roger. I am GO for orbit three.

03 00 00

CC

Seven, this is California.

03 00 12

P

Go, California.

03 00 15

CC

General Kraft is still somewhat concerned about auto fuel. Use as little auto; use no auto fuel unless you have to prior to retrosequence time. And I think maybe you might increase flow to your inverter heat exchanger to try to bring the temperature down. They are not critical yet, however.

03 00 38

P

Roger, I have gone from 4 to 5 on the inverter at this time. And I think I'll increase just a tad on the suit.

03 00 49.5

CC

Roger. You're sounding good here. Give you a period of quiet while I send Z and R cal.

03 00 55.5

P

Roger.

03 01 06

CC

Seven, this is California sending Z cal on my mark.

03 01 09.5

P

Roger.

03 01 11

CC

One, Mark.

03 01 25

CC

Z cal off.

03 01 26.5

P

Roger.

03 01 29

CC

Stand by for R cal 3, 2, 1.

03 01 35

P

All right now, I'm beginning to get all of those various particles, they-they're way out. I can see some that are a 100 feet out.

03 01 52.5

C

Roger. R eel off.

03 01 55.5

P

They all look like snowflakes to me. No don't-they do not glow of their own accord.

03 02 12

CC

Roger, Seven. Do you-have you . . . perspire or have you stopped perspiring at the moment?

03 02 20

P

No, I'm still perspiring, Al. I think I'll open up the visor and take a drink of water

03 02 27

CC

Roger. Sounds like A good idea.

03 02 42

CC

Seven, would you give us a blood pressure, please, in between swallows.

03 03 27

P

Okay, there's your blood pressure. I took about 20 swallows of water. Tasted pretty good.

03 03 38

CC

Roger, Seven. We're sure of that, we're getting Alpha times and-Hotel. You have Hotel, I know. How about 3 Alpha?

03 03 48

P

Roger, and Mark now a tensiometer reading. It's as tight as I've seen the string. Mark another tensiometer reading.

03 03 59

CC

Roger. We have those.

03 04 01

P

Now say again your last question?

03 04 06

CC

Do you have 3 Alpha of 03 11 00?

03 04 12

P

03 1100.

03 04 16

CC

That is correct.

03 04 22

P

Roger. Copied.

03 04 45

CC

Seven, this is California. Do you still read?

03 04 47

P

Roger. Loud and clear.

03 04 50

CC

Roger, we have no further inquiries. See you next time.

03 04 53

P

Roger.

 

GUAYMAS (SECOND PASS)

 

Time Speaker Dialogue

03 05 11

CC

Aurora Seven, Guaymas Cap Com.

03 05 13

P

Hello, Guaymas. Go ahead.

03 05 15

CC

Roger, we're reading you loud and clear. We'd like to conduct a wobulator test here. We use White Sands whenever you give us the word.

03 05 23

P

Roger, I have one; it's the yaw gyro on the stop at this time.

03 05 31

CC

Is your wobulator on now?

03 05 33

P

Yes, the wobulator is on.

03 05 35.5

CC

Roger.

03 05 43

CC

What was that on your yaw?

03 05 45.5

P

I have the yaw needle on the 250 stop.

03 05 50.5

CC

Roger.

03 05 52.5

P

I will not cage until after I get rid of the balloon, and then I can start a slow yaw to the left to pick it off the stop.

03 06 04

CC

Roger.

03 06 12

CC

Roger. Can you turn your wobulator on now and leave it on?

03 06 15.5

P

Roger. It has been on, and I haven't touched it.

03 06 19

CC

Roger. Understand.

03 06 20.5

P

Do you want it off?

03 06 24

CC

Roger. On and off in approximately 20-second intervals.

03 06 29

P

Okay, wobulator going off-Now.

03 06 38

CC

Roger. We're relaying this.

03 06 46.5

P

Am I in a position to do a 360 [degree] roll for them at this time?

03 06 51

CC

Your 00 yaw; you do have a yaw input in.

03 06 57

P

Could we do this 360 [degree] roll on this pass at White Sands?

03 07 03

P

Gordo.

 

CAPE CANAVERAL (THIRD) PASS)

 

Time Speaker Dialogue

03 07 12.5

CC

Aurora Seven, Cape Cap Com.

03 07 15

P

Roger, Cape. Loud and clear and break, break. Guaymas, the wobulator is back on now.

03 07 24.5

P

Roger, Cape. Go ahead.

03 07 26.5

CC

Roger, Aurora Seven, Cape Cap Com back on HF. Give me your report.

03 07 32

P

Roger. Control mode, manual; gyros normal; the maneuver switch is off.. Fuel is 45-45 [percent]; oxygen is 70 [percent], or, correction, oxygen is 80 and 100 [percent]. Suit temperature is 68 [degrees], now and coming down pretty well. Suit steam vent temperature is 69 [degrees], and beginning to be a little more comfortable. Over.

03 08 12

CC

Roger, and how do you feel, now?

03 08 15

P

I feel pretty good. Still warm.

03 08 18

CC

Okay, sounds like you'll be all right.

03 08 23

CC

Did you-your normal balloon release time will be 3 plus 34, Scott?

03 08 28.5

P

3 plus 34, Roger.

03 08 31

CC

Roger, can you describe the balloon and its actions a little to us?

03 08 35

P

Yes, it has a random drift. There is no oscillation that I can predict whatsoever. The- the line leading to the balloon sometimes is tight; sometimes is loose-loose enough, so that there are loops in it. Its-its behaviour is strictly random as far as I can tell. The balloon is not inflated well either. It's an oblong shape out there, rather than a round figure; and I believe when the sun is on it, the day-glow orange is the most brilliant, and the silver. That's about all I can tell you, Gus.

03 09 28.5

CC

Roger. Surgeon suggests that you drink as much water as you can.

03 09 38.5

P

Roger.

03 09 40

CC

Retrosequence times for area 3 B and 3 C are nominal.

03 09 43.5

P

3 B and 3 C nominal. Roger.

03 09 50.5

CC

And we recommend you go to normal on your gyros with the maneuver switch off.

03 09 55

P

Roger.

03 09 59.5

CC

Roger.

03 10 11.5

CC

Would you give us your-your temperature control valve settings, please''

03 10 20

P

Roger, suit is 7.5, cabin is about 10. That's 10 on the cabin and 5 on the inverters.

03 10 35

CC

Over.

03 10 35

CC

Roger.

03 10 37.5

CC

Stand by for Z cal.

03 10 39.5

P

Roger, standing by

03 10 46

CC

R cal.

03 10 53.5

P

Mark a tensiometer reading. It's as tight as I've - as it gets.

03 11 29.5

CC

Aurora Seven, Cap Com.

03 11 32

P

Go ahead, Cap Com..

03 11 33.5

CC

.....drifting flight yet?

03 11 35

P

Say again.

03 11 36.5

CC

Have you done any drifting flight?

03 11 38.5

P

That is Roger. And if I am to save fuel for retrosequence, I think I better start again. Over.

03 11 49

CC

Roger, I agree with you.

03 11 52

P

My control mode is no`` manual; gyros are caged, and l will allow the capsule to drift for a little while.

03 12 04

CC

Roger, and John suggests you try to look back, towards the darkness, at sunrise to see those particles.

03 12 14

P

Toward the darkness.

03 12 16

CC

Roger. At sunrise, try to look toward the darkness.

03 12 18.5

P

Okay, I have done that, and-and-tell him no joy.

03 12 24

CC

Roger.

03 12 36.5

CC

Aurora Seven, are you in drifting flight?

03 12 38.5

P

That is Roger.

03 12 40.5

CC

Roger.

03 12 46.5

P

I am looking down almost vertically. It's possible to distinguish, I believe, four separate cloud layers.

03 12 57.5

CC

Understand.

03 13 07

P

Balloon-I'll maneuver enough to get the balloon out in trail so I can photograph its departure.

03 13 35.5

CC

Roger.

03 13 55

P

I, incidently, have those little particles visible in the periscope at this time.

03 14 05

CC

Roger. Understand the periscope.

03 14 22.5

CC

Aurora Seven, Cap Com.

03 14 24

P

Roger. Go ahead.

03 14 26.5

CC

We're still fairly happy with your fuel state now. Don't let-we'd like for you not to let either get down, n below 40 percent.

03 14 33

P

Roger. I'll try. I have balloon jettison on and off, and I can't get rid of it.

03 14 41

CC

Understand that you can't get rid of the balloon.

03 14 43.5

P

That's right. It will not jettison.

03 14 48.5

CC

Okay.

03 15 19

P

Aurora seven, Cap Com.

03 15 21.5

P

Go ahead, Cap Com.

03 15 23

CC

Give us your blood pressure and fuel reading.

03 15 26

P

Okay. Fuel is 45-42 [percent]. Blood pressure on the air.

03 15 32

CC

Rog.

03 15 58

P

I have the particles visible still. They're streaming aft, but in an are of maybe a 120 or 130 degrees.

03 16 16.5

CC

Aurora Seven, Cap Com. Say again.

03 16 19

P

Roger, I have these particles drifting aft again, but they do not parallel the line to the balloon exactly. They drift aft w within an arc of maybe 120 to 130 degrees.

03 16 36

CC

Roger.

03 16 41

CC

Aurora Seven, Cap Com. Can you give us a comment on the zero g experiment?

03 16 53.5

P

Roger. At this moment, the fluid is all gathered around the standpipe; the standpipe appears to be full and the fluid outside the standpipe is about halfway up. There is a rather large meniscus. I'd say about 60° meniscus.

03 17 27.5

CC

Aurora Seven, Cap Com. Repeat as much of your last message as you can.

03 17 32

P

Roger. The standpipe is full of the fluid. The fluid is halfway up the outside of the standpipe- a rather large meniscus, on angle of about 60 degrees. Over.

 

CANARY (THIRD PASS)

 

Time Speaker Dialogue

03 20 31

CC

Aurora Seven, Aurora Seven, this is Canary Cap Com on HF. Do you read? Over.

03 2100

P

Hello, hello, Canary Cap Com, Aurora Seven. Reading you loud and clear; HF. Transmitting HF. How do you read? Over.

03 21 32.5

CC

Aurora Seven, this is Canary Cap Com on HF. Do you read? Over.

03 21 40.5

P

Roger, Canary Cap Com. Reading you loud and clear; HF. How me? Over.

03 22 04

P

These pictures of the-small groups of closely knit clouds are south of Canary, third orbit.

03 22 48.5

P

This must be crossing [Intertropical Convergence Zone] (ITCZ). I have never seen weather quite like this.

03 22 34

CC

This is Canary Cap Com on HF. Do you receive? Over.

03 23 36.5

CC

Aurora Seven, this is Canary Cap Com. We had no transmissions from you. This is Canary Islands, signing out.

03 24 33

P

I have the Voasmeter out at this time.

03 24 53

P

Hello.

03 25 01

P

Hello, Canary Cap Com, Aurora Seven. Reading you loud and clear. How me?

03 25 08

CC

Aurora Seven, this is Canary Cap Com. Do you read? Over.

03 25 12.5

P

Go ahead, Canary Reading you loud and clear.

03 25 18.5

P

I am going-I am in the record only position now. I think the best answer to the autokinesis- is that there is none. I noticed none-and I tend to aline the horizontal with my head-it-a horizontal line under zero g is a line parallel to the line drawn between your eyes I don't get autokinesis. I don't get-now wait a minute, maybe I'm beginning to.

03 26 40

P

I should remark that at 3 26 33, I have in the sky, at any time, 10 particles. They no doubt appear to glow to me. They appeared to be little pieces of frost. However some appear to be way, way far away. There are two that look like they might be a 100 yards away. I haven't operated the thruster not for some time. Here are two in closer. Now a densiometer reading on these that are in close. Extinct at 5.5, the elapsed time is 3 27 39. I am unable to see any stars in the black sky at this time. However, these little snowflakes are clearly visible.

03 28 13

P

The cabin temperature has dropped considerable now, and the setting I have on the suit is 7.

03 28 20.5

P

Am going to increase it just a tad more.

03 28 40

P

My suit valve, water valve temperature now is-about 8.

03 28 53

P

Hello, hello, Kano Cap Com, Aurora Seven. Reading you loud and clear. How me?

03 29 24

P

I've noticed that every time I turn over to the right everything seems vertical, but I am upside down.

03 29 34

P

Now, for the record.

03 29 43.5

P

I still feel that, I could easily feel like I am coming in on my back.

03 30 03

P

I could very easily come in from another planet, and feel that I am on my-on my back, and that earth is up above me, but that's sorta the way you feel when you come out of split S, or out of an Immelmann.

 

KANO (THIRD PASS)

 

Time Speaker Dialogue

03 30 48

CC

Kano on HF. If you read me, the surgeon requests that you take a blood-pressure check now, a blood-pressure check for the onboard record. Over.

03 31 00

P

Roger. Reading you, Kano, loud and clear. Blood pressure start at this time.

03 31 10

P

Visor is coming closed now.

03 31 39

CC

Aurora Seven, Aurora Seven, this is Kano Cap Com. If you read me, would you do a blood-pressure check for the onboard records. Over.

03 32 55

P

Okay. I'm taking the-I've taken the big back off; going to record only, at this time. Have taken the big back off of the camera and trying to get some more MIT film at this time. The filter is in. The cassette-is in the camera.

03 33 43

P

The zero g senta sensations are wonderful. This is the first time I've ever worn this suit and had it comfortable.

03 34 07.5

P

I don't know which way I'm pointed, and don't particularly care.4

03 34 23

P

Roger. At this time I am hearing Kano calling for a blood-pressure cheek. I will give it to him now. Let's see, I have fuel 45-43, still would like to get just a little rate-just a little one.

03 34 49

P

Let's see, we wanta go back that way.

03 35 35.5

P

I can't see any relationship between thruster action and the fireflies.

03 35 43

P

Mark MIT pictures to 3 35 36, crank two by-at infinity.

03 36 36

P

Coastal passage over Africa.

03 38 33

P

I'm taking many MIT pictures, at capsule elapsed [time] 03 38 38. It will be the only chance we have. I might as well use up all the film.

 

INDIAN OCEAN SHIP (THIRD PASS)

 

Time Speaker Dialogue

03 38 54

P

Hello, Indian Com Tech, Aurora Seven. Loud and clear. How me?

03 39 13.5

CT

Aurora Seven, this is IOS Com Tech, on HF and UHF. How do you read? Over.

03 39 18.5

P

Roger. Loud and clear. How me, Indian Cap Com?

03 39 24

CC

Aurora Seven, this is Indian Cap Com. I did not read all of your transmission, but the part I monitored was loud and clear. Go ahead.

03 39 31.5

P

Roger. My status is good, the capsule status is good. I am in drifting flight on manual control. Gyros are caged. The fuel reads 45-42 [percent], oxygen 79-100 [percent]. Steam vent temperatures both read 65 [degrees] now; suit temperature has gone down nicely. It is now 62 [degrees], and an the power is good. The blood pressure is starting at this time. I've just finished taking some MIT pictures, and that is all I have to report at this time.

03 40 16.5

CC

Roger, Aurora Seven I copy your control mode manual; gyro caged; fuel 45-42 [percent]; oxygen 79-100 [percent]; and I did not hear the last part of your transmission. How do-

03 40 31.5

P

Roger. My status is good; the suit temperature has reduced considerably; steam vent temperatures now read 69 [degrees] on cabin and suit, suit temperature is 62 [degrees], and cabin temperature is 101 [degrees]. Over.

03 40 12.5

CC

Roger. Suit temperature 62 [degrees], and cabin temperature 101 [degrees]. Your blood pressure is starting-and understand you are on the manual. Understand also you are drifting for awhile.

03 41 10

P

That is Roger. I am

03 41 12

CC

Confirm.

03 41 13

P

I am on manual control. I am allowing the capsule to drift. Over.

03 41 18

CC

Roger.

03 41 19

P

Also another departure from the plan is the fact that I have been unable to jettison the balloon. The balloon is still attached-should be no problem.

03 41 33

CC

Roger. Understand no problem expected, but balloon is still attached. Stand by.

03 42 04

CC

Aurora Seven, this is Indian Cap Com. All our retrosequence times are nominal. Do you want me to call them out to you? Over.

03 42 13

P

Negative. I have them all, thank you.

03 42 19.5

CC

Aurora Seven, your last transcription was unreadable. You are fading badly, although intermittently. I will read retrosequence times in the blind. Area 3 Delta, 04 12 32, 04 12 32; Echo 04 22 27; 3 Echo 04 22 27; and the last . . . we have is 04 32 26 . . . now and your capsule clock is still within 1 second.

03 43 05

P

Roger, Kano. I copied all that.

03 43 08.5

CC

Roger, Aurora. You were loud and clear.

03 43 20

P

The sunsets are most spectacular. The earth is black after the sun has set. The earth is black; the first band close to the earth is red, the next is yellow; the next is blue; the next is green; and the next is sort of a-sort of a purple. It's almost like a very brilliant rainbow. It extends at some-

03 43 54

CC

Indian Cap Com. Check you see about all colors between the horizon and the night sky. You seem to see more layers than Friendship Seven.

03 44 05.5

P

Roger. These layers extend from at least 90 degrees either side of the sun at sunset.

03 44 14.5

CC

Aurora Seven, I did not hear your whole sentence. Will you repeat, please? Over.

03 44 19

P

Roger. This bright horizon band extends at least 90° north and south of the position of the sunset.

03 44 45

CC

Roger. Understand. About the balloon, does Mercury Control Center know you did not-

03 44 52

P

Yes. I tried to release it over their station and was unable to do so. You might remind them that the balloon is still on

03 45 02

CC

Roger, Aurora Seven. Understand.

03 45 25.5

CC

Aurora Seven, Indian Cap Com Your inverter temperatures are 183 [degrees] for the 150, and 195 [degrees] for the 250. All your other primaries check out okay on telemetry.

03 45 38 .

P

Roger. Thank you very much.

03 46 15.5

CC

Aurora Seven, do you read? Over.

03 46 18.5

P

Go ahead, Indian Cap Com.

03 46 21

CC

Our medical monitor says that we are reading your respiration. I believe this is almost the first time it's come across.

03 46 28

P

That's very good. I guarantee I'm breathing.

03 46 35

CC

Roger. Understand.

03 46 48

P

The eye patch is in place, this time.

03 48 16.5

P

Going to record-record only at this time.

03 48 50

P

At 3 hours and 48 minutes and 51 seconds elapsed, I'm taking a good swig of water. It's pretty cool this time. Stretching my legs a tad. It's quite dark. I'm in drifting flight. Oh, boy! It feels good to get that leg stretched out. That one and the right one too.

03 49 40

P

I drank an awful lot of water and I'm still thirsty. As a matter of fact, I think there- there is a leak in the urinal, I'm sure.

03 50 38

P

Okay, line touch.

03 51 13.5

P

Okay. I'm shaking my head violently from all sides, with eyes closed, up and down, pitch, roll, yaw. Nothing in my stomach; nothing anywhere. There is now-I will try to poke zero, time zero button. Well, I missed it. I u-as a little disoriented 5 as to exactly where things are, not sure exactly what you want to accomplish by this but there is no problem of orienting. Your-your-inner ears and your mental appraisal of horizontal, you just adapt to this environment, like like you were born in it. It's a great, great freedom.

03 53 25.5

P

Don't let me forget about the shiny finish on the star chart. It makes it very hard to read.

03 53 40.5

P

At 3 53.

03 55 30

P

I'm using the-photometer now-to try and get-a reading. I saw a com- no,-no, it's the balloon that I see, still drifting aimlessly, lighted by moonlight at this time.

03 56 09.5

P

None of the colors are-particularly visible. I think-

56 19.5

P

Excess cabin water light is on at this time, 03 56 24. Am going to turn it down just a tad- so it will be just about where the suit is. I would say, let's see, from that, that it jumped down to freezing.

 

4 In paper 7, Astronaut Carpenter is quoted as follows: "Times when the gyros were caged and nothing was visible out the window. I had no ides where the earth was in relation to the spacecraft. However, It did not seem important to me. I knew at all times that I had only to wait and the earth would again appear in the window "

5 The result of this test is the same under 1 g and he describes no difficulty in re-establishing relationships..


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