History of Research in Space Biology and Biodynamics
[v] The six separate studies that make up this volume, describing different aspects of the work of the Air Force Missile Development Center's Aeromedical Field Laboratory, were neither produced on order for the Laboratory nor written by any members of its staff. They were produced as part of the Center's over-all historical program, and the Historical Branch bears full responsibility for all statements of fact or interpretation unless otherwise cited. Nevertheless, the volume would not have been possible without the wholehearted cooperation of the Aeromedical Field Laboratory staff, who made their entire files available to the Historical Branch and patiently answered innumerable questions concerning their work. Officers, enlisted personnel, and civilian employees all gave help, so that it would be almost impossible to thank each individual separately. In fact thanks are due not only to the present Laboratory staff but also to many who have since left--notably including Colonel John Paul Stapp, who headed the Aeromedical Field Laboratory until he departed in April 1958 for Wright Air Development Center to take charge of the Aero Medical Laboratory.
Help was also received from other members of the Aero Medical Laboratory at Wright Field; from the staffs of the Navy's Aviation Medical Acceleration Laboratory and the Air Force School of Aviation Medicine; and from the Directorate of Life Sciences at Headquarters, Air Research and Development Command. Scientists (and fellow military historians) at these other installations gave access to office records and submitted to more interviewing, both on joint projects in which they participated along with the Aeromedical Field Laboratory and on work of their own which must be taken into account in order to place the efforts of the Aeromedical Field Laboratory in true perspective. Two private organizations--Winzen Research, Incorporated of Minneapolis and the Convair (San Diego) Division of General Dynamics Corporation--have also supplied valuable data, as well as various illustrated materials, on the part that they played in bio-medical research and development efforts. The Winzen staff was of course primarily concerned with their participation in the Aeromedical Field Laboratory's Project Man-High. In the case of Convair, Dr. Robert Armstrong, of the Aviation, Space, and Radiation Medicine unit, made available information on the experimental Convair "B" ejection seat.
Then, too, many individuals assigned to the Air Force Missile Development Center in units other than the Aeromedical Field Laboratory gave important assistance to the preparation of this volume. An obvious example is Captain Joseph W. Kittinger, Man-High test pilot, who was actually assigned to the Center's Flight Test Division until his recent transfer to Wright Field. Naturally, much help was received from members of the Balloon Branch, which has given support to an impressive array of aeromedical research projects, and especially from its present Chief, Major Lawrence M. Bogard; from Major Milton M. Hopkins, Jr., who served the Branch in several different capacities; and from Mr. Bernard D. Gildenberg, who is head of the Balloon Control Section.
Others who supplied information include Major Hubert S. Williams, Commander of the 6580th Field Maintenance Squadron and a support pilot in Project Man-High; Mr. Ellis Bilbo, Chief, Plans and Programs Office, Directorate of Advanced Technology, and Mr. Charles S. Bagley, research scientist in the same Directorate; Master Sergeant Henry V. Carson, of the Center's Special Parachute Section; Dr. Knox T. Millsaps, Chief Scientist, and Lieutenant Colonel Harry L. Gephart, Executive, Office of the Chief Scientist, two former professors who have repeatedly delivered small lectures on unfamiliar details of scientific techniques and terminology. Lieutenant Colonel John W. McCurdy, who as Information Services Officer is practically an ex officio member of the Aeromedical Field Laboratory, supplied needed information and other assistance as well; so did Lieutenant Joseph G. Martin and Mr. George Meeter, of the same Office of Information Services. Technical Sergeant James W. Carter and his co-workers in the Center's Duplicating Services Section supplied no research data but deserve special credit for the quality of service they rendered when the different sections of this volume were originally published, during the course of 1958, in the form of separate monographs.
Last but certainly not least, other members of the Historical Branch have had an important part in preparing this volume. Dr. James S. Hanrahan, Center Historian, contributed many useful suggestions and has actually written certain passages of the finished [vi] product. Mrs. Florence Clason, Editorial Clerk, has had the thankless task of deciphering and typing countless pages of illegible manuscript as well as helping to maintain the historical data files on which much of the manuscript was based.
David Bushnell,
December 1958