History of Research in Space Biology and Biodynamics
 
 
- SOURCE NOTES FOR PART III -
 
 
 
1. Grover J. D. Schock, Sensory Reactions Related to Weightlessness and Their Implications to Space Flight (AFMDC Technical Report 58-6, February 1958), pp. 2-3.
 
2. Interview, Dr. Harald J. A. von Beckh, Task Scientist, Subgravity Studies, Aeromedical Field Laboratory, by Dr. David Bushnell, AFMDC Historian, 17 February 1958.
 
3. A more detailed account of these flights, as well as the sources of information used, will be found in The Beginnings of Research in Space Biology at the Air Force Missile Development Center, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, 1946-1952 (AFMDC Historical Division, January 1958).
 
4. Quoted from James P. Henry, et al., "Animal Studies of the Subgravity State during Rocket Flight," Journal of Aviation Medicine, Vol. 23, p. 428 (October 1952).
 
5. A. Blagonravov, article in Vestnik Akademii Nauk SSSR, June 1957, summarized in Air Intelligence Information Report IR-6440-57, 19 August 1957; Prof. Pokorovski [sic], Study of the Vital Activity of Animals During Rocket Flights into the Upper Atmosphere (Library Translation No. 625, Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough, January 1957).
 
6. Interview, Capt. Grover J. D. Schock, Asst. Chief, Space Biology Branch, Aeromedical Field Laboratory, by Dr. Bushnell, 19 May 1958.
 
7. New York Times, 12 January and 2 May 1958.
 
8. Fritz Haber and Heinz Haber, "Possible Methods of Producing the Gravity-Free State for Medical Research," Journal of Aviation Medicine, Vol. 21, pp. 395-400 (1950).
 
9. Brig. Gen. Edward J. Kendricks, et al., Medical Problems of Space Flight (special report, USAF School of Aviation Medicine, Randolph Field, August 1955), p. 18.
 
10. Harald J. A. von Beckh, Fislologia del Vuelo (Buenos Aires, 1955), pp. 103-107, and "Experiments with Animals and Human Subjects under Sub and Zero Gravity Conditions...."; Journal of Aviation Medicine, Vol. 25, pp. 235-241 (June 1954).
 
11. Ibid.
 
12. David G. Simons, "Review of Biological Effects of Subgravity and Weightlessness," Jet Propulsion, May 1955, pp. 210-211.
 
13. Cf. Management Report (ARDC Form 111), Human Factors of Space Flight, 24 January 1956.
 
14. Beginnings of Research in Space Biology, pp. 22-23; R & D Project Card (DD Form 613), Human Factors of Space Flight, 12 October 1954; Historical Branch, AFMDC, manuscript in preparation on administrative factors and problems involved in research.
 
15. For an example of his other work, see Lt. Druey P. Parks, T/Sgt. John T. Conniff, and A/2c John A. Goldsmith, Ground-to-Air Operation of Aero Medical Field Laboratory VHF Handi-Talkie (HADC Technical Note 55-1).
 
16. Project 7851, "Monthly Historical Report," 8 October 1954, and Weekly Test Status Report, 22 February, 1 and 8 March 1955.
 
17. Management Report, Human Factors of Space Flight, 1 October 1955; Holloman Rocketeer, 24 January 1958; Aeromedical Field Laboratory, "Historical Data ... 1 January through 31 March 1958," p. 9, Test Report on Subgravity Studies, Number 1, 11 October 1955; interview, Capt. Schock by Dr. Bushnell, 19 May 1958.
 
18. Schock, Test Report on Subgravity Studies, Number 5, 30 July 1957; Management Report, Task 78501, 28 October 1957; interview, Capt. Grover J. D. Schock by Dr. Bushnell, 12 May 1958.
 
19. Grover J. D. Schock and David G. Simons, A Technique for Instrumenting Subgravity Flights (AFMDC Technical Note 584, February 1958).
 
20. Management Report, Task 78501, 28 October 1957; Schock, Test Report on Subgravity Studies, Number 1, 11 October 1955, and Number 2, 24 February 1956.
 
21. Management Report, Task 78501, 28 October 1957.
 
22. Interview, Capt. Schock by Dr. Bushnell, 5 December 1957; interview, Capt. Joseph W. Kittinger, Jr., Flight Test Division, AFMDC, by Dr. Bushnell, 12 December 1957; R & D Project Card, Human Factors of Space Flight, 19 September 1957, p. 7; Management Report, Task 78501, 28 October 1957.
 
23. Management Report, Task 78501, 28 October 1957; Aeromedical Field Laboratory, "Historical Data ... 1 January through 31 March 1958," p. 6.
 
24. Management Report, Task 78501, 28 October 1957; Grover J. D. Schock, Apparent Motion of a Fixed Luminous Target During Subgravity Trajectories. (AFMDC Technical Note 58-3, February 1958).
 
25. Von Beckh, briefing of AFMDC staff, 22 April 1958.
 
26. Management Report, Task 78501, 28 October 1957; Aeromedical Field Laboratory, "Historical Data ... 1 October through 31 December 1957," p. 11.
 
27. Management Report, Task 78501, 28 October 1957; Aeromedical Field Laboratory, "Historical Data ... 1 April through 30 June 1957," p. 9; interview, Capt. Schock by Dr. Bushnell, 17 October 1957; Grover J. D. Schock, Sensory Reactions Related to Weightlessness, p. 7.
 
28. 1st ind., Lt. Roy E. Johnston, Asst. Adjutant, Hq., School of Aviation Medicine, 21 March 1956, to basic ltr., DCS/Operations, Hq., HADC, subj.: "Transmittal of ARDC Form 111;" continuation sheet 6 of RDB Project Card, Human Factors of Space Flight, 6 May 1954; Management Report, Human Factors of Space Flight, 24 January 1956; Siegfried J. Gerathewohl, et al Producing the Weightless State In Jet Aircraft (School of Aviation Medicine Report 57-143 August 1957); School of Aviation Medicine, Randolph AFB, Historical Report, Vol. 21, pp. 18-19 (1, 31 December 1955), Vol. 22, pp. 36-37 (1 January-30 June 1956), Vol. 23, pp. 31-32 (1 July-31 December 1956), Vol. 24, pp. 100-101 (1 January-30 June 1957), and Vol. 25, p. 54 (1 July-31 December 1957).
 
29. Baltimore Sun, 14 January 1958.
 
30. Management Report, Task 78501, 28 October 1957; Aeromedical Field Laboratory, "Historical Data ... 1 July through 30 September 1957," p. 19, and "Historical Data ... 1 January through 31 March 1958," pp. 7-8; interviews, Capt. Schock by Dr. Bushnell, 5 December 1957 and 15 May 1958.
 
31. DF, Col. Richard C. Gibson, DCS/Operations, HADC, to Directorate of R & D, subj.: "Cessation of Work Under Task No. 78501. . .," 27 August 1957; Historical, Branch , AFMDC, "The Effect of Fiscal Year 1958 Expenditure Limitations at Air Force Missile Development Center: Preliminary Report," 22 October 1957.
 
32. Historical Branch, "Effect of Fiscal Year 1958 Expenditure Limitations;" Aeromedical Field Laboratory, "Historical Data. . .1 October through 31 December 1957," p. 11; interview, Capt. Schock by Dr. Bushnell, 5 December 1957.
 
33. DF, Capt. Schock to Dr. James S. Hanrahan and Dr. Bushnell, subj.: "Philosophy of Weightlessness Research," 13 May 1958.
 
34. Aeromedical Field Laboratory, "Historical Data ... 1 January through 31 March 1958," p. 7.
 
35. Historical Branch, History of Flight Support, Holloman Air Development Center, 1946-1957, pp. 55-57, 60; interview, Capt. Jack H. Patterson, Aircraft Allocations Officer, AFMDC, by Dr. Bushnell, 18 December 1957; interview, Capt. Schock by Dr. Bushnell, 19 May 1958.
 
36. Management Report, Human Factors of Space Flight, 1 October 1955; R & D Project Card Human Factors of Space Flight, 19 September 1957 (with annexes); interview, Capt. Schock by Dr. Bushnell, 19 May 1958.
 
37. Aeromedical Fleld Laboratory, "Historical Data . . . 1 January through 31 March 1958," pp 8-9; interview, Capt. Schock by Dr. Bushnell, 19 May 1958.
 

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