Aeronautics and Space Report of the President FY 1995 Activities

Appendix F-1

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On 5 May 1994, the President directed convergence of the Department of Commerce (DOC) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite (POES) program and the Department of Defense (DoD) Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP). These two programs will become the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System which will satisfy civil and national security operational requirements. In addition, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), through its Earth Observing System (EOS) efforts, offers new remote sensing and spacecraft technologies that could potentially improve the capabilities of the operational system. The President also directed DoD, DOC, and NASA to establish an Integrated Program Office (IPO) to manage this converged system.


This document constitutes the formal agreement, including roles and responsibilities, between DOC, DoD and NASA, hereafter referred to as "the agencies," to implement the President's directive to establish the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS).


This agreement implements Presidential Decision Directive NSTC-2, 5 May 1994, and implements the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy's "Implementation Plan for a Converged Polar-orbiting Environmental Satellite System," dated 2 May 1994. This document provides the necessary authority and responsibility to manage all aspects of the NPOESS. NOAA enters this agreement pursuant to its authority at 15 USC 1525; 49 USC 1463 and 15 USC 313.


The NPOESS program will satisfy the U.S. Government's fundamental civil and national security requirements for collection and distribution of operational polar satellite-based, remotely-sensed meteorological, oceanographic, climatic, and space environmental data. The NPOESS will be composed of four components: spacecraft and sensors; launch support; command, control, and communications; and user interface. Management and implementation of the NPOESS program will be accomplished by the Integrated Program Office (IPO) under a triagency Executive Committee (EXCOM). The responsibilities and functions of these organizations are as follows:

  1. Executive Committee

    The Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology, and the NASA Deputy Administrator will form the NPOESS EXCOM. Each EXCOM member will be accountable to the EXCOM for his/her agency's support of the NPOESS. The EXCOM will provide policy guidance; ensure sustained agency support (to include funding); approve the annual budget; approve the NPOESS staffing plan; approve the acquisition program baseline (cost, schedule, performance) and major changes to the baselines as proposed by the System Program Director (SPD); endorse the NPOESS requirements baseline; and approve or recommend approval of modifications or waivers to existing agency policies as they pertain to NPOESS. The EXCOM will also review an annual business plan and approve the Convergence Master Plan (CMP) as defined in Section VII.

  2. The Integrated Program Office

    The IPO, under the direction and management of the SPD, will be the single functional entity responsible for the planning, budgeting, development, acquisition, launch, operation, and management of the NPOESS. The SPD is ultimately responsible to the triagency EXCOM for NPOESS. The SPD has decision authority for NPOESS matters, subject to the statutory authorities of the designated agencies, and reports to the NOAA Administrator, through the NOAA Assistant Administrator for the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (AA NESDIS). Reporting through the AA NESDIS means that the SPD must have the concurrence of the AA NESDIS prior to the SPD making any NPOESS decisions affecting DOC/NOAA/NESDIS. The AA NESDIS has the lead within DOC for resolving issues that arise between the IPO and DOC/NOAA/NESDIS components prior to decisions being made that impact DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NPOESS. Issues that cannot be resolved by the SPD and the AA NESDIS will be brought by them to the NOAA Administrator for resolution.

    The IPO will be a separate entity located within the NESDIS, which is the organizational component in NOAA having responsibility for DOC satellite programs, and therefore, will provide the primary NOAA matrix support for the IPO. The AA NESDIS is responsible for all aspects of the current NOAA Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite (POES) program through the life of the N and N' satellites to include coordinating POES fully with NPOESS. In addition, the AA NESDIS has the lead responsibility within the DOC/NOAA to ensure that the IPO and the NPOESS are properly supported and the NPOESS is properly integrated with the NOAA civil environmental satellite remote sensing mission.

    The SPD will also coordinate decisions on NPOESS matters that affect DoD with the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Space (ASAF/SPACE) to ensure resolution of potential issues or forwarding of issues to the appropriate official for resolution. An NPOESS acquisition decisions made by the SPD that affect DoD will be coordinated with the - Air Force Service Acquisition Executive and any related issues resolved prior to decision execution.

    During the transition to an operational NPOESS, the AA NESDIS and ASAF (Space), in consultation with the SPD, are responsible for coordinating and integrating the existing POES and DMSP activities with the NPOESS by promoting commonality, developing consistent budget submissions, and ensuring compatibility and interoperability. Further details regarding the relationship between the IPO/SPD and agency organizations/officials affected by or supporting the NPOESS will be described in the Convergence Master Plan.

The IPO shall consist of three functional line offices and an SPD staff operating under the management and direction of the SPD. Functions and responsibilities of the directors are as follows:

  1. The System Program Director (SPD) will:

    1. Direct the converged program and be responsible for financial, programmatic, and technical and operational performance of the NPOESS.

    2. Direct all IPO management functions, centrally control the distribution of all funds appropriated for or transferred to NPOESS and have or delegate final approval authority over all appropriate contract actions as defined in the CMP.

    3. Have final approval of the individuals nominated by the agencies for the positions of the Deputy System Program Director and the three Associate Directors (Acquisition, Technology Transition, and Operations).

    4. Be the Source Selection Advisory Council Chairman for NPOESS major component acquisition.

    5. Have primary responsibility on behalf of the EXCOM member agencies for all NPOESS-specific international agreements to include developing and negotiating terms and conditions to ensure compatibility with NPOESS goals and objectives. The SPD will participate in any activities resulting in U.S. national policy and/or U.S. Government international agreements that impact NPOESS.

    6. Prepare the NPOESS budget consistent with the agencies' internal budget processes. Execute the NPOESS budget in accordance with the approved program baseline.

    7. Participate in and coordinate on all interactions by the agencies with the Executive and Legislative branches regarding NPOESS.

    8. Develop the CMP and annual business plan.

    9. Propose, for EXCOM decision or recommendation, changes to agency policies or procedures as they pertain to the NPOESS.

    10. Approve all NPOESS acquisition documents prior to submission to the designated acquisition agency for action and approve of all acquisition/procurement decisions made below the EXCOM level prior to implementation.

  2. Associate Director for Acquisition (ADA) will:

    1. Be responsible to the SPD for developing, acquiring (including test and evaluation) and fielding the NPOESS components and for launch and early on-orbit checkout.

    2. Conduct developmental activities necessary to support the acquisition program baseline.

    3. Conduct, in concert with the Associate Director for Technology Transition (ADTT), studies to determine the potential impact upon system resources of accommodating new technologies being evaluated by the ADTT.

    4. Prepare the acquisition budget submissions for SPD approval.

    5. Prepare acquisition documents.

    6. Manage the acquisition budget as directed by the SPD.

    7. Ensure effective integrated logistics/life cycle support.

    8. Have final approval of the individual nominated for the position of Deputy ADA.

  3. The Associate Director for Technology Transition (ADTT) will:

    1. Be responsible to the SPD for promoting transition of new technologies that could cost effectively enhance the capability of NPOESS to meet operational requirements.

    2. Identify and evaluate new technologies which could be transitioned for further development by the ADA.

    3. Seek out, and provide to the ADA for evaluation, opportunities to fulfill operational requirements with flight-proven observation science/research instruments that may also simultaneously satisfy science requirements.

    4. Develop and update annually a strategic plan for technology transition to address unaccommodated Integrated Operational Requirements Document (IORD) requirements and enabling technologies

    5. Prepare the technology transition budget submission, based on the technology transition strategic plan, for SPD approval.

    6. Manage the technology transition budget as directed by the SPD.

    7. Have final approval of the individual nominated for the position of Deputy ADTT.

  4. The Associate Director for Operations (ADO) will:

    1. Be responsible to the SPD for operation of the NPOESS, which includes: commanding the spacecraft; recovering/analyzing health and status; acquiring telemetry data for trend analysis; ensuring communications for telemetry and tracking; providing a continuous sensor data stream, anomaly support, mission planning, and any necessary ground segment processing (as defined in the IORD) required to effectively interface with the users.

    2. Prepare the operations budget submissions for SPD approval.

    3. Manage the operations budget as directed by the SPD.

    4. Be the interface for operational activities with any international partners contributing to NPOESS in accordance with the appropriate international agreements.

    5. Have final approval of the individual nominated for the position of Deputy ADO.

  5. The SPD Staff will support the SPD in the areas of:

    1. Program Control, which will provide overall NPOESS programming, planning and budgeting functions.

    2. Systems Engineering, which provides system-level coordination of NPOESS engineering and integration activities, technical and cost feasibility analysis of IORD-defined user requirements, and documentation to support milestone decision activities.

    3. User Liaison, which will be the IPO interface for the primary civil and military users of NPOESS data to provide comments or concerns on the ability of NPOESS to meet requirements outlined in the IORD.

    4. External Affairs, which will support the SPD by managing the development and coordination of activities to ensure the IPO effectively interacts with external (both domestic and international) organizations in fulfilling the SPD's responsibilities regarding the NPOESS.


The lead agency will have the primary role in providing required support for the execution of a specific function under the management of the IPO. Lead agency in this agreement does not mean the total delegation of the activity to that single agency. The agency with the lead for a particular function will provide the Associate Director and core personnel as part of a triagency NPOESS team performing that function using appropriate agency policies, procedures and statutory authorities (with modifications recommended by the SPD to the proper authority or approved by the SPD as appropriate).

  1. DoC Responsibilities:

    The DOC, through NOAA, will have lead agency responsibility to the triagency Executive Committee (EXCOM) for the converged system. Specifically, NOAA will nominate the System Program Director (SPD), who will be approved by the EXCOM. NOAA will have lead agency responsibility to support the IPO for satellite and ground segment operations; and NOAA will have the lead responsibility for interfacing with national and international civil user communities, consistent with national security and foreign policy requirements. NOAA will also provide the Associate Director for Operations, the Deputy Associate Director for Acquisition, and sufficient personnel (as defined in the NPOESS staffing plan) to support each of the IPO's directorates and functions.

  2. DoD Responsibilities:

    The DoD will have lead agency responsibility to support the IPO in NPOESS component acquisitions necessary to execute the acquisition program baseline. Acquisition decisions made by the DoD EXCOM member affecting NPOESS will be undertaken with concurrence of the other EXCOM members. The statutory authorities resident within DoD for acquisition and contracting of the acquisition program baseline will be used to carry out this lead agency responsibility. Should other procurements be necessary to support the NPOESS, the SPD will decide how to carry them out, using the acquisition authority of the appropriate agency and will seek the approval of the EXCOM, if necessary. DoD will nominate the Deputy System Program Director and the Associate Director for Acquisition who will be approved by the SPD. DoD will also provide the Deputy Associate Director for Operations, Deputy Associate Director for Technology Transition and sufficient personnel (as defined in the NPOESS staffing plan) to support each of the IPO's directorates and functions. DoD will provide the majority of the acquisition personnel and acquisition infrastructure support to the IPO to include legal, contracting, administration, financial management, and logistics.

  3. NASA Responsibilities:

    NASA will have lead agency responsibility to support the IPO in facilitating the development and insertion of new cost-effective and enabling technologies that enhance the ability of the converged system to meet its operational requirements. In conjunction with the IPO, NASA will conduct periodic reviews of Mission to Planet Earth (MTPE) Projects to determine areas of common interest with the operational requirements and evaluate if and when these areas could be applied to the NPOESS. Also, in accordance with the conditions/principles specified in Appendix 1, NASA will supply additional copies of those NASA research instruments for flight on NPOESS. NASA will provide the Associate Director for Technology Transition who will be approved by the SPD. NASA will also provide sufficient personnel (as defined in the NPOESS staffing plan) to support each of the IPO's directorates and functions.


An Integrated Operational Requirements Document (IORD) will be the sole operational requirements source from which triagency cost and technology assessments, specification development, and related acquisition activities will be conducted. The IORD shall be updated before each major milestone (see Figure 1). The assembling, evaluating and prioritizing of agency requirements to produce the IORD will be based on the DoD processes described in the 5000 series instructions, as tailored. The requirements process will be independent of the IPO and is designed to ensure each agency's requirements are accountable and traceable to each agency. To this end, each agency will designate a senior official to be its representative to the Joint Agency Requirements Council (JARC) and be accountable for its agency's requirements. Chairmanship of the JARC will rotate between DOC and DoD on a biannual basis. The JARC will resolve any interagency requirements issues. Appendix 2 provides further detail on the requirements process.

The agencies will establish a Senior User's Advisory Group (SUAG), independent of the IPO, representing the primary USG users of NPOESS data. This group will advise the SPD on the needs of the user community and on program decisions related to satisfaction of IORD requirements. This group will be small in number, and consist of at least the NOAA Assistant Administrator for Weather Services, NOAA Assistant Administrator for Satellite and Information Services, the Air Force Director of Weather, the Oceanographer of the Navy, Air Force Space Command Director of Operations, and the NASA Office for Mission to Planet Earth Science Division Director (if any NASA research instruments are used to meet operational requirements). Chairmanship of the SUAG will rotate between DOC and DoD on a bi-annual basis. A single agency will not chair both the SUAG and JARC simultaneously.


NPOESS management and processes will be further defined and conducted in accordance with the Convergence Master Plan (CMP), which is to be developed by the SPD within 6 months of appointment. The CMP will be submitted to the EXCOM for unanimous approval. The CMP will contain: an Acquisition Management Plan; a Technology Transition Management Plan; an Operations Plan; a Funding Management Plan; and an integrated Organizational Management Plan. Sections VH. A. through E., below will be fully defined in the CMP. The SPD, in defining the processes, roles and responsibilities will ensure the key tenets derived from NSTC-2 and the Office of Science and Technology Policy Convergence Implementation Plan are adhered to.

The SPD will also develop an annual business plan and a long-range staffing plan. The business plan will address the primary goals and objectives for the year and lay out the principle milestones and the financial plan. It will also address issues to be resolved and the strategy for resolution. Other items will be included in the annual business plan as necessary (e.g., international cooperative efforts and NPOESS status). Building upon the FY 95 Triagency Staffing Plan, the SPD will develop, within 6 months of appointment, a long-range staffing plan for FY 96 and beyond. This long-range staffing plan will address the required number of personnel, appropriate personnel skill sets, grades and unique agency personnel certifications necessary to acquire, operate, or sustain the NPOESS throughout the system's life-cycle.

  1. Acquisition Management Plan

    OMB Circular A-109, DoDD 5000.1 and 5000.2 (as tailored) will form the basis of the NPOESS major system acquisition (see Figure 1), which will be carried out using DoD acquisition and contracting authority. The DoD component acquisition executive will be the NPOESS Source Selection Authority for NPOESS major component acquisitions. The agencies agree that the NPOESS acquisition is presently in Phase 0 with a Milestone I decision scheduled for approximately the fourth quarter FY 95/first quarter FY 96. An Acquisition Management Plan will be developed to explain the entire acquisition process from beginning to end and will:

    • Address threat projections, life-cycle costs, integrated logistics support, cost-performance-schedule trade-offs, affordability constraints, and risk management at each milestone.

    • Ensure acquisition strategies and program plans are appropriately tailored to accomplish program objectives and control risk.

    • Ensure the acquisition process accommodates the triagency nature of the NPOESS.

    • Ensure independent cost analyses are conducted using the structure of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Cost Analysis Improvement Group with NOAA and NASA membership.

  2. Technology Transition Management Plan

    The NPOESS technology transition management plan will identify and promote processes to foster development of promising new technologies which will enable new operational capabilities as defined in the IORD or enhance existing operational capabilities as delineated in the IORD. The technology transition management plan will be defined in detail in the CMP and developed in accordance with the following guidelines:

    • The office will promote relationships among industry, academia and Government organizations to ensure the IPO reaps maximum benefit from ongoing developments and will promote new developments where it is deemed beneficial or necessary to satisfy objective IORD requirements.

    • The office will promote the infusion of new technology into NPOESS to advance its capability to meet user requirements. The office will monitor research activities of various organizations (NASA, DoD, universities, etc.) for applicability and, where warranted, will recommend and conduct further study and/or demonstrations with SPD approval and funding by the IPO.

  3. Operations Plan

    The NPOESS will be operated to ensure data are supplied to the NPOESS users for further specialized data processing as stated in the IORD. The SPD will develop an operations concept. The operations concept and any required implementing documentation will be submitted to the EXCOM for approval as part of the CMP. NPOESS matters not under their authority (e.g., military operations) will be forwarded to the proper authorities for action/approval as agreed upon by the EXCOM. The operations concept will address day-to-day operations of the NPOESS, including the development of user interfaces and analysis of data to ensure the converged system is capable of meeting its performance requirements . The operations concept will specifically address Command, Control, and Communications (C3) operations (to include any agreements needed to implement changes in C3 authorities and responsibilities as necessary during times of crisis or war). 'The operations concept will also reflect the NPOESS launch-on-failure, or anticipated failure, policy needed to maintain uninterrupted availability of critical data. The operations concept will address data retrieval, ground pre-processing, distribution, launch call procedures, transition from early on-orbit checkout to operational status, and any modification to standard operating procedures which may be needed. The operations concept will ensure:

    • The NPOESS will establish a civilian interface to national and international civil users to promote its open character.

    • The NPOESS will be able to implement data denial should the Secretary of Defense (SECDEF) direct, after consulting with the Secretaries of Commerce (SECCOM) and State (SECSTATE). In that regard, the operations concept will specifically address the process for consultation between SECDEF, SECCOM, and SECSTATE and the implementing process at the ground site(s) and the timeliness In the event that a foreign satellite is part of NPOESS, the operations concept will also include the details of data denial implementation of any U.S. instruments on a foreign satellite (e.g., EUMETSAT's METOP series) in accordance with applicable agreements.

    • NOAA, through NESDIS, will provide the primary Satellite Operations Center (SOC) infrastructure.

    • DoD will provide a mission capable backup SOC at Falcon AFB, Colorado.

    • NOAA Command and Data Acquisition stations and elements of the USAF Satellite Control Network (AFSCN), as appropriate, will be utilized to provide C3 and mission data recovery support for NPOESS and the primary and backup SOCs.

    Further, the IPO will develop and present a plan to the EXCOM for the early transition to a joint agency C3 architecture. This will enable transition of the operation of the current POES and DMSP satellites to the IPO as soon as practical. This transition is envisioned to occur in the 1998 time frame to coincide with the DoD's original plans to close dedicated DMSP command and control sites at Fairchild and Offutt APBs. The USG role in the C3 of the METOP system (space and ground segment) will be included. Furthermore, operation of the current POES and DMSP satellites will be transitioned to the IPO as soon as practical. The NOAA SOC will be used for C3.

  4. Funding Management Plan

    The process used to fund NPOESS (to include the process for ensuring appropriated funding flows to the IPO) will be defined in detail in the CMP and will contain the following key tenets:

    • Each agency's funding will be based on total program cost and common and unique requirements. Since NASA is not an operational agency, the NASA contribution will be limited to funding as specified in Appendix 1.

    • A 50/50 cost sharing approach is used for all near-term common activities—the agreed upon DoD and DOC FY 96-01 funding profiles are contained in Figure 2.

    • The IPO will budget funds to be applied to technology efforts in support of the technology transition strategic plan.

    • Unique agency requirements specified in the IORD will be funded by the appropriate agency.

    • For common data products, if an agency's more stringent requirements are determined to be a significant cost driver, then the additional funds required will be provided by this agency.

    • All impacts to NPOESS to accommodate payloads which do not satisfy IORD requirements will be funded by the requesting agency.

    • Cost sharing will be reassessed, at a minimum, prior to each acquisition milestone review.

  5. Organizational Management Plan

    Organizational management for the NPOESS will be addressed in the CMP and will include:

    • The relationship between the IPO and the requirements process and requirements organizations.

    • The relationship between the IPO and any external organization which provides primary support to the IPO (e.g., NESDIS, Air Force, Navy). The SPD will decide to what extent specific functions will be performed by the IPO or will be matrixed from agency offices external to the IPO, taking into account existing agency capabilities and the triagency nature of the NPOESS.

    • The processes for personnel management to include performance reporting and succession planning.

    • Security classification guidance for the NPOESS program, to include which classification authorities and procedures will be used.


This agreement shall become effective when it has been signed on behalf of the three signatory agencies.

A review of this Memorandum of Agreement will occur within 3 years and on a 4-year cycle thereafter by an EXCOM approved committee. A specific topic to be addressed during the initial review will be the relationship of the IPO and the SPD to the NOAA organizational structure with particular attention to NESDIS and the relationship of the SPD to the NESDIS AA.

This MOA may be amended/terminated at any time by the mutual written consent of the parties hereto. Any party may terminate this agreement by giving at least 6 months prior notification to the other parties. Should it be necessary to terminate the agreement, appropriate notification will be made to the White House and the relevant Congressional committees.

Secretary of Commerce Secretary of Defense NASA Administrator

Figure 1

Acquisition Milestones & Phases

Aquisition Milestones and Phases Flow Chart

Figure 2

Budget & Agency Contributions

FY96 FY97 FY98 FY99 FY00 FY01 TOTAL
BUDGET 78.0 120.0 187.0 340.2 372.7 328.1 1426.0
DOC 54.0 78.2 131.4 146.5 162.5 140.4 713.0
DOD 24.0 41.8 55.6 193.7 210.2 187.7 713.0

  • FY95 IPO BUDGET IS 23.6 M (DOC 16.0M/DoD 7.6 M)

Appendix 1


If the decision is made to fly a NASA instrument on the (NPOESS) platform instead of continuing to fly it on a NASA research spacecraft, because the research instrument will meet the convergence operational requirements in a cost-effective manner and continues to provide data so as to fulfill primary NASA research mission requirements, NASA will provide additional copy(s) of the instrument for flight on the NPOESS platform at no unit cost to the NPOESS program. This policy of supplying instruments at no cost will apply as long as NASA continues to need the data supplied by the instrument to fulfill its primary research mission objectives. As part of the transfer of the NASA instrument to the NPOESS platform, the NASA scientific research requirements associated with that instrument will likewise be included in their entirety in the formal set of operational program requirements listed in the Integrated Operational Requirements Document (IORD; possibly as an annex) and removed from the IORD when the NASA instrument no longer flies on the NPOESS. Modifications to an instrument will only be considered if there is no loss of NASA science. The cost sharing by the three agencies for modification and/or accommodation of the NASA research instrument will be agreed upon by the agencies as part of the decision to fly the instrument on the NPOESS platform(s).

The term "NASA research instrument" refers to those NASA instruments which have been developed and flown in space to provide data that are necessary to fulfill NASA scientific research objectives (e.g., provide data to answer questions regarding global change as defined by the Intergovemmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and incorporated in NASA's research program objectives).

Appendix 2


An Integrated Operational Requirements Document (IORD) will be the sole operational requirements source from which triagency cost and technology assessments, specification development, and related acquisition activities will be conducted. The requirements process will be independent of the IPO and is designed to ensure each agency's requirements are accountable and traceable to each agency. Two distinct bodies have direct responsibility for the development and approval of the NPOESS IORD. These bodies are the Joint Agency Requirements Group (JARG) and the Joint Agency Requirements Council (JARC).

The JARG is the interagency group responsible for developing the NPOESS IORD and administering the IORD approval process. JARG members representing triagency requirements will come from HQ Air Force Space Command, Office of the Oceanographer of the Navy, Air Force Directorate of Weather, NOAA/National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS), NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), National Weather Service (NWS), the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and the NASA Office for Mission to Planet Earth (MTPE). Additional JARG membership will come from Air Force, Navy, Army, NOAA and NASA, as required. The HQ Air Force Space Command, NOAA/NESDIS and NASA/GSFC will be the JARG points-of-contact responsible for administrative support associated with the IORD. Through Tri-Agency IORD development, the JARG will: harmonize and document similar interagency operational requirements; identify and document agency-unique operational requirements; document requirements issues (if any); prepare the IORD for JARC approval and document for JARC decisions any requirements issues. The JARG will then release the draft NPOESS IORD for appropriate agency review/comment. The JARG will resolve draft comments and develop the final IORD for release to all agencies for review/approval. The final IORD will be staffed through each agency's IORD approval authority. The JARG will also develop a requirements master plan for JARC approval which details the process necessary to execute this appendix. DoD policies and procedures are the basis for this requirements process. NASA science requirements will be included in the IORD as stated in Appendix I to this MOA. The JARG will be chaired on a rotating (biennial) basis between DOC and DoD. The chair is responsible for all JARG administration.

The JARC is the senior interagency body responsible to approve the NPOESS IORD. The JARC will resolve all JARG documented interagency requirements issues not solvable at a lower level. JARC membership will consist of the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for DoD, the Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere, and the Associate Administrator for Mission to Planet Earth for NASA. In addition, other agency representatives may attend the JARC meeting as required. After JARC approval, the IORD will be forwarded to the EXCOM for endorsement.

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Curator: Lillian Gipson
Last Updated: September 5, 1996
For more information contact Steve Garber, NASA History Office,