image of the planet Earth and Fiscal Year 1998
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The Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
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During FY 1998, the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA) continued to support missile nonproliferation efforts and worked to prevent the acquisition of offensive ballistic missile programs by other countries. ACDA personnel also worked on Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) issues related to the use of excess ballistic missiles for space launch purposes.

ACDA continued to work in strengthening and expanding the scope of the 32-nation Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), which is intended to limit the risks of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (that is, nuclear,

chemical, and biological weapons) by controlling transfers that could make a contribution to delivery systems (other than piloted aircraft) for such weapons. During FY 1998, ACDA supported the inclusion of three new members to the MTCR. Poland, the Czech Republic, and the Ukraine were accepted at the MTCR meeting in May 1998 and officially participated at the October 1998 plenary in Budapest, Hungary. ACDA continued to participate in discussions focused on reformatting the MTCR Equipment and Technology Annex to make it more useful and effective. ACDA supported the implementation of U.S. sanctions against India and Pakistan because of their recent activities in this area.

ACDA worked on the development of U.S. policy related to the use of U.S. ballistic missiles made excess under the START I and START II treaties. The United States intends to retain such missiles for U.S. Government use or eliminate them. ACDA has encouraged other governments with excess ballistic missiles to adopt a similar policy. In addition, the START I parties exchanged policy statements not to construct silo launchers of intercontinental ballistic missiles at space launch facilities located outside their national territories.

ACDA continued to be an active member of several interagency committees concerned with missile-related issues. At the policy level, these include various committees chaired by the National Security Council, such as the Interagency Working Group on Nonproliferation and Export Controls and the Interagency Working Group on Arms Control.

ACDA participated in the Missile Trade Analysis Group, which reviews intelligence related to international transfers of missile-related items, and in the Missile Technology Export Control Group, which reviews export license applications subject to missile proliferation controls. ACDA actively supported the efforts of the United Nations Special Commission on Iraq to destroy or remove from Iraq any materials, equipment, and facilities related to missiles with a range greater than 150 kilometers. ACDA also participated in the Weapons and Space Systems Intelligence Committee to ensure that U.S. policy initiatives were based on accurate intelligence assessments.

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