Aeronautics and Space Report of the President FY 1995 Activities


Appendix C

U.S. and Russian Human Spaceflights, 1961-Sep. 30, 1995

(continued)

Spacecraft Launch Date Crew Flight Time
(days:hrs:min)
Highlights
Space Shuttle
Atlantis (STS-27)
Dec. 2, 1988 Robert "Hoot" Gibson
Guy S. Gardner
Richard M. Mullane
Jerry L. Ross
William M. Shepherd
4:9:6 Twenty-seventh STS flight. Dedicated DoD mission.
Space Shuttle
Discovery (STS-29)
Mar. 13, 1989 Michael L. Coats
John E. Blaha
James P. Bagian
James F. Buchli
Robert C. Springer
4:23:39 Twenty-eighth STS flight. Launched TDRS-4.
Space Shuttle
Atlantis (STS-30)
May 4, 1989 David M. Walker
Ronald J. Grabe
Nomman E. Thagard
Mary L. Cleave
Mark C. Lee
4:0:57 Twenty-ninth STS flight. Venus orbiter Magellan launched.
Space Shuttle
Columbia (STS-28)
Aug. 8, 1989 Brewster H. Shaw
Richard N. Richards
James C. Adamson
David C. Leestma
Mark N. Brown
5:1 Thirtieth STS flight. Dedicated DoD mission.
Soyuz TM-8 Sep. 5, 1989 Aleksandr Viktorenko
Aleksandr Serebrov
166:6 Docked with Mir space station. Crew of Viktorenko and Serebrov returned in Soyuz TM-8, Feb. 9, 1990.
Space Shuttle
Atlantis (STS-34)
Oct. 18, 1989 Donald E. Williams
Michael J. McCulley
Shannon W. Lucid
Franklin R. Chang-Diaz
Ellen S. Baker
4:23:39 Thirty-first STS flight. Launched Jupiter probe and orbiter Galileo.
Space Shuttle
Discovery (STS-33)
Nov. 23, 1989 Frederick D. Gregory
John E. Blaha
Kathryn C. Thornton
F. Story Musgrave
Manley L. "Sonny" Carter
5:0:7 Thirty-second STS flight. Dedicated DoD mission.
Space Shuttle
Columbia
(STS-32)
Jan. 9, 1990 Daniel C. Brandenstein
James D. Wetherbee
Bonnie J. Dunbar
Marsha S. Ivins
G. David Low
10:21 Thirty-third STS flight. Launched Syncom IV-5 and retrieved LDEF.
Soyuz TM-9 Feb. 11, 1990 Anatoly Solovyov
Aleksandr Balandin
178:22:19 Docked with Mir space station. Crew returned Aug. 9, 1990, in Soyuz TM-9.
Space Shuttle
Atlantis (STS-36)
Feb. 28, 1990 John O. Creighton
John H. Casper
David C. Hilmers
Richard H. Mullane
Pierre J. Thuot
4:10:19 Thirty-fourth STS flight. Dedicated DoD mission.
Space Shuttle
Discovery (STS-31)
Apr. 24, 1990 Loren J. Shriver
Charles F. Bolden, Jr.
Steven A. Hawley
Bruce McCandless II
Kathryn D. Sullivan
5:1:16 Thirty-fifth STS flight. Launched Hubble Space Telescope (HST).
Soyuz TM-10 Aug. 1, 1990 Gennady Manakov
Gennady Strekalov
130:20:36 Docked with Mir space station. Crew returned Dec. 10, 1990, with Toyohiro Akiyama, Japanese astronaut.


(continued)

Spacecraft Launch Date Crew Flight Time
(days:hrs:min)
Highlights
Space Shuttle
Discovery (STS-41)
Oct. 6, 1990 Richard N. Richards
Robert D. Cabana
Bruce E. Melnick
William M. Shepherd
Thomas D. Akers
4:2:10 Thirty-sixth STS flight. Ulysses spacecraft to investigate interstellar space and the Sun.
Space Shuttle
Atlantis (STS-38)
Nov. 15, 1990 Richard O. Covey
Frank L. Culbertson, Jr.
Charles "Sam" Gemar
Robert C. Springer
Carl J. Meade
4:21:55 Thirty-seventh STS flight. Dedicated DoD mission.
Space Shuttle
Columbia (STS-35)
Dec. 2, 1990 Vance D. Brand
Guy S. Gardner
Jeffrey A. Hoffman
John M. "Mike" Lounge
Robert A. R. Parker
8:23:5 Thirty-eighth STS flight. Astro-1 in cargo bay.
Soyuz TM-11 Dec. 2, 1990 Viktor Afanasyev
Musa Manarov
175:01:52 Docked with Mir space station. Toyohiro Akiyama returned Dec. 10, 1990, with previous Mir crew of Gennady Manakov and Gennady Strekalov.
Space Shuttle
Atlantis (STS-37)
Apr. 5, 1991 Steven R. Nagel
Kenneth D. Cameron
Linda Godwin
Jerry L. Ross
Jay Apt
6:0:32 Thirty-ninth STS flight. Launched Gamma Ray Observatory to measure celestial gamma-rays.
Space Shuttle
Discovery (STS-39)
Apr. 28, 1991 Michael L. Coats
Blaine Hammond, Jr.
Gregory L. Harbaugh
Donald R. McMonagle
Guion S. Bluford, Jr.
Lacy Veach
Richard J. Hieb
8:7:22 Fortieth STS flight. Dedicated DoD mission.
Soyuz TM-12 May 18, 1991 Anatoly Artsebarskiy
Sergei Krikalev
Helen Sharman
144:15:22 Docked with Mir space station. Helen Sharman first from United Kingdom to fly in space. Crew of Viktor Afanasyev, Musa Manarov, and Helen Sharman returned May 20, 1991. Artsebarskiy and Krikalev remained on board Mir, with Artsebarskiy returning Oct. 10, 1991, and Krikalev doing so
Mar. 25, 1992.
Space Shuttle
Columbia (STS-40)
Jun. 5, 1991 Bryan D. O'Conner
Sidney M. Gutierrez
James P. Bagian
Tamara E. Jernigan
M. Rhea Seddon
Francis A. "Drew" Gaffney
Millie Hughes-Fulford
9:2:15 Forty-first STS flight. Carried Spacelab Life Sciences (SLS-1) in cargo bay.
Space Shuttle
Atlantis (STS-43)
Aug. 2, 1991 John E. Blaha
Michael A. Baker
Shannon W. Lucid
G. David Low
James C. Adamson
8:21:21 Forty-second STS flight. Launched fourth Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS-5).
Space Shuttle
Discovery (STS-48)
Sept. 12, 1991 John Creighton
Kenneth Reightler, Jr.
Charles D. Gemar
James F. Buchli
Mark N. Brown
5:8:28 Forty-third STS flight. Launched Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS).


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Curator: Lillian Gipson
Last Updated: July 19, 1996